Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 47,205 100 38,592 100 6,258 100 8.2 - 19.6 - 15.4 -
Less than 50 miles 13,136 27.8 23,870 61.9 462 7.4 10.2 3.3 21.9 4.4 23.2 1.4
50 - 99 miles 4,956 10.5 4,849 12.6 430 6.9 12.8 1.6 23.2 1.7 23.1 0.8
100 - 249 miles 6,992 14.8 5,267 13.6 1,600 25.6 15.7 1.5 31.8 2 35.8 4.8
250 - 499 miles 9,225 19.5 2,434 6.3 1,042 16.6 19.7 2.4 24.3 1.1 21.1 1.4
500 - 749 miles 4,905 10.4 1,002 2.6 774 12.4 27 1.9 23.1 0.8 22.7 2.2
750 - 999 miles 1,684 3.6 357 0.9 373 6 14.5 0.5 19.5 0.3 18.9 1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 3,226 6.8 418 1.1 613 9.8 25.9 1.3 16 0.3 16.2 1.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 893 1.9 122 0.3 238 3.8 37.1 0.5 37.6 0.2 36.6 1.3
More than 2,000 miles 2,186 4.6 274 0.7 725 11.6 24.5 1 31.6 0.3 31.1 2.9

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 36,580 100 37,661 100 5,779 100 10.6 - 20.1 - 16.8 -
Less than 50 miles 12,036 32.9 23,686 62.9 460 8 11.5 3.7 21.8 4.3 23.2 1.4
50 - 99 miles 4,152 11.4 4,624 12.3 406 7 15 2.2 24.6 1.7 24.8 0.9
100 - 249 miles 5,587 15.3 5,170 13.7 1,574 27.2 18.5 1.9 32.5 2 36.5 4.9
250 - 499 miles 6,096 16.7 2,282 6.1 965 16.7 28.8 2.6 26.3 1 23.2 1.4
500 - 749 miles 3,592 9.8 844 2.2 654 11.3 31.4 2 21 0.7 20.7 1.9
750 - 999 miles 895 2.4 341 0.9 357 6.2 19.7 0.5 19.4 0.3 18.9 1.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,136 5.8 366 1 532 9.2 39.5 1.5 18.3 0.3 18.7 1.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S 116 0.3 226 3.9 S S 40.2 0.2 39.3 1.7
More than 2,000 miles 1,455 4 231 0.6 605 10.5 32.6 1.5 37.3 0.3 36.9 2.8

Truck4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 35,924 100 36,422 100 5,266 100 10.5 - 20.3 - 16.1 -
Less than 50 miles 12,034 33.5 23,581 64.7 460 8.7 11.5 3.7 22 4 23.3 1.5
50 - 99 miles 4,098 11.4 4,332 11.9 379 7.2 15.2 2.2 22.2 1.7 21.8 1.1
100 - 249 miles 5,425 15.1 4,537 12.5 1,208 22.9 19.2 1.9 30.9 1.6 31 3.8
250 - 499 miles 5,922 16.5 2,112 5.8 885 16.8 28.8 2.6 27.8 1 24.1 1.4
500 - 749 miles 3,535 9.8 820 2.3 636 12.1 31.9 2 21.8 0.7 21.5 1.8
750 - 999 miles 877 2.4 338 0.9 352 6.7 20.3 0.5 19.1 0.3 18.5 1.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,120 5.9 359 1 521 9.9 39.5 1.6 18 0.3 18.3 1.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S 115 0.3 224 4.3 S S 39.9 0.2 39 1.7
More than 2,000 miles 1,300 3.6 230 0.6 602 11.4 37.1 1.5 37.5 0.3 37.2 2.8

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 20,227 100 9,455 100 3,564 100 19.1 - 21.8 - 14.5 -
Less than 50 miles 1,387 6.9 2,701 28.6 66 1.9 16.4 1 30 4.1 33.6 0.4
50 - 99 miles 1,770 8.8 1,699 18 157 4.4 25.9 2.9 39.5 2.8 40 1.2
100 - 249 miles 3,639 18 2,157 22.8 580 16.3 26.7 3.2 38.5 3.5 35.4 4.4
250 - 499 miles 5,150 25.5 1,106 11.7 479 13.4 33.2 3.5 12.4 1.4 12.4 1
500 - 749 miles 3,393 16.8 755 8 585 16.4 33.2 2.7 21.8 1.7 21.6 2
750 - 999 miles 856 4.2 334 3.5 349 9.8 21.2 1 19.5 0.9 19 1.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,120 10.5 359 3.8 521 14.6 39.5 2.2 18 0.9 18.3 1.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S 115 1.2 224 6.3 S S 39.9 0.6 39 2.2
More than 2,000 miles 1,300 6.4 230 2.4 602 16.9 37.1 2.2 37.5 0.7 37.2 3.6

