Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 85,066 100 117,764 100 10,865 100 907 33.1 - 19.0 - 21.8 - 15.2
Less than 50 lbs 10,943 12.9 125 0.1 91 0.8 1,127 45.1 5.9 20.7 - 24.1 0.2 10.5
50 - 99 lbs S S 110 0.1 44 0.4 408 S S 28.6 - 32.3 0.2 19.5
100 - 499 lbs 8,189 9.6 772 0.7 180 1.7 261 49.4 1.7 22.2 0.3 29.9 0.6 18.4
500 - 749 lbs 1,471 1.7 352 0.3 59 0.5 165 19.4 0.7 13.8 0.1 34.5 0.1 29.4
750 - 999 lbs 1,174 1.4 268 0.2 50 0.5 183 32.7 0.8 17.6 0.1 44.9 0.1 18.9
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S 7,165 6.1 789 7.3 123 S S 35.5 1.9 17.2 1.3 22.3
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 18,708 22.0 66,440 56.4 4,879 44.9 76 15.9 4.9 20.4 4.8 18.2 6.6 21.1
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 10,707 12.6 29,776 25.3 1,785 16.4 59 46.8 6.1 26.7 6.2 25.8 4.3 17.4
More than 100,000 lbs 376 0.4 S S S S 252 18.1 0.2 S S S S 16.8

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 54,850 100 114,734 100 10,428 100 151 20.2 - 19.3 - 22.8 - 15.1
Less than 50 lbs S S 44 - 8 0.1 187 S S 30.0 - 50.0 0.1 16.5
50 - 99 lbs S S 81 0.1 S S 199 S S 33.6 - S S 18.6
100 - 499 lbs S S 684 0.6 112 1.1 167 S S 22.1 0.3 41.3 0.3 27.9
500 - 749 lbs 1,390 2.5 341 0.3 57 0.5 163 21.0 0.8 14.4 0.1 36.5 0.1 30.2
750 - 999 lbs 1,161 2.1 265 0.2 50 0.5 184 33.1 0.9 18.0 0.1 45.1 0.1 18.8
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 10,241 18.7 5,007 4.4 725 7.0 140 15.2 4.4 14.9 1.4 18.9 1.1 17.7
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 18,160 33.1 66,051 57.6 4,773 45.8 74 16.0 3.6 20.5 5.3 18.8 6.9 20.9
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 10,682 19.5 29,753 25.9 1,778 17.1 59 46.9 6.5 26.8 6.3 25.9 5.0 17.3
More than 100,000 lbs 348 0.6 S S S S 251 20.2 0.2 S S S S 21.8

Truck4

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 54,331 100 102,370 100 7,471 100 147 20.5 - 16.9 - 17.0 - 15.6
Less than 50 lbs S S 44 - S S 179 S S 30.1 - S S 17.6
50 - 99 lbs S S 80 0.1 S S 186 S S 33.0 - S S 18.3
100 - 499 lbs S S 683 0.7 111 1.5 166 S S 22.2 0.3 41.6 0.4 28.1
500 - 749 lbs 1,381 2.5 341 0.3 56 0.8 162 21.1 0.8 14.4 0.1 37.0 0.1 30.7
750 - 999 lbs 1,160 2.1 265 0.3 50 0.7 184 33.2 0.9 18.0 0.1 45.2 0.2 18.8
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 10,231 18.8 5,007 4.9 725 9.7 140 15.2 4.5 14.9 1.4 18.9 1.6 17.7
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 18,158 33.4 65,559 64.0 4,769 63.8 74 16.1 3.6 20.6 6.0 18.8 3.7 20.6
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 10,476 19.3 29,487 28.8 1,698 22.7 57 47.9 6.5 27.1 6.1 27.2 4.0 16.0
More than 100,000 lbs 160 0.3 S S 40 0.5 98 28.0 0.2 S S 47.4 0.6 43.9

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 19,696 100 67,082 100 5,604 100 330 26.5 - 28.5 - 23.1 - 13.6
Less than 50 lbs S S S S 3 0.1 770 S S S S 49.5 - 16.3
50 - 99 lbs S S S S S S 606 S S S S S S 17.4
100 - 499 lbs 708 3.6 60 0.1 S S 1,000 30.4 1.1 45.2 - S S 11.3
500 - 749 lbs 315 1.6 48 0.1 S S 702 41.7 1.0 36.3 0.1 S S 15.1
750 - 999 lbs 280 1.4 40 0.1 S S 698 34.8 0.8 43.3 - S S 13.6
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 2,207 11.2 667 1.0 379 6.8 557 17.3 5.2 21.7 0.7 22.9 2.1 11.4
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 8,687 44.1 43,503 64.9 3,798 67.8 S 26.0 5.2 32.0 7.3 23.5 4.5 S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S 21,896 32.6 1,259 22.5 57 S S 35.4 6.9 38.6 4.1 36.8
More than 100,000 lbs 98 0.5 S S 38 0.7 S 45.4 1.0 S S 47.0 1.1 S

