Table 8. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 8. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities5

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 66,589 100 63,705 100 9,994 100 695 11.4 - 12.7 - 15.4 - 12.5
Single modes 50,677 76.1 53,677 84.3 7,345 73.5 267 10.6 1.6 9.2 5.8 6.8 6.5 37.9
Truck6 48,779 73.3 52,641 82.6 5,936 59.4 170 10.6 2 9.8 5.8 9.4 7 30.7
For-hire truck 20,495 30.8 21,864 34.3 4,200 42 605 24.9 4.9 12.2 4.8 12.3 5 18.9
Private truck 28,284 42.5 30,777 48.3 1,735 17.4 69 11 4.5 16.3 5.9 15.9 4.4 10.7
Rail 563 0.8 949 1.5 1,200 12 1,344 34.5 0.5 34.7 0.9 25.9 3.8 13.9
Air (incl truck and air) 1,335 2 S S S S 1,921 46.3 0.7 S S S S 5.4
Multiple modes 14,290 21.5 876 1.4 1,017 10.2 1,277 20.6 2 14.7 0.3 16.6 1.7 6.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 13,773 20.7 237 0.4 224 2.2 1,279 21.3 2 20.5 0.1 26.9 0.7 6.8
Truck and rail 280 0.4 315 0.5 527 5.3 1,958 35.5 0.2 25.5 0.2 25.1 1.6 6.7
Truck and water 200 0.3 272 0.4 261 2.6 S 29.1 0.1 33.4 0.1 37.4 0.9 S
Other multiple modes 36 0.1 52 0.1 5 0.1 98 26.9 0.3 27.1 0.4 26.8 0.3 -
Other and unknown modes 1,623 2.4 S S S S S 26.6 0.7 S S S S S

SCTG2 02, Cereal grains

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 149 100 315 100 157 100 403 32.8 - 27.8 - 46.1 - 39.4
Single modes 133 89.2 304 96.7 146 93.4 389 33.5 6.4 27.6 1.7 45.5 2.7 40.2
Truck6 125 84 280 88.9 103 65.7 369 32.7 8 27.6 5.8 39.5 13 40.1
For-hire truck 118 78.9 265 84.2 101 64.6 511 35.6 10.9 30.9 9.7 40.9 11.7 29.4
Private truck S S S S S S 146 S S S S S S 21.2
Rail 8 5.2 24 7.7 43 27.7 1,798 21.3 3.1 15.7 11.3 17.6 9.4 32.6
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 03, Other agricultural products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,386 100 S S 651 100 S 27.9 - S S 40.8 - S
Single modes 1,262 91.1 S S 573 88 S 26.5 2.7 S S 46.1 10.3 S
Truck6 1,214 87.6 S S S S S 27.6 3.8 S S S S S
For-hire truck 410 29.6 134 3.8 171 26.3 973 40.5 10.7 32.3 14.6 49.5 13.5 27.9
Private truck 804 58 S S S S 61 33.9 11.3 S S S S 17.5
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S 28 0.8 S S 1,988 S S 41.5 9.7 S S 41.4
Truck and rail S S 26 0.7 S S 2,115 S S 18.1 16.1 S S 24.1
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 42 3 S S S S S 43 9 S S S S S

SCTG2 04, Animal feed and products of animal origin, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 23 100 S S 14 100 366 41.4 - S S 49.7 - 41.1
Single modes 15 62.3 S S 9 62.7 375 40 17.5 S S 34.7 16.2 40.5
Truck6 15 62.3 S S 9 62.7 375 40 17.5 S S 34.7 16.2 40.5
For-hire truck S S S S S S 840 S S S S S S 44.8
Private truck S S S S S S 127 S S S S S S 38.7
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 05, Meat, fish, seafood, and their preparations

