Table 8. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 8. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities5

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 17,951 100 43,337 100 15,019 100 1,248 13.4 - 9.1 - 13.4 - 11.9
Single modes 15,094 84.1 42,261 97.5 14,066 93.7 234 12 2 9.4 1.2 14.9 3.3 16
Truck6 12,723 70.9 25,617 59.1 4,370 29.1 181 10.3 5.3 13.6 5.2 5.7 5.5 20.5
For-hire truck 9,380 52.3 18,137 41.9 3,926 26.1 610 10.8 5.1 20.1 5.8 6.8 5.4 7.2
Private truck 3,343 18.6 7,480 17.3 444 3 49 14.5 2 20.8 3.9 20 0.6 8.1
Rail 495 2.8 15,301 35.3 9,520 63.4 891 21.9 0.8 19.5 5.9 23.7 7.1 13.3
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,480 S S S S S S 10.4
Pipeline7 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 2,510 14 892 2.1 S S 1,575 26.4 1.7 49.9 1.2 S S 5.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 2,418 13.5 75 0.2 106 0.7 1,576 25.8 1.6 26.6 0.1 27.8 0.2 5.3
Truck and rail S S 816 1.9 S S 929 S S 49.7 1.6 S S 20.4
Truck and water 4 - 1 - 2 - 3,779 41.8 - 41.1 - 41.2 - 7.7
Other and unknown modes 347 1.9 S S 56 0.4 S 32.2 0.5 S S 47.6 0.2 S

SCTG2 01, Live animals and live fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 02, Cereal grains

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 03, Other agricultural products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S 650 S S S S S S 27.7
Private truck S S S S S S 48 S S S S S S 22.8
Multiple modes 3 1.6 S S S S 759 32.7 4.2 S S S S 26.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 3 1.6 S S S S 759 32.7 4.2 S S S S 26.5
Other and unknown modes S S 1 0.6 S S S S S 47.5 6.8 S S S

SCTG2 04, Animal feed and products of animal origin, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 39 100 166 100 67 100 S 12.9 - 44.6 - 42.8 - S
Single modes 39 100 166 100 67 100 S 12.9 - 44.6 - 42.8 - S
Truck6 39 100 166 100 67 100 S 12.9 - 44.6 - 42.8 - S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 34 87.6 125 75.6 S S S 0.6 11 26.7 18.5 S S S

SCTG2 05, Meat, fish, seafood, and their preparations

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 06, Milled grain products and preparations and bakery products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 506 100 329 100 288 100 S 26.8 - 44.7 - 40.2 - S
Single modes 502 99.2 328 99.6 287 99.6 S 26.7 0.6 44.7 0.5 40.2 0.3 S
Truck6 502 99.2 328 99.6 287 99.6 S 26.7 0.6 44.7 0.5 40.2 0.3 S
For-hire truck 454 89.7 S S 285 98.9 992 29 11 S S 38.9 3.1 15.9
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 4 0.8 1 0.4 1 0.4 872 29.3 3.1 13.3 2.8 9.3 1.6 4.4
Truck and rail 4 0.8 1 0.4 1 0.4 872 29.3 3.1 13.3 2.8 9.3 1.6 4.4

SCTG2 07, Other prepared foodstuffs and fats and oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,929 100 641 100 386 100 1,092 37.5 - 31 - 38.3 - 16.9
Single modes 1,733 89.9 634 99 378 97.8 355 35.7 2.8 31 0.5 38.5 8.3 39.4
Truck6 1,733 89.8 634 99 378 97.8 347 35.7 2.8 31 0.5 38.5 8.3 39.6
For-hire truck 1,625 84.3 531 82.8 369 95.4 921 37.9 4 36.8 6 39.5 9.5 16.3
Private truck S S S S 9 2.4 S S S S S 33.3 2 S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 3,080 S S S S S S -
Multiple modes S S 6 0.9 8 2.1 1,270 S S 42.9 0.8 34.9 12.2 15.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 6 0.9 8 2.1 1,270 S S 42.9 0.8 34.9 12.2 15.7
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 08, Alcoholic beverages

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 51 100 42 100 2 100 75 20.9 - 24.2 - 28.5 - 18.9
Single modes 51 100 42 100 2 100 75 20.9 - 24.2 - 28.5 - 18.9
Truck6 51 100 42 100 2 100 75 20.9 - 24.2 - 28.5 - 18.9
Private truck 51 100 42 100 2 100 75 20.9 - 24.2 - 28.5 - 18.9