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 34,634 100 35,288 100 1,868 100 95 25.5 - 14.5 - 10.5 - 19.3
Less than 50 lbs S S 39 0.1 S S 125 S S 29.6 - S S 25.1
50 - 99 lbs S S 69 0.2 8 0.4 112 S S 28.9 0.1 46.7 0.1 18.0
100 - 499 lbs S S 623 1.8 55 2.9 90 S S 23.8 0.6 33.3 1.0 22.8
500 - 749 lbs 1,066 3.1 293 0.8 22 1.2 76 16.7 0.8 15.3 0.2 19.1 0.3 21.3
750 - 999 lbs 879 2.5 225 0.6 21 1.1 92 34.1 1.1 15.6 0.2 34.2 0.5 17.2
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 8,024 23.2 4,340 12.3 346 18.5 77 16.9 5.0 17.2 2.9 23.1 3.4 15.4
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 9,471 27.3 22,056 62.5 971 52.0 46 21.4 5.0 17.3 5.4 10.9 3.3 14.9
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 3,931 11.4 7,591 21.5 439 23.5 58 49.1 4.8 35.9 5.5 28.7 5.5 21.3
More than 100,000 lbs 62 0.2 52 0.1 S S S 37.2 0.3 39.0 0.1 S S S

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 397 100 S S S S 219 49.1 - S S S S 26.0
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S 259 S S S S S S 25.0

Air (incl truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 122 100 3 100 3 100 1,261 47.6 - 42.1 - 43.8 - 10.3
Less than 50 lbs S S - 9.9 - 10.0 1,295 S S 38.2 6.1 38.1 8.0 12.9
50 - 99 lbs S S S S S S 1,270 S S S S S S 14.7
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S 971 S S S S S S 29.9
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S 1,350 S S S S S S 6.6
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,080 S S S S S S 5.4
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 10,424 100 599 100 349 100 1,218 47.1 - 24.8 - 15.1 - 4.6
Less than 50 lbs S S 77 12.9 83 23.8 1,223 S S 26.3 7.7 26.0 9.6 5.0
50 - 99 lbs 520 5.0 27 4.5 28 7.9 1,032 15.2 2.8 26.6 2.7 32.0 2.3 10.7
100 - 499 lbs 846 8.1 67 11.2 67 19.2 1,055 28.1 4.3 34.5 5.2 42.9 5.7 12.6
500 - 749 lbs 51 0.5 3 0.5 2 0.6 736 35.3 0.5 35.6 0.4 36.8 0.6 34.7
750 - 999 lbs 4 - - - - - S 44.2 0.2 39.2 - 39.8 - S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 11 0.1 S S S S 1,692 47.1 0.2 S S S S 46.1
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 75 0.7 S S 75 21.5 S 34.6 1.1 S S 41.5 5.4 S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 488 S S S S S S 16.6
More than 100,000 lbs 28 0.3 248 41.4 79 22.7 S 43.8 0.7 21.8 14.6 14.9 11.1 S

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 10,286 100 174 100 180 100 1,218 47.9 - 22.9 - 23.3 - 4.6
Less than 50 lbs S S 77 44.5 83 46.2 1,223 S S 26.3 7.8 26.0 9.1 5.0
50 - 99 lbs 520 5.1 27 15.5 28 15.4 1,032 15.2 3.0 26.6 3.6 32.0 4.2 10.7
100 - 499 lbs 845 8.2 67 38.4 67 37.2 1,055 28.1 4.7 34.5 7.0 42.9 7.9 12.6
500 - 749 lbs 51 0.5 3 1.5 2 1.2 747 33.5 0.6 35.0 2.2 35.0 2.7 37.1
750 - 999 lbs 3 - - 0.1 S S S 26.2 0.2 38.0 0.6 S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 70 100 407 100 126 100 678 43.1 - 32.1 - 39.6 - 30.2
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - 0.3 - - - - 813 34.3 1.2 23.2 0.2 38.3 0.1 26.3
500 - 749 lbs - 0.3 S S - - S 43.5 2.2 S S 47.0 0.2 S
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,539 S S S S S S 25.9
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs 28 40.3 248 61.0 79 62.7 S 43.8 19.3 21.8 15.1 14.9 15.6 S

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S 1 99.9 S S S S S 6.2 0.1 S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 55 100 9 100 35 100 5,118 43.7 - 40.3 - 32.0 - 4.1
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 3 5.4 S S S S 5,550 45.6 1.7 S S S S -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 36 65.3 6 67.0 33 94.7 5,550 31.3 12.0 32.9 13.5 33.4 3.0 -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S 88 100 S S S S S 26.9 - S
Less than 50 lbs 90 0.5 3 0.1 S S 406 33.3 8.4 43.5 1.1 S S 42.6
50 - 99 lbs 23 0.1 S S - 0.1 S 40.1 1.6 S S 43.9 - S
100 - 499 lbs 90 0.5 S S 1 0.9 S 41.7 3.9 S S 33.5 0.3 S
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs 10 0.1 S S - 0.1 S 40.1 2.3 S S 49.8 0.4 S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S 54 61.6 S S S S S 42.8 11.0 S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S 31 35.0 S S S S S 48.9 10.7 S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 2 - 12 0.5 1 1.5 112 22.3 1.0 34.3 8.6 47.6 10.1 22.9
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 ""Truck"" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any shipment weight group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the shipment weight groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the shipment size of "More than 100,000 lbs" but does have data for the other shipment weight groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.