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 766 100 227 100 17 100 66 31.9 - 25 - 38.8 - 21.5
Single modes 764 99.7 226 99.5 17 99.6 66 32 0.4 25.2 0.6 39 0.6 21.4
Truck6 764 99.7 226 99.5 17 99.6 66 32 0.4 25.2 0.6 39 0.6 21.4
Private truck 764 99.7 226 99.5 17 99.6 66 32 0.4 25.2 0.6 39 0.6 21.4
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 06, Milled grain products and preparations and bakery products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S 2,150 100 851 100 1,182 S S 42.7 - 29.1 - 26.2
Single modes S S 1,878 87.4 553 65 129 S S 46.8 6.9 33.2 11 40.7
Truck6 S S 1,832 85.2 473 55.6 121 S S 48 7.1 36.5 11.1 37.4
For-hire truck 289 13.6 675 31.4 362 42.5 797 29.5 8.1 30.1 8 27.7 8 21.8
Private truck S S S S S S 50 S S S S S S 42.6
Rail 21 1 46 2.2 S S 1,775 22.2 11.6 25 10.7 S S 3.3
Multiple modes 222 10.5 267 12.4 298 35 1,670 31.5 12.6 31.4 9.6 31.9 13.4 22.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,676 S S S S S S 37.9
Truck and rail 35 1.7 80 3.7 183 21.5 2,384 35.6 1.8 32.4 2.1 34.3 11.6 7.2
Truck and water 73 3.4 126 5.9 S S 1,206 45.4 4.1 47.3 4.6 S S 45.8
Other multiple modes 36 1.7 52 2.4 5 0.6 98 26.9 16.7 27.1 9.5 26.8 1.5 -
Other and unknown modes 11 0.5 5 0.2 S S S 48.4 11.5 40.6 10.4 S S S

SCTG2 07, Other prepared foodstuffs and fats and oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 3,737 100 2,517 100 1,040 100 377 27 - 22.9 - 20.2 - 35.2
Single modes 3,285 87.9 2,302 91.5 844 81.2 216 27 5.7 25 3.4 24.6 6.6 49.6
Truck6 3,255 87.1 2,256 89.6 754 72.5 215 27.2 5.6 25.4 4.3 27.2 8.8 48.9
For-hire truck 2,087 55.9 1,081 43 680 65.3 1,032 43.9 9.2 36.9 8.5 30.6 9.5 13.4
Private truck 1,168 31.3 1,175 46.7 74 7.1 S 39.7 10.8 38.4 9.8 46.8 3.1 S
Rail 30 0.8 46 1.8 90 8.7 1,938 7.9 2 10.4 4.3 12.8 9.6 3.2
Multiple modes S S 81 3.2 166 15.9 1,445 S S 35.5 1.8 29.3 5.9 14.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,407 S S S S S S 15.4
Truck and rail 114 3.1 49 2 106 10.2 2,143 46 2.7 26.1 4 30 12.2 6.9
Truck and water S S 29 1.1 56 5.4 1,906 S S 35.3 0.5 23.9 3.3 17.9
Other and unknown modes S S 134 5.3 30 2.9 S S S 48.1 8.9 44.4 6.1 S

SCTG2 08, Alcoholic beverages

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 790 100 522 100 S S S 37.2 - 33.5 - S S S
Single modes 789 99.8 521 100 S S S 37.2 0.1 33.5 - S S S
Truck6 789 99.8 521 100 S S S 37.2 0.1 33.5 - S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 526 66.5 422 81 S S 28 39.3 13.8 38 10.1 S S 9.3
Multiple modes S S - - S S S S S 45.7 - S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S - - S S S S S 45.7 - S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 09, Tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 10, Calcareous monumental or building stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 9 S S S S S S 25.8
Single modes S S S S S S 9 S S S S S S 25.8
Truck6 S S S S S S 9 S S S S S S 25.8
Private truck S S S S S S 9 S S S S S S 25.8

