Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities5

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 66,589 100 63,705 100 9,994 100 695 11.4 - 12.7 - 15.4 - 12.5
Single modes 50,677 76.1 53,677 84.3 7,345 73.5 267 10.6 1.6 9.2 5.8 6.8 6.5 37.9
Truck6 48,779 73.3 52,641 82.6 5,936 59.4 170 10.6 2 9.8 5.8 9.4 7 30.7
For-hire truck 20,495 30.8 21,864 34.3 4,200 42 605 24.9 4.9 12.2 4.8 12.3 5 18.9
Private truck 28,284 42.5 30,777 48.3 1,735 17.4 69 11 4.5 16.3 5.9 15.9 4.4 10.7
Rail 563 0.8 949 1.5 1,200 12 1,344 34.5 0.5 34.7 0.9 25.9 3.8 13.9
Air (incl truck and air) 1,335 2 S S S S 1,921 46.3 0.7 S S S S 5.4
Multiple modes 14,290 21.5 876 1.4 1,017 10.2 1,277 20.6 2 14.7 0.3 16.6 1.7 6.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 13,773 20.7 237 0.4 224 2.2 1,279 21.3 2 20.5 0.1 26.9 0.7 6.8
Truck and rail 280 0.4 315 0.5 527 5.3 1,958 35.5 0.2 25.5 0.2 25.1 1.6 6.7
Truck and water 200 0.3 272 0.4 261 2.6 S 29.1 0.1 33.4 0.1 37.4 0.9 S
Other multiple modes 36 0.1 52 0.1 5 0.1 98 26.9 0.3 27.1 0.4 26.8 0.3 -
Other and unknown modes 1,623 2.4 S S S S S 26.6 0.7 S S S S S

SCTG2 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,324 100 S S 839 100 86 19.3 - S S 35.2 - 31.1
Single modes 2,174 93.5 S S 745 88.8 84 19.5 2.2 S S 39.4 9.9 24
Truck6 2,118 91.1 S S 521 62 79 19.8 2.4 S S 43.4 10.3 24.8
For-hire truck 535 23 432 10.4 278 33.1 811 36.2 6.2 23.3 10.8 40.4 10 20
Private truck 1,583 68.1 S S S S 65 23 7.8 S S S S 13.9
Rail 8 0.3 24 0.6 43 5.2 1,798 21.3 0.6 15.7 3.8 17.6 12.3 32.6
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S 69 1.7 S S 1,644 S S 42.4 5.6 S S 34.2
Truck and rail S S 35 0.8 S S 2,027 S S 32.7 4.7 S S 33
Truck and water 15 0.6 S S S S 149 1.3 11.4 S S S S 4.8
Other and unknown modes 58 2.5 26 0.6 S S S 46.8 2.6 41.4 5.7 S S S

SCTG2 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 6,689 100 5,189 100 1,941 100 602 27.3 - 27.8 - 19.8 - 29.2
Single modes 6,003 89.7 4,702 90.6 1,447 74.5 157 29.6 5.5 30.2 3.3 23.6 6.9 48.2
Truck6 5,952 89 4,610 88.8 1,276 65.8 155 29.8 5.5 30.6 3.7 24.2 8.3 48.9
For-hire truck 2,639 39.4 1,856 35.8 1,077 55.5 1,029 36.1 7.4 29.1 6.4 25.6 8 13.7
Private truck 3,313 49.5 2,754 53.1 199 10.3 S 46.8 8.2 41.4 6.9 42.3 2.9 S
Rail 51 0.8 92 1.8 170 8.8 1,828 23.3 1.1 28.7 2.7 26.3 6.1 4.1
Multiple modes 384 5.7 348 6.7 464 23.9 1,611 34.1 2.8 29.1 2.6 22.7 6.6 11
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,610 S S S S S S 14
Truck and rail 149 2.2 129 2.5 289 14.9 2,180 42.8 1.5 25.1 1.9 24 7.3 4.6
Truck and water 101 1.5 155 3 150 7.8 1,425 45.3 1.2 42.2 2.4 31.2 1.2 28.2
Other multiple modes 36 0.5 52 1 5 0.3 98 26.9 1 27.1 1.5 26.8 0.8 -
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 10-14, Stones, nonmetallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 390 100 26,253 100 S S 62 17 - 30.5 - S S 35.2
Single modes 321 82.3 18,292 69.7 1,123 42.1 57 17 6.3 17.3 9.9 28.5 17.3 36
Truck6 321 82.3 18,292 69.7 1,123 42.1 57 17 6.3 17.3 9.9 28.5 17.3 36
For-hire truck 234 60.1 12,531 47.7 874 32.8 65 16.4 8 16.9 10.3 38.9 14.4 34.6
Private truck 86 22.1 5,761 21.9 249 9.3 41 33.8 5.9 45.8 8.7 47.1 12.5 17.5
Multiple modes S S - - S S S S S 21.5 - S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S - - S S S S S 21.5 - S S S
Other and unknown modes 68 17.5 S S S S 53 42 9 S S S S 35

