Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 178,154 100 143,502 100 52,152 100 1.9 - 11.6 - 15.9 -
Less than 50 miles 36,274 20.4 53,244 37.1 1,327 2.5 2.9 0.5 11.7 2.5 14 0.4
50 - 99 miles 21,094 11.8 24,034 16.7 2,556 4.9 4.5 0.6 21.9 1.8 26.5 0.9
100 - 249 miles 35,735 20.1 23,784 16.6 5,140 9.9 4.7 1.1 13.1 1.7 13.4 1.1
250 - 499 miles 26,865 15.1 14,014 9.8 7,177 13.8 7 1 12.4 1.1 15.9 1.5
500 - 749 miles 17,543 9.8 8,670 6 7,651 14.7 3.8 0.3 17.6 0.6 19.5 1.5
750 - 999 miles 20,444 11.5 11,881 8.3 13,902 26.7 6.2 0.6 33 1.3 34.8 3.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 10,465 5.9 4,331 3 6,671 12.8 7.8 0.4 20.9 0.7 20.4 1.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles 9,529 5.3 3,537 2.5 7,677 14.7 8.8 0.4 23.8 0.5 22.7 2.2
More than 2,000 miles 205 0.1 8 - S S 32.3 - 47.1 - S S

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 149,503 100 131,876 100 41,928 100 3.3 - 8.9 - 11.4 -
Less than 50 miles 33,086 22.1 52,864 40.1 1,318 3.1 3.5 0.5 11.7 2.4 13.9 0.5
50 - 99 miles 18,864 12.6 21,166 16 2,140 5.1 5.7 0.7 16.9 1.8 18.5 1.1
100 - 249 miles 29,512 19.7 23,143 17.5 4,970 11.9 3.3 0.7 12.6 1.5 12.5 0.7
250 - 499 miles 23,586 15.8 13,590 10.3 6,989 16.7 7.8 1.1 12.6 1.1 16.2 1.2
500 - 749 miles 13,863 9.3 6,763 5.1 5,732 13.7 5.6 0.5 8.3 0.6 8.8 1.7
750 - 999 miles 15,658 10.5 7,429 5.6 8,388 20 8.4 0.7 10 0.6 11.1 1.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 7,912 5.3 3,856 2.9 5,948 14.2 8.9 0.4 20.9 0.6 20.6 1.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 6,978 4.7 3,063 2.3 6,440 15.4 11.9 0.5 27.8 0.5 26.9 2.1
More than 2,000 miles S S S S 3 - S S S S 48.9 -

Truck4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 144,474 100 114,293 100 28,592 100 3.4 - 8 - 4.7 -
Less than 50 miles 32,861 22.7 51,876 45.4 1,301 4.5 3.6 0.5 11.3 2.4 13.9 0.6
50 - 99 miles 18,417 12.7 19,174 16.8 1,939 6.8 6.1 0.7 19.1 2 20.8 1.3
100 - 249 miles 28,905 20 19,720 17.3 4,203 14.7 3.1 0.7 10.1 1.7 8.6 1.1
250 - 499 miles 22,843 15.8 9,375 8.2 4,489 15.7 7.9 1.1 7.6 0.9 8 1.1
500 - 749 miles 13,112 9.1 4,800 4.2 3,932 13.8 5.7 0.5 4.4 0.4 4.8 0.7
750 - 999 miles 14,781 10.2 5,177 4.5 5,543 19.4 9.2 0.7 6.9 0.5 6.9 1.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 7,306 5.1 2,574 2.3 3,868 13.5 8.6 0.3 13 0.3 11.9 1.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 6,242 4.3 1,596 1.4 3,316 11.6 12.7 0.4 10.5 0.2 10.4 0.9
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 93,007 100 56,787 100 23,362 100 5.6 - 6.1 - 4.9 -
Less than 50 miles 11,111 11.9 13,732 24.2 440 1.9 12 0.9 22.4 3.8 28.5 0.6
50 - 99 miles 10,081 10.8 7,808 13.7 761 3.3 12.7 1.3 13.8 1.9 14.5 0.8
100 - 249 miles 18,617 20 14,341 25.3 3,094 13.2 4.8 0.7 13.1 2.8 10.7 1.2
250 - 499 miles 17,706 19 8,165 14.4 3,922 16.8 10.5 1.4 9.1 1.4 9.4 1.3
500 - 749 miles 11,483 12.3 4,322 7.6 3,553 15.2 6 0.7 4.3 0.6 4.6 0.8
750 - 999 miles 12,581 13.5 4,544 8 4,884 20.9 8.2 0.8 6.3 0.7 6.4 0.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 6,197 6.7 2,343 4.1 3,527 15.1 9.4 0.6 14.7 0.8 13.4 1.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles 5,224 5.6 1,530 2.7 3,178 13.6 7 0.5 10.5 0.3 10.5 1
