Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 85,038 100 126,964 100 34,124 100 7 - 16.3 - 27 -
Less than 50 miles 11,747 13.8 48,350 38.1 1,409 4.1 5.3 1 13.7 4.9 13.6 1.3
50 - 99 miles 8,615 10.1 11,169 8.8 1,306 3.8 15.5 1.3 17.9 2 19.6 1.6
100 - 249 miles 21,114 24.8 16,163 12.7 3,903 11.4 8.7 1.5 10.7 1.8 10.9 3.6
250 - 499 miles 22,703 26.7 45,692 36 21,096 61.8 11.7 1.6 42.4 7.1 41.2 8
500 - 749 miles 8,788 10.3 2,849 2.2 2,206 6.5 10.3 1 15 0.3 16.5 1.5
750 - 999 miles 4,782 5.6 1,125 0.9 1,199 3.5 15.9 0.8 27.9 0.1 29.8 0.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,659 3.1 855 0.7 1,164 3.4 13.8 0.5 36.9 0.2 35.8 0.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,556 1.8 224 0.2 458 1.3 15.4 0.2 25.1 0.1 24.6 0.7
More than 2,000 miles 3,074 3.6 536 0.4 1,384 4.1 9.6 0.3 18 0.1 18.2 1.2

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 71,406 100 125,210 100 33,203 100 8.6 - 16.6 - 28 -
Less than 50 miles 10,991 15.4 48,148 38.5 1,406 4.2 5.9 1.5 13.6 5.1 13.5 1.6
50 - 99 miles 8,127 11.4 10,774 8.6 1,242 3.7 16.1 1.5 18.8 2 20.7 1.7
100 - 249 miles 18,500 25.9 15,637 12.5 3,709 11.2 9.6 1.7 11.2 1.8 11.4 3.7
250 - 499 miles 18,439 25.8 45,350 36.2 20,892 62.9 14.7 2 42.8 7.3 41.7 8.3
500 - 749 miles 6,795 9.5 2,788 2.2 2,158 6.5 14 0.8 15.5 0.3 17 1.5
750 - 999 miles 3,243 4.5 1,042 0.8 1,112 3.3 22.5 0.5 29.9 0.1 32 0.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,128 3 846 0.7 1,151 3.5 18.2 0.6 37.3 0.2 36.3 0.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,151 1.6 149 0.1 310 0.9 22.1 0.3 28.9 - 28.5 0.4
More than 2,000 miles 2,032 2.8 475 0.4 1,224 3.7 13.7 0.2 19 0.1 19.5 1.1

Truck4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 68,022 100 79,196 100 14,010 100 7.4 - 11 - 9.8 -
Less than 50 miles 10,808 15.9 44,914 56.7 1,168 8.3 5.9 1.5 14.5 3 13.7 1.1
50 - 99 miles 8,039 11.8 8,732 11 864 6.2 16.5 1.5 16.6 1.8 15.9 1
100 - 249 miles 18,308 26.9 13,117 16.6 2,982 21.3 9.6 1.7 13.5 1.7 13.6 2.6
250 - 499 miles 16,011 23.5 7,546 9.5 3,484 24.9 10.3 1.7 11.8 1.2 12 1.8
500 - 749 miles 6,657 9.8 2,590 3.3 1,968 14 14.1 0.9 15.2 0.4 16.9 2
750 - 999 miles 3,126 4.6 848 1.1 894 6.4 23.6 0.7 17.8 0.2 19.2 0.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,072 3 827 1 1,119 8 18.1 0.6 38 0.3 37.1 1.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,023 1.5 148 0.2 309 2.2 19.4 0.2 28.9 0.1 28.6 0.7
More than 2,000 miles 1,977 2.9 474 0.6 1,221 8.7 14.3 0.3 19.1 0.1 19.5 1.5

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 46,851 100 40,353 100 10,900 100 11.7 - 12.6 - 12.4 -
Less than 50 miles 3,015 6.4 18,000 44.6 494 4.5 14.5 1.1 20 4.3 16.8 1
50 - 99 miles 3,657 7.8 4,097 10.2 405 3.7 22.7 1.3 27.7 2.1 25 0.9
100 - 249 miles 11,537 24.6 7,481 18.5 1,728 15.9 17.6 2.6 20.4 2.7 20.5 2.8
250 - 499 miles 13,854 29.6 5,954 14.8 2,803 25.7 12 1.9 15.6 2.2 15.8 2.3
500 - 749 miles 6,605 14.1 2,529 6.3 1,931 17.7 14.3 1.1 16 1 17.6 3.2
750 - 999 miles 3,110 6.6 843 2.1 889 8.2 23.6 0.7 17.9 0.3 19.3 0.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,072 4.4 827 2 1,119 10.3 18.1 0.8 38 0.5 37.1 1.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,023 2.2 148 0.4 309 2.8 19.4 0.3 28.9 0.1 28.6 0.8
More than 2,000 miles 1,977 4.2 474 1.2 1,221 11.2 14.3 0.6 19.1 0.3 19.5 2

