Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities5

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 85,066 100 117,764 100 10,865 100 907 33.1 - 19 - 21.8 - 15.2
Single modes 54,850 64.5 114,734 97.4 10,428 96 151 20.2 8.1 19.3 1.3 22.8 1.7 15.1
Truck6 54,331 63.9 102,370 86.9 7,471 68.8 147 20.5 7.9 16.9 3.9 17 7.9 15.6
For-hire truck 19,696 23.2 67,082 57 5,604 51.6 330 26.5 6.3 28.5 8.4 23.1 7.2 13.6
Private truck 34,634 40.7 35,288 30 1,868 17.2 95 25.5 6.8 14.5 8.8 10.5 4.6 19.3
Rail 397 0.5 S S S S 219 49.1 0.7 S S S S 26
Air (incl truck and air) 122 0.1 3 - 3 - 1,261 47.6 0.2 42.1 - 43.8 - 10.3
Multiple modes 10,424 12.3 599 0.5 349 3.2 1,218 47.1 6.2 24.8 0.2 15.1 1.4 4.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 10,286 12.1 174 0.1 180 1.7 1,218 47.9 6.2 22.9 0.1 23.3 0.7 4.6
Truck and rail 70 0.1 407 0.3 126 1.2 678 43.1 - 32.1 0.2 39.6 1.1 30.2
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other multiple modes 55 0.1 9 - 35 0.3 5,118 43.7 0.1 40.3 - 32 0.6 4.1
Other and unknown modes S S S S 88 0.8 S S S S S 26.9 0.4 S

SCTG2 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,994 100 1,409 100 479 100 S 23.1 - 31 - 34.5 - S
Single modes 1,974 99 1,387 98.4 465 97 153 23.2 0.8 31.1 0.7 33.3 1 43.4
Truck6 1,928 96.7 1,161 82.4 342 71.3 152 22.6 1.3 28.9 6.9 22.6 10.2 44
For-hire truck 710 35.6 520 36.9 265 55.3 485 19.8 6.7 40.9 6.9 25.8 8.9 23.8
Private truck 1,218 61.1 641 45.5 76 15.9 119 27.4 6 24.8 6.3 22.7 5 13.6
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,292 S S S S S S 13.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S - - - - 1,466 S S 30.1 - 36.8 - 15.9
Truck and rail S S 20 1.4 S S S S S 6.3 3 S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 11 S S S S S S 41.9

SCTG2 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 4,499 100 4,598 100 S S 65 13.6 - 22.7 - S S 42.6
Single modes 4,469 99.3 4,578 99.6 S S 57 13.8 0.8 22.9 0.9 S S 36.6
Truck6 4,466 99.3 4,553 99 S S 57 13.8 0.8 22.9 0.9 S S 36.7
For-hire truck 1,205 26.8 2,191 47.7 S S 580 21.9 7 37.1 10.1 S S 20.2
Private truck 3,261 72.5 2,362 51.4 147 11.6 36 18.1 7.6 22.8 10.6 35.5 7.9 33.5
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 969 S S S S S S 26.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 2 - - - S S 831 41.1 0.1 39.8 - S S 26.1
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 10-14, Stones, nonmetallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 357 100 54,791 100 S S S 33.2 - 39.9 - S S S
Single modes 355 99.3 54,635 99.7 S S 48 33.4 0.6 40 0.2 S S 46.7
Truck6 295 82.5 43,457 79.3 S S S 32.5 8.1 39.8 8.9 S S S
For-hire truck 273 76.3 39,785 72.6 S S S 36.1 12 44.6 12.4 S S S
Private truck 22 6.2 S S S S 31 41.8 18.1 S S S S 39.1
Rail 60 16.8 11,178 20.4 S S 203 48.1 19.3 45.4 18.9 S S 10.6
Multiple modes S S S S 9 0.2 S S S S S 48.8 0.3 S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S 9 0.2 S S S S S 17 0.5 S

SCTG2 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 15,984 100 24,919 100 953 100 41 42.8 - 34.5 - 25.5 - 24.5
Single modes 15,937 99.7 24,875 99.8 947 99.4 41 42.9 0.2 34.6 0.2 25.3 0.3 23.8
Truck6 15,705 98.3 24,208 97.1 786 82.5 40 43.5 1.3 35.7 2.3 24.4 6.5 25
For-hire truck S S 14,276 57.3 424 44.5 S S S 46.8 11.9 30.9 12.3 S
Private truck 7,628 47.7 9,933 39.9 362 38 42 48 9.7 48 11.7 43.5 10.9 25.6
Rail S S 667 2.7 161 16.9 272 S S 43 8.2 42.2 16.3 12.8
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,004 S S S S S S 23.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier - - - - - - 1,200 31.4 - 19.1 - 32.7 - 18
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 20-24, Basic chemicals, chemical, and pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S 2,130 100 509 100 893 S S 43.7 - 30.8 - 22.7
Single modes S S 2,048 96.1 467 91.7 284 S S 45.3 1.9 30.5 2.8 25
Truck6 S S 2,047 96.1 466 91.7 284 S S 45.3 1.9 30.5 2.9 25.1
For-hire truck 1,981 10.2 364 17.1 293 57.6 763 46.6 7.4 39.4 7.1 40.7 8.8 13.2
Private truck S S S S S S 178 S S S S S S 20.4
Air (incl truck and air) 1 - S S S S 1,182 9.8 0.2 S S S S 43.7
Multiple modes S S 38 1.8 S S 1,026 S S 46.5 1.2 S S 17
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 38 1.8 S S 1,026 S S 46.5 1.2 S S 17
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 220 S S S S S S 31.8