SCTG2 11, Natural sands

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 47 100 S S S S S 37.5 - S S S S S
Single modes 28 59.6 S S S S S 25.8 15 S S S S S
Truck6 28 59.6 S S S S S 25.8 15 S S S S S
For-hire truck 8 17.5 S S S S S 14.6 17.5 S S S S S
Private truck 20 42 S S S S 50 36.5 15.7 S S S S 22.4
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 12, Gravel and crushed stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 300 100 17,326 100 972 100 51 18.4 - 15.7 - 25.4 - 29.8
Single modes 257 85.6 16,067 92.7 896 92.2 50 14 4.9 16.5 3.9 26.2 4.9 29.8
Truck6 257 85.6 16,067 92.7 896 92.2 50 14 4.9 16.5 3.9 26.2 4.9 29.8
For-hire truck 214 71.2 11,877 68.5 727 74.8 55 16.3 6.5 17.5 7.5 34.2 10.1 29.7
Private truck 43 14.4 4,191 24.2 S S 39 39.6 7.1 49.5 8.3 S S 17.6
Other and unknown modes S S 1,259 7.3 S S 55 S S 33.5 9.5 S S 48.9

SCTG2 13, Nonmetallic minerals nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S 48 S S S S S S 28.2
Multiple modes S S - 0.1 S S S S S 21.5 0.2 S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S - 0.1 S S S S S 21.5 0.2 S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 14, Metallic ores and concentrates

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 17, Gasoline and aviation turbine fuel

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 5,640 100 7,127 100 181 100 28 31.4 - 29.5 - 29.4 - 10.6
Single modes 5,640 100 7,127 100 181 100 28 31.4 - 29.5 - 29.4 - 10.6
Truck6 5,640 100 7,127 100 181 100 28 31.4 - 29.5 - 29.4 - 10.6
For-hire truck 1,111 19.7 1,832 25.7 44 24.5 28 36.9 14.4 38.9 13.3 43 14.4 16
Private truck 4,529 80.3 5,294 74.3 137 75.5 29 31.9 6.9 29.5 7.3 29.9 8.1 12.8

SCTG2 18, Fuel oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 515 100 697 100 20 100 33 31.5 - 31.4 - 47.6 - 18.2
Single modes 515 100 697 100 20 100 34 31.5 - 31.4 - 47.6 - 17.7
Truck6 515 100 697 100 20 100 34 31.5 - 31.4 - 47.6 - 17.7
For-hire truck 227 44.1 302 43.4 7 35.9 29 32.7 13.1 32.6 12.9 36.8 12.2 30.3
Private truck 288 55.9 394 56.6 S S 39 38.9 12 37.7 11.6 S S 22.8
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 19, Coal and petroleum products, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 396 100 1,254 100 S S 42 49.7 - 49.6 - S S 40.4
Single modes S S 1,219 97.2 S S 44 S S 50 2 S S 44.2
Truck6 S S 1,219 97.2 S S 44 S S 50 2 S S 44.2
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S 732 58.3 S S 27 S S 24.9 14.7 S S 11.8
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 16 S S S S S S 19.7

SCTG2 20, Basic chemicals

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 398 100 253 100 S S S 41.5 - 47.5 - S S S
Single modes 384 96.5 244 96.7 520 98.1 S 39.9 1.6 45.9 1.3 49.2 1 S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,012 S S S S S S 14.1
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Rail 314 79.1 222 87.9 503 94.9 2,259 27.5 10.3 19.5 8 18.1 5.2 1.7
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water 8 2 5 2 3 0.6 609 42.4 0.9 28.4 0.8 28.4 0.2 -
Other and unknown modes 2 0.4 - 0.1 - - 15 10.2 0.8 1.7 0.1 49.6 - 46.8

