Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities5

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 17,951 100 43,337 100 15,019 100 1,248 13.4 - 9.1 - 13.4 - 11.9
Single modes 15,094 84.1 42,261 97.5 14,066 93.7 234 12 2 9.4 1.2 14.9 3.3 16
Truck6 12,723 70.9 25,617 59.1 4,370 29.1 181 10.3 5.3 13.6 5.2 5.7 5.5 20.5
For-hire truck 9,380 52.3 18,137 41.9 3,926 26.1 610 10.8 5.1 20.1 5.8 6.8 5.4 7.2
Private truck 3,343 18.6 7,480 17.3 444 3 49 14.5 2 20.8 3.9 20 0.6 8.1
Rail 495 2.8 15,301 35.3 9,520 63.4 891 21.9 0.8 19.5 5.9 23.7 7.1 13.3
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,480 S S S S S S 10.4
Pipeline7 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 2,510 14 892 2.1 S S 1,575 26.4 1.7 49.9 1.2 S S 5.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 2,418 13.5 75 0.2 106 0.7 1,576 25.8 1.6 26.6 0.1 27.8 0.2 5.3
Truck and rail S S 816 1.9 S S 929 S S 49.7 1.6 S S 20.4
Truck and water 4 - 1 - 2 - 3,779 41.8 - 41.1 - 41.2 - 7.7
Other and unknown modes 347 1.9 S S 56 0.4 S 32.2 0.5 S S 47.6 0.2 S

SCTG2 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S 532 100 S S S S S 41.2 - S S S
Single modes S S 531 99.9 S S S S S 41.2 0.2 S S S
Truck6 S S 531 99.9 S S S S S 41.2 0.2 S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S 605 S S S S S S 28.5
Private truck S S 201 37.7 S S S S S 44.1 17.6 S S S
Multiple modes 3 0.3 S S S S 779 32.7 1.8 S S S S 25.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 3 0.3 S S S S 779 32.7 1.8 S S S S 25.6
Other and unknown modes S S 1 0.1 S S S S S 47.5 - S S S

SCTG2 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,486 100 1,012 100 677 100 826 29.6 - 25.4 - 22.8 - 17.9
Single modes 2,286 92 1,004 99.2 667 98.6 S 27.7 1.9 25.4 0.2 22.8 0.4 S
Truck6 2,285 91.9 1,004 99.2 667 98.6 S 27.7 1.9 25.4 0.2 22.8 0.4 S
For-hire truck 2,079 83.6 818 80.8 654 96.6 938 28.8 3.9 28.9 5.1 23.2 0.9 7.1
Private truck 206 8.3 187 18.4 14 2 32 31 4.2 28.5 5.1 23.6 0.7 40.1
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 3,080 S S S S S S -
Multiple modes S S 7 0.7 9 1.4 1,270 S S 34.8 0.2 32.7 0.4 14.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 6 0.6 8 1.2 1,270 S S 42.9 0.2 34.9 0.5 15.7
Truck and rail 4 0.2 1 0.1 1 0.2 872 29.3 0.7 13.3 0.4 9.3 0.5 4.4
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 10-14, Stones, nonmetallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 146 100 2,364 100 689 100 S 14.2 - 35.8 - 44.6 - S
Single modes 134 91.5 1,997 84.5 372 54 S 14.5 3.8 39.9 6.4 35 13.2 S
Truck6 134 91.2 1,969 83.3 369 53.5 S 14.5 3.8 39.3 6.4 35.2 13.1 S
For-hire truck 118 80.7 1,069 45.2 324 47 465 18.1 8.1 43.7 11.3 38.3 11.5 44.9
Private truck 15 10.5 901 38.1 45 6.5 50 24.1 13.8 37.9 15.3 28.9 13.3 32.2
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 12 8.4 S S 317 46 896 39 8.4 S S 49.1 15.9 28.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier - 0.1 S S - - 982 24.9 2.6 S S 47.6 0.8 47.6
Truck and rail 12 8.3 359 15.2 317 46 880 23.5 11.8 45.4 19.1 38.2 13 39.9
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,573 100 26,970 100 9,435 100 S 25.7 - 21.1 - 27.9 - S
Single modes 1,485 94.4 26,884 99.7 9,420 99.8 S 23.5 2 21.1 0.2 28 0.2 S
Truck6 1,082 68.8 12,910 47.9 1,152 12.2 S 30.6 8.8 33.3 9.3 34.6 4.7 S
For-hire truck 332 21.1 11,829 43.9 1,094 11.6 S 31.6 6 34.5 9.2 34.2 5 S
Private truck 751 47.7 1,081 4 58 0.6 54 36.5 7.2 29.6 2 35.8 0.5 29.2
Rail 403 25.6 13,974 51.8 8,268 87.6 603 22 9.4 20.4 9.4 29.7 4.7 13
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,439 S S S S S S 4.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail 11 0.7 S S S S 1,461 30.9 5.7 S S S S 0.7
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 41 S S S S S S 25.3