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 15,697 100 26,967 100 1,703 100 13.2 - 25.1 - 40.1 -
Less than 50 miles 10,647 67.8 20,879 77.4 394 23.1 13.2 3.1 22.5 4.2 23.8 6.9
50 - 99 miles 2,328 14.8 2,633 9.8 221 13 19.6 1.6 30.1 2.1 29.2 2.7
100 - 249 miles 1,786 11.4 S S S S 17.2 1.5 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 773 4.9 S S S S 21.8 0.7 S S S S
500 - 749 miles 142 0.9 65 0.2 50 3 20.2 0.2 32.8 0.1 34.1 1.1
750 - 999 miles 21 0.1 S S S S 44.2 0.1 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 438 100 S S S S 32 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles 42 9.7 1 6.3 S S 26 5.8 33.7 10.9 S S
250 - 499 miles 145 33.1 S S S S 33.6 7.6 S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles 16 3.7 S S S S 40.9 6.6 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S 1 5.9 S S S S 47.1 6.3 S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 9,927 100 341 100 320 100 17.6 - 25.4 - 30.8 -
Less than 50 miles 730 7.4 14 4 - 0.1 25.4 1.3 26.3 1.2 24.8 -
50 - 99 miles S S 11 3.3 1 0.3 S S 32.4 1.3 31.3 0.2
100 - 249 miles 1,231 12.4 62 18.1 16 5.1 16.3 1.2 32 3.7 25.2 1.2
250 - 499 miles 3,086 31.1 107 31.5 58 18.1 23.4 3.9 33.6 4.1 38 5.1
500 - 749 miles 1,287 13 39 11.3 31 9.8 25.1 1.5 30.1 2.1 31.7 2
750 - 999 miles 784 7.9 15 4.3 16 4.9 27 1.8 34 1.7 33.2 2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,027 10.3 47 13.8 73 22.7 18.7 1.3 35.8 4.9 38 5.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles 262 2.6 6 1.8 13 4 15.8 0.5 40.5 1 38.9 1.9
More than 2,000 miles 729 7.3 S S S S 18.5 1.4 S S S S

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 9,703 100 201 100 147 100 18.1 - 25.3 - 16.1 -
Less than 50 miles 729 7.5 14 6.9 - 0.2 25.5 1.4 26.3 1.1 25 -
50 - 99 miles S S 11 5.5 1 0.7 S S 32.4 1.3 31.3 0.2
100 - 249 miles 1,207 12.4 29 14.3 8 5.6 16.4 1.4 25.7 2.2 24.8 0.9
250 - 499 miles 2,939 30.3 67 33.4 29 19.9 25.4 4.1 39.3 3.2 36.9 2.8
500 - 749 miles 1,281 13.2 28 14.2 22 15 25.2 1.5 33.4 1.4 34 2
750 - 999 miles 781 8.1 11 5.7 12 8.4 26.9 1.8 21.5 1.6 22.2 1.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,004 10.3 25 12.4 36 24.5 18.7 1.2 17.3 2.2 16.8 3.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 259 2.7 4 2.1 9 6.3 16.2 0.5 29.1 0.8 28.8 1.6
More than 2,000 miles 709 7.3 11 5.4 28 19.4 18.5 1.4 21 1.5 20.5 4

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 83 100 109 100 S S 27.8 - 27.7 - S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles 6 6.8 10 9.2 9 6.1 45.2 18.9 34 17.9 49.7 14.9
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 697 100 S S S S 38.4 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles 371 53.1 S S S S 36.4 9.6 S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S 35 5.9 10 6.2 S S 48.5 5.1 49.6 4
250 - 499 miles 44 6.3 S S S S 49.9 3.3 S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 63 9.1 5 0.9 8 5 47.9 8.4 46.3 6.1 46.1 14.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any mileage group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the mileage group of "More than 2,000 miles" but does have data for the other mileage groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.