SCTG2 10, Calcareous monumental or building stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 509 S S S S S S 33.7
Single modes S S S S S S 509 S S S S S S 33.7
Truck6 S S S S S S 509 S S S S S S 33.7
For-hire truck S S S S 61 97.3 753 S S S S 45.5 2 21.8
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 11, Natural sands

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 4 100 S S 17 100 S 40.9 - S S 42.9 - S
Single modes 4 99.5 S S 16 99.7 S 41.3 2.1 S S 42.7 3 S
Truck6 4 94 S S 15 89 S 41.5 3.2 S S 42.5 5.4 S
For-hire truck S S S S 11 64.3 S S S S S 49.8 18.3 S
Private truck S S 134 55.6 S S 55 S S 46.3 15.1 S S 29.2
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 12, Gravel and crushed stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 16 100 1,255 100 80 100 S 37 - 47.6 - 45.4 - S
Single modes 16 99.7 1,250 99.6 80 99.9 S 37.2 0.9 47.9 1.8 45.5 1.6 S
Truck6 16 99.7 1,250 99.6 80 99.9 S 37.2 0.9 47.9 1.8 45.5 1.6 S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 10 64.9 745 59.4 39 48.7 S 35 13.4 37.3 13.1 34.6 17.5 S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 13, Nonmetallic minerals nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 44 100 S S S S 724 43.5 - S S S S 41.1
Single modes 32 72.1 S S S S S 43 9 S S S S S
Truck6 31 71.5 S S S S 578 41.1 9.5 S S S S 48.2
For-hire truck 31 71.2 S S S S 608 41.4 11.5 S S S S 44.8
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 12 27.9 359 45.9 317 60.2 861 23.2 6.8 45.4 4.9 38.2 6.5 41.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail 12 27.8 359 45.8 317 60.2 880 23.5 6.9 45.4 4.9 38.2 6.5 39.9

SCTG2 14, Metallic ores and concentrates

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 59 100 S S 4 100 1,247 31.3 - S S 30.1 - 21.9
Single modes 59 99.8 S S 4 99.6 1,398 31.6 3 S S 30.8 5.5 14.1
Truck6 59 99.8 S S 4 99.6 1,398 31.6 3 S S 30.8 5.5 14.1
For-hire truck 59 99.8 S S 4 99.6 1,398 31.6 3 S S 30.8 5.5 14.1
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 15, Nonagglomerated bituminous coal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 705 100 25,703 100 9,335 100 S 20.4 - 22.1 - 28.3 - S
Single modes 705 100 25,703 100 9,335 100 S 20.4 - 22.1 - 28.3 - S
Truck6 303 42.9 11,729 45.6 1,067 11.4 85 35 10.2 35 9.8 35.4 5.1 14.3
For-hire truck 302 42.8 11,715 45.6 1,067 11.4 85 35 10.1 35 9.7 35.4 5.1 14.3
Private truck S S S S S S 27 S S S S S S 21.7
Rail 403 57.1 13,974 54.4 8,268 88.6 603 22 10.2 20.4 10 29.7 4.7 13
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 17, Gasoline and aviation turbine fuel

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 276 100 343 100 19 100 42 49.7 - 46.8 - 49.1 - 29.9
Single modes 229 82.9 291 84.9 16 82.5 44 42 6.4 40.1 5.7 40.5 6.5 27.1
Truck6 229 82.9 291 84.9 16 82.5 44 42 6.4 40.1 5.7 40.5 6.5 27.1
Private truck 229 82.9 291 84.9 16 82.5 44 42 6.4 40.1 5.7 40.5 6.5 27.1
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 18, Fuel oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 326 100 441 100 27 100 47 36.3 - 36.6 - 40.4 - 48.1
Single modes 312 95.8 423 95.9 26 97 51 35.3 1.9 35.8 1.8 39.7 1.3 43.8
Truck6 312 95.8 423 95.9 26 97 51 35.3 1.9 35.8 1.8 39.7 1.3 43.8
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 312 95.6 422 95.7 25 94.6 51 35.4 1.9 35.9 1.8 41.5 9.2 44.7
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 19, Coal and petroleum products, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 266 100 483 100 S S S 37.4 - 48.5 - S S S
Single modes 239 89.6 467 96.7 S S S 36.2 5.2 48.7 4.9 S S S
Truck6 239 89.6 467 96.7 S S S 36.2 5.2 48.7 4.9 S S S
For-hire truck 29 10.9 S S S S S 31.9 14 S S S S S
Private truck 210 78.7 354 73.3 S S 58 35 6.9 41.4 8.7 S S 14.1
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,439 S S S S S S 4.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,461 S S S S S S 0.7
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 45 S S S S S S 33.1

