Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 85,066 100 117,764 100 10,865 100 33.1 - 19 - 21.8 -
Less than 50 miles 44,073 51.8 82,110 69.7 1,676 15.4 44.4 6.9 18.9 3.2 26.9 2.8
50 - 99 miles 5,336 6.3 7,727 6.6 667 6.1 14 1.3 18.2 1.7 18.9 1.8
100 - 249 miles 16,269 19.1 23,220 19.7 5,132 47.2 34.1 2.7 33.3 3.3 36.3 6.9
250 - 499 miles 9,017 10.6 2,835 2.4 1,044 9.6 42.1 2.5 23.9 0.7 22.3 3
500 - 749 miles 1,615 1.9 325 0.3 243 2.2 48.4 0.9 26.2 0.1 27.7 0.5
750 - 999 miles 1,537 1.8 464 0.4 488 4.5 24.1 0.5 34.9 0.3 34.9 1.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles 5,794 6.8 915 0.8 1,284 11.8 37.9 2.8 29.5 0.4 29.5 3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,404 1.7 166 0.1 325 3 30.9 0.6 31.2 0.1 29.9 1
More than 2,000 miles 19 - S S S S 46.6 - S S S S

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 54,850 100 114,734 100 10,428 100 20.2 - 19.3 - 22.8 -
Less than 50 miles 24,173 44.1 79,664 69.4 1,651 15.8 23.3 6.2 18.7 3 27.1 2.9
50 - 99 miles 5,064 9.2 7,696 6.7 665 6.4 15.7 1 18.4 1.7 19.1 2
100 - 249 miles 14,849 27.1 22,903 20 5,049 48.4 37.7 3.9 33.9 3.3 37.1 7
250 - 499 miles 7,505 13.7 2,812 2.5 1,034 9.9 49.7 3.3 24 0.7 22.4 3.4
500 - 749 miles 591 1.1 289 0.3 218 2.1 18.4 0.2 26.9 0.1 28.1 0.5
750 - 999 miles 592 1.1 417 0.4 436 4.2 15.2 0.2 39.2 0.3 39.5 1.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,618 2.9 819 0.7 1,119 10.7 18.2 0.9 32 0.4 33 3.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles 458 0.8 134 0.1 255 2.4 33.1 0.4 35.7 0.1 34.2 0.7
More than 2,000 miles - - S S S S 25.9 - S S S S