SCTG2 21, Pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 9,852 100 59 100 26 100 S 49.8 - 41 - 25 - S
Single modes S S 47 79.9 17 62.7 S S S 47.5 13.8 31.5 16.8 S
Truck6 S S 47 79.8 16 62.4 S S S 47.6 13.7 32 16.7 S
For-hire truck S S S S 15 56.8 S S S S S 34 18.8 S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,817 S S S S S S 24.8
Multiple modes S S S S 10 36.9 1,135 S S S S 38.4 18.5 28.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S 10 36.9 1,135 S S S S 38.4 18.5 28.1
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 22, Fertilizers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 137 100 435 100 103 100 S 7.8 - 6.2 - 27.4 - S
Single modes 133 96.8 425 97.7 102 99.6 S 7.4 2.1 6.8 1.9 27.4 0.3 S
Truck6 99 71.9 332 76.3 47 45.3 S 15.1 8.9 13.7 7.9 21.3 16.6 S
For-hire truck 66 48.5 229 52.6 39 37.5 168 15.9 9.9 15.2 9.9 28.6 13.2 21.1
Private truck S S S S 8 7.8 S S S S S 39.4 18.6 S
Rail 34 25 93 21.4 56 54.2 612 23.5 8.2 23.1 6.9 32 14.5 23.6
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 23, Chemical products and preparations, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 343 100 S S S S S 45.2 - S S S S S
Single modes 320 93.3 S S S S 111 47.3 7.8 S S S S 44.7
Truck6 320 93.3 S S S S 111 47.3 7.8 S S S S 44.7
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,192 S S S S S S 30.5
Private truck S S S S S S 43 S S S S S S 23.8
Multiple modes 22 6.4 S S S S S 39 8.1 S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 16 4.8 1 0.8 S S S 48.1 8.3 40.3 2.9 S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 1 0.3 S S S S 24 43.9 5.3 S S S S 37.7

SCTG2 24, Plastics and rubber

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,277 100 766 100 282 100 197 20.8 - 31.1 - 42.2 - 22.3
Single modes 2,054 90.2 733 95.8 226 80 99 21.3 2.2 30.2 1.3 38.2 6.1 27.1
Truck6 2,052 90.1 733 95.8 226 79.9 98 21.3 2.2 30.2 1.3 38.2 6 27
For-hire truck 476 20.9 167 21.8 180 63.9 S 29.9 7.4 32.8 9.9 46 13.6 S
Private truck 1,576 69.2 566 74 45 16 56 26 8.7 34.1 10 43.8 14.6 14.8
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 181 7.9 S S S S 725 37.5 1.9 S S S S 21.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 154 6.8 5 0.6 S S 717 38.2 1.8 49.3 0.6 S S 22.6
Truck and rail 2 0.1 S S S S S 35.7 0.2 S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 42 1.9 S S S S 82 45.2 2.6 S S S S 24.8

SCTG2 25, Logs and other wood in the rough

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S 49 100 6 100 91 S S 32.5 - 48.7 - 34.6
Single modes S S 43 87.4 6 98 111 S S 10.2 12.6 24.5 2 7
Truck6 S S 43 87.4 6 98 111 S S 10.2 12.6 24.5 2 7
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 26, Wood products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,201 100 3,113 100 962 100 229 12.5 - 14.8 - 23.9 - 18.3
Single modes 2,107 95.7 2,993 96.1 875 90.9 232 13.6 2.6 15.9 2.3 25.3 4.5 17.4
Truck6 2,046 93 2,801 90 705 73.2 229 12.6 2.7 15.1 3.5 21.3 6.9 17.3
For-hire truck 618 28.1 1,046 33.6 514 53.4 925 17.8 3.6 18.9 4.7 28.4 5.3 19.5
Private truck 1,429 64.9 1,754 56.4 191 19.8 92 13.6 4 19.9 5.3 26.2 6.1 14.2
Rail S S S S 169 17.6 1,111 S S S S 40.4 5 30.5
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 22 1 48 1.5 84 8.8 1,105 38.9 0.4 45.1 0.8 49.1 4.8 28.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1 0.1 S S - - S 48 - S S 41.1 - S
Truck and rail 18 0.8 43 1.4 80 8.3 1,968 28.3 0.9 36 1.9 37.8 10.8 10
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,494 S S S S S S 27.8
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 42 S S S S S S 21.2

SCTG2 27, Pulp, newsprint, paper, and paperboard

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S 353 S S S S S S 34
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 28, Paper or paperboard articles

