Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 70,096 100 105,817 100 32,957 100 9.2 - 10.9 - 18.2 -
Less than 50 miles 17,986 25.7 53,763 50.8 1,290 3.9 6.5 3.2 15 6 18.9 0.9
50 - 99 miles 8,222 11.7 13,672 12.9 1,460 4.4 16.3 1 19.5 1.9 20.2 0.9
100 - 249 miles 14,952 21.3 20,864 19.7 5,828 17.7 21.9 2.3 38.4 4.2 46.7 3.4
250 - 499 miles 2,981 4.3 3,398 3.2 1,542 4.7 6.1 0.2 17.6 0.5 18.2 0.7
500 - 749 miles 3,514 5 2,570 2.4 2,103 6.4 8 0.4 19.5 0.5 15.3 0.8
750 - 999 miles 5,721 8.2 4,219 4 4,537 13.8 25.4 1.2 31.8 0.9 29.7 2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 4,834 6.9 2,859 2.7 4,718 14.3 15.5 0.9 38.9 1 35.6 2.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles 6,333 9 2,474 2.3 5,733 17.4 14.1 1 13.2 0.4 14.1 2.4
More than 2,000 miles 5,552 7.9 1,998 1.9 5,747 17.4 13.4 1.1 15.5 0.2 15.7 1.4

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 54,659 100 89,537 100 23,192 100 7.3 - 9.3 - 13.2 -
Less than 50 miles 17,063 31.2 51,679 57.7 1,217 5.2 6.4 3 15 5.6 17.1 1.1
50 - 99 miles 7,439 13.6 11,349 12.7 1,188 5.1 17.2 1.4 21.6 2.2 22.8 0.7
100 - 249 miles 10,969 20.1 12,811 14.3 2,857 12.3 16.2 1.9 25.4 2.7 24.1 1.4
250 - 499 miles 2,615 4.8 3,215 3.6 1,458 6.3 6.6 0.2 17.1 0.6 17.5 1
500 - 749 miles 2,596 4.7 2,363 2.6 1,901 8.2 11.6 0.4 22 0.6 18.2 0.9
750 - 999 miles 4,318 7.9 3,248 3.6 3,397 14.6 26.9 1.4 29.6 0.9 22.4 2.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,681 4.9 1,480 1.7 2,486 10.7 13.7 0.9 17.6 0.3 17.3 1.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 4,089 7.5 1,751 2 3,969 17.1 13.6 1 12.4 0.2 12.2 1.3
More than 2,000 miles 2,889 5.3 1,641 1.8 4,721 20.4 12.6 0.5 18.5 0.3 18.7 1.8

Truck4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 43,157 100 72,454 100 15,305 100 4.5 - 10.9 - 16.9 -
Less than 50 miles 14,484 33.6 48,606 67.1 1,184 7.7 8.1 2.3 17.1 5.9 18.3 1.9
50 - 99 miles 5,693 13.2 8,278 11.4 881 5.8 9 0.9 19.7 2.6 21.7 0.9
100 - 249 miles 8,265 19.1 6,991 9.6 1,420 9.3 9.4 1.7 16.3 1.9 16.4 1
250 - 499 miles 2,255 5.2 1,548 2.1 722 4.7 8.9 0.4 14.4 0.4 16 0.7
500 - 749 miles 2,326 5.4 2,024 2.8 1,571 10.3 12.4 0.6 26.1 0.9 22.4 1
750 - 999 miles 2,624 6.1 1,647 2.3 1,900 12.4 14.6 0.8 23.8 0.6 23.8 2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,962 4.5 885 1.2 1,350 8.8 17.8 0.9 27.1 0.3 28.3 1.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 3,253 7.5 1,225 1.7 2,722 17.8 16.6 1.1 19.7 0.3 19.8 2
More than 2,000 miles 2,295 5.3 1,251 1.7 3,554 23.2 16.3 0.7 24.9 0.5 25.6 2.3

