Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 88,738 100 79,908 100 25,230 100 17.9 - 17.6 - 26.8 -
Less than 50 miles 27,437 30.9 42,962 53.8 762 3 10.6 3.7 25.5 6.5 24.4 1.5
50 - 99 miles 3,431 3.9 3,483 4.4 326 1.3 13.8 0.8 18.1 1 19.9 0.5
100 - 249 miles 7,053 7.9 13,151 16.5 2,994 11.9 12 0.9 42.1 4.6 42.9 2.7
250 - 499 miles 8,267 9.3 7,531 9.4 3,929 15.6 7.7 1.1 16 2.3 17.3 2.6
500 - 749 miles 12,364 13.9 4,695 5.9 3,808 15.1 16.4 0.7 17.9 1.1 18.8 2.6
750 - 999 miles 1,707 1.9 2,065 2.6 2,410 9.6 12.8 0.4 37.9 0.8 36.1 2.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 15,855 17.9 3,637 4.6 6,066 24 48.4 3.3 45.5 1.2 46.4 4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 11,409 12.9 2,235 2.8 4,568 18.1 47.2 2.4 45.9 0.7 44.8 4.6
More than 2,000 miles 1,215 1.4 149 0.2 367 1.5 18.9 0.2 39.8 0.1 39.6 0.7

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 69,906 100 76,573 100 22,351 100 18.7 - 18.1 - 26.6 -
Less than 50 miles 25,552 36.6 42,774 55.9 759 3.4 11.3 4 25.6 6.3 24.5 1.5
50 - 99 miles 2,992 4.3 3,355 4.4 314 1.4 15.4 0.9 17.9 1.1 20.1 0.5
100 - 249 miles 6,326 9 13,086 17.1 2,982 13.3 13.3 1.1 42.3 4.7 43 2.8
250 - 499 miles 6,689 9.6 5,882 7.7 3,070 13.7 8.9 1.2 11 1.5 13.7 2.5
500 - 749 miles 9,229 13.2 4,253 5.6 3,406 15.2 22.4 0.7 17 1.2 17.7 2.9
750 - 999 miles 1,125 1.6 1,975 2.6 2,296 10.3 19.6 0.4 40 0.9 38.2 2.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S 3,208 4.2 5,346 23.9 S S 45.5 1.1 47.3 4.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S 1,954 2.6 3,973 17.8 S S 48.9 0.7 48.1 5.3
More than 2,000 miles 350 0.5 86 0.1 204 0.9 17.4 0.1 46.1 - 45 0.7

Truck4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 50,770 100 54,008 100 8,879 100 8.7 - 20.6 - 13.2 -
Less than 50 miles 22,506 44.3 37,785 70 731 8.2 10.7 2.4 27.2 5.1 25.1 1.8
50 - 99 miles 2,829 5.6 3,121 5.8 298 3.4 16.4 0.9 17 1.3 20.1 0.7
100 - 249 miles 5,860 11.5 4,059 7.5 898 10.1 14.6 1.2 17.1 1.5 18.2 1.4
250 - 499 miles 6,347 12.5 4,513 8.4 2,128 24 9.6 0.9 10.2 1.6 10.5 2.4
500 - 749 miles 7,460 14.7 2,978 5.5 2,266 25.5 17.6 1.3 19.6 1.2 19.7 2
750 - 999 miles 686 1.4 307 0.6 364 4.1 17.5 0.2 29.3 0.1 28.7 0.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 3,312 6.5 774 1.4 1,222 13.8 18.2 0.9 19.4 0.4 19.8 1.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,564 3.1 395 0.7 796 9 19 0.8 25.3 0.2 25.5 1.4
More than 2,000 miles 207 0.4 S S S S 23.9 0.1 S S S S

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 27,780 100 17,959 100 7,080 100 12.3 - 18.4 - 14.4 -
Less than 50 miles 5,476 19.7 7,363 41 113 1.6 21.5 3.1 35.9 7 22.5 0.5
50 - 99 miles 930 3.3 1,086 6 S S 35.1 1.1 48.7 1.8 S S
100 - 249 miles 3,498 12.6 1,830 10.2 404 5.7 21.2 1.6 21.2 1.4 22.8 0.6
250 - 499 miles 4,717 17 3,158 17.6 1,633 23.1 8.2 1.7 9.1 4.3 10.4 3.5
500 - 749 miles 7,392 26.6 2,970 16.5 2,260 31.9 17.7 1.6 19.7 2.1 19.8 2
750 - 999 miles 685 2.5 307 1.7 364 5.1 17.5 0.4 29.3 0.4 28.7 1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 3,312 11.9 774 4.3 1,222 17.3 18.2 1.5 19.4 0.9 19.8 1.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,564 5.6 395 2.2 796 11.2 19 1.7 25.3 0.5 25.5 1.8
More than 2,000 miles 207 0.7 S S S S 23.9 0.2 S S S S