SCTG2 20, Basic chemicals

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 282 100 68 100 S S 461 45.9 - 43.8 - S S 37.9
Single modes 262 92.8 S S 20 46.3 S 47.1 3.8 S S 43.1 15.7 S
Truck6 262 92.8 S S 20 46.3 S 47.1 4 S S 43.1 15.7 S
For-hire truck 215 76.3 S S 18 40.7 1,341 41.8 8.9 S S 40.8 19.6 16.3
Private truck S S S S S S 38 S S S S S S 42
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 20 7.1 S S 1 1.5 1,176 48.8 3.9 S S 40.8 7.9 24.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 20 7.1 S S 1 1.5 1,176 48.8 3.9 S S 40.8 7.9 24.5
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 21, Pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 314 100 30 100 33 100 1,294 34.9 - 46.8 - 39.4 - 20.8
Single modes 114 36.2 12 41.6 17 51.4 S 32.5 18.1 26.6 20 47.8 16.8 S
Truck6 114 36.1 12 41.6 17 51.4 S 32.5 18.1 26.6 20 47.8 16.8 S
For-hire truck 101 32 S S 17 51 1,519 33 18.3 S S 45.2 17.6 26.9
Private truck S S S S S S 71 S S S S S S 26.4
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 197 62.8 S S S S 1,329 29.9 11.2 S S S S 3.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 169 53.9 3 9.7 S S 1,330 41.5 15.1 39.4 6.1 S S 3.4
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,447 S S S S S S 49.5

SCTG2 22, Fertilizers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 39 100 144 100 37 100 233 7.8 - 11.5 - 15.7 - 14.8
Single modes 38 98.7 143 98.9 32 86 192 7.8 1.2 11.6 1 12.3 10.7 9.4
Truck6 38 98.7 143 98.9 32 86 192 7.8 1.2 11.6 1 12.3 10.7 9.4
For-hire truck 38 98.7 143 98.9 32 86 192 7.8 1.2 11.6 1 12.3 10.7 9.4
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 23, Chemical products and preparations, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 138 100 S S S S 980 26.9 - S S S S 28.9
Single modes 123 89.5 83 98.6 S S S 21.3 4.1 49.2 0.7 S S S
Truck6 110 80.1 S S S S S 27.7 11.7 S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,158 S S S S S S 24.1
Private truck S S 43 51.1 S S 60 S S 29 18.1 S S 39.9
Air (incl truck and air) S S 1 1.1 S S 1,222 S S 20.2 15 S S 33
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,646 S S S S S S 9.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,646 S S S S S S 9.9
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 24, Plastics and rubber

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 629 100 175 100 120 100 916 12 - 17.5 - 24.2 - 19.8
Single modes 592 94.1 171 97.3 111 92.8 339 13.3 2.3 17.3 1 21.7 2.1 44.1
Truck6 587 93.2 159 90.9 86 71.6 S 13.7 3.2 17.2 4.8 15.7 10 S
For-hire truck 392 62.3 99 56.7 76 63.3 1,030 11.4 6.4 18.4 10 15.4 9.8 7.3
Private truck 195 30.9 60 34.2 10 8.3 58 29.3 6.5 30.8 7.5 32.7 2.8 25.4
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 2,109 S S S S S S 29.4
Multiple modes 36 5.8 S S S S 1,483 33.4 2.3 S S S S 8.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 34 5.4 S S S S 1,482 37 2.4 S S S S 7.9
Truck and water S S S S S S 3,361 S S S S S S 0.8
Other and unknown modes 1 0.1 S S S S 722 35.1 0.1 S S S S 38.8

