Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 66,589 100 63,705 100 9,994 100 695 11.4 - 12.7 - 15.4 - 12.5
Less than 50 lbs 15,483 23.3 253 0.4 146 1.5 881 20.8 3.5 18.7 0.1 23.2 0.4 12.1
50 - 99 lbs 5,926 8.9 148 0.2 46 0.5 326 35.7 2.2 18.4 0.1 33.7 0.2 13.8
100 - 499 lbs 8,956 13.5 830 1.3 188 1.9 219 19.3 1.4 17.1 0.3 25.4 0.6 16.7
500 - 749 lbs 1,830 2.7 298 0.5 54 0.5 182 15.0 0.5 12.0 0.1 20.2 0.1 13.7
750 - 999 lbs 1,111 1.7 259 0.4 40 0.4 152 14.5 0.2 12.0 0.1 24.3 0.1 17.3
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 11,850 17.8 4,083 6.4 763 7.6 229 24.8 2.5 11.1 1.4 26.3 2.3 23.8
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 14,803 22.2 30,328 47.6 4,471 44.7 137 15.1 2.9 12.8 4.5 11.3 6.2 15.1
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 5,622 8.4 18,308 28.7 1,345 13.5 S 26.6 2.5 17.5 4.2 17.9 3.1 S
More than 100,000 lbs 1,007 1.5 S S S S 676 35.7 0.6 S S S S 17.6

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 50,677 100 53,677 100 7,345 100 267 10.6 - 9.2 - 6.8 - 37.9
Less than 50 lbs 6,908 13.6 130 0.2 25 0.3 356 44.1 4.2 25.7 0.1 38.2 0.1 42.8
50 - 99 lbs S S 104 0.2 14 0.2 140 S S 20.5 0.1 45.9 0.1 16.0
100 - 499 lbs 5,783 11.4 718 1.3 115 1.6 167 17.5 1.5 17.8 0.3 28.4 0.5 26.0
500 - 749 lbs 1,682 3.3 282 0.5 45 0.6 157 16.1 0.6 12.4 0.1 24.7 0.1 17.1
750 - 999 lbs 1,096 2.2 252 0.5 40 0.5 156 14.3 0.2 12.0 0.1 24.3 0.1 17.2
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 11,222 22.1 3,924 7.3 713 9.7 219 25.6 3.5 11.4 1.3 27.6 2.5 25.3
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 14,116 27.9 28,388 52.9 3,919 53.4 132 15.3 3.5 12.1 3.1 11.9 4.7 13.2
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 5,573 11.0 17,462 32.5 1,251 17.0 S 26.7 3.2 17.7 4.3 19.1 3.2 S
More than 100,000 lbs 907 1.8 2,418 4.5 1,224 16.7 646 35.4 0.7 23.5 1.3 28.2 4.7 22.9

Truck4

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 48,779 100 52,641 100 5,936 100 170 10.6 - 9.8 - 9.4 - 30.7
Less than 50 lbs 6,433 13.2 125 0.2 17 0.3 S 47.7 4.4 26.0 0.1 31.9 0.1 S
50 - 99 lbs S S 101 0.2 9 0.2 91 S S 19.4 0.1 22.6 - 9.3
100 - 499 lbs 5,628 11.5 717 1.4 113 1.9 165 18.3 1.6 17.8 0.3 28.7 0.7 26.3
500 - 749 lbs 1,682 3.4 282 0.5 45 0.8 157 16.1 0.7 12.4 0.1 24.7 0.1 17.1
750 - 999 lbs 997 2.0 248 0.5 31 0.5 122 14.2 0.2 11.9 0.1 16.7 0.1 11.8
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 10,890 22.3 3,921 7.4 708 11.9 218 24.4 3.7 11.4 1.3 27.3 2.6 25.3
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 14,053 28.8 28,282 53.7 3,670 61.8 126 15.3 3.6 12.1 3.1 10.9 3.3 13.0
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 5,565 11.4 17,451 33.2 1,235 20.8 S 26.8 3.2 17.7 4.3 19.2 3.8 S
More than 100,000 lbs S S 1,514 2.9 108 1.8 53 S S 27.2 0.9 41.1 0.7 19.6