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 51,467 100 57,506 100 5,231 100 5.6 - 12.9 - 11.9 -
Less than 50 miles 21,750 42.3 38,145 66.3 861 16.5 5.2 1.7 15.5 5.1 12.6 1.5
50 - 99 miles 8,336 16.2 11,366 19.8 1,177 22.5 6.2 0.9 32 4.5 34.1 4.4
100 - 249 miles 10,288 20 5,379 9.4 1,109 21.2 6.4 1.2 10.7 1.3 11.4 1.5
250 - 499 miles 5,137 10 1,210 2.1 567 10.8 16.9 1.5 8.1 0.5 7.7 1.6
500 - 749 miles 1,629 3.2 477 0.8 379 7.2 12.4 0.4 10.4 0.2 10 1.2
750 - 999 miles 2,200 4.3 633 1.1 659 12.6 26 0.9 21 0.3 19.3 2.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,109 2.2 231 0.4 341 6.5 28.4 0.5 20.3 0.1 19.3 1.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S 66 0.1 138 2.6 S S 34.9 0.1 34.7 1.1
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 3,148 100 17,483 100 13,190 100 9.9 - 26.3 - 30.9 -
Less than 50 miles 224 7.1 S S S S 34.9 2.2 S S S S
50 - 99 miles 420 13.4 1,991 11.4 200 1.5 12.2 3.4 18.5 8.6 19.2 4.1
100 - 249 miles 324 10.3 3,418 19.6 763 5.8 29.8 3 38.4 3.8 40.3 1.2
250 - 499 miles 488 15.5 4,213 24.1 2,500 18.9 18.8 2.7 46.8 5 49.9 3.8
500 - 749 miles 527 16.7 1,961 11.2 1,798 13.6 20.1 4.1 22.3 4.4 22.5 5.7
750 - 999 miles 628 19.9 2,177 12.5 2,729 20.7 20.5 3 31.6 3.1 32.3 3.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 356 11.3 1,278 7.3 2,073 15.7 37.3 3.7 38.6 2.5 38.7 3.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 181 5.7 S S 3,110 23.6 19 1.1 S S 49.7 5.2
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 22 100 S S S S 39.7 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles 22 98.5 71 96.5 109 100 26.6 1.1 48.5 2.5 48.1 -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 22 100 S S S S 39.7 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles 22 98.5 71 96.5 109 100 26.6 1.1 48.5 2.5 48.1 -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,859 100 26 100 35 100 24.7 - 15.2 - 23.9 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles 26 1.4 S S S S 48.6 2.2 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 283 15.2 5 19.5 3 9.5 34.9 5.1 37 6.4 49.1 4.3
250 - 499 miles 255 13.7 2 7.2 1 3.1 40.1 2.6 30.5 1.8 24.7 1
500 - 749 miles 224 12.1 3 11.3 3 7.1 31.9 2.1 37 3.3 33 3.1
750 - 999 miles 227 12.2 5 18.3 6 15.9 22.4 4 20.6 6 30.9 5.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles 250 13.5 4 16 6 17.7 31.9 1.9 27.8 5.3 25.4 5.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles 555 29.9 6 24 S S 35.2 5.2 47.2 6.2 S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 24,379 100 S S S S 10 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles 1,295 5.3 39 0.4 3 - 23.5 1 20.1 0.6 31.3 -
50 - 99 miles 1,799 7.4 S S S S 21.7 1.4 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 5,741 23.5 505 4.8 S S 24 3.3 46.7 7.2 S S
250 - 499 miles 2,766 11.3 275 2.6 125 1.3 9.6 1.3 38.4 1.8 32.4 0.7
