Table 8. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 8. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities5

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 48,296 100 46,115 100 8,054 100 271 8.4 - 14.1 - 12.4 - 11
Single modes 42,557 88.1 44,123 95.7 7,355 91.3 143 10 3.1 14.7 1.6 14 3 13.6
Truck6 41,223 85.4 39,541 85.7 4,944 61.4 120 10.1 3.1 15.4 3.6 10.8 3.9 14.4
For-hire truck 15,536 32.2 21,916 47.5 3,571 44.3 360 9.4 3.7 16.1 3.1 10.2 3.6 15.7
Private truck 25,687 53.2 17,625 38.2 1,373 17 64 14.2 4.4 18.7 4.2 18.8 2.2 11.8
Rail 1,197 2.5 4,574 9.9 2,410 29.9 461 23.6 0.5 37.3 2.8 24.6 4.7 30
Air (incl truck and air) 135 0.3 S S 2 - 1,385 26.7 0.1 S S 47.8 - 14.3
Pipeline7 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 5,045 10.4 1,304 2.8 636 7.9 464 20.1 3.1 35.1 0.8 30.3 2.9 16.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 4,656 9.6 177 0.4 67 0.8 463 22.2 3.2 35.8 0.2 20.7 0.4 16.7
Truck and rail 249 0.5 1,060 2.3 551 6.8 869 38.3 0.2 43.7 0.9 34.2 3.3 37.4
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 695 1.4 S S S S S 29.4 0.4 S S S S S

SCTG2 02, Cereal grains

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 116 100 750 100 S S 115 31.9 - 30.7 - S S 35.9
Single modes 116 99.9 749 99.9 S S 119 31.9 0.1 30.7 0.1 S S 34.7
Truck6 80 69.3 546 72.9 57 54.7 112 36.4 12 34.7 10.9 42.1 15.4 40
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 67 58.2 440 58.6 S S 68 42.3 17.3 42.1 17 S S 20.1
Rail S S S S S S 258 S S S S S S 19.8
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 03, Other agricultural products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 690 100 934 100 107 100 S 30.7 - 26.4 - 33.9 - S
Single modes 690 100 934 100 107 100 S 30.7 - 26.4 - 33.9 - S
Truck6 648 93.9 771 82.5 69 64.1 S 32 2.5 31.6 7.1 33.5 14.7 S
For-hire truck S S S S S S 115 S S S S S S 5.8
Private truck 463 67.2 706 75.6 61 57.1 S 34.2 14.9 30.5 10.5 32.1 15.7 S
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 04, Animal feed and products of animal origin, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 90 100 505 100 35 100 S 31.9 - 32.8 - 28.8 - S
Single modes 90 100 505 100 35 100 S 31.9 - 32.8 - 28.8 - S
Truck6 90 100 505 100 35 100 S 31.9 - 32.8 - 28.8 - S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 05, Meat, fish, seafood, and their preparations

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 738 100 280 100 106 100 S 18.4 - 24.9 - 25.5 - S
Single modes 730 99 277 98.9 105 99.5 S 18.4 0.7 24.9 0.8 25.8 0.4 S
Truck6 730 99 277 98.9 105 99.5 S 18.4 0.7 24.9 0.8 25.8 0.4 S
For-hire truck 303 41.1 119 42.4 64 60 707 27.9 10.3 28.9 9.3 26.6 10.2 12.2
Private truck 427 57.9 158 56.4 42 39.6 S 24.9 10.3 29.2 10.2 32.4 13 S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 06, Milled grain products and preparations and bakery products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,106 100 853 100 653 100 S 39 - 38.8 - 47.3 - S
Single modes 1,020 92.3 771 90.4 474 72.6 S 38.8 3.4 39.2 4.1 47.1 9.7 S
Truck6 968 87.5 701 82.2 413 63.3 S 40.7 7.4 43 9.3 47.3 12.3 S
For-hire truck 882 79.7 664 77.8 407 62.4 592 41.8 11.2 42 12.5 44.2 12.8 7.2
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S 60 9.3 S S S S S 22.2 16 S
Multiple modes 85 7.7 82 9.6 S S 831 40.1 12.2 6.6 13.8 S S 37.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail 84 7.6 82 9.6 S S S 38.9 12.2 6.5 13.8 S S S