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 20,495 100 21,864 100 4,200 100 605 24.9 - 12.2 - 12.3 - 18.9
Less than 50 lbs S S 22 0.1 10 0.2 701 S S 45.6 0.1 42.4 0.1 22.6
50 - 99 lbs S S 11 - 3 0.1 S S S 33.1 - 18.3 - S
100 - 499 lbs 2,218 10.8 128 0.6 74 1.8 619 26.2 2.5 26.1 0.1 41.3 1.0 27.7
500 - 749 lbs 536 2.6 36 0.2 30 0.7 805 27.9 1.1 23.5 - 34.5 0.2 16.8
750 - 999 lbs 157 0.8 22 0.1 12 0.3 547 21.5 0.3 25.3 - 21.7 0.1 37.8
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S 589 2.7 456 10.9 1,046 S S 22.2 0.6 38.3 3.1 15.5
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 5,733 28.0 12,383 56.6 2,734 65.1 221 16.0 6.5 6.6 4.6 12.0 4.3 10.9
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 891 4.3 7,436 34.0 792 18.8 S 34.7 2.5 28.6 5.2 30.8 4.8 S
More than 100,000 lbs S S 1,235 5.6 90 2.1 45 S S 30.2 1.6 49.1 0.9 34.8

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 28,284 100 30,777 100 1,735 100 69 11.0 - 16.3 - 15.9 - 10.7
Less than 50 lbs 2,064 7.3 103 0.3 7 0.4 71 36.1 2.8 27.9 0.2 27.8 0.2 21.9
50 - 99 lbs 954 3.4 91 0.3 6 0.3 67 19.8 0.5 21.0 0.1 32.0 0.2 13.3
100 - 499 lbs 3,410 12.1 589 1.9 39 2.3 66 19.4 1.7 17.6 0.6 21.2 0.6 8.8
500 - 749 lbs 1,146 4.1 246 0.8 15 0.9 62 15.3 0.8 13.1 0.3 17.6 0.3 7.8
750 - 999 lbs 840 3.0 225 0.7 18 1.1 80 14.5 0.4 12.0 0.2 16.7 0.3 11.4
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 6,803 24.1 3,332 10.8 252 14.5 76 12.3 4.2 12.7 2.8 16.3 3.5 7.2
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 8,319 29.4 15,898 51.7 936 53.9 61 17.5 2.5 19.5 4.3 19.8 3.3 10.8
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 4,674 16.5 10,014 32.5 444 25.6 45 33.7 4.7 29.3 6.3 25.3 4.4 15.2
More than 100,000 lbs S S 279 0.9 S S 75 S S 38.6 0.4 S S 23.9

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 563 100 949 100 1,200 100 1,344 34.5 - 34.7 - 25.9 - 13.9
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,018 S S S S S S 7.8
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S 12 1.2 S S S S S 45.4 6.2 S S S
More than 100,000 lbs 537 95.4 904 95.2 1,116 93.0 1,242 36.6 7.1 37.1 8.0 28.7 7.7 14.6

Air (incl truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,335 100 S S S S 1,921 46.3 - S S S S 5.4
Less than 50 lbs 475 35.6 S S S S 1,904 47.6 12.4 S S S S 8.5
50 - 99 lbs S S S S S S 2,379 S S S S S S 22.1
100 - 499 lbs 155 11.6 1 1.0 1 0.6 1,614 44.4 9.5 34.4 13.0 37.2 12.1 17.5
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - 2,561 37.7 0.3 5.3 0.7 6.9 2.0 1.5
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S 2,129 S S S S S S 17.3
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,197 S S S S S S 11.7
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 14,290 100 876 100 1,017 100 1,277 20.6 - 14.7 - 16.6 - 6.7
Less than 50 lbs 8,253 57.8 114 13.0 118 11.6 1,308 15.7 5.5 17.9 2.8 21.7 3.7 7.1
50 - 99 lbs 2,459 17.2 37 4.3 32 3.2 889 45.6 2.9 21.9 1.0 29.3 0.7 11.6
100 - 499 lbs 2,982 20.9 83 9.4 73 7.1 729 33.4 4.4 36.0 2.9 42.9 2.7 34.2
500 - 749 lbs S S 6 0.7 9 0.8 1,439 S S 37.8 0.2 44.6 0.4 22.5
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,626 S S S S S S 4.6
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 318 2.2 316 36.1 435 42.8 1,416 24.5 0.5 15.8 7.9 29.9 9.3 17.5
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 20 0.1 S S 65 6.4 674 24.7 0.1 S S 48.3 7.1 33.1
More than 100,000 lbs S S 212 24.2 251 24.7 1,499 S S 46.3 7.3 40.6 7.8 20.0