500 - 749 miles 3,167 13 S S S S 8.9 1.1 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 4,556 18.7 S S S S 12.4 1.9 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,396 9.8 422 4 638 6.5 11.4 0.9 32 4.9 30.4 5.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,499 10.3 434 4.1 1,152 11.8 10.7 1.2 18.6 5.2 19.5 9.4
More than 2,000 miles 160 0.7 S S S S 43.1 0.2 S S S S

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 22,161 100 549 100 474 100 11.1 - 9.3 - 9.8 -
Less than 50 miles 1,286 5.8 26 4.7 1 0.3 23.9 1.1 19.2 0.7 21.2 0.1
50 - 99 miles 1,745 7.9 33 6 4 0.7 22.2 1.8 16.6 1 15.6 0.2
100 - 249 miles 5,550 25 91 16.5 24 5.1 24.8 3.5 16.2 1.8 15.2 0.9
250 - 499 miles 2,654 12 84 15.4 42 8.9 9.7 1.3 12.3 1.1 12.1 0.7
500 - 749 miles 2,887 13 84 15.3 70 14.9 10.1 1.4 9.6 0.8 9.7 1
750 - 999 miles 3,865 17.4 114 20.9 124 26.1 14.3 1.9 12.7 1.9 12.4 1.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,050 9.3 62 11.3 92 19.5 11.6 0.9 10.7 0.7 10.9 0.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,984 9 53 9.6 111 23.3 15.8 1.2 12.8 0.8 12.9 1.3
More than 2,000 miles 141 0.6 2 0.3 S S 39.4 0.2 38.6 0.2 S S

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,970 100 S S S S 17.8 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles 5 0.3 11 0.1 S S 29.5 0.6 45.8 1 S S
50 - 99 miles 54 2.8 S S S S 46.3 2.6 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 177 9 S S S S 37.3 4 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 100 5.1 S S S S 32.6 2.2 S S S S
500 - 749 miles 279 14.2 S S S S 28.8 3.5 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 607 30.8 S S S S 31 3.9 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 278 14.1 355 3.7 535 6.3 23.3 2.5 36.7 6.3 34.9 6.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles 469 23.8 350 3.6 832 9.7 27.6 4.9 22.6 7.3 23.1 9.9
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 238 100 S S S S 32.5 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S 1 0.2 S S S S 36.4 6.7 S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles 77 32.4 S S S S 44.4 13.7 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 8 100 8 100 13 100 40.5 - 2.6 - 8.3 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles 8 100 8 100 13 100 40.5 - 2.6 - 8.3 -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 4,271 100 1,127 100 471 100 24.6 - 32.3 - 27.8 -
Less than 50 miles 1,893 44.3 341 30.3 6 1.3 41.1 7.6 44.6 8.3 42.3 1.8
50 - 99 miles 431 10.1 S S S S 39.3 3.4 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 482 11.3 S S S S 31.9 5.4 S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S 149 13.2 62 13.2 S S 42.4 4.1 42.5 3
500 - 749 miles 513 12 142 12.6 126 26.7 48.6 4.5 32.7 7.1 34.2 6.3
750 - 999 miles 230 5.4 S S S S 39.6 1.5 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 157 3.7 54 4.8 85 18 25 1.6 30.6 1.9 31.6 5.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 53 1.2 40 3.6 85 18 18.6 0.7 26.3 4.2 26.1 7.1
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any mileage group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the mileage group of "More than 2,000 miles" but does have data for the other mileage groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.