Table 8. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 8. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities5

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 47,205 100 38,592 100 6,258 100 484 8.2 - 19.6 - 15.4 - 12.8
Single modes 36,580 77.5 37,661 97.6 5,779 92.3 140 10.6 3.7 20.1 1.3 16.8 2.9 16.1
Truck6 35,924 76.1 36,422 94.4 5,266 84.2 119 10.5 3.6 20.3 1.8 16.1 4.3 15
For-hire truck 20,227 42.8 9,455 24.5 3,564 56.9 551 19.1 4.6 21.8 3.2 14.5 4.9 9.8
Private truck 15,697 33.3 26,967 69.9 1,703 27.2 44 13.2 4.9 25.1 4.4 40.1 5.6 11.2
Rail S S S S S S 848 S S S S S S 21
Air (incl truck and air) 438 0.9 S S S S 1,156 32 0.2 S S S S 9.4
Multiple modes 9,927 21 341 0.9 320 5.1 766 17.6 3.3 25.4 0.5 30.8 2.4 8.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 9,703 20.6 201 0.5 147 2.3 767 18.1 3.3 25.3 0.3 16.1 0.6 8.6
Truck and rail 83 0.2 109 0.3 S S S 27.8 0.1 27.7 0.3 S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 697 1.5 S S S S S 38.4 0.5 S S S S S

SCTG2 02, Cereal grains

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 200 S S S S S S 41.8
Single modes S S S S S S 199 S S S S S S 42.5
Truck6 S S S S S S 161 S S S S S S 39.3
For-hire truck S S S S S S 190 S S S S S S 22.4
Private truck S S S S S S 63 S S S S S S 39.4
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 03, Other agricultural products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 483 100 S S 148 100 119 44.5 - S S 46.3 - 31.1
Single modes 483 100 S S 148 100 120 44.5 - S S 46.3 - 31.1
Truck6 480 99.4 S S 138 93.1 119 44.5 0.3 S S 45.4 3.1 31.4
For-hire truck 314 65.1 S S S S 163 38 20 S S S S 38.9
Private truck S S S S S S 92 S S S S S S 32.3
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 04, Animal feed and products of animal origin, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S 28 100 S S S S S 32.6 - S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 05, Meat, fish, seafood, and their preparations

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 529 100 92 100 8 100 675 35.3 - 34.6 - 33.2 - 31.3
Single modes 363 68.6 87 95.1 5 59.5 S 30.2 13.1 36 2.9 31.6 15.7 S
Truck6 363 68.6 87 95.1 5 59.5 S 30.2 13.1 36 2.9 31.6 15.7 S
For-hire truck S S S S S S 331 S S S S S S 4.1
Private truck 323 61.1 82 89.3 S S 23 29.7 18.8 32.7 4.9 S S 28.8
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,049 S S S S S S 26.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,049 S S S S S S 26.8

SCTG2 06, Milled grain products and preparations and bakery products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 100 100 S S S S S 48.6 - S S S S S
Single modes 100 100 S S S S S 48.6 - S S S S S
Truck6 100 100 S S S S S 48.6 - S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 95 95.6 S S S S S 49.1 2.4 S S S S S

SCTG2 07, Other prepared foodstuffs and fats and oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 3,414 100 3,784 100 1,729 100 258 17.8 - 20 - 27.3 - 43
Single modes 3,346 98 3,695 97.6 1,626 94.1 S 17.8 0.8 19.8 0.9 27.2 2.6 S
Truck6 3,346 98 3,695 97.6 1,626 94.1 S 17.8 0.8 19.8 0.9 27.2 2.6 S
For-hire truck 1,804 52.8 1,931 51 1,284 74.3 671 21.6 6.4 20 7.1 29.1 4.8 12
Private truck 1,541 45.1 1,764 46.6 342 19.8 S 18.3 6 24.6 6.9 30.8 4.7 S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,311 S S S S S S 28.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,299 S S S S S S 19.2
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 37 1.1 55 1.5 20 1.1 252 47.2 0.7 48 0.9 48.1 0.7 27.4

