Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities5

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 48,296 100 46,115 100 8,054 100 271 8.4 - 14.1 - 12.4 - 11
Single modes 42,557 88.1 44,123 95.7 7,355 91.3 143 10 3.1 14.7 1.6 14 3 13.6
Truck6 41,223 85.4 39,541 85.7 4,944 61.4 120 10.1 3.1 15.4 3.6 10.8 3.9 14.4
For-hire truck 15,536 32.2 21,916 47.5 3,571 44.3 360 9.4 3.7 16.1 3.1 10.2 3.6 15.7
Private truck 25,687 53.2 17,625 38.2 1,373 17 64 14.2 4.4 18.7 4.2 18.8 2.2 11.8
Rail 1,197 2.5 4,574 9.9 2,410 29.9 461 23.6 0.5 37.3 2.8 24.6 4.7 30
Air (incl truck and air) 135 0.3 S S 2 - 1,385 26.7 0.1 S S 47.8 - 14.3
Pipeline7 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 5,045 10.4 1,304 2.8 636 7.9 464 20.1 3.1 35.1 0.8 30.3 2.9 16.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 4,656 9.6 177 0.4 67 0.8 463 22.2 3.2 35.8 0.2 20.7 0.4 16.7
Truck and rail 249 0.5 1,060 2.3 551 6.8 869 38.3 0.2 43.7 0.9 34.2 3.3 37.4
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 695 1.4 S S S S S 29.4 0.4 S S S S S

SCTG2 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,634 100 2,469 100 353 100 S 20.2 - 20.8 - 20.6 - S
Single modes 1,626 99.5 2,465 99.9 352 99.9 S 20.2 0.4 20.8 0.1 20.6 0.1 S
Truck6 1,549 94.8 2,099 85 266 75.5 S 22.3 5 26.1 9.1 20.8 9.6 S
For-hire truck 542 33.2 527 21.4 116 32.9 446 23 7.2 34.6 8.6 24.4 7.6 23.2
Private truck 1,006 61.6 1,572 63.7 150 42.6 44 27.6 7.6 28 9.9 28.2 8.9 39.2
Rail S S S S S S 249 S S S S S S 11.4
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 11,680 100 2,826 100 946 100 113 39.7 - 29.4 - 39 - 26.1
Single modes 11,548 98.9 2,697 95.5 743 78.6 82 40 2.2 29.8 2.9 35.6 6.9 29.8
Truck6 11,434 97.9 2,575 91.1 646 68.3 75 40.6 5 31.8 6.3 38.2 10.2 28.3
For-hire truck 1,108 9.5 830 29.4 430 45.5 475 36.7 8.3 36.6 10.3 46 10.4 25.5
Private truck 10,325 88.4 1,745 61.7 S S 55 41.9 9.3 38.9 11.1 S S 19.5
Rail 114 1 S S S S S 40.1 10.6 S S S S S
Multiple modes 132 1.1 S S S S 821 45.1 6 S S S S 16.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 8 0.1 - - S S 630 43.1 0.4 45.2 - S S 46.8
Truck and rail 124 1.1 S S S S S 38.6 8.4 S S S S S

SCTG2 10-14, Stones, nonmetallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 516 100 19,812 100 1,113 100 S 25.9 - 30.3 - 37.2 - S
Single modes 499 96.6 19,138 96.6 905 81.3 S 26.3 1.6 30 1.3 36.2 6.4 S
Truck6 425 82.3 17,143 86.5 583 52.3 S 28.2 5.9 29.3 4.9 25.4 11.6 S
For-hire truck 355 68.8 12,480 63 414 37.2 S 32.2 8.1 29.1 5.1 30.3 10 S
Private truck 69 13.5 4,663 23.5 168 15.1 S 24.9 7 41.2 5.7 28.1 4.7 S
Rail 74 14.3 S S 322 28.9 S 23.7 9.2 S S 48.7 5.8 S
Multiple modes 17 3.4 S S 208 18.7 S 27.3 3.7 S S 33.5 11.6 S
Truck and rail 17 3.4 S S 208 18.7 S 27.3 3.7 S S 33.5 11.6 S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 29 S S S S S S 39.2
Single modes S S S S S S 29 S S S S S S 39.5
Truck6 S S S S S S 29 S S S S S S 39.5
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S 26 S S S S S S 49.3
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 2 0.1 S S S S 7 37.1 1.3 S S S S 15.4