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 26,720 100 29,651 100 13,799 100 7.4 - 14.8 - 18.7 -
Less than 50 miles 4,128 15.4 10,832 36.5 471 3.4 10.9 1.6 23.4 5.4 37.7 1.8
50 - 99 miles 3,256 12.2 5,561 18.8 603 4.4 12.9 1.2 29.8 3 32.9 0.8
100 - 249 miles 5,007 18.7 4,817 16.2 989 7.2 11 1.8 20.7 2.3 20 0.6
250 - 499 miles 1,935 7.2 1,424 4.8 674 4.9 10 0.7 13.5 0.8 15.5 0.8
500 - 749 miles 2,322 8.7 2,022 6.8 1,570 11.4 12.4 1 26.2 1 22.4 1.1
750 - 999 miles 2,619 9.8 1,645 5.5 1,898 13.8 14.6 1.1 23.8 1.4 23.9 2.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,951 7.3 883 3 1,348 9.8 18 1.2 27.2 0.6 28.3 1.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 3,207 12 1,221 4.1 2,710 19.6 17 1.6 19.6 0.6 19.8 2.4
More than 2,000 miles 2,294 8.6 1,246 4.2 3,537 25.6 16.4 1 25.1 0.6 25.9 2.3

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 16,437 100 42,802 100 1,505 100 8.5 - 17.8 - 10.9 -
Less than 50 miles 10,356 63 37,774 88.3 713 47.3 11 2.6 20 3.4 18 6.5
50 - 99 miles 2,436 14.8 2,716 6.3 279 18.5 13 1.3 19.5 1.4 19.4 2.1
100 - 249 miles 3,257 19.8 2,174 5.1 431 28.7 10.7 2.3 13.4 1.9 14.8 4.1
250 - 499 miles 320 1.9 123 0.3 48 3.2 19.2 0.5 31.4 0.3 30.5 1.6
500 - 749 miles S S 2 - 2 0.1 S S 40.7 - 40.2 0.1
750 - 999 miles 5 - S S S S 48.6 0.1 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S 2 - 2 0.1 S S 12.2 - 17.4 0.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S 12 0.8 S S S S 13.2 6.2
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 4,048 100 6,817 100 5,645 100 20.8 - 9.5 - 7.6 -
Less than 50 miles S S 1,639 24 21 0.4 S S 36.2 7.2 30.7 0.1
50 - 99 miles 56 1.4 183 2.7 19 0.3 26.1 0.8 44.7 1.3 40.2 0.2
100 - 249 miles 353 8.7 1,458 21.4 515 9.1 23.5 3.6 22.7 5.4 25.8 3.1
250 - 499 miles 253 6.2 1,122 16.5 552 9.8 30.8 2.5 29 4.3 28.9 2.3
500 - 749 miles 199 4.9 337 4.9 328 5.8 11 1 14.9 1.3 14.8 1
750 - 999 miles 376 9.3 604 8.9 746 13.2 43.9 3.3 29.4 2.4 28.1 3.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 472 11.7 582 8.5 1,114 19.7 10.6 3 13.2 1.3 12.2 1.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles 439 10.8 518 7.6 1,232 21.8 18.3 2.1 11.9 1.7 12.3 2.2
More than 2,000 miles 301 7.4 373 5.5 1,118 19.8 25.4 2.3 23.9 1.7 24.9 4.1

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S 183 24.1 S S S S 30 18.8
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S 3,881 100 S S S S 45 - S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S 183 29.7 S S S S 30 19.5
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Deep draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S 141 100 S S S S 48.8 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,244 100 24 100 40 100 26 - 27.7 - 40.9 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S - 0.3 - 0.1 S S 39.9 0.5 44.6 0.2
500 - 749 miles 60 4.8 - 1.7 - 0.7 33.4 3.4 42.6 5.1 42.2 2.3
750 - 999 miles 115 9.3 2 8.9 3 6.5 28.6 2.6 43.2 4 48.1 9.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles 127 10.2 S S S S 45.6 3 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 334 26.9 4 14.8 7 16.5 37.5 9.5 40.1 8.7 38.8 8.6
More than 2,000 miles 286 23 S S S S 41.3 6.7 S S S S