SCTG2 07, Other prepared foodstuffs and fats and oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,348 100 1,622 100 284 100 76 42.9 - 38.2 - 38.3 - 49.4
Single modes 1,308 97 1,575 97.1 260 91.8 63 44.4 4.4 39.7 3.9 39.6 4 38.2
Truck6 1,246 92.4 1,523 93.9 224 78.9 55 46.4 8.4 41.5 7.4 46.4 10 34.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S 1,421 87.6 S S 50 S S 45.6 11.7 S S 34
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 08, Alcoholic beverages

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 363 100 177 100 6 100 61 15.6 - 17 - 15.9 - 13.6
Single modes 363 100 177 100 6 100 61 15.6 - 17 - 15.9 - 13.6
Truck6 363 100 177 100 6 100 61 15.6 - 17 - 15.9 - 13.6
Private truck 363 100 177 100 6 100 61 15.6 - 17 - 15.9 - 13.6

SCTG2 09, Tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 8,863 100 174 100 3 100 489 46.7 - 36.2 - 25 - 38.3
Single modes 8,856 99.9 174 99.9 3 93.8 48 40.4 0.8 26.3 0.1 16.2 3.4 30
Truck6 8,856 99.9 174 99.9 3 93.8 48 40.4 0.8 26.3 0.1 16.2 3.4 30
For-hire truck S S S S 1 42.7 S S S S S 47.1 19.8 S
Private truck 8,715 98.3 109 62.7 2 51.2 38 34.6 6.4 30.7 17.7 13.1 16.9 49
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,067 S S S S S S 4.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,067 S S S S S S 4.6

SCTG2 10, Calcareous monumental or building stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 11, Natural sands

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 16 100 S S 180 100 S 31 - S S 32 - S
Single modes 10 65 S S 65 35.9 S 39.6 10.4 S S 43 14.9 S
Truck6 10 65 S S 65 35.9 S 39.6 10.4 S S 43 14.9 S
For-hire truck 4 22.4 S S 25 13.9 S 49 19.2 S S 38.7 19.6 S
Private truck 7 42.6 229 30.1 40 22 S 27.5 9.5 30.9 16.5 40.3 4.6 S
Multiple modes 5 35 129 16.9 115 64.1 896 18.7 8.8 6.2 14.7 13.2 5.3 13.8
Truck and rail 5 35 129 16.9 115 64.1 896 18.7 8.8 6.2 14.7 13.2 5.3 13.8

SCTG2 12, Gravel and crushed stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 140 100 18,250 100 481 100 25 29 - 28 - 34.5 - 9.5
Single modes 136 96.8 17,766 97.3 405 84.2 24 27.9 1.5 27.4 1.3 29.3 6.6 8.6
Truck6 117 83.2 16,106 88.3 394 81.9 24 26.3 7.9 26.9 6 28.9 7.6 9.3
For-hire truck 85 60.2 11,797 64.6 282 58.7 24 25 6.4 26.2 5.4 31.1 6.5 9.5
Private truck 32 23 4,308 23.6 112 23.2 25 37.1 7.4 37.7 7 37.7 9.2 11.6
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 13, Nonmetallic minerals nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S 295 100 S S 250 S S 43.6 - S S 20.7
Single modes S S 294 99.8 S S 251 S S 43.5 0.1 S S 20.8
Truck6 S S 294 99.8 S S 251 S S 43.5 0.1 S S 20.8
For-hire truck S S S S S S 413 S S S S S S 4
Private truck S S 122 41.3 17 19.4 118 S S 45.6 14.3 34.1 18.8 27.5
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 14, Metallic ores and concentrates