SCTG2 20-24, Basic chemicals, chemical, and pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 6,733 100 3,435 100 2,181 100 208 18 - 28.3 - 30 - 27.5
Single modes 4,895 72.7 3,270 95.2 2,105 96.5 S 17.6 8.9 29.4 4.5 30.1 6 S
Truck6 4,329 64.3 1,797 52.3 754 34.6 S 15.8 9.2 20.9 10.9 21 15.5 S
For-hire truck 2,315 34.4 862 25.1 654 30 677 16.5 9.9 16.6 13.5 23.1 16.2 11.5
Private truck 2,014 29.9 935 27.2 100 4.6 78 27.9 5.1 32.1 3.3 33.7 1.4 16.6
Rail 541 8 1,467 42.7 1,351 62 836 14.8 5 13.4 7.1 15.4 8.8 12.3
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S - - 1,037 S S S S 44.4 - 44
Pipeline7 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S 164 4.8 76 3.5 S S S 46.4 4.5 45.3 6 S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S 29 1.3 S S S S S 41.8 6.1 S
Truck and rail S S 65 1.9 46 2.1 703 S S 37.4 2.7 45.8 2.8 10.3
Truck and water 4 0.1 S S S S 523 15.3 0.5 S S S S 11.4
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 5,208 100 4,557 100 1,471 100 412 26.6 - 16.6 - 12.4 - 10.2
Single modes 4,353 83.6 4,248 93.2 1,356 92.2 240 27.8 3.3 17.6 2.4 14.4 3.7 15.9
Truck6 4,117 79 3,819 83.8 1,066 72.5 237 29.5 2.9 19.6 3 14.8 5.6 16.4
For-hire truck 2,160 41.5 2,633 57.8 948 64.5 605 10.5 5.9 16.6 3.9 15.6 5.4 13.5
Private truck S S 1,186 26 117 8 112 S S 31.6 4.1 39.6 2.8 16.3
Rail 236 4.5 429 9.4 290 19.7 700 31.9 1.9 28.3 3 28.5 5.2 9.6
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 788 15.1 247 5.4 108 7.3 495 30.1 3 33 2.3 45.2 3.7 10.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 671 12.9 30 0.7 12 0.8 495 33.9 2.8 32.8 0.1 34.4 0.3 10.7
Truck and rail 91 1.8 193 4.2 92 6.3 458 32.5 3.1 29.9 4.7 44.5 7.2 19.6
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 67 1.3 62 1.4 7 0.4 S 49 0.8 42.5 1.9 39.7 0.5 S

SCTG2 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 8,046 100 5,780 100 1,098 100 471 12 - 21.8 - 15.1 - 23.3
Single modes 6,984 86.8 5,207 90.1 1,044 95.1 241 12.5 1.9 19.5 4.6 16.6 3.6 27.3
Truck6 6,787 84.4 5,011 86.7 780 71 146 13.4 2.7 20.6 4.4 15.9 6.4 23.4
For-hire truck 5,155 64.1 2,475 42.8 646 58.8 328 17.5 5.3 29.9 9 20.2 6 29.9
Private truck 1,633 20.3 2,536 43.9 134 12.2 50 24.8 6 26.2 9.8 30.4 5 10.9
Rail 154 1.9 195 3.4 263 23.9 1,366 21.5 2.8 23.9 4.7 20.1 9.5 34.8
Air (incl truck and air) 42 0.5 S S S S 1,440 33.6 0.3 S S S S 14.8
Multiple modes 888 11 23 0.4 14 1.2 761 19.2 1.8 41.1 0.1 34.2 0.7 18.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 886 11 23 0.4 12 1.1 761 19.4 1.8 43.1 0.1 40.3 0.7 18.8
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 175 2.2 S S S S S 25.7 0.9 S S S S S

SCTG2 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 4,074 100 204 100 52 100 S 14.8 - 25.2 - 33.4 - S
Single modes 2,848 69.9 152 74.5 46 88.8 S 13.8 6.4 25.3 7.1 39 9.2 S
Truck6 2,785 68.4 152 74.4 46 88.3 S 13.8 6.2 25.3 7.1 39.2 9.3 S
For-hire truck 1,759 43.2 88 43.1 42 80.9 471 22.5 11.6 36.2 16.1 41.4 14.4 25.5
Private truck 1,026 25.2 64 31.3 4 7.3 S 25.2 7.9 39.5 11.1 32.8 10 S
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 62 1.5 S S - 0.5 1,197 35.8 0.9 S S 50 1.1 15.7
Multiple modes 960 23.6 12 5.8 3 6.3 393 36.9 5.2 36.7 2.2 30.1 6 16.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 960 23.6 12 5.8 3 6.3 393 36.9 5.2 36.7 2.2 30.1 6 16.1
Other and unknown modes S S S S 3 5 S S S S S 46.4 6.9 S

SCTG2 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 8,595 100 4,405 100 720 100 252 22 - 26.9 - 23.4 - 23.1
Single modes 7,997 93 4,318 98 682 94.7 112 23.3 2.8 27.3 1.3 23.4 2.2 7.8
Truck6 7,990 93 4,318 98 682 94.7 111 23.3 2.9 27.3 1.3 23.4 2.2 7.7
For-hire truck 1,307 15.2 784 17.8 267 37 522 15.1 6.9 28.4 9.8 25.5 9.5 15.9
Private truck 6,683 77.8 3,534 80.2 415 57.7 83 28.9 8.1 32.4 9.9 29.3 9.9 11.7
Air (incl truck and air) 7 0.1 - - - - S 46.4 0.2 50 - 34 0.1 S
Multiple modes 429 5 S S 25 3.5 796 35.4 1.9 S S 48.2 0.9 13.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 324 3.8 14 0.3 9 1.3 798 37 1.8 22.9 0.3 16.8 0.8 13.4
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S 16 2.2 S S S S S 48.4 3.7 S
Other and unknown modes 169 2 31 0.7 S S S 36.7 1.2 49.5 0.9 S S S

SCTG2 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1 100 S S S S S 45.4 - S S S S S
Single modes 1 97.3 S S S S 110 44.2 1.7 S S S S 29.5
Truck6 1 97.3 S S S S 110 44.2 1.7 S S S S 29.5
Private truck 1 97.3 S S S S 110 44.2 1.7 S S S S 29.5
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
4 Coefficient of Variation.
5 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
6 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
7 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Dallas-Fort Worth, TX by Base metal and machinery (31-34) by Water has no data for any shipment characteristic therefore the entire row is not shown. Also, entire commodity groups are not present if there is no such data for that commodity group by area. For example, Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV (DC part) by Coal and petroleum products (15-19) has no data for any mode therefore the entire commodity group is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.