Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 66,589 100 63,705 100 9,994 100 11.4 - 12.7 - 15.4 -
Less than 50 miles 23,043 34.6 38,280 60.1 955 9.6 9.6 3.7 12.2 5.6 14.6 2.9
50 - 99 miles 13,491 20.3 8,215 12.9 820 8.2 15 1.7 16.3 2.7 17.1 1.1
100 - 249 miles 8,483 12.7 S S S S 19.1 1.7 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 4,851 7.3 2,595 4.1 1,287 12.9 19.9 1.3 16.3 1 18.5 2.4
500 - 749 miles 2,031 3.1 712 1.1 558 5.6 12.9 0.4 14.7 0.2 15.3 1.1
750 - 999 miles 694 1 64 0.1 77 0.8 43.8 0.6 30.1 0.1 30 0.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 903 1.4 289 0.5 497 5 11.5 0.3 30.5 0.1 27.7 1.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 4,255 6.4 660 1 1,435 14.4 38.9 1.4 25.9 0.5 24.7 4.2
More than 2,000 miles 8,838 13.3 690 1.1 1,901 19 43.7 3 19 0.3 18.9 4.1

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 50,677 100 53,677 100 7,345 100 10.6 - 9.2 - 6.8 -
Less than 50 miles 21,261 42 36,274 67.6 919 12.5 9.5 4 12.2 4.3 14.9 2.9
50 - 99 miles 11,900 23.5 7,096 13.2 688 9.4 15.4 1.7 19.7 3 20.2 1.3
100 - 249 miles 7,586 15 5,888 11 1,030 14 20.8 1.9 16.7 1.5 16.8 2.1
250 - 499 miles 2,993 5.9 2,460 4.6 1,210 16.5 23.3 1.2 17 0.9 19.2 2.8
500 - 749 miles 956 1.9 635 1.2 487 6.6 17.2 0.4 14.6 0.2 14.7 1
750 - 999 miles 135 0.3 47 0.1 57 0.8 16.1 - 23.1 - 23.3 0.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 359 0.7 224 0.4 381 5.2 19.2 0.2 36.8 0.1 32.1 1.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,447 2.9 542 1 1,166 15.9 28.3 0.8 31.9 0.5 30.5 4.6
More than 2,000 miles S S 510 1 1,408 19.2 S S 22.2 0.3 21.8 3.8

Truck4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 48,779 100 52,641 100 5,936 100 10.6 - 9.8 - 9.4 -
Less than 50 miles 21,221 43.5 36,250 68.9 918 15.5 9.6 4.1 12.2 4.1 15 2.7
50 - 99 miles 11,857 24.3 7,075 13.4 685 11.5 15.4 1.7 19.6 3.2 20.1 1.8
100 - 249 miles 7,540 15.5 5,873 11.2 1,026 17.3 21 1.9 16.7 1.5 16.9 2.3
250 - 499 miles 2,817 5.8 2,033 3.9 934 15.7 24.3 1.3 17.7 0.5 18.2 1.8
500 - 749 miles 894 1.8 549 1 415 7 17.4 0.4 16.4 0.2 16.1 1.1
750 - 999 miles 132 0.3 38 0.1 45 0.8 15.9 - 30 - 29.9 0.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 225 0.5 S S S S 23.8 0.1 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 729 1.5 322 0.6 668 11.3 24.9 0.4 36.3 0.3 34.2 4
More than 2,000 miles S S 370 0.7 1,037 17.5 S S 22 0.2 22.7 3.2

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 20,495 100 21,864 100 4,200 100 24.9 - 12.2 - 12.3 -
Less than 50 miles 4,990 24.3 13,774 63 327 7.8 25 4.1 16.4 6.8 21 1.5
50 - 99 miles 4,739 23.1 2,367 10.8 223 5.3 38.7 2.6 30.8 4.7 29.9 1.5
100 - 249 miles S S 2,619 12 481 11.5 S S 32.6 3.7 33.4 3.1
250 - 499 miles 2,237 10.9 1,696 7.8 798 19 28 3.7 20 1.4 20.2 2.7
500 - 749 miles 889 4.3 547 2.5 414 9.9 17.3 1.3 16.4 0.5 16.1 2.1
750 - 999 miles 132 0.6 38 0.2 45 1.1 15.9 0.2 30 0.1 29.9 0.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 225 1.1 S S S S 23.8 0.2 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 729 3.6 322 1.5 668 15.9 25 1.2 36.3 0.7 34.2 4.6
More than 2,000 miles S S 370 1.7 1,037 24.7 S S 22 0.4 22.7 3.7

