Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 48,296 100 46,115 100 8,054 100 271 8.4 - 14.1 - 12.4 - 11.0
Less than 50 lbs 3,707 7.7 98 0.2 24 0.3 333 13.4 1.1 12.3 - 15.5 0.1 12.1
50 - 99 lbs 1,805 3.7 110 0.2 23 0.3 211 23.5 1.3 26.3 0.1 25.7 0.2 20.1
100 - 499 lbs 4,492 9.3 403 0.9 68 0.8 160 15.8 2.3 13.4 0.2 17.5 0.2 16.3
500 - 749 lbs 1,373 2.8 185 0.4 30 0.4 167 19.4 0.6 13.6 0.1 26.1 0.2 16.3
750 - 999 lbs 826 1.7 160 0.3 34 0.4 209 22.1 0.3 12.9 0.1 40.5 0.2 31.7
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 7,152 14.8 2,851 6.2 494 6.1 171 12.7 1.7 10.6 0.7 11.5 0.7 10.8
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 25,292 52.4 28,336 61.4 4,035 50.1 152 15.3 5.0 18.7 3.5 11.9 4.0 15.5
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 1,975 4.1 7,201 15.6 495 6.2 67 49.7 2.4 21.4 3.2 17.6 1.1 21.5
More than 100,000 lbs 1,674 3.5 6,770 14.7 2,851 35.4 451 15.1 0.5 30.9 3.7 20.2 4.5 22.6

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 42,557 100 44,123 100 7,355 100 143 10.0 - 14.7 - 14.0 - 13.6
Less than 50 lbs 1,259 3.0 47 0.1 5 0.1 154 27.6 0.8 21.0 - 24.0 - 23.3
50 - 99 lbs 520 1.2 53 0.1 4 0.1 81 15.2 0.3 21.1 - 17.4 - 15.1
100 - 499 lbs 3,316 7.8 312 0.7 41 0.6 121 17.3 2.0 14.6 0.2 17.7 0.1 16.3
500 - 749 lbs 1,313 3.1 175 0.4 27 0.4 160 20.2 0.6 13.6 0.1 27.9 0.2 17.2
750 - 999 lbs 814 1.9 157 0.4 33 0.4 205 22.5 0.4 12.9 0.1 42.6 0.2 33.8
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 6,825 16.0 2,771 6.3 464 6.3 166 13.3 2.5 10.6 0.7 11.9 0.8 11.5
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 25,012 58.8 28,135 63.8 3,823 52.0 146 15.5 4.8 18.9 3.2 12.3 4.0 13.3
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 1,969 4.6 7,184 16.3 488 6.6 66 49.9 2.6 21.5 3.3 18.2 1.2 20.0
More than 100,000 lbs 1,529 3.6 5,288 12.0 2,471 33.6 471 16.1 0.5 29.9 2.9 23.6 4.5 23.7

Truck4

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 41,223 100 39,541 100 4,944 100 120 10.1 - 15.4 - 10.8 - 14.4
Less than 50 lbs 1,220 3.0 47 0.1 4 0.1 103 28.2 0.8 21.2 - 26.8 - 31.9
50 - 99 lbs 492 1.2 53 0.1 4 0.1 78 15.5 0.3 21.1 - 16.9 - 15.2
100 - 499 lbs 3,284 8.0 311 0.8 40 0.8 120 17.4 2.1 14.6 0.2 17.5 0.2 16.2
500 - 749 lbs 1,301 3.2 174 0.4 27 0.5 160 20.7 0.6 13.5 0.1 28.0 0.3 17.2
750 - 999 lbs 814 2.0 157 0.4 33 0.7 205 22.5 0.4 12.9 0.1 42.6 0.3 33.8
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 6,747 16.4 2,743 6.9 456 9.2 164 13.3 2.6 10.4 0.7 11.8 1.0 11.7
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 24,949 60.5 28,029 70.9 3,730 75.4 143 15.5 4.8 19.0 3.0 12.5 2.6 13.4
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S 7,166 18.1 473 9.6 65 S S 21.5 3.3 19.5 1.7 19.5
More than 100,000 lbs 455 1.1 861 2.2 176 3.6 205 42.1 0.6 33.8 1.7 24.2 1.3 41.4

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 15,536 100 21,916 100 3,571 100 360 9.4 - 16.1 - 10.2 - 15.7
Less than 50 lbs 218 1.4 3 - 1 - 525 29.0 0.5 44.2 - 41.4 - 23.9
50 - 99 lbs 98 0.6 3 - 1 - 301 31.4 0.2 48.6 - 35.0 - 31.5
100 - 499 lbs 1,820 11.7 60 0.3 25 0.7 380 24.1 2.3 48.0 0.2 23.2 0.2 33.8
500 - 749 lbs 852 5.5 44 0.2 20 0.6 459 27.6 1.7 33.0 0.1 34.2 0.3 22.4
750 - 999 lbs 537 3.5 43 0.2 S S 633 36.5 0.9 42.2 0.1 S S 22.2
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 3,023 19.5 596 2.7 280 7.9 540 14.7 2.9 18.2 0.9 19.5 1.2 16.3
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 7,592 48.9 16,633 75.9 2,826 79.1 202 11.2 2.5 18.0 3.4 10.1 2.2 21.3
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S 4,011 18.3 244 6.8 58 S S 23.2 3.5 23.9 1.4 31.3
More than 100,000 lbs 444 2.9 524 2.4 147 4.1 240 41.5 1.2 31.8 2.0 26.7 1.0 40.5

