Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 48,296 100 46,115 100 8,054 100 8.4 - 14.1 - 12.4 -
Less than 50 miles 19,825 41 26,822 58.2 582 7.2 18.8 5.2 18.9 4.9 19 1.4
50 - 99 miles 7,471 15.5 7,032 15.2 691 8.6 15.1 2 16 1.4 16.7 1.1
100 - 249 miles 9,036 18.7 5,539 12 1,154 14.3 10.4 2.7 11.3 1.7 11.2 1.5
250 - 499 miles 5,289 11 3,020 6.5 1,530 19 12.1 1 12.8 1.3 13.5 1.7
500 - 749 miles 2,972 6.2 1,895 4.1 1,519 18.9 18.8 1.1 19.5 1.2 20.5 2.3
750 - 999 miles 1,438 3 1,098 2.4 1,214 15.1 19.2 0.7 24.9 0.5 25.8 2.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,307 2.7 445 1 635 7.9 16.5 0.5 18.8 0.2 19 1.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 174 0.4 69 0.1 149 1.8 22.8 0.1 38.7 - 39.4 0.7
More than 2,000 miles 784 1.6 195 0.4 581 7.2 15 0.2 22.5 0.2 24.6 2.1

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 42,557 100 44,123 100 7,355 100 10 - 14.7 - 14 -
Less than 50 miles 19,009 44.7 26,166 59.3 543 7.4 19.8 5.4 19.7 5.1 19.8 1.3
50 - 99 miles 6,660 15.6 6,374 14.4 595 8.1 17.3 2.4 17.6 1.6 18.1 0.9
100 - 249 miles 6,997 16.4 5,310 12 1,086 14.8 12.2 1.6 11.9 1.8 12 1.4
250 - 499 miles 4,416 10.4 2,768 6.3 1,364 18.5 13.2 1.1 12.3 1.2 12.9 1.9
500 - 749 miles 2,517 5.9 1,812 4.1 1,445 19.6 19.9 1.1 21 1.2 22.2 2.4
750 - 999 miles 1,217 2.9 1,076 2.4 1,188 16.1 19.1 0.7 25.7 0.6 26.7 2.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,146 2.7 404 0.9 575 7.8 17.9 0.6 19 0.2 19.3 1.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 106 0.2 66 0.2 143 1.9 37.8 0.1 40.8 - 41.6 0.8
More than 2,000 miles 489 1.1 146 0.3 417 5.7 21.8 0.3 21.6 0.1 22.3 0.9

Truck4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 41,223 100 39,541 100 4,944 100 10.1 - 15.4 - 10.8 -
Less than 50 miles 18,960 46 24,452 61.8 531 10.7 19.9 5.5 19.5 4.5 20.1 1.7
50 - 99 miles 6,638 16.1 6,336 16 591 12 17.3 2.5 17.8 1.8 18.4 1.4
100 - 249 miles 6,842 16.6 4,846 12.3 965 19.5 12.7 1.8 14.2 1.8 14.1 1.4
250 - 499 miles 3,988 9.7 2,030 5.1 943 19.1 14.8 1.2 10.5 1.2 11 1.8
500 - 749 miles 2,232 5.4 1,120 2.8 826 16.7 19.8 1 16.8 0.6 16.6 1.7
750 - 999 miles 1,060 2.6 373 0.9 376 7.6 20.1 0.7 14.1 0.3 14.1 1.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 973 2.4 228 0.6 315 6.4 20.5 0.6 17 0.2 16.3 1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 102 0.2 47 0.1 S S 39.6 0.1 49.6 0.1 S S
More than 2,000 miles 427 1 109 0.3 293 5.9 23.5 0.3 21.8 0.1 21.5 0.9

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 15,536 100 21,916 100 3,571 100 9.4 - 16.1 - 10.2 -
Less than 50 miles 2,486 16 14,444 65.9 285 8 24.4 2.8 22.3 7.5 24.3 2.1
50 - 99 miles 1,515 9.7 1,960 8.9 179 5 22.3 1.7 25.8 1.7 23.1 1
100 - 249 miles 3,187 20.5 1,921 8.8 401 11.2 14.5 2.7 9.4 2.7 7.7 1.1
250 - 499 miles 3,662 23.6 1,776 8.1 834 23.4 16.2 3.3 11.5 2.8 12.1 1.7
500 - 749 miles 2,127 13.7 1,062 4.8 791 22.2 20.2 2 17.1 1.3 16.9 2.3
750 - 999 miles 1,060 6.8 373 1.7 376 10.5 20.1 1.3 14.1 0.8 14.1 1.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles 970 6.2 224 1 308 8.6 20.5 1.5 17.1 0.3 16.4 1.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 102 0.7 47 0.2 S S 39.6 0.2 49.6 0.1 S S
More than 2,000 miles 427 2.7 109 0.5 293 8.2 23.5 1.1 21.8 0.2 21.5 1.1