Truck4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 54,331 100 102,370 100 7,471 100 20.5 - 16.9 - 17 -
Less than 50 miles 24,165 44.5 78,168 76.4 1,634 21.9 23.3 6.3 18.2 3.2 26.7 3.2
50 - 99 miles 5,061 9.3 7,693 7.5 664 8.9 15.8 1 18.4 1.6 19.1 1.7
100 - 249 miles 14,748 27.1 12,678 12.4 2,412 32.3 38 3.9 19.6 1.6 18.5 2.7
250 - 499 miles S S 2,258 2.2 835 11.2 S S 25.8 0.4 24.4 2
500 - 749 miles 580 1.1 274 0.3 201 2.7 19.1 0.2 26.8 0.1 27.5 0.5
750 - 999 miles 584 1.1 401 0.4 421 5.6 15.3 0.2 39.8 0.3 40 1.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,549 2.9 765 0.7 1,050 14 19.1 0.9 33.8 0.4 34.6 3.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles 442 0.8 134 0.1 255 3.4 34.9 0.4 35.7 0.1 34.2 0.7
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 19,696 100 67,082 100 5,604 100 26.5 - 28.5 - 23.1 -
Less than 50 miles 9,201 46.7 51,070 76.1 1,132 20.2 48.2 9.9 30.6 7.5 40.8 4.4
50 - 99 miles 1,248 6.3 4,784 7.1 397 7.1 27.8 1.8 24.2 2 25.5 1.3
100 - 249 miles 3,300 16.8 7,996 11.9 1,520 27.1 23.3 2.9 32.4 3 30.3 3.9
250 - 499 miles 2,813 14.3 1,671 2.5 638 11.4 34.3 4 34.8 2.3 32.1 3.4
500 - 749 miles 573 2.9 263 0.4 194 3.5 19.6 1 28.7 0.6 29.2 1.1
750 - 999 miles 584 3 401 0.6 421 7.5 15.3 1 39.8 0.9 40 1.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,534 7.8 763 1.1 1,047 18.7 18.7 3.2 33.8 1.3 34.7 4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 442 2.2 134 0.2 255 4.5 34.9 1.2 35.7 0.3 34.2 1.1
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 34,634 100 35,288 100 1,868 100 25.5 - 14.5 - 10.5 -
Less than 50 miles 14,963 43.2 27,098 76.8 502 26.9 19.3 6.7 16.9 3.1 16.7 2.6
50 - 99 miles 3,813 11 2,909 8.2 267 14.3 15.4 2 26.4 2 30.7 3.4
100 - 249 miles 11,448 33.1 4,682 13.3 892 47.8 46.1 4.6 13.7 2.4 13.1 4.9
250 - 499 miles S S 588 1.7 196 10.5 S S 23.3 0.4 22.4 1.9
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - S S S S 5 - S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 397 100 S S S S 49.1 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles 9 2.2 1,497 12.1 17 0.6 27.3 7.8 21.5 2.6 47.9 0.3
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 122 100 3 100 3 100 47.6 - 42.1 - 43.8 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles 10 7.9 S S S S 40.9 11 S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 58 47.8 S S 2 76.7 40.5 10.4 S S 49.1 9.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S - 4.9 - 7.4 S S 34.4 15 33.5 14.8
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 10,424 100 599 100 349 100 47.1 - 24.8 - 15.1 -
Less than 50 miles 542 5.2 S S S S 33 2.3 S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S 6 1 - 0.1 S S 40 0.2 41.9 0.1
100 - 249 miles 1,277 12.3 264 44.1 74 21.1 45.2 2.9 32.1 12.2 33.4 7.8
250 - 499 miles S S 20 3.4 9 2.7 S S 41.3 2.2 47.2 0.9
500 - 749 miles S S 15 2.5 10 2.9 S S 43.2 1.8 40.7 1
750 - 999 miles 862 8.3 24 4 26 7.4 40.8 1.8 29.2 3.1 30.4 2.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S 88 14.6 152 43.7 S S 21.7 7.7 18.2 6.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 940 9 32 5.3 68 19.6 35 1.5 37.1 1.6 40.9 4.1
More than 2,000 miles 19 0.2 S S S S 48 0.2 S S S S

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 10,286 100 174 100 180 100 47.9 - 22.9 - 23.3 -
Less than 50 miles 541 5.3 14 8.1 - 0.2 33 2.3 34.6 1.3 36.2 -
50 - 99 miles S S 5 3 - 0.2 S S 45.5 1.1 47.5 0.1
100 - 249 miles 1,233 12 S S S S 47.3 3.1 S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S 11 6.1 4 2.3 S S 26.5 1.5 24.3 0.6
500 - 749 miles S S 14 7.9 9 5.2 S S 43.7 1.8 40.9 1
750 - 999 miles 857 8.3 21 12.1 23 12.5 41.1 1.8 33.6 2.8 34.9 3.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S 67 38.6 97 53.8 S S 27.6 4 27.3 4.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 922 9 20 11.6 40 22.4 36.1 1.6 24.9 1.5 25.5 2.9
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 70 100 407 100 126 100 43.1 - 32.1 - 39.6 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S 240 59 S S S S 15.9 18.4 S S
250 - 499 miles 5 7.4 1 0.2 S S 30.2 14 29.1 15.1 S S
500 - 749 miles 4 6.4 1 0.2 1 0.5 41.5 14 37.6 14.6 37.7 13.1
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 55 100 9 100 35 100 43.7 - 40.3 - 32 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles 39 71 6 69.1 34 97.7 30.9 12 32.2 13.2 32.7 1.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S 88 100 S S S S 26.9 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles 34 0.2 S S 2 2.3 48 4.8 S S 47.1 6.3
100 - 249 miles 144 0.7 53 2.2 9 10.6 37.2 10.7 42.6 10.7 44.7 10.8
250 - 499 miles S S 3 0.1 1 1.2 S S 36.8 1.1 41 4.1
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles 83 0.4 S S S S 42.5 16.3 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S 1 - 1 1.5 S S 45.2 4 44.2 6.9
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any mileage group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the mileage group of "More than 2,000 miles" but does have data for the other mileage groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.