SCTG2 08, Alcoholic beverages

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 947 100 969 100 280 100 60 19.5 - 19 - 33.8 - 10.4
Single modes 910 96.1 920 94.9 216 77.2 53 18.5 1.3 17.6 1.7 29.8 6.8 10.1
Truck6 904 95.5 909 93.8 202 72 52 18.6 1.7 17.6 2.3 32 9 10.8
For-hire truck 359 37.9 443 45.7 188 67 205 16.8 5.2 10.7 6.5 29.6 10 37.4
Private truck 545 57.5 467 48.2 14 5 35 18.1 7 20.1 8.6 17.5 14.2 15.4
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 37 3.9 49 5.1 64 22.8 1,616 15.8 2.9 14 3.7 25.8 9.5 23.4
Truck and rail 37 3.9 49 5.1 64 22.8 1,616 15.8 2.9 14 3.7 25.8 9.5 23.4

SCTG2 09, Tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 10, Calcareous monumental or building stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 11, Natural sands

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 9 100 1,035 100 S S S 11.9 - 3.1 - S S S
Single modes 4 41.2 S S S S S 1.1 17.7 S S S S S
Truck6 4 41.2 S S S S S 1.1 17.7 S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 12, Gravel and crushed stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 79 100 10,046 100 207 100 18 28.9 - 29.6 - 33.7 - 8.5
Single modes 79 100 10,046 100 207 100 18 28.9 - 29.6 - 33.7 - 8.5
Truck6 78 98.5 9,941 98.9 206 99.6 19 29.5 1.4 30 1.3 34 0.9 8.5
For-hire truck 9 11.3 1,076 10.7 50 24 45 38.8 9.3 38.4 9.5 46.3 9.9 16.7
Private truck 69 87.1 8,865 88.2 157 75.5 16 30.1 6.9 30.5 7 34.3 8.3 11.2
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 13, Nonmetallic minerals nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 131 S S S S S S 27
Single modes S S S S S S 131 S S S S S S 26.7
Truck6 S S S S S S 131 S S S S S S 26.7
For-hire truck S S S S S S 75 S S S S S S 45.4
Private truck S S S S S S 138 S S S S S S 34.4
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 14, Metallic ores and concentrates

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 15, Nonagglomerated bituminous coal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 17, Gasoline and aviation turbine fuel

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,745 100 4,205 100 S S S 44.2 - 49.5 - S S S
Single modes 2,745 100 4,205 100 S S S 44.2 - 49.5 - S S S
Truck6 2,745 100 4,205 100 S S S 44.2 - 49.5 - S S S
Private truck 2,745 100 4,205 100 S S S 44.2 - 49.5 - S S S

SCTG2 18, Fuel oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 852 100 1,239 100 S S 14 49.2 - 41.8 - S S 29.8
Single modes 852 100 1,239 100 S S 14 49.2 - 41.8 - S S 29.8
Truck6 852 100 1,239 100 S S 14 49.2 - 41.8 - S S 29.8
Private truck 852 100 1,239 100 S S 14 49.2 - 41.8 - S S 29.8

SCTG2 19, Coal and petroleum products, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 437 100 959 100 22 100 S 35.6 - 34 - 37.6 - S
Single modes 432 98.8 957 99.7 22 98.3 S 35.9 3.1 34.1 0.9 37.4 3.8 S
Truck6 432 98.8 957 99.7 22 98.3 S 35.9 3.1 34.1 0.9 37.4 3.8 S
For-hire truck S S S S S S 311 S S S S S S 47.4
Private truck 380 86.9 687 71.7 16 70.4 S 40.6 9.2 40.4 11.6 44.1 12.8 S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 626 S S S S S S 35.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 626 S S S S S S 35.8
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 18 S S S S S S 45.6

SCTG2 20, Basic chemicals

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 139 100 172 100 S S 250 29.4 - 32.5 - S S 21.8
Single modes 133 95.2 170 98.9 S S S 26.4 2.1 29.7 1.2 S S S
Truck6 133 95.2 170 98.9 S S S 26.4 2.1 29.7 1.2 S S S
For-hire truck 32 22.8 S S S S 268 33.4 17.9 S S S S 26.5
Private truck 101 72.4 123 71.3 S S S 30.1 12.1 42 14.7 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,120 S S S S S S 36.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,120 S S S S S S 36.8
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 6 S S S S S S 26.3