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 410 100 214 100 33 100 S 27.5 - 25.2 - 15.6 - S
Single modes 393 95.7 211 98.7 33 98.9 S 27.1 1.8 25.3 0.8 15.9 0.6 S
Truck6 391 95.2 211 98.7 33 98.9 S 27.4 1.9 25.3 0.8 15.9 0.6 S
For-hire truck 275 67 164 76.5 31 93.2 S 33.7 9.5 30.1 7.5 16.3 2.7 S
Private truck 116 28.2 48 22.2 2 5.7 37 41.6 8.7 41 7.2 41 2.4 23.3
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 29, Printed products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,946 100 148 100 S S 1,790 50 - 35.6 - S S 17
Single modes 462 23.8 107 72.6 S S 375 28.7 10.9 36.1 8.8 S S 44.1
Truck6 462 23.7 107 72.6 S S 375 28.7 10.9 36.1 8.8 S S 44.2
For-hire truck 279 14.3 74 50.1 S S 832 29.7 8.4 45.1 8.7 S S 30.8
Private truck 183 9.4 33 22.4 3 2.3 28 20 11.3 35.3 10.2 39 4.7 42.7
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 519 S S S S S S 10.3
Multiple modes S S 34 23.1 43 33.9 1,838 S S 36.7 13.7 44.6 15.1 16.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 33 22.3 40 31.7 1,838 S S 37.2 13.9 44 15.7 16.2
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 77 4 6 4.4 S S 1,312 28.7 4.9 33.6 2.5 S S 37.5

SCTG2 30, Textiles, leather, and articles of textiles or leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 478 100 115 100 13 100 S 33.3 - 37.6 - 27.4 - S
Single modes 383 80 112 97.9 12 93.7 S 28.1 5.5 38.1 5.1 27.6 12 S
Truck6 383 80 112 97.9 12 93.7 S 28.1 5.5 38.1 5.1 27.6 12 S
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,168 S S S S S S 19.8
Private truck 277 57.8 109 94.6 9 70.4 76 41.3 13.1 39 14.2 41 16.7 21.5
Multiple modes S S 2 1.9 S S 1,050 S S 47.5 5.8 S S 30.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S - 1.4 1,050 S S S S 44.9 13.7 30.4
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 31, Nonmetallic mineral products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 879 100 6,462 100 388 100 69 10.4 - 21.4 - 24.8 - 14.8
Single modes 858 97.6 6,408 99.2 376 96.9 62 10.8 0.8 21.4 0.6 25.8 2.6 15.6
Truck6 858 97.6 6,408 99.2 376 96.9 62 10.8 0.8 21.4 0.6 25.8 2.7 15.6
For-hire truck 272 31 S S 155 39.9 318 25.6 7.4 S S 33 9.1 25.6
Private truck 585 66.6 5,601 86.7 221 57 52 11.8 7 25.6 7.9 43.7 10.1 11.1
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 13 1.5 S S S S 713 42.5 1.2 S S S S 43.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S - - - - 672 S S 28.3 - 38.5 - 46.3
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 8 1 S S S S S 26.5 0.7 S S S S S

SCTG2 32, Base metal in prim. or semifin. forms & in finished basic shapes

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S 472 100 46 100 107 S S 26.2 - 34.8 - 24
Single modes 1,162 86.1 421 89.3 38 83.1 80 48 4.9 23.2 4.6 28.8 5.4 24.8
Truck6 1,161 86.1 421 89.3 38 83.1 80 48 4.9 23.2 4.6 28.8 5.4 23.7
For-hire truck 118 8.7 S S 12 26.9 695 46.4 12.1 S S 45.1 14.6 37.3
Private truck S S 369 78.1 26 56.2 77 S S 27.6 8.5 34.9 10.7 20.4
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S - 0.3 S S S S S 35.5 8.2 S

SCTG2 33, Articles of base metal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,390 100 493 100 44 100 333 28.6 - 29.8 - 33.8 - 26.3
Single modes 974 70 462 93.8 40 91.3 S 31.6 8.1 30.2 4.9 33.5 3.4 S
Truck6 974 70 462 93.8 40 91.3 S 31.6 8.1 30.2 4.9 33.5 3.4 S
For-hire truck 338 24.3 254 51.6 27 61.7 S 24.2 5.5 30.4 9 39.7 10.5 S
Private truck 636 45.7 208 42.2 13 29.6 59 41.4 8.4 36.7 8.3 46.1 9.3 22.4
Air (incl truck and air) S S - - - - 2,568 S S 23.4 - 23.4 0.1 -
Multiple modes S S 9 1.8 S S 523 S S 46.6 1.9 S S 18.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 9 1.8 S S 523 S S 46.6 1.9 S S 18.8
Other and unknown modes 85 6.1 S S - 0.5 26 35.6 5.7 S S 43.4 1.4 21.2