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 272 100 503 100 364 100 447 32.3 - 33.3 - 47.2 - 21.7
Single modes 265 97.3 441 87.8 348 95.4 457 33.4 2.3 37.5 6.8 49.8 3.7 21.2
Truck6 210 77.1 S S S S 345 49.5 18 S S S S 16.7
For-hire truck S S S S S S 351 S S S S S S 11.5
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Rail S S 335 66.6 311 85.4 857 S S 41 13 47.2 8.4 7.4
Multiple modes 7 2.7 S S 17 4.6 276 31.3 9.4 S S 21.7 15.1 -
Truck and rail 7 2.7 S S 17 4.6 276 31.3 9.4 S S 21.7 15.1 -

SCTG2 17, Gasoline and aviation turbine fuel

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 41 S S S S S S 38.3
Single modes S S S S S S 41 S S S S S S 38.3
Truck6 S S S S S S 41 S S S S S S 38.3
For-hire truck S S S S S S 35 S S S S S S 37.5
Private truck S S S S S S 46 S S S S S S 44.8

SCTG2 18, Fuel oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 376 100 654 100 38 100 S 23.6 - 23.7 - 36.7 - S
Single modes 376 100 654 100 38 100 S 23.6 - 23.7 - 36.7 - S
Truck6 376 100 654 100 38 100 S 23.6 - 23.7 - 36.7 - S
For-hire truck 187 49.9 326 49.9 23 60 64 45.7 10.4 44.4 9.9 40.5 12.1 47.9
Private truck 188 50.1 327 50.1 15 40 S 15.9 11.5 16.1 11.2 35.9 13.6 S

SCTG2 19, Coal and petroleum products, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 65 100 S S S S 27 48.3 - S S S S 27.9
Single modes 63 96.4 S S S S 27 48.2 2.2 S S S S 26.2
Truck6 63 96.4 S S S S 27 48.2 2.2 S S S S 26.2
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S 25 S S S S S S 17.8
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 7 S S S S S S 15.4

SCTG2 20, Basic chemicals

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,778 100 920 100 335 100 370 28.8 - 33.3 - 35.9 - 24.8
Single modes 1,758 98.9 919 99.9 335 100 354 28.8 0.4 33.4 0.3 35.9 0.1 25.5
Truck6 1,415 79.6 670 72.8 142 42.4 316 30.2 7.1 33.5 8 30.4 15.3 29.2
For-hire truck 664 37.3 235 25.5 109 32.6 715 22.8 12.3 29.4 12.7 30.4 14.3 14.2
Private truck 751 42.3 435 47.3 33 9.7 53 47.8 11.3 38.1 10.4 35.3 15.2 21.6
Rail 319 17.9 243 26.4 193 57.5 S 37.8 12.5 25.2 10.6 24.8 12.2 S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S - - S S S S S 45.3 1.4 S
Pipeline7 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 20 1.1 S S - - 795 36 0.6 S S 30.1 0.1 20
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 10 0.6 - - - - 814 41.2 0.3 42.5 - 43.7 0.1 19.6
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 21, Pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S 40 100 S S S S S 41.1 - S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S 425 S S S S S S 13.1
Private truck S S S S S S 132 S S S S S S 50
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 22, Fertilizers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 296 100 1,660 100 1,306 100 568 32.2 - 31.5 - 31.9 - 21.9
Single modes 282 95.5 1,595 96.1 1,260 96.5 565 31.8 2.2 31.2 1.8 31.7 1.7 21.9
Truck6 61 20.6 372 22.4 S S 229 42.2 18.1 43.3 17.9 S S 19.5
For-hire truck S S S S S S 740 S S S S S S 4.4
Private truck 50 16.8 300 18.1 S S 165 33.2 18.8 34.8 18.6 S S 21.1
Rail 222 74.9 1,223 73.7 1,159 88.7 946 22.7 7 20.9 7.5 19.9 4.4 2.4
Multiple modes S S 65 3.9 46 3.5 703 S S 37.4 3.3 45.8 3.2 10.3
Truck and rail S S 65 3.9 46 3.5 703 S S 37.4 3.3 45.8 3.2 10.3

