Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 85,038 100 126,964 100 34,124 100 727 7.0 - 16.3 - 27.0 - 7.4
Less than 50 lbs 12,042 14.2 143 0.1 104 0.3 896 12.3 2.0 17.1 - 20.9 0.1 5.3
50 - 99 lbs 1,394 1.6 123 0.1 49 0.1 369 14.3 0.2 17.6 - 25.3 0.1 19.7
100 - 499 lbs 4,334 5.1 694 0.5 294 0.9 431 9.2 0.5 21.3 0.1 44.1 0.6 13.7
500 - 749 lbs 1,474 1.7 347 0.3 118 0.3 341 7.9 0.2 20.1 0.1 43.3 0.2 15.1
750 - 999 lbs 1,458 1.7 369 0.3 108 0.3 287 10.0 0.1 20.4 - 36.2 0.2 16.4
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 14,654 17.2 3,996 3.1 1,205 3.5 294 6.6 1.1 12.4 0.4 10.1 0.8 9.6
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 43,666 51.3 56,599 44.6 10,711 31.4 203 9.6 2.2 12.2 4.4 12.2 5.8 9.8
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 2,463 2.9 15,770 12.4 1,622 4.8 100 13.4 0.3 18.6 2.8 21.6 1.7 13.3
More than 100,000 lbs 3,553 4.2 48,922 38.5 19,913 58.4 439 35.0 1.0 38.6 6.5 43.0 8.0 11.0

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 71,406 100 125,210 100 33,203 100 372 8.6 - 16.6 - 28.0 - 15.9
Less than 50 lbs 1,286 1.8 50 - 21 0.1 587 23.4 0.4 25.0 - 42.2 - 18.5
50 - 99 lbs 587 0.8 94 0.1 28 0.1 277 16.0 0.1 23.8 - 44.9 0.1 34.4
100 - 499 lbs 3,251 4.6 634 0.5 S S 388 9.2 0.4 23.4 0.1 S S 17.4
500 - 749 lbs 1,356 1.9 338 0.3 113 0.3 334 7.3 0.3 20.6 0.1 45.1 0.2 15.5
750 - 999 lbs 1,449 2.0 365 0.3 107 0.3 288 10.0 0.2 20.6 - 36.4 0.2 16.4
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 14,484 20.3 3,948 3.2 1,186 3.6 291 6.8 1.4 12.4 0.4 10.3 0.9 9.6
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 43,189 60.5 56,319 45.0 10,507 31.6 201 9.8 1.6 12.2 4.5 12.2 6.3 9.8
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 2,437 3.4 15,508 12.4 1,546 4.7 97 13.4 0.4 18.8 2.9 22.1 1.9 13.1
More than 100,000 lbs 3,365 4.7 47,953 38.3 19,446 58.6 426 37.3 1.1 39.6 6.7 44.4 8.7 10.5

Truck4

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 68,022 100 79,196 100 14,010 100 351 7.4 - 11.0 - 9.8 - 16.9
Less than 50 lbs 1,082 1.6 48 0.1 18 0.1 520 29.1 0.5 26.5 - 48.9 0.1 21.0
50 - 99 lbs 571 0.8 93 0.1 27 0.2 269 17.0 0.1 24.1 - 46.6 0.1 35.5
100 - 499 lbs 3,229 4.7 634 0.8 S S 388 9.5 0.5 23.4 0.2 S S 17.4
500 - 749 lbs 1,347 2.0 338 0.4 112 0.8 333 7.4 0.3 20.6 0.1 45.3 0.4 15.5
750 - 999 lbs 1,447 2.1 365 0.5 107 0.8 288 10.0 0.2 20.6 0.1 36.5 0.3 16.4
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 14,295 21.0 3,943 5.0 1,183 8.4 291 6.3 1.4 12.4 0.4 10.3 0.5 9.6
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 43,141 63.4 56,280 71.1 10,479 74.8 200 9.9 1.8 12.2 3.1 12.2 3.4 9.8
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 2,424 3.6 15,474 19.5 1,521 10.9 96 13.5 0.4 18.9 2.8 22.9 2.3 13.6
More than 100,000 lbs 485 0.7 2,022 2.6 313 2.2 304 27.4 0.2 41.6 0.8 39.5 1.0 24.0