SCTG2 34, Machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,422 100 174 100 59 100 213 15.8 - 20.5 - 30.7 - 33.9
Single modes 2,003 82.7 156 89.4 53 90.7 S 20.8 6.1 23.8 5.6 32.8 7.2 S
Truck6 1,911 78.9 155 89.1 52 88.4 S 22.9 7.9 23.8 5.6 34.2 9.1 S
For-hire truck 957 39.5 79 45.4 48 81 441 22.8 6.1 31.2 7.4 36.3 9.7 42.7
Private truck 954 39.4 76 43.7 4 7.4 32 31.3 6.9 33.8 8 43.2 3.6 22.8
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 2,496 S S S S S S 15.4
Multiple modes 290 12 10 5.9 5 8.3 378 25.7 4.2 34.3 3.3 31.3 6.4 25.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 284 11.7 10 5.6 3 5.9 376 26.7 4.2 39.2 3.3 33.7 5.2 26.8
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water 3 0.1 S S S S 2,735 42.3 0.8 S S S S 1.4
Other and unknown modes 129 5.3 S S S S 42 31.1 2.7 S S S S 24.2

SCTG2 35, Electronic & other electrical equip & components & office equip

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 12,197 100 S S S S 1,249 48.6 - S S S S 13.1
Single modes S S 176 17.8 S S 1,067 S S 40.3 14.8 S S 23.2
Truck6 S S 164 16.6 S S 459 S S 40.4 13.2 S S 29.2
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,123 S S S S S S 20.6
Private truck 1,093 9 74 7.4 3 0.8 S 39.9 4.9 38.2 11.1 28.4 0.7 S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,924 S S S S S S 7.5
Multiple modes 6,690 54.8 64 6.4 100 30.5 1,495 46.2 5.9 35.2 11.7 49.5 11.7 11.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 6,687 54.8 64 6.4 100 30.5 1,516 46.2 5.9 35.4 11.6 49.5 11.7 10.4
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 169 1.4 S S S S S 44.9 1.5 S S S S S

SCTG2 36, Motorized and other vehicles (including parts)

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,261 100 S S S S 224 24.3 - S S S S 23.3
Single modes 1,643 72.7 S S S S 50 33.2 10.1 S S S S 35.7
Truck6 1,642 72.6 S S S S 45 33.2 10.1 S S S S 39.9
For-hire truck 160 7.1 S S S S S 31.8 13 S S S S S
Private truck 1,481 65.5 180 40.8 S S 23 35.8 11 42.3 13 S S 12.4
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 834 S S S S S S 22.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 834 S S S S S S 22.8
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 32 S S S S S S 26.8

SCTG2 37, Transportation equipment, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 318 100 S S S S 887 28.5 - S S S S 21.4
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 1 0.2 S S S S S 38.3 0.7 S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,020 S S S S S S 29.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,020 S S S S S S 29.2

SCTG2 38, Precision instruments and apparatus

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 888 100 5 100 5 100 1,314 25.9 - 28.7 - 28.4 - 15.9
Single modes 150 16.8 4 64.8 S S 312 34.2 11.9 35.5 15.9 S S 36
Truck6 142 15.9 4 64.4 S S 280 34.5 11.6 35.5 15.9 S S 29.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 62 7 2 40.8 S S 70 35.7 12.8 40.3 15.1 S S 33.1
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,353 S S S S S S 24.7
Multiple modes 738 83.1 2 35 3 71.7 1,391 30.9 10.8 34 15.7 39.5 13.7 15.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 738 83.1 2 35 3 71.7 1,391 30.9 10.8 34 15.7 39.5 13.7 15.9
Other and unknown modes - - S S S S 6 33.9 - S S S S 27.7