SCTG2 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 6,551 100 9,078 100 353 100 35 27.7 - 23.4 - 36 - 30.1
Single modes 6,527 99.6 9,043 99.6 352 99.7 35 27.9 1.2 23.5 0.7 36.1 0.8 31.7
Truck6 6,527 99.6 9,043 99.6 352 99.7 35 27.9 1.2 23.5 0.7 36.1 0.8 31.7
For-hire truck 1,477 22.5 2,622 28.9 S S S 31.2 14.4 31.5 13.2 S S S
Private truck 5,050 77.1 6,420 70.7 164 46.5 28 31.3 10.7 26.6 10.4 28.8 14.5 13.4
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 15 S S S S S S 20.6

SCTG2 20-24, Basic chemicals, chemical, and pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 13,006 100 1,696 100 992 100 335 37.7 - 22 - 25.9 - 43.8
Single modes 10,205 78.5 1,625 95.8 897 90.4 84 48.5 9.3 21.9 2.5 28 7.7 22.4
Truck6 9,853 75.8 1,310 77.2 337 34 83 49.3 8.9 26 6.6 22.2 12.4 21
For-hire truck S S 445 26.2 259 26.1 S S S 22.1 8 27.6 12.1 S
Private truck 2,683 20.6 865 51 79 8 56 35.7 10.6 31.5 7.6 36.4 3.2 11.2
Rail 349 2.7 315 18.6 559 56.3 1,809 44.4 5.8 32.4 10.4 42.3 14.2 24.9
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,186 S S S S S S 47
Multiple modes 2,742 21.1 61 3.6 S S 1,032 40 9.5 34.1 2.4 S S 18.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 2,697 20.7 18 1.1 14 1.5 1,031 41 9.6 45.9 2.7 37.5 7.2 19.4
Truck and rail 8 0.1 S S S S 1,317 33.5 0.3 S S S S 48.4
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,006 S S S S S S 28.5
Other and unknown modes 59 0.5 S S 1 0.1 S 34.3 0.8 S S 40.7 - S

SCTG2 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 5,102 100 3,734 100 1,166 100 1,513 20.6 - 12.6 - 20 - 20.2
Single modes 3,406 66.8 3,561 95.4 1,031 88.4 217 10.8 7.3 13.6 1.9 21 3.8 15.7
Truck6 3,343 65.5 3,369 90.2 861 73.8 212 10.4 7.1 12.8 2.9 16.9 6.6 16.3
For-hire truck 1,290 25.3 1,373 36.8 651 55.8 842 13.2 3.4 15.3 4.3 22.3 5 17
Private truck 2,053 40.2 1,997 53.5 210 18 80 10.9 5.1 17.2 4.9 22.8 5.9 10.2
Rail S S S S 169 14.5 1,111 S S S S 40.4 4.6 30.5
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,441 S S S S S S 29.2
Multiple modes S S 85 2.3 128 11 1,815 S S 36.1 0.8 43.1 3.6 16.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 35 0.9 41 3.5 1,815 S S 34.7 0.4 43.8 1.2 16.1
Truck and rail 31 0.6 44 1.2 83 7.1 2,149 26.3 0.4 33.5 1.4 34.8 6.7 9.3
Truck and water S S 5 0.1 S S 2,508 S S 47 0.1 S S 20.9
Other and unknown modes 173 3.4 S S 7 0.6 880 31.5 1.5 S S 38.4 0.3 30.4