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 13,773 100 237 100 224 100 1,279 21.3 - 20.5 - 26.9 - 6.8
Less than 50 lbs 8,248 59.9 113 47.9 118 52.8 1,313 15.7 5.5 17.9 4.6 21.7 5.5 7.1
50 - 99 lbs 2,459 17.9 37 15.8 32 14.4 889 45.6 2.9 21.9 2.0 29.3 2.1 11.6
100 - 499 lbs 2,973 21.6 80 33.9 66 29.4 674 33.5 4.7 37.5 5.0 47.4 5.6 37.3
500 - 749 lbs S S 6 2.4 S S 1,397 S S 42.0 0.9 S S 25.4
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 280 100 315 100 527 100 1,958 35.5 - 25.5 - 25.1 - 6.7
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs 2 0.7 - 0.1 S S S 8.1 0.5 1.9 0.1 S S S
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 61 21.7 S S S S 2,388 36.6 17.0 S S S S 7.0
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 150 53.6 91 28.9 204 38.6 2,164 36.5 8.6 19.5 13.3 25.3 13.4 9.1
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 735 S S S S S S 34.5
More than 100,000 lbs 46 16.5 129 40.9 239 45.3 1,834 47.3 6.2 38.4 11.0 39.2 13.0 18.8

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 200 100 272 100 261 100 S 29.1 - 33.4 - 37.4 - S
Less than 50 lbs 5 2.6 S S S S S 35.1 10.6 S S S S S
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs 7 3.6 2 0.9 7 2.5 2,825 27.6 14.8 41.3 9.8 45.9 16.0 3.2
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,767 S S S S S S 3.1
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 132 65.8 173 63.5 226 86.6 1,377 32.7 8.7 28.8 9.9 42.4 10.0 20.7
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S 8 2.9 1 0.4 113 S S 49.3 3.3 33.5 1.3 24.9
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S 13 4.9 S S S S S 19.0 6.7 S

Other multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 36 100 52 100 5 100 98 26.9 - 27.1 - 26.8 - -
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 36 100.0 52 100.0 5 100.0 98 26.9 - 27.1 - 26.8 - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,623 100 S S S S S 26.6 - S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs 322 19.9 10 0.1 S S 222 29.6 7.6 23.9 0.6 S S 46.1
50 - 99 lbs 77 4.8 7 0.1 - - 36 22.4 1.4 32.4 0.5 41.6 1.0 21.2
100 - 499 lbs 192 11.8 29 0.3 1 0.1 33 31.2 3.0 29.7 1.5 41.4 2.7 36.0
500 - 749 lbs 50 3.1 10 0.1 S S 68 46.1 1.5 42.0 0.6 S S 37.5
750 - 999 lbs 15 0.9 7 0.1 - - S 26.0 1.5 46.6 1.3 37.6 0.9 S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S 146 1.6 S S 171 S S 32.7 10.7 S S 36.5
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 369 22.7 1,624 17.7 S S S 48.9 8.0 42.4 16.5 S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S 751 8.2 S S S S S 44.6 15.6 S S S
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 ""Truck"" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any shipment weight group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the shipment weight groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the shipment size of "More than 100,000 lbs" but does have data for the other shipment weight groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.