Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

Excel | CSV

All Commodities5

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 47,205 100 38,592 100 6,258 100 484 8.2 - 19.6 - 15.4 - 12.8
Single modes 36,580 77.5 37,661 97.6 5,779 92.3 140 10.6 3.7 20.1 1.3 16.8 2.9 16.1
Truck6 35,924 76.1 36,422 94.4 5,266 84.2 119 10.5 3.6 20.3 1.8 16.1 4.3 15
For-hire truck 20,227 42.8 9,455 24.5 3,564 56.9 551 19.1 4.6 21.8 3.2 14.5 4.9 9.8
Private truck 15,697 33.3 26,967 69.9 1,703 27.2 44 13.2 4.9 25.1 4.4 40.1 5.6 11.2
Rail S S S S S S 848 S S S S S S 21
Air (incl truck and air) 438 0.9 S S S S 1,156 32 0.2 S S S S 9.4
Multiple modes 9,927 21 341 0.9 320 5.1 766 17.6 3.3 25.4 0.5 30.8 2.4 8.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 9,703 20.6 201 0.5 147 2.3 767 18.1 3.3 25.3 0.3 16.1 0.6 8.6
Truck and rail 83 0.2 109 0.3 S S S 27.8 0.1 27.7 0.3 S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 697 1.5 S S S S S 38.4 0.5 S S S S S

SCTG2 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,804 100 S S S S 622 40.6 - S S S S 26.7
Single modes 1,324 73.4 S S S S S 41.9 10.2 S S S S S
Truck6 1,156 64.1 S S S S S 34.6 12.1 S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S 183 S S S S S S 29.7
Private truck 561 31.1 731 18.6 73 8.4 S 21.4 15.6 28.8 19.5 37.3 18.3 S
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 678 S S S S S S 32.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 678 S S S S S S 32.7

SCTG2 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 4,465 100 4,988 100 2,029 100 163 13.1 - 17.4 - 22.2 - 28.4
Single modes 4,359 97.6 4,849 97.2 1,863 91.8 83 13.1 0.8 17.5 1 23.1 4.4 23.1
Truck6 4,353 97.5 4,839 97 1,848 91.1 82 13 0.8 17.4 1 22.9 4.3 23.3
For-hire truck 2,168 48.5 2,387 47.8 1,475 72.7 449 16.7 4.6 15.1 5 23.6 4.3 19.6
Private truck 2,185 48.9 2,452 49.2 373 18.4 41 13.9 4.1 22.7 4.5 30.4 3.9 15.3
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 69 1.5 83 1.7 147 7.2 1,319 31 1.6 32.9 1.8 48.6 8.6 23.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,299 S S S S S S 19.2
Truck and rail 61 1.4 83 1.7 146 7.2 1,840 22.3 1.4 22.8 2.3 43.4 10.8 19.8
Other and unknown modes 37 0.8 55 1.1 20 1 252 47.2 0.6 48 0.8 48.1 0.7 27.4

SCTG2 10-14, Stones, nonmetallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S 15,020 100 S S 45 S S 35.6 - S S 20
Single modes S S 14,565 97 S S 44 S S 36.5 2.2 S S 21.3
Truck6 S S 14,460 96.3 S S 44 S S 36.8 2.4 S S 21.3
For-hire truck 16 8 1,535 10.2 88 9.8 53 36 9.3 39.4 6.9 42.8 11.6 20.5
Private truck S S 12,925 86.1 S S 43 S S 38.6 6.2 S S 23.9
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 2 0.8 S S S S S 29.9 3.8 S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 2 0.8 S S S S S 29.9 3.8 S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 4,035 100 6,403 100 S S S 34.4 - 33.7 - S S S
Single modes 4,029 99.9 6,400 100 S S S 34.5 0.2 33.7 - S S S
Truck6 4,029 99.9 6,400 100 S S S 34.5 0.2 33.7 - S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S 311 S S S S S S 47.4
Private truck 3,977 98.6 6,131 95.8 S S 16 35.3 3.6 36 6.6 S S 36.7
Multiple modes S S S S S S 626 S S S S S S 35.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 626 S S S S S S 35.8
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 18 S S S S S S 45.6

SCTG2 20-24, Basic chemicals, chemical, and pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 12,171 100 1,670 100 780 100 309 36.5 - 24.7 - 39.7 - 18
Single modes 10,512 86.4 1,615 96.7 744 95.4 179 39.3 5.6 24.7 1.5 39.6 4 25.6
Truck6 10,497 86.2 1,614 96.7 741 95.1 165 39.4 5.7 24.7 1.5 39.7 4.2 15.9
For-hire truck 9,185 75.5 1,013 60.7 710 91.1 430 44.5 9.5 26.2 8.1 41.2 6.6 12
Private truck 1,312 10.8 601 36 31 4 41 23.6 7.5 34.8 8.1 25.2 3.1 10.8
Air (incl truck and air) 15 0.1 1 0.1 S S 1,377 25.7 0.2 41.6 - S S 17.3
Multiple modes S S S S S S 828 S S S S S S 14
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 18 1.1 14 1.7 829 S S 24.7 1 26.6 4.3 14
Truck and water S S S S S S 732 S S S S S S 41.8
Other and unknown modes S S 5 0.3 1 0.1 15 S S 46 1.1 44.7 0.4 29.5