SCTG2 21, Pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,718 100 13 100 5 100 425 44.8 - 26.4 - 21.4 - 35.8
Single modes 1,818 66.9 10 73.8 S S 250 16.1 14.3 26.8 9.8 S S 12.8
Truck6 1,818 66.9 10 73.8 S S 250 16.1 14.3 26.8 9.8 S S 12.8
For-hire truck 1,559 57.4 S S S S 262 18.6 16.6 S S S S 3.1
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S 3 63.1 958 S S S S 30.7 18.9 8.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S 3 63.1 958 S S S S 30.7 18.9 8.8

SCTG2 22, Fertilizers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S 8 100 39 S S S S 38.7 - 49.2
Single modes S S S S 8 100 39 S S S S 38.7 - 49.2
Truck6 S S S S 8 100 39 S S S S 38.7 - 49.2
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S 8 100 39 S S S S 38.7 0.1 49.2

SCTG2 23, Chemical products and preparations, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S 714 100 S S 386 S S 35.2 - S S 21.5
Single modes S S 704 98.7 S S 312 S S 35.4 1.8 S S 22.8
Truck6 S S 704 98.7 S S 312 S S 35.4 1.8 S S 22.8
For-hire truck S S 650 91.1 S S 483 S S 39.2 10.4 S S 19.6
Private truck S S 54 7.6 S S 46 S S 43.3 10.5 S S 11.5
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 769 S S S S S S 15.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 769 S S S S S S 15.2
Other and unknown modes S S 2 0.3 S S 17 S S 40.6 1.7 S S 22.1

SCTG2 24, Plastics and rubber

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,383 100 453 100 229 100 273 29.4 - 34.2 - 34.8 - 25.2
Single modes 2,024 84.9 413 91.2 202 87.9 S 30.4 6 35.4 4.8 35.8 6.2 S
Truck6 2,009 84.3 412 90.9 199 87 129 30.6 6.2 35.5 4.8 36.1 6.5 21
For-hire truck 1,458 61.2 310 68.3 185 80.9 607 36.9 9 41.4 8.6 36.6 7.2 13.6
Private truck 551 23.1 103 22.6 14 6.1 48 27.3 7.4 27.1 7.7 35.2 5 8.6
Air (incl truck and air) 14 0.6 1 0.3 S S 1,374 27 0.3 41.8 0.2 S S 19.6
Multiple modes S S S S S S 743 S S S S S S 15.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 743 S S S S S S 15.6
Truck and water S S S S S S 732 S S S S S S 41.8
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 25, Logs and other wood in the rough

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 26, Wood products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 323 100 290 100 18 100 S 29.7 - 20.8 - 23.4 - S
Single modes 320 99.1 289 99.6 16 90.6 43 30.1 1 20.9 0.4 24.6 5.8 13
Truck6 320 99.1 289 99.6 16 90.6 43 30.1 1 20.9 0.4 24.6 5.8 13
For-hire truck 41 12.6 52 17.9 S S S 27.1 15.7 35.6 16.2 S S S
Private truck 280 86.6 237 81.7 12 65.6 43 34.6 12.4 27.8 13 28.1 12.5 12.4
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 27, Pulp, newsprint, paper, and paperboard

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 676 100 387 100 88 100 141 28.7 - 26 - 39.5 - 48.3
Single modes 671 99.3 386 99.8 87 99.7 S 29 1.1 26 0.1 39.5 0.1 S
Truck6 671 99.3 386 99.8 87 99.7 S 29 1.1 26 0.1 39.5 0.1 S
For-hire truck 207 30.6 124 32 69 79.3 612 46.9 15.3 34.5 16.9 41.7 9.1 13.1
Private truck 464 68.7 263 67.9 18 20.4 31 34 10.7 29.9 11.8 41.2 17.5 39.4
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,324 S S S S S S 49.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,324 S S S S S S 49.9
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 28, Paper or paperboard articles