SCTG2 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 6,040 100 7,601 100 536 100 176 10.9 - 18.6 - 20.1 - 25.3
Single modes 4,996 82.7 7,447 98 507 94.6 91 12.3 3.7 18.6 0.6 21.1 2.4 31.5
Truck6 4,904 81.2 7,446 98 506 94.3 90 12.9 4 18.6 0.6 21.1 2.4 32
For-hire truck 1,686 27.9 1,192 15.7 242 45.1 438 18.2 4.9 35.5 7.4 28.2 8.6 24.8
Private truck 3,218 53.3 6,254 82.3 264 49.2 62 17.5 4.6 23 7.3 36 8.6 14.5
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 2,485 S S S S S S 5.4
Multiple modes 783 13 S S 27 5 382 27.1 2.9 S S 44.7 2.5 22.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 775 12.8 S S 14 2.7 381 27.2 2.9 S S 49 1.5 23
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water 5 0.1 S S S S 2,709 27.3 0.2 S S S S 1.2
Other and unknown modes 261 4.3 93 1.2 2 0.4 S 31.1 1.7 46 0.4 38.4 0.2 S

SCTG2 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 15,663 100 S S 421 100 1,098 37.4 - S S 49.7 - 14.4
Single modes 7,283 46.5 672 43.7 S S 819 40.2 5 42.6 10.2 S S 26.4
Truck6 6,095 38.9 660 42.9 S S 314 38.6 4.6 43.4 9.5 S S 37.1
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,077 S S S S S S 18.3
Private truck 2,637 16.8 257 16.7 S S S 24.3 4.7 30.6 5.7 S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S 12 0.8 S S 1,924 S S 49.6 2.2 S S 4.3
Multiple modes 7,775 49.6 74 4.8 109 26 1,445 39 5.5 28.8 9.2 44.5 11.4 9.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 7,772 49.6 74 4.8 109 26 1,463 39 5.5 28.9 9.2 44.5 11.4 8.4
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 10,820 100 4,453 100 1,079 100 400 16.9 - 26.5 - 30.1 - 28.1
Single modes 9,760 90.2 4,265 95.8 950 88.1 253 18.8 4.7 27.2 2.1 33.6 6.3 32.5
Truck6 9,664 89.3 3,939 88.5 693 64.3 252 18.7 4.5 24.9 2.6 24.1 7.9 32.7
For-hire truck 2,005 18.5 1,010 22.7 378 35 936 27.2 4.7 47.5 5.8 33.8 5.7 16.4
Private truck 7,660 70.8 2,930 65.8 316 29.2 100 20.6 5.2 27.4 6.6 28.2 8.2 14
Rail 94 0.9 S S S S 810 32.2 4.9 S S S S 33.9
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 981 9.1 178 4 S S 680 30.5 3.9 41.3 1.6 S S 32.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 942 8.7 40 0.9 25 2.3 670 30.3 3.8 45.2 0.7 35.2 4.9 32.6
Truck and rail 12 0.1 93 2.1 S S 824 2.5 0.5 10.8 6.1 S S 23.9
Truck and water 27 0.3 S S 23 2.1 2,656 35.2 0.3 S S 43.7 1.8 27.9
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S - 100 S S S S S 44.9 - S S S
Single modes S S - 90.4 S S S S S 31.9 5.3 S S S
Truck6 S S - 90.4 S S S S S 31.9 5.3 S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S - 89.6 S S 9 S S 31.8 5.8 S S 25.2
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
4 Coefficient of Variation.
5 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
6 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
7 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Dallas-Fort Worth, TX by Base metal and machinery (31-34) by Water has no data for any shipment characteristic therefore the entire row is not shown. Also, entire commodity groups are not present if there is no such data for that commodity group by area. For example, Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV (DC part) by Coal and petroleum products (15-19) has no data for any mode therefore the entire commodity group is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.