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 46,851 100 40,353 100 10,900 100 739 11.7 - 12.6 - 12.4 - 9.3
Less than 50 lbs 617 1.3 S S S S 990 46.6 0.7 S S S S 11.9
50 - 99 lbs 209 0.4 S S S S 839 34.1 0.2 S S S S 13.1
100 - 499 lbs 1,642 3.5 S S S S 817 15.4 0.5 S S S S 5.7
500 - 749 lbs 739 1.6 124 0.3 S S 771 12.6 0.3 46.7 0.1 S S 5.5
750 - 999 lbs 828 1.8 107 0.3 85 0.8 785 13.8 0.2 39.5 0.1 44.3 0.4 7.7
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 9,943 21.2 1,522 3.8 943 8.7 669 12.5 1.9 8.3 0.5 8.3 0.7 5.2
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 31,015 66.2 30,287 75.1 8,481 77.8 312 15.3 2.9 15.1 3.7 16.6 4.4 9.6
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 1,469 3.1 6,749 16.7 797 7.3 111 16.5 0.3 24.7 3.0 26.1 2.1 48.8
More than 100,000 lbs 388 0.8 S S S S 702 36.7 0.4 S S S S 23.3

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 21,171 100 38,844 100 3,110 100 70 13.3 - 12.0 - 11.6 - 11.3
Less than 50 lbs 465 2.2 28 0.1 1 - 52 15.1 0.3 32.5 - 24.0 - 16.9
50 - 99 lbs 362 1.7 66 0.2 4 0.1 62 20.2 0.5 32.9 0.1 43.2 0.1 16.8
100 - 499 lbs 1,587 7.5 360 0.9 25 0.8 67 14.2 1.2 10.2 0.2 24.8 0.2 15.3
500 - 749 lbs 609 2.9 213 0.5 17 0.5 80 15.8 0.6 11.5 0.1 20.9 0.1 13.2
750 - 999 lbs 619 2.9 258 0.7 22 0.7 84 25.4 0.9 22.5 0.1 35.1 0.3 12.2
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 4,352 20.6 2,421 6.2 240 7.7 93 13.2 3.6 16.0 0.6 24.0 1.6 10.9
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 12,126 57.3 25,993 66.9 1,999 64.3 76 24.8 6.7 13.8 4.4 14.6 5.5 14.3
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 955 4.5 8,725 22.5 724 23.3 83 31.0 1.4 27.2 4.5 26.5 5.0 11.4
More than 100,000 lbs 97 0.5 780 2.0 S S 90 37.9 0.3 39.0 1.2 S S 40.7

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 2,910 100 45,930 100 19,171 100 488 43.2 - 41.7 - 45.2 - 11.8
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S 39 0.1 S S 606 S S 36.9 0.4 S S 31.8
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 14 0.5 34 0.1 S S 718 49.1 2.5 40.3 0.6 S S 30.8
More than 100,000 lbs 2,856 98.1 45,855 99.8 19,118 99.7 478 44.3 5.9 41.8 0.3 45.4 0.3 12.8

Water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 25 100 77 100 15 100 167 27.9 - 20.1 - 44.8 - 30.9
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs 25 100.0 77 100.0 15 100.0 167 27.9 - 20.1 - 44.8 - 30.9

Deep draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 25 100 77 100 15 100 167 27.9 - 20.1 - 44.8 - 30.9
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs 25 100.0 77 100.0 15 100.0 167 27.9 - 20.1 - 44.8 - 30.9