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 543 100 316 100 39 100 S 22.4 - 24.3 - 27.9 - S
Single modes 525 96.7 305 96.5 38 97.8 73 22.5 1.5 23.2 1.5 28.1 1 26.3
Truck6 525 96.7 305 96.5 38 97.8 73 22.5 1.5 23.2 1.5 28.1 1 26.3
For-hire truck 250 46.1 142 44.9 29 73.9 186 38 9.1 43.2 11.2 38.1 10.5 35.4
Private truck 275 50.6 163 51.6 9 23.9 40 22.7 8.1 36.2 10.3 35.9 11.3 25.5
Multiple modes S S - 0.2 S S 1,060 S S 44.4 0.4 S S 23
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S - 0.2 S S 1,060 S S 44.4 0.4 S S 23
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 29, Printed products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,408 100 209 100 95 100 749 30.3 - 28.6 - 44.1 - 17.4
Single modes 980 69.6 187 89.6 76 80.3 588 28.5 10 29.5 10.1 49.5 10.1 23.5
Truck6 858 60.9 172 82.2 S S 279 30.6 11 31 12.3 S S 44.3
For-hire truck 534 37.9 94 44.9 S S 874 41.2 9.8 46.5 12.3 S S 15.9
Private truck 325 23 78 37.3 S S 34 43.6 13.9 45.8 13.5 S S 31.4
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,208 S S S S S S 30.9
Multiple modes 387 27.5 19 9.2 S S 874 42.8 10.6 44.8 10.2 S S 12
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 387 27.5 19 9.2 S S 874 42.8 10.6 44.8 10.2 S S 12
Other and unknown modes 41 2.9 2 1.1 S S S 11.3 4 34.9 2.5 S S S

SCTG2 30, Textiles, leather, and articles of textiles or leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,215 100 35 100 23 100 881 24 - 32.1 - 28.4 - 12.8
Single modes 300 24.7 24 68 14 61.7 855 42.3 15.4 49.1 11.2 45.4 11.4 22.3
Truck6 264 21.8 23 67.5 14 61 767 38.3 15.6 49.4 11.7 46 11.3 34.1
For-hire truck 247 20.3 20 56.8 14 59.7 1,552 35.8 13 43 9.9 43.7 12 23.5
Private truck S S S S S S 92 S S S S S S 33.8
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,004 S S S S S S 45.9
Multiple modes 905 74.5 11 30.8 8 36 876 31.6 14 34.2 12.5 37.9 12.2 25.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 905 74.5 11 30.8 8 36 876 31.6 14 34.2 12.5 38 12.2 26.7
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 31, Nonmetallic mineral products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 733 100 1,728 100 229 100 S 10.9 - 28.4 - 28.6 - S
Single modes 675 92 1,720 99.5 225 98.5 S 12.9 4.8 28.5 0.3 28.2 0.6 S
Truck6 674 92 1,720 99.5 225 98.5 S 12.9 4.8 28.5 0.3 28.2 0.6 S
For-hire truck 459 62.6 500 29 186 81.3 599 19 7.8 32 11.6 35.2 6.9 15.8
Private truck 215 29.3 1,219 70.6 39 17.2 S 29.2 5.9 40.3 11.7 29.6 7.2 S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 290 S S S S S S 2.3
Multiple modes S S S S S S 746 S S S S S S 29.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 746 S S S S S S 29.5
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 32, Base metal in prim. or semifin. forms & in finished basic shapes

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,214 100 901 100 111 100 152 25.8 - 35.3 - 22.1 - 20
Single modes 2,084 94.1 879 97.5 106 95.6 97 27.4 3.4 34.6 0.7 21.5 2 19.2
Truck6 2,073 93.6 866 96.1 102 92.6 96 27.3 3.3 35.3 2.1 22.1 2.9 19.5
For-hire truck 470 21.2 174 19.3 55 50.1 355 24.2 8.9 42.7 13.4 28.6 10.6 11.5
Private truck 1,604 72.4 692 76.8 47 42.4 79 32.4 9.2 44.7 14 34.6 11.3 12.7
Rail 7 0.3 S S S S 201 43 1.5 S S S S 21.6
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 122 5.5 S S S S 485 47 3.7 S S S S 18.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 489 S S S S S S 18.5
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 8 0.4 S S S S S 48.8 0.6 S S S S S