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 28,284 100 30,777 100 1,735 100 11 - 16.3 - 15.9 -
Less than 50 miles 16,230 57.4 22,476 73 591 34.1 11.6 2.8 18.5 3.8 23.6 4.4
50 - 99 miles 7,118 25.2 4,708 15.3 461 26.6 15.1 1.9 21.4 2.9 23 3.6
100 - 249 miles 4,349 15.4 3,255 10.6 545 31.4 13.5 1.4 19.6 1.5 17.5 2.9
250 - 499 miles 579 2 337 1.1 136 7.9 16.5 0.3 10.7 0.3 11.6 1.8
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 563 100 949 100 1,200 100 34.5 - 34.7 - 25.9 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles 8 1.4 21 2.2 3 0.2 6 10.8 8.6 8.3 7.3 0.7
100 - 249 miles S S 14 1.5 3 0.2 S S 5.7 15.1 23 2
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles 34 6.1 86 9 72 6 32.3 5.8 30.9 4.6 35.8 3
750 - 999 miles 3 0.5 10 1 12 1 33.2 1.3 30.1 2.2 30.8 1.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles 72 12.9 92 9.7 173 14.4 26.4 13.4 15.2 15.8 15.2 15
1,500 - 2,000 miles 255 45.3 216 22.8 489 40.8 48 8.7 38.7 8.7 37.7 8.3
More than 2,000 miles 71 12.6 60 6.3 171 14.3 34.8 5.7 26.9 6.2 26.6 9.7

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,335 100 S S S S 46.3 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles 35 2.6 S S S S 40.1 4 S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S - - S S S S 46 0.6
500 - 749 miles S S - 0.4 - 0.1 S S 42.2 13.4 48.3 7
750 - 999 miles 1 - - - - - 15.8 3.3 3.9 0.8 5.5 0.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 605 45.3 S S S S 45.9 9.1 S S S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 14,290 100 876 100 1,017 100 20.6 - 14.7 - 16.6 -
Less than 50 miles 759 5.3 49 5.6 3 0.3 14.3 1.4 24.5 0.8 31.2 0.1
50 - 99 miles 1,223 8.6 254 29 28 2.8 26.5 1.6 29.4 7 29.8 1.2
100 - 249 miles 858 6 34 3.9 6 0.6 24.7 1.2 48.1 1.6 46.2 0.7
250 - 499 miles 1,806 12.6 114 13 S S 26.6 3.3 48 6.5 S S
500 - 749 miles 1,065 7.5 66 7.5 61 6 23 1.8 36.7 2.1 38.4 1.9
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 537 3.8 57 6.5 102 10 19.2 1.4 48.9 3.1 48.5 4.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,729 19.1 115 13.1 261 25.7 47.3 3.3 37.9 3.1 39 5.3
More than 2,000 miles 4,760 33.3 171 19.5 468 46 32.1 4 26.2 5.4 25.4 7.8

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 13,773 100 237 100 224 100 21.3 - 20.5 - 26.9 -
Less than 50 miles 756 5.5 41 17.2 2 1 14.4 1.4 19.4 2.6 34.2 0.2
50 - 99 miles 1,095 8 30 12.5 3 1.4 29.3 1.8 17.7 1.8 19.5 0.3
100 - 249 miles 858 6.2 34 14.5 6 2.9 24.7 1.2 48.1 2.8 46.2 1
250 - 499 miles 1,783 12.9 32 13.5 13 6 27.2 3.5 39 2.2 32.5 1.6
500 - 749 miles 1,020 7.4 28 11.8 22 9.8 24.4 1.9 30.7 2.9 30.9 4
750 - 999 miles 495 3.6 5 2.2 6 2.7 49.8 2.7 22.2 0.9 23.5 1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 476 3.5 6 2.6 11 4.7 22.1 1.5 12.1 0.7 11.6 1.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,665 19.3 19 7.9 39 17.6 48.1 3.4 25.5 1.7 26.2 2.5
More than 2,000 miles 4,626 33.6 43 18 120 53.9 33.3 4.3 36.5 3.3 38.1 4.5

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 280 100 315 100 527 100 35.5 - 25.5 - 25.1 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles 15 5.3 S S S S 44.9 10.5 S S S S
500 - 749 miles 18 6.5 23 7.4 22 4.1 47 9.7 31.5 10.4 29.7 6.4
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S 51 16.3 91 17.3 S S 49.2 8.1 48.5 9.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles 64 22.8 96 30.5 222 42.1 33 9.5 44 10.9 44.9 11.3
More than 2,000 miles 61 21.7 43 13.8 127 24.1 27.3 9.3 31.3 10.6 30.9 11.6

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 200 100 272 100 261 100 29.1 - 33.4 - 37.4 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles 91 45.3 168 61.6 20 7.5 44.6 14.2 38.3 14.4 37 15.3
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles 8 4 S S 3 1.1 42.4 14.3 S S 28.4 7.1
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles 74 36.9 85 31.3 221 84.5 45.4 11.8 44.6 12.8 43.8 11

Other multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 36 100 52 100 5 100 26.9 - 27.1 - 26.8 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles 36 100 52 100 5 100 26.9 - 27.1 - 26.8 -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,623 100 S S S S 26.6 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles 1,024 63.1 1,958 21.4 34 2.1 35.7 7.4 42.6 19.7 39.4 16.3
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 51 3.2 S S S S 39.7 3.8 S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 37 2.3 S S S S 33.9 2.8 S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any mileage group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the mileage group of "More than 2,000 miles" but does have data for the other mileage groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.