Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

Excel | CSV

All Modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 47,205 100 38,592 100 6,258 100 484 8.2 - 19.6 - 15.4 - 12.8
Less than 50 lbs 8,362 17.7 143 0.4 80 1.3 650 13.1 2.1 18.0 0.1 19.9 0.4 11.4
50 - 99 lbs 2,239 4.7 119 0.3 32 0.5 270 11.5 0.6 25.5 0.1 28.5 0.2 16.7
100 - 499 lbs 5,388 11.4 668 1.7 98 1.6 152 17.1 1.9 18.2 0.4 11.1 0.4 17.2
500 - 749 lbs 1,335 2.8 299 0.8 52 0.8 175 8.2 0.3 13.0 0.2 15.6 0.2 22.8
750 - 999 lbs 1,104 2.3 232 0.6 36 0.6 161 11.7 0.3 15.7 0.2 20.5 0.3 19.5
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 11,562 24.5 3,708 9.6 626 10.0 173 13.3 2.5 11.2 2.3 15.7 2.1 15.5
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 14,103 29.9 21,166 54.8 3,912 62.5 187 19.3 3.2 19.1 2.7 15.9 5.6 20.7
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 2,879 6.1 10,055 26.1 S S 83 42.5 2.6 37.8 3.7 S S 18.2
More than 100,000 lbs S S 2,201 5.7 S S 266 S S 42.9 2.1 S S 32.4

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 36,580 100 37,661 100 5,779 100 140 10.6 - 20.1 - 16.8 - 16.1
Less than 50 lbs 1,816 5.0 37 0.1 5 0.1 184 27.2 0.9 29.7 - 22.6 - 29.8
50 - 99 lbs 825 2.3 72 0.2 6 0.1 86 25.6 0.7 33.0 - 27.1 - 19.4
100 - 499 lbs 3,526 9.6 612 1.6 64 1.1 101 14.7 1.8 20.5 0.3 16.2 0.4 20.9
500 - 749 lbs 1,206 3.3 291 0.8 45 0.8 155 7.6 0.3 13.5 0.2 15.3 0.3 25.8
750 - 999 lbs 1,024 2.8 223 0.6 28 0.5 132 13.2 0.4 16.2 0.2 17.2 0.3 14.2
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 11,204 30.6 3,642 9.7 585 10.1 168 12.7 3.3 11.3 2.4 13.3 2.4 15.8
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 13,887 38.0 21,002 55.8 3,738 64.7 181 19.9 3.7 19.3 2.9 16.8 5.5 21.1
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 2,863 7.8 10,035 26.6 S S 83 42.9 2.8 37.9 3.7 S S 18.4
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S 262 S S S S S S 32.3

Truck4

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 35,924 100 36,422 100 5,266 100 119 10.5 - 20.3 - 16.1 - 15.0
Less than 50 lbs 1,708 4.8 36 0.1 4 0.1 115 28.5 0.9 30.9 - 24.9 - 28.9
50 - 99 lbs 798 2.2 72 0.2 6 0.1 83 26.8 0.7 33.1 - 26.9 - 18.7
100 - 499 lbs 3,456 9.6 610 1.7 60 1.1 95 14.8 1.8 20.5 0.3 15.2 0.3 21.7
500 - 749 lbs 1,200 3.3 290 0.8 44 0.8 154 7.6 0.3 13.5 0.2 15.5 0.3 26.2
750 - 999 lbs 902 2.5 222 0.6 28 0.5 130 12.3 0.4 16.2 0.2 17.3 0.3 14.5
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 11,089 30.9 3,626 10.0 577 11.0 167 12.3 3.3 11.3 2.4 12.7 2.3 15.8
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 13,877 38.6 20,967 57.6 3,708 70.4 180 19.9 3.7 19.3 2.6 16.7 4.3 21.3
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 2,863 8.0 10,035 27.6 S S 83 42.9 2.8 37.9 3.8 S S 18.4
More than 100,000 lbs S S 564 1.5 S S S S S 39.4 0.9 S S S