SCTG2 23, Chemical products and preparations, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 295 100 S S S S 722 50 - S S S S 25.7
Single modes 282 95.7 S S S S 730 49.8 5.6 S S S S 29.4
Truck6 282 95.7 S S S S 730 49.8 5.6 S S S S 29.4
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,198 S S S S S S 18.8
Private truck 73 24.7 S S S S 35 37.7 14.9 S S S S 33.6
Multiple modes S S S S S S 711 S S S S S S 16.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 711 S S S S S S 16.2
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 24, Plastics and rubber

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,309 100 562 100 298 100 129 15.9 - 23.3 - 24.4 - 29.9
Single modes 2,185 94.6 551 98.1 294 98.7 S 16 2.5 23.3 1 24.5 0.6 S
Truck6 2,183 94.6 551 98.1 294 98.6 S 16 2.5 23.3 1 24.5 0.6 S
For-hire truck 1,250 54.1 384 68.4 282 94.7 383 18.6 6.3 31.3 7.2 25.4 3 34
Private truck 934 40.4 167 29.7 12 4 58 33.7 7.4 17.9 7.6 19 2.9 19.1
Air (incl truck and air) 1 0.1 S S S S S 35.4 0.4 S S S S S
Multiple modes 117 5.1 S S S S 291 37.6 2.5 S S S S 47.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 115 5 S S S S S 38.1 2.5 S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 14 S S S S S S 48.5

SCTG2 25, Logs and other wood in the rough

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 92 S S S S S S 34.4
Single modes S S S S S S 92 S S S S S S 34.4
Truck6 S S S S S S 92 S S S S S S 34.4
For-hire truck S S S S S S 70 S S S S S S 30.9
Private truck S S S S S S 112 S S S S S S 47.5

SCTG2 26, Wood products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 599 100 1,231 100 181 100 97 25.1 - 25.3 - 29.9 - 16
Single modes 574 95.8 1,173 95.3 166 92 84 26.2 2.1 26.2 4 26.2 2.8 10.5
Truck6 566 94.5 1,135 92.2 155 85.6 84 26.6 2.5 25.5 4.1 24.1 4.2 10
For-hire truck 160 26.7 498 40.5 95 52.4 177 33.6 7.4 42.1 8.2 27.5 8.6 28
Private truck 406 67.8 637 51.7 60 33.2 66 35.4 8.3 28.3 8.7 33.7 8.7 12
Rail S S S S 11 6.3 542 S S S S 37.3 2.6 39.1
Multiple modes S S S S S S 700 S S S S S S 41.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 12 2.1 39 3.2 S S S 35.7 3.4 45.9 7 S S S

SCTG2 27, Pulp, newsprint, paper, and paperboard

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,264 100 1,729 100 908 100 255 17.7 - 21.4 - 23.5 - 29.2
Single modes 1,166 92.3 1,551 89.7 826 90.9 211 19.3 3.9 23.5 4.6 26.1 5.2 36.8
Truck6 938 74.2 1,161 67.1 547 60.2 195 17.3 5.2 21.7 6.2 26.6 7.8 39.5
For-hire truck 703 55.7 1,068 61.8 541 59.6 496 21.8 8.3 23.1 8.8 26.7 8 19.1
Private truck S S S S 6 0.6 64 S S S S 36.6 19.6 22.5
Rail 228 18 390 22.6 279 30.7 711 27.6 3.6 23.1 4.1 23.9 5.4 10.1
Multiple modes 96 7.6 176 10.2 S S S 35.6 6.1 38.6 7.3 S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail 83 6.6 174 10.1 S S 465 36.9 7.6 34.5 8.8 S S 20.3
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 28, Paper or paperboard articles