SCTG2 25, Logs and other wood in the rough

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 26, Wood products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 240 100 375 100 S S 563 30.8 - 31 - S S 32.3
Single modes 237 99.1 375 99.8 S S S 31.2 1.5 31.1 0.4 S S S
Truck6 237 99.1 375 99.8 S S S 31.2 1.5 31.1 0.4 S S S
For-hire truck 80 33.3 195 52 288 97.8 733 35.5 12.8 47 18.9 49.6 4.5 47
Private truck 158 65.8 S S S S 27 41.5 9.9 S S S S 39
Multiple modes 2 0.8 - 0.1 S S 1,562 44.7 2.3 48.8 0.2 S S 24.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 2 0.8 - 0.1 S S 1,562 44.7 2.3 48.8 0.2 S S 24.3
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 8 S S S S S S -

SCTG2 27, Pulp, newsprint, paper, and paperboard

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 28, Paper or paperboard articles

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 273 100 126 100 52 100 985 27.2 - 22.2 - 26.9 - 19.7
Single modes 247 90.5 124 98.7 51 96.9 221 26.6 3.7 22.4 0.9 27.4 1.9 41.5
Truck6 247 90.5 124 98.7 51 96.9 221 26.6 3.7 22.4 0.9 27.4 1.9 41.5
For-hire truck 234 85.6 115 91.7 50 95.9 479 29.1 11 25.1 11.1 27.9 6.8 15.2
Private truck 13 4.8 9 7 1 1 S 21.3 16.6 29.5 15.7 20.4 9.3 S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,310 S S S S S S 15.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,310 S S S S S S 15.4
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 29, Printed products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 348 100 67 100 50 100 1,638 24.1 - 17.5 - 34.9 - 16.9
Single modes 214 61.3 54 80.6 39 78.4 663 35 10.7 24.5 10.3 37.4 11.1 25.1
Truck6 212 61 54 80.5 39 78.2 660 35.2 10.7 24.5 10.3 37.6 11 26
For-hire truck 153 44 37 55.9 39 77 1,362 49.8 9.4 29.5 11.1 38.4 11.3 14.1
Private truck 59 17 S S 1 1.2 103 27.9 10.2 S S 33.6 4.7 23.8
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 123 35.4 S S S S 1,676 27.9 8.2 S S S S 15.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 123 35.4 S S S S 1,676 27.9 8.2 S S S S 15.6
Other and unknown modes S S S S - 0.9 S S S S S 42.5 5 S

SCTG2 30, Textiles, leather, and articles of textiles or leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,761 100 44 100 S S 1,700 41.2 - 40.3 - S S 14.3
Single modes 1,467 83.3 30 69.6 14 41.5 397 45 17.6 43.8 16.5 40.1 19.1 18.1
Truck6 1,467 83.3 30 69.6 14 41.5 397 45 17.6 43.8 16.5 40.1 19.1 18.1
For-hire truck 1,466 83.3 30 69.5 S S 497 42.4 17.2 41.1 17.2 S S 32
Private truck 1 0.1 - - S S S 39.4 7.2 31.7 7.6 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,705 S S S S S S 11
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,705 S S S S S S 11
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 449 S S S S S S 45.1

SCTG2 31, Nonmetallic mineral products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 763 100 8,118 100 S S 309 30.7 - 31.3 - S S 44.7
Single modes 723 94.8 7,653 94.3 1,843 80.3 108 30.5 4 30.2 2 50 6.9 20.7
Truck6 629 82.5 6,353 78.3 593 25.8 79 27.8 5 27.2 6.2 26.7 17.6 28.3
For-hire truck 269 35.3 2,112 26 418 18.2 305 26.2 7.6 30.9 8.5 25.3 14.4 17.9
Private truck 360 47.2 4,241 52.2 175 7.6 33 29 6.1 27.4 9.4 27.6 7.4 22.1
Rail 92 12.1 1,299 16 S S 964 33.5 2.6 41.1 6.1 S S 29.3
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,575 S S S S S S 27.8
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,543 S S S S S S 8.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,574 S S S S S S 10.5
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,063 S S S S S S 32.7
Other and unknown modes S S 29 0.4 1 - S S S 24.4 0.5 14.3 0.2 S