SCTG2 33, Articles of base metal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,184 100 381 100 91 100 255 17.8 - 17.6 - 22.2 - 20.8
Single modes 932 78.7 373 98.1 88 97.6 150 18.9 3.4 17.7 1.1 23.1 2.3 18.5
Truck6 899 75.9 328 86.1 64 70.6 136 20.5 5.3 21.6 7.2 26.5 10 18.5
For-hire truck 450 38 176 46.2 55 60.9 413 23.8 6.5 30.7 9.9 31.8 11.8 18.5
Private truck 449 37.9 152 39.8 9 9.6 70 26.8 5.9 35.3 9 40.3 9.9 23.5
Rail S S S S S S 534 S S S S S S 20.1
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,053 S S S S S S 10.1
Multiple modes 245 20.7 5 1.2 2 2.2 387 17.6 3.4 31.2 1.1 21.5 2.2 25.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 245 20.7 5 1.2 2 2.2 387 17.6 3.4 31.2 1.1 21.5 2.2 25.7
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 34, Machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,452 100 200 100 175 100 466 20.9 - 30 - 36.8 - 15.8
Single modes 1,539 62.8 170 84.9 162 92.8 447 23.7 6.4 27 5.5 39.2 10.3 21.7
Truck6 1,503 61.3 169 84.6 162 92.6 442 23.9 6 27.1 5.5 39.3 10.2 22.3
For-hire truck 1,261 51.4 135 67.2 157 90 890 28.7 7.6 29.9 9.4 40 11 14.3
Private truck 242 9.9 35 17.4 S S 119 27.6 3.2 41 6.8 S S 27.9
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 925 S S S S S S 19.5
Multiple modes 614 25 10 5 5 2.6 509 19.6 4.1 34.9 4.5 33.8 6.5 17.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 614 25 10 5 5 2.6 509 19.6 4.1 34.9 4.5 33.8 6.5 17.8
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 35, Electronic & other electrical equip & components & office equip

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 5,357 100 109 100 54 100 607 15.9 - 16.9 - 21.6 - 19.3
Single modes 2,774 51.8 86 78.7 39 72.7 S 28.6 7.5 21.8 5.4 24.9 9.7 S
Truck6 2,602 48.6 85 78.1 39 71.2 S 27.3 6.8 21.9 5.3 24.8 9.5 S
For-hire truck 2,408 45 47 43.1 37 67.2 702 31.4 8.3 21 10.3 25.6 9.2 13.9
Private truck 193 3.6 38 35 S S 32 26.9 3.5 46.2 9.2 S S 35.7
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,063 S S S S S S 35.2
Multiple modes 2,489 46.5 16 15 14 26.4 834 19.8 7.3 25.6 3.9 32.2 9.5 15.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 2,489 46.5 16 15 14 26.4 834 19.8 7.3 25.6 3.9 32.2 9.5 15.2
Other and unknown modes S S S S - 0.8 S S S S S 48.1 0.5 S

SCTG2 36, Motorized and other vehicles (including parts)

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 667 100 137 100 23 100 S 27.3 - 26.6 - 24.5 - S
Single modes 579 86.8 127 92.9 23 98.8 S 29.9 7.5 24.7 3.4 25.6 6.8 S
Truck6 579 86.8 127 92.9 23 98.8 S 29.9 7.5 24.7 3.4 25.6 6.8 S
For-hire truck 234 35.1 42 30.4 12 52 329 44.9 15.2 29.8 14.9 37.4 14.8 26
Private truck 344 51.6 85 62.4 11 46.8 S 43.2 10.2 32.2 9.7 33.4 12.8 S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 336 S S S S S S 22.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 336 S S S S S S 22.1
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 37, Transportation equipment, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 139 100 S S S S 838 26.3 - S S S S 13.9
Single modes 51 36.9 S S S S 728 23.3 15.5 S S S S 22.7
Truck6 51 36.9 S S S S 728 23.3 15.5 S S S S 22.7
For-hire truck 50 35.8 S S S S 785 25.6 10.1 S S S S 20.2
Private truck S S S S S S 101 S S S S S S 34
Multiple modes 88 63.1 - 30.8 - 26.2 870 35.1 14.3 27.8 19.2 43.7 19.5 17.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 88 63 - 30.7 - 26 860 35.2 14.3 27.8 19.3 43.6 19.5 17.3
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 38, Precision instruments and apparatus

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,028 100 30 100 23 100 654 28.4 - 35.9 - 43 - 21.4
Single modes 1,234 60.8 27 91.4 21 90.5 S 36.9 11.5 37.3 11.2 46.5 14.5 S
Truck6 1,221 60.2 27 91.3 21 90.3 S 35.5 9.9 35.4 3.5 45.2 11.9 S
For-hire truck 703 34.7 21 70.7 20 89.1 840 37.1 6.4 36.5 11.7 44.9 12.4 15.1
Private truck 518 25.5 6 20.6 S S S 42.8 7.4 43.5 9 S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S - 0.1 - 0.2 1,551 S S 37.7 0.7 43.9 3.4 12.1
Multiple modes 780 38.4 2 6.2 2 9.5 1,047 31.9 12.4 29.3 14.2 26 16.1 7.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 780 38.4 2 6.2 2 9.5 1,047 31.9 12.4 29.3 14.2 26 16.1 7.7
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 6 S S S S S S 24.2