SCTG2 39, Furniture, mattresses & mattress supports, lamps, lighting

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 502 100 100 100 24 100 315 20.5 - 25.8 - 20.4 - 26.5
Single modes 494 98.5 99 99 23 96.8 188 20.5 0.5 26 1.2 20 1.4 42.7
Truck6 494 98.4 99 99 23 96.7 187 20.5 0.5 26 1.2 20 1.4 43
For-hire truck 162 32.3 55 54.4 19 80 S 19.3 3.4 35.1 6.7 14.9 5.6 S
Private truck 332 66.1 45 44.6 4 16.7 87 20.9 5.7 21.2 9.7 35.1 12.9 18.3
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 6 1.1 S S S S 1,753 36.7 0.7 S S S S 24
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 6 1.1 S S S S 1,753 36.7 0.7 S S S S 24
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 40, Miscellaneous manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,052 100 159 100 41 100 1,055 24.7 - 21.8 - 22.2 - 16.6
Single modes 592 56.3 152 95.3 36 86.3 426 17.8 10.2 23.7 4.1 26.9 6.4 23.6
Truck6 591 56.1 152 95.2 36 86.1 421 17.9 10.3 23.7 4.2 27 6.6 24.1
For-hire truck 307 29.2 51 32.3 23 56.5 1,036 14.3 6.3 12.3 8.7 28 6.9 12
Private truck 284 27 100 62.9 12 29.5 87 29 7.3 34 10.5 40.6 7.3 27.1
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S 5 3.1 S S 1,613 S S 38.9 2.7 S S 11.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 5 3.1 S S 1,613 S S 38.9 2.7 S S 11.9
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 41, Waste and scrap

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 353 100 1,913 100 621 100 S 35.2 - 34.4 - 34.5 - S
Single modes 333 94.2 1,782 93.2 536 86.3 209 33.5 5.8 31.9 5 39.5 13.6 25.2
Truck6 239 67.5 1,456 76.1 279 45 169 23.4 7.2 25.7 4.1 22.2 12.1 29.8
For-hire truck 99 28.1 649 34 204 32.9 336 36.1 14.5 45.1 15.8 40.7 16.2 35
Private truck 139 39.5 S S S S 79 48.3 13.1 S S S S 28.1
Rail 94 26.7 S S S S 810 32.2 16.2 S S S S 33.9
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail 12 3.4 93 4.9 S S 824 2.5 10.3 10.8 9.8 S S 23.9
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 43, Mixed freight

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 8,912 100 2,280 100 393 100 347 19.1 - 23.1 - 30.2 - 30.2
Single modes 8,341 93.6 2,232 97.9 356 90.4 247 20.3 4.6 23.3 1.7 30.9 5.8 38.4
Truck6 8,341 93.6 2,232 97.9 356 90.4 247 20.3 4.6 23.3 1.7 30.9 5.8 38.4
For-hire truck 1,436 16.1 S S S S 1,020 34.1 5.6 S S S S 19.6
Private truck 6,905 77.5 1,978 86.7 224 57.1 101 21.7 5.8 22.9 3.3 24.5 8.3 14
Multiple modes 523 5.9 41 1.8 37 9.5 S 44.8 3.8 44.3 0.9 37 5.7 S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 506 5.7 S S 19 4.8 S 46.3 3.8 S S 41 5.5 S
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,840 S S S S S S 1.1
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S - 100 S S S S S 44.9 - S S S
Single modes S S - 90.4 S S S S S 31.9 5.3 S S S
Truck6 S S - 90.4 S S S S S 31.9 5.3 S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S - 89.6 S S 9 S S 31.8 5.8 S S 25.2
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
4 Coefficient of Variation.
5 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
6 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
7 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Orlando-Deltona-Daytona Beach, FL by Alcoholic Beverages (08) by Air has no data for any cell therefore the entire row is not shown. Also, two-digit commodities are not present if there is no such data for an entire commodity by area. For example, Pittsburgh-New Castle, PA by Cereal Grains (02) has no data for any mode therefore the entire commodity is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.