SCTG2 32, Base metal in prim. or semifin. forms & in finished basic shapes

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 741 100 310 100 164 100 655 30.2 - 22 - 29.4 - 20.3
Single modes 554 74.8 308 99.4 162 99 314 24.7 9.2 22 0.4 29.2 0.4 26
Truck6 554 74.8 308 99.4 162 99 314 24.7 9.2 22 0.4 29.2 0.4 26
For-hire truck 353 47.6 175 56.3 140 85.5 726 30.7 11.5 36.9 11.9 33.6 12.7 11.4
Private truck 201 27.1 134 43.1 22 13.5 118 28.6 13.2 29.9 12.2 22.3 14.1 15.2
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,125 S S S S S S 15.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,125 S S S S S S 15.3
Other and unknown modes 4 0.5 S S S S S 43.1 0.7 S S S S S

SCTG2 33, Articles of base metal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,633 100 453 100 250 100 609 18 - 21.6 - 21.1 - 21.8
Single modes 1,472 90.1 447 98.7 247 98.7 184 17.5 4.8 21.8 1.3 21.6 2.3 49.4
Truck6 1,472 90.1 447 98.7 247 98.7 184 17.5 4.8 21.8 1.3 21.6 2.3 49.4
For-hire truck 1,110 67.9 369 81.5 241 96.3 788 23 7.2 22.9 5.3 22 2.5 12.8
Private truck 362 22.2 78 17.1 6 2.4 55 20.3 4.7 34.6 5.3 33.2 1.5 17.6
Multiple modes S S 5 1 S S 1,317 S S 49.9 1.2 S S 15.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 5 1 S S 1,317 S S 49.9 1.2 S S 15.3
Other and unknown modes S S S S 1 0.3 S S S S S 35.2 0.6 S

SCTG2 34, Machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 686 100 S S S S 386 40.8 - S S S S 30.3
Single modes 597 87 S S S S S 43.7 5.7 S S S S S
Truck6 558 81.4 S S S S S 45.5 6.5 S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S 431 S S S S S S 43.6
Private truck 226 33 11 24.8 1 7.5 67 37.3 14.6 34.1 17.6 42.9 18.2 23.8
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 810 S S S S S S 23.9
Multiple modes 86 12.5 2 4.8 2 17.7 993 23.6 7.2 24.4 3.8 28.3 9.3 18.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 86 12.5 2 4.8 2 17.7 993 23.6 7.2 24.4 3.8 28.3 9.3 18.1
Other and unknown modes 3 0.5 S S S S S 47.1 0.9 S S S S S

SCTG2 35, Electronic & other electrical equip & components & office equip

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 929 S S S S S S 11.1
Single modes S S S S S S 133 S S S S S S 45.5
Truck6 284 12.9 S S S S S 17.7 13.7 S S S S S
For-hire truck 125 5.6 7 11.4 4 11 815 30.5 10.6 30.4 11.4 30.7 13.3 18
Private truck 159 7.2 S S S S 51 29.3 11.2 S S S S 17
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 332 15 5 7.8 6 16.3 1,379 42.1 9.4 32.9 5.4 35.8 12.7 7.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 332 15 5 7.8 6 16.3 1,379 42.1 9.4 32.9 5.4 35.8 12.7 7.1
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 17 0.8 1 2 S S S 13.8 5.2 38.8 5.9 S S S

SCTG2 36, Motorized and other vehicles (including parts)

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 176 100 28 100 21 100 636 18.3 - 19.8 - 22.5 - 22.4
Single modes 159 90.4 26 94.3 19 89 377 20.5 5.4 21.4 4.1 25.4 9.3 40.6
Truck6 159 90.2 26 94.2 19 88.6 354 20.6 5.6 21.4 4.2 25.6 9.5 41
For-hire truck 151 85.7 26 91.5 19 88 797 19.3 6.1 18.1 4.5 22.4 7.6 9
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 2,537 S S S S S S 19.8
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,292 S S S S S S 19.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,292 S S S S S S 19.3
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 37, Transportation equipment, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 263 100 1 100 1 100 1,533 43.4 - 45.3 - 46.6 - 9.9
Single modes 83 31.6 - 30.5 - 26.6 1,629 8.1 3.8 16.7 5.4 13.4 5.7 19.1
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 80 30.4 - 22.8 - 20 1,633 11.9 4.6 44.7 11.3 43.4 10.5 19
Multiple modes 180 68.4 1 69.5 1 73.4 1,505 42 9.8 45.2 9.6 47.5 8.5 9.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 180 68.4 1 69.5 1 73.4 1,505 42 9.8 45.2 9.6 47.5 8.5 9.3