Pipeline5

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S 5,417 100 S S S S 44.3 - S S
Less than 50 miles 280 6.7 72 1.3 S S 15.1 6.3 32.2 0.8 S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 1,592 37.9 2,557 47.2 S S 43.3 18.8 41.9 16.9 S S
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 14,675 100 14,401 100 9,581 100 19.4 - 40.9 - 33.7 -
Less than 50 miles 475 3.2 S S S S 15.8 1.2 S S S S
50 - 99 miles 724 4.9 2,291 15.9 268 2.8 36 2.7 48.6 8.5 44.8 3
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 353 2.4 180 1.3 83 0.9 17.3 0.5 44.9 1.3 44.5 0.5
500 - 749 miles 901 6.1 201 1.4 197 2.1 28 2.8 39.6 1.4 43.5 1.8
750 - 999 miles 1,398 9.5 S S S S 43.5 1.6 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,149 14.6 S S S S 35 4 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,217 15.1 721 5 1,760 18.4 24.7 2.4 44.1 2.6 44.6 6.8
More than 2,000 miles 2,603 17.7 344 2.4 991 10.3 25.6 3.6 21.6 2 21.3 4.8

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 8,168 100 189 100 260 100 22.5 - 30.1 - 42.6 -
Less than 50 miles 356 4.4 23 12.4 S S 15.2 2 49.7 4.8 S S
50 - 99 miles 304 3.7 11 5.8 1 0.4 31.4 2.8 21.8 2 22.4 0.4
100 - 249 miles 800 9.8 23 12 5 1.9 23 2 21.3 2.6 22.6 1
250 - 499 miles 340 4.2 10 5.2 4 1.7 17.1 1.1 18.4 1.3 18 1
500 - 749 miles 810 9.9 12 6.2 11 4.3 30.8 3.6 28.1 1.1 29.8 0.7
750 - 999 miles 624 7.6 15 7.9 18 6.9 35.7 1.1 46.9 1.2 48.3 1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,147 14 21 11.3 36 13.6 35.5 2 44.6 2.2 47.1 2.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,474 18 S S S S 39.9 2.5 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 2,314 28.3 42 22.5 114 44 28.8 4.2 39.2 3.1 37.9 3.6

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,737 100 2,266 100 3,583 100 18.3 - 21 - 26.1 -
Less than 50 miles 14 0.8 S S S S 1.9 3.8 S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles 146 8.4 543 24 202 5.7 25.3 4.9 23.2 5.4 24.7 2
250 - 499 miles 13 0.7 171 7.5 79 2.2 47.7 0.5 39.9 3.2 39.4 1.2
500 - 749 miles 69 4 178 7.9 184 5.1 38.6 2.2 42.3 3.3 43.2 3
750 - 999 miles 243 14 137 6 196 5.5 39.7 3.9 15.6 2.7 16.7 2.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles 305 17.5 230 10.2 484 13.5 31.7 4.8 20.6 2.5 23.6 3.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 713 41.1 683 30.2 1,670 46.6 26.4 5.5 46.7 6.1 46.7 7
More than 2,000 miles 234 13.5 268 11.8 766 21.4 22.4 3.3 28.8 2.8 28.9 4

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S 6,809 100 S S S S 41.5 - S S
Less than 50 miles 23 0.7 S S S S 32.4 14.5 S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S 6 0.1 S S S S 37.4 11.7 S S
More than 2,000 miles 56 1.6 S S S S 37.9 10.8 S S S S

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S 988 100 177 100 S S 33.7 - 30.5 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S 829 83.9 168 94.6 S S 40.8 8 29.5 2.7
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 761 100 S S S S 31.8 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles 448 58.9 S S S S 43.5 9.3 S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles 18 2.3 S S S S 31.2 1.9 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 5 0.6 S S S S 19 1.2 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S 2 0.1 4 1.9 S S 27.5 0.5 45.9 7.5
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any mileage group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the mileage group of "More than 2,000 miles" but does have data for the other mileage groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.