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 22,990 100 36,049 100 1,799 100 7.6 - 25.2 - 15.6 -
Less than 50 miles 17,030 74.1 30,421 84.4 618 34.4 9.7 3.2 28.8 4.2 27.5 5.5
50 - 99 miles 1,899 8.3 2,035 5.6 186 10.3 21.3 2.1 16.9 2 18.7 2.5
100 - 249 miles 2,362 10.3 2,229 6.2 494 27.5 11.1 1.2 14.9 1.6 15.7 3.9
250 - 499 miles 1,630 7.1 1,355 3.8 494 27.5 21.2 1.2 26.6 1.3 25.6 4.3
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S 17,757 100 13,247 100 S S 46.4 - 41.7 -
Less than 50 miles 319 2.2 899 5.1 10 0.1 39.2 2 34.8 6.2 49 -
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S 1,311 7.4 926 7 S S 36.4 4.7 36.9 3.3
500 - 749 miles S S 1,019 5.7 1,006 7.6 S S 39.1 3.6 39.5 4.8
750 - 999 miles S S 1,667 9.4 1,931 14.6 S S 45.6 2.9 43.8 4.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 2 - 9 0.1 25 0.2 43.1 3.8 49.9 3.2 50 5.9

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,212 100 10 100 13 100 18.4 - 19.4 - 12.9 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles S S - 2 - 0.7 S S 32.1 1.3 33.2 0.4
500 - 749 miles 427 35.3 4 42.4 3 21.7 17.3 6.6 49.1 8.7 45.2 7.3
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 368 30.4 3 28.2 5 36.4 34.1 5.1 28.9 8.4 30.4 8.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 182 15 2 15.5 3 23.1 23.4 2.5 40.4 5.8 41.4 7.7
More than 2,000 miles 141 11.6 S S S S 28 4.7 S S S S

Pipeline5

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 3,236 100 4,797 100 S S 31.9 - 28.9 - S S
Less than 50 miles 2,727 84.3 4,090 85.3 S S 22.3 7.3 18.6 7 S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 127 3.9 173 3.6 S S 19.7 2.4 21.7 2.7 S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 15,993 100 2,741 100 2,530 100 15.2 - 36.1 - 30.6 -
Less than 50 miles 1,417 8.9 32 1.2 1 - 20.5 2.3 23.7 1.8 27.4 0.1
50 - 99 miles 357 2.2 9 0.3 1 - 23.7 0.6 18.4 0.6 18.5 0.1
100 - 249 miles 641 4 20 0.7 5 0.2 22.4 1.2 29.9 2.2 30.9 0.8
250 - 499 miles 1,394 8.7 S S S S 12.9 1.6 S S S S
500 - 749 miles 3,027 18.9 370 13.5 347 13.7 15.7 2 30.6 6.4 31.8 5.8
750 - 999 miles 565 3.5 S S S S 15.2 0.6 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 3,766 23.5 385 14 642 25.4 34.3 4.3 48.6 3.9 42.9 3.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles 4,074 25.5 225 8.2 476 18.8 26.5 2.9 47.4 2.7 42.7 3.7
More than 2,000 miles 751 4.7 S S S S 28.3 0.6 S S S S

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 12,878 100 275 100 302 100 16.2 - 19.1 - 24.4 -
Less than 50 miles 1,416 11 31 11.4 1 0.2 20.5 2.3 24.5 3.8 28.7 0.1
50 - 99 miles 356 2.8 8 2.8 1 0.3 23.9 0.6 21.8 0.6 22.1 0.1
100 - 249 miles 641 5 20 7.1 5 1.5 22.4 1.3 29.9 1.9 30.9 0.7
250 - 499 miles 1,310 10.2 32 11.5 15 5.1 13.4 1.3 15.3 1.7 17 1
500 - 749 miles 2,778 21.6 54 19.7 41 13.7 18.5 1.6 20.9 1.6 20.4 1.3
750 - 999 miles 554 4.3 14 5 17 5.6 15.4 0.8 19.1 0.7 20.6 1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,069 16.1 47 17.1 73 24.3 19.7 0.9 32.4 1.9 32.5 1.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles 3,054 23.7 56 20.2 116 38.3 26.6 2.7 25.1 2.5 25.2 3.1
More than 2,000 miles 699 5.4 14 5.1 34 11.1 31.6 0.7 29.2 0.7 28.9 1.7

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S 2,448 100 2,149 100 S S 41.7 - 37.7 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles 178 6.1 311 12.7 294 13.7 33.3 13.4 36.4 12.1 36.1 11
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S 10 100 33 100 S S 44.3 - 45.8 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Other multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles 468 16.5 156 26.2 S S 24.7 11.8 43.7 14.4 S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 102 3.6 S S S S 32.1 5.8 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any mileage group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the mileage group of "More than 2,000 miles" but does have data for the other mileage groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.