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 21,171 100 38,844 100 3,110 100 13.3 - 12 - 11.6 -
Less than 50 miles 7,793 36.8 26,914 69.3 673 21.7 6.8 4.3 13.8 3.4 17.7 2.7
50 - 99 miles 4,382 20.7 4,635 11.9 459 14.8 28.2 2.3 17.2 2.6 16.2 2.8
100 - 249 miles 6,771 32 5,636 14.5 1,254 40.3 21.4 3.7 15.5 2.3 14.9 4.4
250 - 499 miles 2,157 10.2 1,592 4.1 681 21.9 17.2 2.1 23.5 1 23 3.9
500 - 749 miles 51 0.2 S S S S 45 0.1 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 16 0.1 S S S S 45.1 0.3 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 2,910 100 45,930 100 19,171 100 43.2 - 41.7 - 45.2 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S 378 2 S S S S 48 8.1
100 - 249 miles 178 6.1 2,498 5.4 718 3.7 19.8 8.1 22.5 6.2 23.3 6.1
250 - 499 miles S S 37,789 82.3 17,402 90.8 S S 49.8 11.4 48.2 7.8
500 - 749 miles 86 2.9 198 0.4 188 1 40.2 1.3 35.2 0.4 35.4 1
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 7 0.2 18 - 32 0.2 47.2 1.8 22.1 0.2 21.8 0.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 25 100 77 100 15 100 27.9 - 20.1 - 44.8 -
Less than 50 miles S S 43 56.1 S S S S 13.1 20 S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Deep draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 25 100 77 100 15 100 27.9 - 20.1 - 44.8 -
Less than 50 miles S S 43 56.1 S S S S 13.1 20 S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 450 100 6 100 7 100 34.4 - 23.4 - 26.5 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 7 1.6 S S - 2 39.7 2.6 S S 45.5 0.6
250 - 499 miles 145 32.2 3 45.4 2 24.5 24.4 8.9 30.4 8.8 33.8 7.8
500 - 749 miles 53 11.7 1 9 S S 35.6 4.1 44.3 4.5 S S
750 - 999 miles 12 2.6 S S S S 35.5 5.4 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S - 6.1 1 10.3 S S 37.4 3 38.9 7.4
More than 2,000 miles 55 12.2 1 12.8 2 31.9 40.2 9.1 44.4 4.4 39.7 8.2

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 12,687 100 1,308 100 614 100 11.8 - 34.8 - 32.9 -
Less than 50 miles S S 7 0.5 S S S S 27.2 0.7 S S
50 - 99 miles 374 2.9 380 29 62 10.1 37 1.2 47.7 9.1 48 4.2
100 - 249 miles 2,504 19.7 492 37.6 186 30.3 34.4 4.4 45.3 6.8 48.8 6.9
250 - 499 miles 4,190 33 S S S S 20.4 4.6 S S S S
500 - 749 miles 1,951 15.4 47 3.6 37 6 24.1 2.7 17.4 3.4 16.9 2.8
750 - 999 miles 1,446 11.4 12 0.9 13 2.1 31.9 3.1 16.4 0.6 18 0.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles 530 4.2 9 0.7 12 2 26.5 1.2 12.8 0.7 13.6 0.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles 347 2.7 6 0.5 13 2.2 19.1 0.6 20.3 0.3 21.2 0.8
More than 2,000 miles 1,001 7.9 34 2.6 97 15.8 23 1.8 15.2 2.5 15.2 6

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 12,518 100 181 100 154 100 12 - 9.9 - 11 -
Less than 50 miles S S 5 2.7 - 0.1 S S 23.1 0.8 25.1 -
50 - 99 miles 369 2.9 7 3.7 1 0.5 37.6 1.2 12.5 0.4 10.9 -
100 - 249 miles 2,441 19.5 26 14.3 6 4.2 35.5 4.4 8.2 1.4 7.6 0.4
250 - 499 miles 4,147 33.1 56 31 28 18.2 20.6 4.7 13 2.3 13.6 2
500 - 749 miles 1,936 15.5 42 23.4 32 21 24.3 2.7 20.8 3.9 20.8 3.6
750 - 999 miles 1,443 11.5 11 6.4 12 7.7 31.9 3.2 18 0.7 19.7 0.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles 530 4.2 9 4.9 12 8 26.5 1.2 12.8 0.8 13.6 1.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 347 2.8 6 3.5 13 8.7 19.1 0.7 20.3 0.7 21.2 1.6
More than 2,000 miles 963 7.7 18 10.1 49 31.6 24.2 1.8 14.3 1.1 14.2 2.8

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 118 100 1,042 100 428 100 29.1 - 43.2 - 47.7 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles 4 3.8 S S 61 14.3 33.8 6.4 S S 28.5 14.6
100 - 249 miles 28 24.1 S S S S 31.5 6 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 38 32.6 S S S S 28.3 6.3 S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles 36 30.9 16 1.5 47 11 26.2 6.9 28 6.4 26.4 14.6

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 44 100 S S S S 29.9 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles 29 65.9 S S S S 32.5 14.6 S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 944 100 446 100 S S 26.5 - 47.6 - S S
Less than 50 miles 410 43.5 S S 3 0.9 27.5 11 S S 48.8 1.7
50 - 99 miles S S 16 3.5 2 0.6 S S 37.8 13.5 40.7 14.8
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 74 7.8 21 4.6 10 3.2 29.7 5.1 45 8 42.1 7.8
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1 0.1 - 0.1 - 0.1 38.6 0.4 36.9 0.2 34.2 2.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 41 4.3 S S S S 25.2 11.4 S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any mileage group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the mileage group of "More than 2,000 miles" but does have data for the other mileage groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.