SCTG2 38, Precision instruments and apparatus

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 291 100 S S S S 1,059 30.6 - S S S S 12.4
Single modes 156 53.6 S S S S 883 33.4 14.1 S S S S 25.7
Truck6 103 35.3 S S S S 927 31.2 13.7 S S S S 29.2
For-hire truck 54 18.7 S S S S 1,366 40.7 10.5 S S S S 18.7
Private truck S S - 5.8 - 0.3 61 S S 18.4 19.8 45.3 15.8 26.1
Air (incl truck and air) 53 18.4 1 8.9 - 7.3 841 39.9 9.4 47.3 7.3 43.7 12.4 27.5
Multiple modes 132 45.3 S S S S 1,436 33.3 15.7 S S S S 6.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 132 45.3 S S S S 1,436 33.3 15.7 S S S S 6.4
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 282 S S S S S S 41.5

SCTG2 39, Furniture, mattresses & mattress supports, lamps, lighting

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 225 100 25 100 13 100 579 16.7 - 32.1 - 19.1 - 25
Single modes 223 99.1 25 99.3 12 96.1 535 16.9 1 32.3 1 19.3 2.5 24.2
Truck6 223 99.1 25 99.3 12 96.1 535 16.9 1 32.3 1 19.3 2.5 24.2
For-hire truck 116 51.6 10 40.3 11 87.2 1,342 31 10.6 35.1 10.6 22.6 6.8 5.7
Private truck 107 47.5 S S S S 66 25.8 11.1 S S S S 14.5
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,282 S S S S S S 45.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S - 0.1 S S 1,183 S S 39.1 0.2 S S 42
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 40, Miscellaneous manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 940 100 S S 276 100 1,500 25.1 - S S 47.9 - 11
Single modes 358 38.1 S S S S 601 26.2 9.2 S S S S 22
Truck6 252 26.8 216 13.6 81 29.2 464 19.6 8.1 43.4 19.7 28.9 15.6 26.9
For-hire truck 165 17.6 106 6.7 75 27.2 1,170 24.7 8.8 34 18.4 30.5 16.9 14.9
Private truck 87 9.2 S S 5 2 46 43.9 3.1 S S 48.1 3.5 27.4
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,552 S S S S S S 20.4
Pipeline7 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 459 48.9 33 2.1 44 15.9 1,519 38.8 8.9 37.3 12.6 40.4 10.9 8.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 450 47.9 27 1.7 41 14.7 1,519 39.8 8.5 42.1 11.5 43.5 10.9 8.9
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 123 13 12 0.8 S S 860 47.9 5.3 49.9 13.1 S S 46.5

SCTG2 41, Waste and scrap

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S 70 S S S S S S 15.2

SCTG2 43, Mixed freight

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 665 100 231 100 156 100 253 29.6 - 37 - 29 - 48.8
Single modes 588 88.4 222 96.3 153 98.2 192 33.4 6.1 39.1 6.5 29.6 6.6 37.4
Truck6 588 88.4 222 96.3 153 98.2 192 33.4 6.1 39.1 6.5 29.6 6.6 37.5
For-hire truck 437 65.7 142 61.7 151 96.8 643 31.4 10.1 20.1 12.6 24.7 2.9 22.1
Private truck 151 22.7 S S S S 46 44.2 8.9 S S S S 23.2
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 21 3.1 2 0.9 S S 1,225 35.4 3.8 38.2 2.2 S S 16.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 21 3.1 2 0.9 S S 1,225 35.4 3.8 38.2 2.2 S S 16.2
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29 S S S S S S 43.3

SCTG2 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S - 100 S S S S S 46.3 - S S S
Single modes S S - 100 S S S S S 46.3 - S S S
Truck6 S S - 100 S S S S S 46.3 - S S S
Private truck S S - 100 S S S S S 46.3 - S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
4 Coefficient of Variation.
5 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
6 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
7 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Orlando-Deltona-Daytona Beach, FL by Alcoholic Beverages (08) by Air has no data for any cell therefore the entire row is not shown. Also, two-digit commodities are not present if there is no such data for an entire commodity by area. For example, Pittsburgh-New Castle, PA by Cereal Grains (02) has no data for any mode therefore the entire commodity is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.