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 25,687 100 17,625 100 1,373 100 64 14.2 - 18.7 - 18.8 - 11.8
Less than 50 lbs 1,002 3.9 44 0.3 3 0.2 61 35.4 1.6 22.1 0.1 34.9 0.1 17.1
50 - 99 lbs 394 1.5 50 0.3 3 0.2 64 21.1 0.6 22.8 0.1 24.3 0.2 17.1
100 - 499 lbs 1,464 5.7 251 1.4 16 1.1 63 15.4 3.6 17.4 0.6 18.0 0.7 12.4
500 - 749 lbs 448 1.7 131 0.7 7 0.5 52 12.1 0.4 14.3 0.2 17.4 0.2 8.9
750 - 999 lbs 277 1.1 114 0.6 5 0.4 48 13.9 0.3 16.3 0.3 23.7 0.2 13.2
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 3,725 14.5 2,148 12.2 175 12.8 69 17.0 2.7 14.4 3.0 21.0 1.9 9.6
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 17,356 67.6 11,396 64.7 903 65.8 81 21.4 8.6 25.5 5.5 24.9 6.4 10.6
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S 3,155 17.9 230 16.8 73 S S 25.5 4.0 23.9 3.6 19.9
More than 100,000 lbs 10 - S S S S S 39.5 - S S S S S

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,197 100 4,574 100 2,410 100 461 23.6 - 37.3 - 24.6 - 30.0
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 44 3.6 26 0.6 7 0.3 332 27.4 7.9 10.8 2.6 40.1 0.7 34.8
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 7 0.6 18 0.4 15 0.6 800 28.3 19.3 38.1 19.5 20.5 18.6 23.9
More than 100,000 lbs 1,074 89.7 4,427 96.8 2,294 95.2 521 21.4 3.6 38.7 3.3 25.7 4.1 23.6

Air (incl truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 135 100 S S 2 100 1,385 26.7 - S S 47.8 - 14.3
Less than 50 lbs 39 28.9 S S S S 1,397 36.5 19.5 S S S S 12.9
50 - 99 lbs 23 17.2 S S - 3.8 908 20.9 13.9 S S 48.9 8.2 25.7
100 - 499 lbs 29 21.4 - 10.4 - 8.6 850 27.8 6.6 36.8 16.5 36.1 20.0 15.7
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Pipeline5

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 5,045 100 1,304 100 636 100 464 20.1 - 35.1 - 30.3 - 16.7
Less than 50 lbs 2,271 45.0 44 3.3 19 3.0 492 10.9 5.8 15.5 3.5 15.3 4.0 16.0
50 - 99 lbs 1,245 24.7 S S 19 2.9 354 34.7 4.7 S S 31.5 5.4 32.1
100 - 499 lbs 1,105 21.9 76 5.8 27 4.3 311 42.3 3.6 38.7 6.0 29.9 5.8 24.2
500 - 749 lbs 44 0.9 7 0.5 3 0.4 373 25.6 0.3 22.7 0.9 20.2 0.4 24.3
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S 1,055 S S S S S S 38.4
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 203 4.0 155 11.9 S S 1,489 46.2 5.4 42.1 11.7 S S 44.4
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 4 0.1 S S S S S 38.9 0.3 S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs 139 2.7 944 72.4 343 53.9 379 25.1 1.2 47.7 9.2 26.7 12.6 21.8

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 4,656 100 177 100 67 100 463 22.2 - 35.8 - 20.7 - 16.7
Less than 50 lbs 2,271 48.8 44 24.6 19 28.8 492 10.9 6.3 15.5 5.8 15.3 6.2 16.0
50 - 99 lbs 1,245 26.7 S S 19 27.8 354 34.7 4.7 S S 31.5 5.1 32.1
100 - 499 lbs 1,097 23.6 74 42.0 26 39.7 303 42.6 3.8 39.3 4.5 29.4 5.4 25.6
500 - 749 lbs 42 0.9 6 3.5 2 3.6 384 26.4 0.3 23.7 1.9 22.8 1.8 24.7
750 - 999 lbs 1 - - 0.1 S S S 16.1 0.1 32.2 0.6 S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 249 100 1,060 100 551 100 869 38.3 - 43.7 - 34.2 - 37.4
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs 5 2.1 1 0.1 S S S 40.0 13.0 11.2 2.5 S S S
500 - 749 lbs 2 1.0 1 0.1 - - 289 36.4 3.6 10.6 1.2 37.2 1.0 27.2
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,841 S S S S S S 41.3
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 4 1.6 S S S S S 38.9 3.5 S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs 114 45.8 920 86.7 340 61.8 385 27.7 15.5 49.3 7.3 26.9 13.2 22.0

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S 16 97.6 S S S S S 44.2 1.8 S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 695 100 S S S S S 29.4 - S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 lbs 40 5.8 S S - 0.1 S 47.4 2.4 S S 47.1 0.4 S
100 - 499 lbs 71 10.2 S S - 0.6 S 44.0 2.1 S S 41.8 3.2 S
500 - 749 lbs S S 3 0.4 S S S S S 38.5 2.4 S S S
750 - 999 lbs 9 1.3 3 0.4 S S S 42.8 1.7 43.6 1.2 S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S 14 22.7 201 S S S S 46.5 12.2 45.2
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 78 11.2 46 6.7 8 12.5 S 31.4 5.7 39.6 11.3 19.6 15.6 S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 2 0.3 S S S S S 5.2 4.8 S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 ""Truck"" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any shipment weight group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the shipment weight groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the shipment size of "More than 100,000 lbs" but does have data for the other shipment weight groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.