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 20,227 100 9,455 100 3,564 100 551 19.1 - 21.8 - 14.5 - 9.8
Less than 50 lbs 1,110 5.5 5 0.1 3 0.1 512 33.9 1.6 18.7 - 32.3 - 25.5
50 - 99 lbs 253 1.3 5 0.1 3 0.1 519 30.4 0.9 18.9 - 30.0 - 24.1
100 - 499 lbs 1,776 8.8 70 0.7 42 1.2 617 32.6 3.0 14.7 0.2 21.0 0.4 16.1
500 - 749 lbs 589 2.9 51 0.5 32 0.9 629 18.7 0.6 20.0 0.2 23.5 0.3 9.3
750 - 999 lbs 344 1.7 37 0.4 20 0.6 534 9.3 0.5 15.2 0.1 23.1 0.4 11.9
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 5,894 29.1 754 8.0 427 12.0 621 22.8 4.3 11.1 1.9 15.9 2.2 8.4
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 9,775 48.3 6,265 66.3 2,772 77.8 500 26.9 4.0 16.2 4.2 17.8 3.4 12.4
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 122 S S S S S S 40.5
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 15,697 100 26,967 100 1,703 100 44 13.2 - 25.1 - 40.1 - 11.2
Less than 50 lbs 598 3.8 30 0.1 1 0.1 43 24.9 0.7 35.2 - 40.1 - 21.3
50 - 99 lbs 544 3.5 67 0.2 3 0.2 51 30.2 0.6 35.8 - 47.9 - 15.8
100 - 499 lbs 1,680 10.7 540 2.0 19 1.1 33 17.3 1.0 23.3 0.4 18.4 0.4 22.9
500 - 749 lbs 611 3.9 239 0.9 12 0.7 51 16.1 0.2 17.7 0.3 20.3 0.5 41.6
750 - 999 lbs 558 3.6 185 0.7 8 0.5 46 18.0 0.6 20.0 0.2 16.7 0.3 15.7
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 5,195 33.1 2,872 10.6 150 8.8 51 11.2 3.2 13.8 3.2 8.6 4.1 9.5
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 4,102 26.1 14,702 54.5 936 55.0 58 8.9 2.6 22.8 3.4 29.1 5.3 20.0
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S 7,807 29.0 S S 71 S S 49.2 4.7 S S 21.2
More than 100,000 lbs S S 525 1.9 S S S S S 41.3 1.3 S S S

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S 848 S S S S S S 21.0
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S 381 S S S S S S 29.2

Air (incl truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 438 100 S S S S 1,156 32.0 - S S S S 9.4
Less than 50 lbs 104 23.7 1 5.5 1 9.4 1,154 32.6 11.5 37.0 16.5 40.4 16.4 31.9
50 - 99 lbs 27 6.2 S S S S 1,096 45.2 4.5 S S S S 23.4
100 - 499 lbs 65 14.9 S S S S 1,505 38.3 8.8 S S S S 16.4
500 - 749 lbs 6 1.3 S S S S 1,000 31.4 3.2 S S S S 37.7
750 - 999 lbs S S - 1.0 S S 1,923 S S 30.4 16.1 S S 37.8
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 470 S S S S S S 20.3
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 9,927 100 341 100 320 100 766 17.6 - 25.4 - 30.8 - 8.6
Less than 50 lbs 6,422 64.7 101 29.7 74 23.2 777 18.4 3.3 27.2 8.0 21.9 10.2 8.6
50 - 99 lbs 1,385 14.0 43 12.7 25 7.7 588 20.2 2.0 47.9 2.0 34.9 1.6 16.1
100 - 499 lbs 1,806 18.2 45 13.3 34 10.6 745 29.4 2.9 19.5 4.3 21.6 4.0 10.7
500 - 749 lbs 77 0.8 7 1.9 7 2.3 1,088 28.5 0.4 25.8 1.2 40.2 1.6 28.0
750 - 999 lbs 19 0.2 S S S S 1,383 33.6 0.3 S S S S 27.7
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 61 0.6 88 25.7 S S 1,744 36.7 0.7 32.7 9.5 S S 24.0
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 9,703 100 201 100 147 100 767 18.1 - 25.3 - 16.1 - 8.6
Less than 50 lbs 6,417 66.1 101 50.2 74 50.5 778 18.4 2.9 27.4 6.2 22.0 6.9 8.6
50 - 99 lbs 1,385 14.3 43 21.6 25 16.9 588 20.2 2.0 47.9 3.1 34.9 2.3 16.1
100 - 499 lbs 1,806 18.6 45 22.6 34 23.0 744 29.4 2.9 19.5 5.6 21.5 5.4 10.7
500 - 749 lbs 77 0.8 6 3.2 7 5.0 1,088 28.6 0.4 26.4 1.4 41.1 2.3 28.7
750 - 999 lbs 19 0.2 S S S S 1,383 33.6 0.4 S S S S 27.7
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 83 100 109 100 S S S 27.8 - 27.7 - S S S
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 61 73.8 88 80.0 S S 1,744 36.7 9.0 32.7 8.5 S S 24.0
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 1,742 S S S S S S 34.9
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S 1,254 S S S S S S 17.2
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 697 100 S S S S S 38.4 - S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs 124 17.8 5 0.8 S S S 31.1 6.8 38.7 3.7 S S S
50 - 99 lbs 29 4.2 3 0.6 S S S 28.5 2.3 39.2 4.8 S S S
100 - 499 lbs 55 7.9 10 1.7 - 0.2 27 30.5 3.2 29.8 6.6 49.4 1.7 38.8
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S 142 S S S S S S 38.3
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 216 31.0 35 5.9 S S 489 39.6 8.1 39.4 10.1 S S 21.9
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S 76 12.9 29 18.4 S S S 44.1 12.2 38.1 17.9 S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs 4 0.6 S S S S S 14.9 4.5 S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 ""Truck"" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any shipment weight group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the shipment weight groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the shipment size of "More than 100,000 lbs" but does have data for the other shipment weight groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.