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 548 100 404 100 154 100 300 15.4 - 20.3 - 28.2 - 19.9
Single modes 522 95.3 389 96.2 151 97.7 227 16 1.7 20.6 1.4 28.8 5.5 29.6
Truck6 522 95.3 389 96.2 151 97.7 227 16 1.7 20.6 1.4 28.8 5.5 29.6
For-hire truck 414 75.7 364 90.1 150 97 429 18.6 10.6 21.3 10.8 27 11.3 25
Private truck S S S S S S 71 S S S S S S 43.4
Multiple modes S S 1 0.4 - 0.3 496 S S 38.9 0.5 42.2 4.1 25
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 1 0.4 - 0.3 496 S S 38.9 0.5 42.2 4.1 25
Other and unknown modes 16 3 14 3.4 3 2 130 37.2 2.2 37.5 2 44 6.7 39.4

SCTG2 29, Printed products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,219 100 317 100 141 100 571 19.7 - 22.2 - 26.6 - 15.8
Single modes 986 80.9 300 94.5 135 95.5 355 20.7 5.3 21.7 1.2 26.7 4.3 27.8
Truck6 986 80.9 300 94.5 135 95.5 354 20.7 5.3 21.7 1.2 26.7 4.3 28
For-hire truck 716 58.7 229 72.2 126 89.1 850 28 7.8 21.7 7.6 28.5 7.2 18.3
Private truck 270 22.2 S S S S 92 41.3 6.8 S S S S 34
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 197 16.1 11 3.3 6 4.4 707 21.7 5.3 26.8 1.2 32.6 4.3 12.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 197 16.1 11 3.3 6 4.4 707 21.7 5.3 26.8 1.2 32.6 4.3 12.6
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 16 S S S S S S 27.7

SCTG2 30, Textiles, leather, and articles of textiles or leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 407 S S S S S S 27.3
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,022 S S S S S S 36.4
Private truck S S S S S S 210 S S S S S S 33.8
Multiple modes 474 31.9 S S S S 418 44 19.4 S S S S 36.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 449 30.2 S S S S 418 43.2 19.7 S S S S 36.4
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 31, Nonmetallic mineral products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 267 100 3,298 100 168 100 74 16.8 - 34.7 - 33.6 - 35.3
Single modes 259 97.1 2,762 83.8 131 78.1 63 17.9 3 33.9 6.8 24.3 8.2 26.3
Truck6 259 97.1 2,762 83.8 131 78.1 63 17.9 3 33.9 6.8 24.3 8.2 26.3
For-hire truck 120 44.9 S S 70 41.6 S 30.8 8.6 S S 41.3 11.9 S
Private truck 140 52.2 1,718 52.1 61 36.5 33 18.1 8.1 28.5 9.4 28.1 12.2 30.9
Multiple modes S S - - S S 1,171 S S 10.7 - S S 38.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S - - S S 1,171 S S 10.7 - S S 38.2
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 32, Base metal in prim. or semifin. forms & in finished basic shapes

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,932 100 1,932 100 709 100 S 12 - 23.4 - 20.8 - S
Single modes 2,881 98.2 1,921 99.5 705 99.5 S 12.1 0.7 23.6 0.5 21 0.8 S
Truck6 2,726 93 1,727 89.4 442 62.4 S 14.3 5.6 25.9 5.4 19.6 9.6 S
For-hire truck 1,757 59.9 971 50.3 373 52.7 384 20.9 9.4 41 10.8 24.9 9.4 19.9
Private truck 970 33.1 756 39.1 69 9.7 S 37.4 9.7 38.2 11.7 47.5 7.6 S
Rail 154 5.3 195 10.1 263 37.1 1,366 21.5 12.2 23.9 10.8 20.1 10.6 34.8
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 35 1.2 4 0.2 3 0.4 S 39 1.1 43.1 0.9 44.7 1.6 S