SCTG2 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 4,165 100 1,238 100 263 100 616 11.9 - 9.5 - 22.4 - 14.6
Single modes 2,797 67.2 1,192 96.3 233 88.5 216 11 6.6 9.7 0.9 22.4 3.1 41.3
Truck6 2,639 63.4 1,176 95 224 85.2 129 10.4 6.8 9.6 1.6 21.6 3.6 49.4
For-hire truck 1,279 30.7 431 34.8 182 69.2 641 18 2.6 18.1 5.5 26.8 6 16.9
Private truck 1,361 32.7 745 60.2 42 16 39 15.1 6.6 14.1 6.1 18.4 5.2 16
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,139 S S S S S S 21.3
Multiple modes 1,306 31.4 32 2.6 29 11 883 28.7 6.7 26.7 0.7 34.5 3.1 5.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,306 31.4 32 2.6 29 11 883 28.7 6.7 26.7 0.7 34.6 3.1 5.6
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 61 1.5 S S 1 0.5 S 33.6 1 S S 43.7 1.1 S

SCTG2 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 6,584 100 3,210 100 605 100 264 8.6 - 12.6 - 11.3 - 17
Single modes 5,230 79.4 3,142 97.9 582 96.2 161 7.6 4 13 1.1 12.1 1.4 25
Truck6 5,150 78.2 3,083 96 553 91.5 156 7.7 3.7 13.5 1.6 12.1 2.4 25.2
For-hire truck 2,639 40.1 985 30.7 454 75 599 13.8 6.4 20 8.7 17.2 5.7 11.8
Private truck 2,510 38.1 2,098 65.4 100 16.5 77 22.1 7 23.9 9.2 17.1 5.3 17.2
Rail 20 0.3 S S S S S 23.9 0.6 S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 60 0.9 1 - 1 0.2 984 31.8 0.4 32.1 - 28.6 0.1 10.7
Multiple modes 1,028 15.6 S S 12 1.9 464 20.7 2.8 S S 28 0.9 17.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,012 15.4 19 0.6 9 1.5 464 21.2 2.8 29.2 0.3 25.3 0.6 17.4
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S 11 1.9 S S S S S 42.5 0.9 S

SCTG2 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 8,191 100 277 100 101 100 565 15.6 - 17.5 - 18.7 - 19.8
Single modes 4,638 56.6 241 87 83 82.7 S 24.7 6.9 20.3 4.8 21 7.5 S
Truck6 4,453 54.4 240 86.8 83 81.9 S 24.6 6.5 20.3 4.8 21 7.5 S
For-hire truck 3,396 41.5 110 39.9 69 68.7 695 30.3 7 19.8 8.1 23.6 7.9 11.2
Private truck 1,057 12.9 130 46.9 13 13.2 S 21.8 5.3 35.3 8.1 32.6 5.1 S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,160 S S S S S S 13.5
Multiple modes 3,365 41.1 19 6.8 17 16.7 856 15.9 6.1 22.6 2.5 27.5 7.4 12.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 3,365 41.1 19 6.8 17 16.7 856 15.9 6.1 22.6 2.5 27.5 7.4 12.6
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 189 2.3 S S 1 0.5 S 46 1.5 S S 41.5 0.2 S

SCTG2 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 5,585 100 1,862 100 486 100 690 12.7 - 30.3 - 20.1 - 15.6
Single modes 3,492 62.5 1,770 95 414 85.2 261 15.3 5.7 32.2 3.9 24.6 7 28.7
Truck6 3,449 61.8 1,695 91 382 78.5 220 15.6 5.7 32.6 3.7 24.7 6.8 35.2
For-hire truck 897 16.1 541 29.1 226 46.4 915 18.9 4.2 45.3 6.3 16.3 6.6 13.6
Private truck 2,552 45.7 1,153 61.9 156 32.1 65 21.1 6.3 30.4 6.5 48.2 6.5 21.3
Rail 23 0.4 74 4 32 6.6 931 32 0.5 35.8 4 28 5.1 23.2
Air (incl truck and air) 20 0.4 S S S S 1,010 42.3 0.6 S S S S 24.5
Multiple modes 2,070 37.1 82 4.4 59 12.1 786 22.2 5.7 23.5 4 27.1 7.3 13.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 2,063 36.9 72 3.8 55 11.4 790 22.3 5.7 22.4 2.6 26.3 6.5 13.4
Truck and rail S S S S 3 0.7 486 S S S S 40.5 2.2 21
Other and unknown modes 23 0.4 11 0.6 S S S 27.7 0.1 43.2 0.2 S S S

SCTG2 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2 100 S S S S S 26.8 - S S S S S
Single modes 2 100 S S S S S 26.8 - S S S S S
Truck6 2 100 S S S S S 26.8 - S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
4 Coefficient of Variation.
5 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
6 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
7 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Dallas-Fort Worth, TX by Base metal and machinery (31-34) by Water has no data for any shipment characteristic therefore the entire row is not shown. Also, entire commodity groups are not present if there is no such data for that commodity group by area. For example, Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV (DC part) by Coal and petroleum products (15-19) has no data for any mode therefore the entire commodity group is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.