SCTG2 39, Furniture, mattresses & mattress supports, lamps, lighting

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 161 100 17 100 3 100 S 41.7 - 41.5 - 48.9 - S
Single modes 158 98.1 17 97.6 S S S 41.5 4.8 41.7 8.7 S S S
Truck6 158 98.1 17 97.6 S S S 41.5 4.8 41.7 8.7 S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S 804 S S S S S S 10.2
Private truck 143 88.7 16 90.2 S S 101 44.4 9.8 41.7 11.9 S S 26.4
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 40, Miscellaneous manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,994 100 191 100 169 100 898 14.1 - 21.9 - 24.4 - 9.3
Single modes 900 45.1 149 78 130 77 471 19.6 3.5 25.1 9.2 32.2 12.6 21.3
Truck6 889 44.6 149 77.7 130 76.7 334 19.6 3.5 25.3 9.6 32.4 12.9 28.3
For-hire truck 387 19.4 67 34.9 109 64.4 788 18.4 2.8 31.5 10.3 36.6 12.3 15.6
Private truck 502 25.2 82 42.9 21 12.3 S 25.5 3.4 37.2 9.5 49.4 4.2 S
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 6 0.3 S S S S 1,008 43.3 0.3 S S S S 30
Multiple modes 1,089 54.6 39 20.6 33 19.6 943 11.5 3.5 38.2 9.5 36.6 13.3 9.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,085 54.4 39 20.3 33 19.4 953 11.5 3.4 38.7 8.8 37 13 9.1
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 4 0.2 S S S S S 39.4 0.1 S S S S S

SCTG2 41, Waste and scrap

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 421 100 1,093 100 S S 168 42.1 - 49.9 - S S 12.5
Single modes 413 98.3 S S S S 166 42.6 3.7 S S S S 13.6
Truck6 385 91.5 S S S S 161 45.2 10.6 S S S S 14.6
For-hire truck 224 53.3 S S 60 30.2 145 49.5 14.3 S S 48.7 8.8 24.6
Private truck 161 38.3 S S S S 172 49.8 13 S S S S 19.2
Rail 18 4.4 74 6.8 32 16.2 430 36.3 2.9 35.8 6.7 28.3 12 24.6
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 2 0.5 10 0.9 S S 316 39.3 13.4 47.8 18.5 S S 34.6
Truck and rail 2 0.5 10 0.9 S S 316 39.3 13.4 47.8 18.5 S S 34.6
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 43, Mixed freight

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 3,010 100 560 100 116 100 508 24.6 - 19.7 - 19.3 - 25.4
Single modes 2,021 67.2 524 93.5 88 75.9 S 25.1 10 20.5 5.8 23.2 11.6 S
Truck6 2,017 67 524 93.5 88 75.9 S 25.1 10 20.5 5.8 23.2 11.6 S
For-hire truck 271 9 73 13.1 56 48.2 1,083 30.9 10.9 39.7 10.5 34.7 12.6 16.6
Private truck 1,746 58 451 80.4 32 27.7 59 28.7 10.2 23.1 9.9 26.7 12.4 16.6
Air (incl truck and air) 4 0.1 S S S S 994 46.4 0.6 S S S S 34.6
Multiple modes S S 32 5.8 23 19.4 608 S S 29.1 5.9 33.6 12.1 20.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 32 5.8 23 19.4 608 S S 29.1 5.9 33.6 12.1 20.1
Other and unknown modes 13 0.4 S S S S S 33.9 0.4 S S S S S

SCTG2 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2 100 S S S S S 26.8 - S S S S S
Single modes 2 100 S S S S S 26.8 - S S S S S
Truck6 2 100 S S S S S 26.8 - S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
4 Coefficient of Variation.
5 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
6 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
7 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Orlando-Deltona-Daytona Beach, FL by Alcoholic Beverages (08) by Air has no data for any cell therefore the entire row is not shown. Also, two-digit commodities are not present if there is no such data for an entire commodity by area. For example, Pittsburgh-New Castle, PA by Cereal Grains (02) has no data for any mode therefore the entire commodity is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.