SCTG2 33, Articles of base metal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 454 100 S S S S 201 21.7 - S S S S 39.1
Single modes 351 77.2 S S S S S 25.5 10.6 S S S S S
Truck6 340 74.9 S S S S S 27 11.3 S S S S S
For-hire truck 221 48.7 S S S S 637 40.1 11.9 S S S S 17.6
Private truck 119 26.2 S S S S 31 44 6.3 S S S S 46.2
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S - - 994 S S S S 49.1 4.6 48.3
Multiple modes S S 2 0.8 S S 585 S S 38.4 10.8 S S 20.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 1 0.5 - 0.5 584 S S 25.5 10.8 31.5 13.1 20.9
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 22 4.9 1 0.4 - - 20 48.1 19.8 41.3 14.4 42.5 3.2 25.7

SCTG2 34, Machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 4,392 100 338 100 143 100 634 16.9 - 36.8 - 23 - 21.7
Single modes 3,493 79.5 313 92.6 131 91.6 409 18.8 3.8 38.9 3 22.6 4 32.7
Truck6 3,461 78.8 312 92.2 130 90.5 S 19 3.9 39.2 3.3 22.8 3.9 S
For-hire truck 3,057 69.6 290 85.8 129 89.8 315 22.2 4.3 42.4 5 23 4 39.9
Private truck 405 9.2 22 6.4 1 0.7 50 30.5 3.2 36.9 3.2 41.7 0.9 21
Air (incl truck and air) 32 0.7 S S S S 1,446 40.8 0.5 S S S S 14.5
Multiple modes 789 18 15 4.5 11 8 791 19.4 3.9 30.8 2.4 43.5 4 19.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 789 18 15 4.5 11 8 791 19.4 3.9 30.8 2.4 43.5 4 19.9
Other and unknown modes 110 2.5 S S S S S 28.3 1.6 S S S S S

SCTG2 35, Electronic & other electrical equip & components & office equip

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,316 100 83 100 16 100 S 17.7 - 49.7 - 49.9 - S
Single modes 1,761 76 60 71.4 S S S 18.2 4.7 44.2 5.8 S S S
Truck6 1,718 74.2 59 71.3 S S S 17.9 4.2 44.1 5.9 S S S
For-hire truck 1,261 54.4 S S S S 432 23.7 11.7 S S S S 32.6
Private truck 458 19.8 S S S S 36 38.1 12.8 S S S S 21.1
Air (incl truck and air) 43 1.9 - - - 0.1 390 35.6 1 33.3 0.7 20.8 1.7 35.9
Multiple modes 440 19 9 10.6 2 13.7 347 33.3 4.5 49.1 7.4 38.8 11 22.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 440 19 9 10.6 2 13.7 347 33.3 4.5 49.1 7.4 38.8 11 22.9
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 36, Motorized and other vehicles (including parts)

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 920 100 94 100 12 100 S 27.9 - 46.3 - 40.2 - S
Single modes 676 73.5 S S 10 81.5 S 35.6 8.6 S S 47.6 8.3 S
Truck6 666 72.4 S S 10 79.8 S 36 8.7 S S 48.1 11.3 S
For-hire truck 342 37.2 S S S S 485 48.6 19.6 S S S S 37.6
Private truck 324 35.2 20 21 1 11.4 S 32.9 11.4 40.2 16.7 32.6 15.1 S
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,761 S S S S S S 31.5
Multiple modes S S S S - 2.2 S S S S S 25.4 9.8 S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S - 2.2 S S S S S 25.4 9.8 S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 37, Transportation equipment, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 142 100 24 100 22 100 1,033 5 - 4.4 - 4.5 - 17.6
Single modes 142 100 24 100 22 100 1,033 5 - 4.4 - 4.5 - 17.6
Truck6 142 100 24 100 22 100 1,043 5 - 4.4 - 4.5 - 18.8
For-hire truck 142 100 24 100 22 100 1,043 5 - 4.4 - 4.5 - 18.8
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 38, Precision instruments and apparatus