SCTG2 20-24, Basic chemicals, chemical, and pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,402 100 501 100 269 100 921 9.3 - 21.7 - 27.2 - 17.1
Single modes 1,129 80.5 455 90.8 216 80.1 318 8.4 5.2 21.1 3.1 27.5 5.9 49.1
Truck6 1,110 79.2 443 88.4 190 70.4 S 8.1 5.4 19.4 3.4 18.9 7.6 S
For-hire truck 793 56.6 312 62.3 170 63.1 1,071 10.9 5.3 23.6 6.9 19.4 6.8 5.8
Private truck 317 22.6 131 26.1 20 7.3 53 20.6 4.9 22.3 7.4 23.9 2.3 26.9
Air (incl truck and air) 19 1.3 S S S S 1,965 48.6 1.4 S S S S 24.2
Multiple modes 267 19 S S 19 6.9 1,435 37.5 5.1 S S 40 2.2 7.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 237 16.9 7 1.4 11 4.1 1,435 41.9 4.9 46.5 0.3 49.9 1 7.2
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S 3,361 S S S S S S 0.8
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 506 S S S S S S 34.3

SCTG2 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,631 100 635 100 434 100 1,645 31 - 19.1 - 40.8 - 14.8
Single modes 2,174 82.6 607 95.5 401 92.6 262 37.2 6.6 19.8 2.4 43.7 5.3 46.5
Truck6 2,173 82.6 607 95.5 401 92.5 261 37.2 6.6 19.8 2.4 43.7 5.3 47
For-hire truck 1,940 73.7 401 63.1 394 90.9 818 41.3 11.1 28.1 9.9 44.6 7.5 15
Private truck 233 8.9 206 32.4 7 1.7 41 26.1 9 43 10.5 38.7 4.5 22.6
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S 18 2.9 S S 1,691 S S 48.8 2.3 S S 8.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 18 2.9 S S 1,691 S S 48.8 2.3 S S 8.7
Other and unknown modes S S 10 1.6 S S 292 S S 49.7 0.7 S S 33.9

SCTG2 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 3,824 100 8,924 100 2,721 100 509 13.3 - 29.1 - 44.7 - 22.7
Single modes 3,346 87.5 8,447 94.7 2,261 83.1 164 10.5 3.2 27.9 1.9 41.4 4.8 34.8
Truck6 3,214 84.1 7,146 80.1 1,010 37.1 154 10.4 3.8 24.9 5.6 17.9 16.6 37.9
For-hire truck 2,064 54 2,683 30.1 806 29.6 601 14.6 5 27.6 5.5 17.7 13.9 16
Private truck 1,150 30.1 4,463 50 204 7.5 54 12.9 3.6 25.5 6.2 23.8 3.7 14.2
Rail 92 2.4 1,299 14.6 S S 964 33.5 2.5 41.1 5.9 S S 29.3
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,131 S S S S S S 21.7
Multiple modes 456 11.9 S S S S 1,284 46.1 3.2 S S S S 11.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 431 11.3 8 0.1 6 0.2 1,285 47.9 3.1 34.7 0.3 35.4 0.7 12.1
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,063 S S S S S S 32.7
Other and unknown modes 21 0.6 S S 3 0.1 S 28.5 0.2 S S 38.5 0.1 S

SCTG2 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S 95 100 65 100 1,111 S S 42 - 43.9 - 7.5
Single modes S S 86 90.7 55 84.9 579 S S 45.3 3.9 49.3 9.6 27.3
Truck6 549 18.7 82 86.6 S S 214 10.7 9.1 47 4.2 S S 30.4
For-hire truck 333 11.3 37 38.6 28 42.6 969 15.4 8.3 21.7 10 21.7 10.2 8.6
Private truck 216 7.3 S S S S 46 23.1 4.7 S S S S 19.6
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,398 S S S S S S 19.9
Multiple modes 658 22.4 7 6.8 9 13.2 1,427 24.7 7.9 21.9 3.6 23.2 9.4 5.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 658 22.4 7 6.8 9 13.2 1,427 24.7 7.9 21.9 3.6 23.2 9.4 5.7
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 23 0.8 2 2.5 S S 124 27.9 0.9 40.5 2.5 S S 45.2

SCTG2 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,970 100 S S 471 100 1,325 19.4 - S S 27.1 - 14.6
Single modes 1,309 66.4 S S 416 88.3 290 15.8 5.7 S S 31 5.1 35
Truck6 1,203 61.1 924 40.1 272 57.8 264 17.8 5.9 44.7 16.1 18.4 11.3 37.4
For-hire truck 830 42.1 S S 258 54.8 793 18.9 6.9 S S 18.4 11.1 9.8
Private truck 373 19 S S 14 3 48 28 4.2 S S 37.2 1.1 18.9
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,550 S S S S S S 19.6
Pipeline7 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 482 24.5 36 1.5 47 10 1,514 36.6 4.2 35.2 3.1 38.2 4.8 9.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 471 23.9 29 1.2 43 9.2 1,514 37.6 4.2 39.9 3.1 41.7 5 9.4
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 179 9.1 19 0.8 S S S 35.6 4.9 38.3 4.5 S S S

SCTG2 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S - 100 S S S S S 46.3 - S S S
Single modes S S - 100 S S S S S 46.3 - S S S
Truck6 S S - 100 S S S S S 46.3 - S S S
Private truck S S - 100 S S S S S 46.3 - S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
4 Coefficient of Variation.
5 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
6 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
7 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Dallas-Fort Worth, TX by Base metal and machinery (31-34) by Water has no data for any shipment characteristic therefore the entire row is not shown. Also, entire commodity groups are not present if there is no such data for that commodity group by area. For example, Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV (DC part) by Coal and petroleum products (15-19) has no data for any mode therefore the entire commodity group is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.