SCTG2 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 3,109 100 1,275 100 295 100 1,328 10.8 - 19.6 - 21.5 - 15.7
Single modes 2,532 81.4 1,195 93.7 208 70.7 231 14 7.1 21.6 4 27 9.4 30.4
Truck6 2,521 81.1 1,195 93.7 208 70.6 230 13.9 7.1 21.6 4 27.1 9.4 30.6
For-hire truck 914 29.4 295 23.1 121 41 827 15 5.7 20.9 7.8 21 10.5 14.2
Private truck 1,607 51.7 900 70.6 87 29.6 67 18.1 6.2 26.8 7.5 43 6.4 14.7
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,293 S S S S S S 10
Multiple modes 546 17.6 60 4.7 S S 1,408 46.7 7 49.4 2.6 S S 4.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 525 16.9 S S S S 1,408 48.2 7 S S S S 4.4
Truck and rail S S S S S S 153 S S S S S S 44.4
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 31 1 S S S S 563 39.9 0.7 S S S S 44.8

SCTG2 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 7,078 100 22,605 100 2,313 100 222 11.7 - 20.4 - 18.8 - 22.7
Single modes 6,483 91.6 22,284 98.6 2,190 94.7 116 13 2.2 20.7 0.5 19.6 2.1 23.3
Truck6 6,355 89.8 22,018 97.4 2,072 89.6 111 13.5 2.9 21.1 1.2 20.6 3.1 20.2
For-hire truck 3,175 44.9 7,584 33.6 1,385 59.9 365 12.8 3.9 23.1 9.2 26.6 5.8 9.2
Private truck 3,181 44.9 14,434 63.9 686 29.7 61 19.1 4.9 33.6 9.9 23.7 6 12.3
Rail 55 0.8 265 1.2 117 5 442 47.5 1.1 27.9 3.2 21.8 7 34.7
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,214 S S S S S S 16.6
Multiple modes 517 7.3 228 1 106 4.6 711 22.8 2.2 38.1 0.5 29.6 2.1 14.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 444 6.3 10 - 6 0.3 707 24.1 2 30.3 - 35.4 0.1 14.4
Truck and rail 32 0.4 212 0.9 64 2.7 404 19.7 0.3 34.8 0.6 33.7 1.4 45.1
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other multiple modes 39 0.6 6 - 34 1.5 5,550 30.9 0.4 32.2 0.1 32.7 2.2 -
Other and unknown modes 78 1.1 93 0.4 S S 46 18.6 0.3 28.8 0.1 S S 37.3

SCTG2 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S 103 100 1,250 S S S S 40.2 - 17.7
Single modes S S S S S S 242 S S S S S S 27.6
Truck6 S S S S S S 230 S S S S S S 26.5
For-hire truck 350 1.5 28 1.2 S S 1,064 38.5 6.6 41.2 10.1 S S 11.5
Private truck S S S S S S 170 S S S S S S 25
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,430 S S S S S S 22.2
Multiple modes 2,074 8.9 S S S S 1,417 29.2 15.9 S S S S 9.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 2,074 8.9 S S S S 1,417 29.2 15.9 S S S S 9.9
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 9,250 100 3,738 100 713 100 871 13.1 - 29.4 - 24.4 - 17.6
Single modes 7,490 81 3,538 94.7 642 90 170 15.5 4.9 31.3 3.4 27.2 4.1 37.1
Truck6 7,480 80.9 3,537 94.6 640 89.8 153 15.5 4.9 31.3 3.4 27.2 4.1 24.5
For-hire truck 3,012 32.6 S S 456 63.9 570 43.1 8.3 S S 40.3 9.8 20.6
Private truck 4,467 48.3 1,498 40.1 184 25.9 78 22.4 8.4 16.8 12.5 18.7 8.7 17.5
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,228 S S S S S S 18.1
Multiple modes 1,300 14.1 51 1.4 S S 1,190 27.5 4.6 44.8 0.9 S S 9.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,300 14.1 51 1.4 S S 1,190 27.5 4.6 44.8 0.9 S S 9.3
Other and unknown modes S S S S 10 1.4 442 S S S S 50 1.2 39.9

SCTG2 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,881 S S S S S S 26.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,881 S S S S S S 26.4

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
4 Coefficient of Variation.
5 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
6 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
7 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Dallas-Fort Worth, TX by Base metal and machinery (31-34) by Water has no data for any shipment characteristic therefore the entire row is not shown. Also, entire commodity groups are not present if there is no such data for that commodity group by area. For example, Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV (DC part) by Coal and petroleum products (15-19) has no data for any mode therefore the entire commodity group is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.