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 697 100 2 100 1 100 751 45.3 - 36.1 - 45.9 - 17.9
Single modes S S 1 58 S S S S S 47 13.9 S S S
Truck6 S S 1 57.1 S S S S S 45.8 15 S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S 500 S S S S S S 16.5
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S - 0.8 S S 1,205 S S 16.6 13 S S 20.3
Multiple modes S S S S S S 989 S S S S S S 11.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 989 S S S S S S 11.1
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 39, Furniture, mattresses & mattress supports, lamps, lighting

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 365 100 67 100 12 100 S 21.6 - 47.5 - 41.2 - S
Single modes 329 90.2 65 96.3 S S S 24.7 7.2 49.8 8.9 S S S
Truck6 329 90.2 65 96.3 S S S 24.7 7.2 49.8 8.9 S S S
For-hire truck 45 12.4 9 13.1 S S 538 12.9 18 49.4 17.9 S S 37.7
Private truck 284 77.8 56 83.2 S S 36 26.8 10.2 48.7 10.6 S S 42.4
Multiple modes S S S S S S 650 S S S S S S 8.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 650 S S S S S S 8.8
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 40, Miscellaneous manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,467 100 363 100 138 100 450 19 - 39.1 - 42.7 - 24.3
Single modes 1,048 71.4 322 88.7 109 79.1 S 23.1 8 42.5 7.9 43.5 7.7 S
Truck6 1,041 71 322 88.6 109 79.1 S 23.2 7.9 42.5 7.9 43.5 7.7 S
For-hire truck 568 38.7 S S 99 71.6 651 19.7 7.6 S S 49 8.6 16.8
Private truck 473 32.3 82 22.5 10 7.4 85 45.9 9.2 34.8 10.9 38.4 7.3 20
Air (incl truck and air) 7 0.5 S S - 0.1 S 46.4 0.5 S S 34.3 0.1 S
Multiple modes 301 20.5 17 4.8 S S 906 40.8 6.7 35.6 5.9 S S 11.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 296 20.2 11 3.1 9 6.2 905 41.7 6.7 23.9 6.1 23.1 7 11.1
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 41, Waste and scrap

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S 243 S S S S S S 45.8
Truck6 S S S S S S 243 S S S S S S 45.8
For-hire truck S S S S S S 335 S S S S S S 38.2
Private truck S S S S S S 12 S S S S S S 22.1
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 43, Mixed freight

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 6,461 100 3,866 100 538 100 101 30.7 - 29.1 - 24.8 - 14.6
Single modes 6,419 99.3 3,858 99.8 538 99.8 90 30.7 0.2 29.1 0.1 24.8 0.2 10.3
Truck6 6,419 99.3 3,858 99.8 538 99.8 90 30.7 0.2 29.1 0.1 24.8 0.2 10
For-hire truck 495 7.7 474 12.3 138 25.7 231 28.5 13.1 40.1 14.6 26.9 15.3 35.4
Private truck 5,924 91.7 3,385 87.5 399 74.1 86 34.3 11.7 34.3 13.1 30.9 13.9 11.3
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 252 S S S S S S 40.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 252 S S S S S S 40.5
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 116 S S S S S S 36

SCTG2 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1 100 S S S S S 45.4 - S S S S S
Single modes 1 97.3 S S S S 110 44.2 1.7 S S S S 29.5
Truck6 1 97.3 S S S S 110 44.2 1.7 S S S S 29.5
Private truck 1 97.3 S S S S 110 44.2 1.7 S S S S 29.5
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
4 Coefficient of Variation.
5 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
6 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
7 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Orlando-Deltona-Daytona Beach, FL by Alcoholic Beverages (08) by Air has no data for any cell therefore the entire row is not shown. Also, two-digit commodities are not present if there is no such data for an entire commodity by area. For example, Pittsburgh-New Castle, PA by Cereal Grains (02) has no data for any mode therefore the entire commodity is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.