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 25,687 100 17,625 100 1,373 100 14.2 - 18.7 - 18.8 -
Less than 50 miles 16,473 64.1 10,009 56.8 245 17.9 22 6.9 19.8 4 20.7 3.5
50 - 99 miles 5,124 19.9 4,376 24.8 412 30 21.6 4 19.1 2.1 20 1.7
100 - 249 miles 3,655 14.2 2,925 16.6 564 41.1 27.1 3.8 23.2 2 23 3.3
250 - 499 miles 326 1.3 254 1.4 109 8 28.7 0.3 33.2 0.7 35.4 3.1
500 - 749 miles 105 0.4 58 0.3 35 2.6 23.2 0.1 22 0.1 21.8 1.5
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,197 100 4,574 100 2,410 100 23.6 - 37.3 - 24.6 -
Less than 50 miles 48 4 S S S S 32.2 5.7 S S S S
50 - 99 miles 21 1.8 S S S S 11.2 6.4 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 133 11.1 S S 121 5 39.7 17.7 S S 43.6 14.4
250 - 499 miles 401 33.5 738 16.1 421 17.5 42.1 8.3 30.4 9.7 29.8 8.2
500 - 749 miles 243 20.3 692 15.1 619 25.7 39.5 8.4 42.1 9.5 41.7 6.9
750 - 999 miles 139 11.6 701 15.3 810 33.6 30 4.2 32.7 5.5 33 7.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 169 14.1 176 3.8 261 10.8 30.6 9.6 16.5 2.7 17.1 5.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 40 3.3 37 0.8 123 5.1 10.4 5.1 10.4 1.5 9.7 10.6

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 135 100 S S 2 100 26.7 - S S 47.8 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 28 20.5 - 11.6 - 6.2 48.3 16.3 42.8 16.3 39.9 16.1
500 - 749 miles 42 30.7 S S S S 40.5 10.8 S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S - 2.1 - 3.6 S S 30 8 25.9 15.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 22 16 S S S S 46.6 11.4 S S S S

Pipeline5

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 5,045 100 1,304 100 636 100 20.1 - 35.1 - 30.3 -
Less than 50 miles 398 7.9 S S S S 27.4 1.9 S S S S
50 - 99 miles 759 15 S S S S 23.6 3.5 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 2,003 39.7 221 16.9 66 10.3 43.8 5.5 31.4 7.7 31.7 5.6
250 - 499 miles 758 15 227 17.4 156 24.6 16.5 3.3 31.7 8.2 33.8 7.6
500 - 749 miles 414 8.2 78 6 71 11.2 25.4 1.8 35.2 1.7 37.4 2.9
750 - 999 miles 213 4.2 S S S S 29.8 1.2 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 150 3 39 3 58 9.1 31.4 0.7 41.9 1.4 41.9 3.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles 66 1.3 S S S S 48.3 0.6 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 285 5.7 S S S S 38.3 2.1 S S S S

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 4,656 100 177 100 67 100 22.2 - 35.8 - 20.7 -
Less than 50 miles 389 8.4 17 9.6 - 0.5 27.8 2.2 39 4.9 38.5 0.5
50 - 99 miles 587 12.6 S S S S 29.9 2.8 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 1,958 42.1 S S S S 45 5.5 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 683 14.7 27 15.1 12 17.3 14.8 3.2 20.9 3.1 21.5 2
500 - 749 miles 403 8.7 13 7.2 10 14.6 25.4 2 27.2 2.2 26.7 3
750 - 999 miles 207 4.4 5 3.1 6 8.4 30.9 1.3 31.3 1 31.3 1.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 139 3 6 3.5 9 12.9 30.5 0.8 40.7 1.6 40.6 3.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 66 1.4 S S S S 48.3 0.6 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 224 4.8 4 2 10 15.2 34.9 1.7 27.8 1.1 28.7 5

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 249 100 1,060 100 551 100 38.3 - 43.7 - 34.2 -
Less than 50 miles 8 3.4 S S S S 9.9 18.6 S S S S
50 - 99 miles 38 15.4 S S S S 23.7 16.2 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 45 17.9 151 14.2 52 9.4 48.9 10.8 35.1 15.9 31.8 16.4
250 - 499 miles 71 28.6 200 18.8 145 26.3 33.4 14.5 24.9 16 25.6 14.5
500 - 749 miles 11 4.3 65 6.2 61 11 44.8 1.1 26.2 3.7 28.8 5.4
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S 33 3.1 49 9 S S 38 10.4 37.2 8.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 695 100 S S S S 29.4 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles 419 60.3 S S S S 39.3 8.8 S S S S
50 - 99 miles 53 7.6 15 2.2 1 2.1 46.2 2.7 31.3 3.7 29.9 2.9
100 - 249 miles S S 9 1.2 2 2.9 S S 40.3 3.1 41.6 4.5
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles 42 6 5 0.7 3 5.4 28.4 9.1 24 7.7 34.7 11.9
750 - 999 miles S S 1 0.1 1 1.7 S S 49.5 1.5 49.3 6.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any mileage group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the mileage group of "More than 2,000 miles" but does have data for the other mileage groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.