Air (incl truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 450 100 6 100 7 100 1,718 34.4 - 23.4 - 26.5 - 17.9
Less than 50 lbs 204 45.2 2 32.3 3 35.5 1,741 42.1 13.7 43.7 12.7 43.2 13.5 20.8
50 - 99 lbs 16 3.6 1 9.0 S S 1,449 44.9 5.4 45.2 8.2 S S 27.7
100 - 499 lbs S S - 3.3 - 3.0 930 S S 30.4 6.8 33.5 7.9 30.4
500 - 749 lbs S S - 1.9 S S S S S 4.9 5.9 S S S
750 - 999 lbs S S S S - 1.8 S S S S S 42.1 2.8 S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S 3 44.3 S S 1,001 S S 21.9 14.5 S S 13.1
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S 1 8.2 1 7.8 1,063 S S 49.6 15.4 18.3 16.4 49.2
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 12,687 100 1,308 100 614 100 949 11.8 - 34.8 - 32.9 - 4.7
Less than 50 lbs 10,623 83.7 92 7.0 83 13.5 954 14.5 3.5 15.6 5.9 16.5 5.9 4.9
50 - 99 lbs 786 6.2 28 2.2 21 3.4 740 25.5 1.6 26.8 3.4 24.3 2.6 5.7
100 - 499 lbs 1,000 7.9 51 3.9 45 7.3 911 14.8 2.3 19.7 2.6 18.9 2.4 6.9
500 - 749 lbs 110 0.9 8 0.6 6 0.9 673 26.8 0.5 26.5 0.3 28.5 0.5 26.7
750 - 999 lbs S S 2 0.1 S S 341 S S 37.2 0.3 S S 44.5
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S 2 0.2 1 0.2 S S S 44.9 0.3 30.1 0.4 S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 84 0.7 S S 70 11.4 1,068 38.1 0.4 S S 37.6 7.1 45.8
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 3 - 173 13.2 69 11.2 399 37.4 0.1 37.5 8.0 38.0 11.4 8.1
More than 100,000 lbs 59 0.5 885 67.6 S S 373 21.6 0.2 44.1 8.1 S S 16.2

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 12,518 100 181 100 154 100 949 12.0 - 9.9 - 11.0 - 4.7
Less than 50 lbs 10,623 84.9 92 50.7 83 53.9 954 14.5 3.3 15.6 4.4 16.5 4.1 4.9
50 - 99 lbs 786 6.3 28 15.6 21 13.5 740 25.5 1.7 26.8 4.4 24.3 3.7 5.7
100 - 499 lbs 1,000 8.0 51 28.3 45 29.1 911 14.8 2.4 19.7 4.6 18.9 4.5 6.9
500 - 749 lbs 105 0.8 8 4.4 5 3.1 599 27.9 0.5 28.7 1.8 25.7 1.3 28.4
750 - 999 lbs S S 2 0.9 S S 341 S S 37.2 0.4 S S 44.5
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 118 100 1,042 100 428 100 545 29.1 - 43.2 - 47.7 - 45.1
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S - - S S S S S 11.5 4.8 S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 66 55.9 30 2.9 54 12.7 1,548 48.9 7.3 36.6 13.3 29.8 14.4 32.2
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 3 3.0 173 16.6 69 16.1 399 37.4 10.4 37.5 9.6 38.0 16.4 8.1
More than 100,000 lbs 44 37.5 838 80.4 S S 373 25.5 10.5 45.7 4.8 S S 18.1

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 44 100 S S S S 1,039 29.9 - S S S S 31.5
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 280 S S S S S S 40.6
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 944 100 446 100 S S 74 26.5 - 47.6 - S S 40.5
Less than 50 lbs 133 14.1 2 0.3 - - S 44.9 11.5 38.9 1.3 36.5 0.1 S
50 - 99 lbs 20 2.1 1 0.3 - - S 46.5 1.8 47.1 1.4 35.4 - S
100 - 499 lbs 82 8.7 9 1.9 - 0.1 18 38.6 9.1 21.5 3.1 26.1 0.5 17.5
500 - 749 lbs S S 1 0.3 - - S S S 38.8 0.6 43.3 - S
750 - 999 lbs 4 0.4 2 0.4 - - S 29.4 1.0 39.0 0.5 44.5 0.1 S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 152 16.0 46 10.4 18 5.9 525 26.2 5.1 36.3 10.6 20.8 16.8 23.0
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 393 41.6 212 47.5 S S 534 31.1 9.9 37.4 9.7 S S 30.2
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 22 2.4 89 20.0 S S 84 31.3 1.5 45.8 4.4 S S 25.5
More than 100,000 lbs 129 13.7 S S S S S 10.0 16.1 S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 ""Truck"" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any shipment weight group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the shipment weight groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the shipment size of "More than 100,000 lbs" but does have data for the other shipment weight groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.