Table 8. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 8. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

Excel | CSV

All Commodities5

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 85,066 100 117,764 100 10,865 100 907 33.1 - 19 - 21.8 - 15.2
Single modes 54,850 64.5 114,734 97.4 10,428 96 151 20.2 8.1 19.3 1.3 22.8 1.7 15.1
Truck6 54,331 63.9 102,370 86.9 7,471 68.8 147 20.5 7.9 16.9 3.9 17 7.9 15.6
For-hire truck 19,696 23.2 67,082 57 5,604 51.6 330 26.5 6.3 28.5 8.4 23.1 7.2 13.6
Private truck 34,634 40.7 35,288 30 1,868 17.2 95 25.5 6.8 14.5 8.8 10.5 4.6 19.3
Rail 397 0.5 S S S S 219 49.1 0.7 S S S S 26
Air (incl truck and air) 122 0.1 3 - 3 - 1,261 47.6 0.2 42.1 - 43.8 - 10.3
Multiple modes 10,424 12.3 599 0.5 349 3.2 1,218 47.1 6.2 24.8 0.2 15.1 1.4 4.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 10,286 12.1 174 0.1 180 1.7 1,218 47.9 6.2 22.9 0.1 23.3 0.7 4.6
Truck and rail 70 0.1 407 0.3 126 1.2 678 43.1 - 32.1 0.2 39.6 1.1 30.2
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other multiple modes 55 0.1 9 - 35 0.3 5,118 43.7 0.1 40.3 - 32 0.6 4.1
Other and unknown modes S S S S 88 0.8 S S S S S 26.9 0.4 S

SCTG2 01, Live animals and live fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 57 100 21 100 S S S 8.8 - 48.2 - S S S
Single modes 57 100 21 100 S S S 8.8 - 48.2 - S S S
Truck6 57 100 21 100 S S S 8.8 - 48.2 - S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 02, Cereal grains

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S 153 S S S S S S 45.2
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S 151 S S S S S S 46.4
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 03, Other agricultural products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 320 100 215 100 S S 180 29.6 - 48.1 - S S 29.3
Single modes 311 97.2 S S S S 179 30.2 2.2 S S S S 29.5
Truck6 308 96.2 S S S S 179 30.3 2.3 S S S S 29.5
For-hire truck 145 45.4 S S S S 1,224 39.9 15 S S S S 27.9
Private truck 163 50.8 136 63.6 S S 96 23.1 16.7 45.3 11.8 S S 19.8
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S 3 3.4 627 S S S S 29.4 9.5 34.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S - - S S S S S 11.4 - S S S
Truck and rail S S S S 3 3.4 S S S S S 29.3 9.5 S

SCTG2 04, Animal feed and products of animal origin, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S 179 S S S S S S 40.8
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,613 S S S S S S 10.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S - - - - 1,658 S S 34.7 3.6 43.5 2 12.8
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 05, Meat, fish, seafood, and their preparations

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,455 100 595 100 170 100 S 24.1 - 21.4 - 12.1 - S
Single modes 1,446 99.3 593 99.5 170 100 S 24.3 0.8 21.5 0.5 12.1 - S
Truck6 1,446 99.3 593 99.5 170 100 S 24.3 0.8 21.5 0.5 12.1 - S
For-hire truck 458 31.5 197 33 124 72.9 451 17.6 8 13 7.5 12.5 5.5 24.8
Private truck 988 67.9 396 66.5 46 27.1 123 29.9 7.9 28.4 7.5 27.2 5.5 24
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 11 S S S S S S 41.9

SCTG2 06, Milled grain products and preparations and bakery products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,231 100 1,237 100 216 100 238 29.2 - 43.7 - 22.1 - 41
Single modes 1,230 99.9 1,236 100 216 100 211 29.3 0.1 43.7 - 22.1 0.3 47.2
Truck6 1,227 99.7 1,211 98 212 98.2 211 29.4 0.6 45 4.1 22.8 2.5 47.2
For-hire truck 436 35.4 S S 148 68.3 546 38.2 11.2 S S 31.1 11.5 22.4
Private truck 792 64.3 554 44.8 S S 98 49.4 11.3 46.5 12.3 S S 15.2
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,227 S S S S S S 30.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,227 S S S S S S 30.9
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 07, Other prepared foodstuffs and fats and oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,173 100 2,788 100 S S S 15.5 - 32.2 - S S S
Single modes 2,170 99.9 2,787 100 S S S 9.2 0.1 29.9 - S S S
Truck6 2,170 99.9 2,787 100 S S S 9.2 0.1 29.9 - S S S
For-hire truck 613 28.2 1,426 51.1 S S 599 24.9 8.5 49.4 13.1 S S 31.6
Private truck 1,557 71.6 1,362 48.8 71 7.4 S 13.4 8.2 34.4 13.6 22.8 20 S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 735 S S S S S S 30.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 735 S S S S S S 30.1
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 08, Alcoholic beverages

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 959 100 558 100 S S 39 22.3 - 26.1 - S S 48.1
Single modes 932 97.2 539 96.6 S S 34 21.5 1.3 24.6 1.4 S S 27.1
Truck6 932 97.2 539 96.6 S S 34 21.5 1.3 24.6 1.4 S S 27.1
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 776 81 432 77.3 S S 29 23.3 9.2 23.2 9.4 S S 17.3
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 09, Tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 10, Calcareous monumental or building stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 11, Natural sands

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 9 100 1,340 100 63 100 46 18.6 - 8.5 - 10.7 - 9.5
Single modes 9 100 1,340 100 63 100 46 18.6 - 8.5 - 10.7 - 9.5
Truck6 9 100 1,340 100 63 100 46 18.6 - 8.5 - 10.7 - 9.5
For-hire truck 4 46.2 503 37.5 35 55.3 67 33.5 7.6 13.5 3.3 22 10 16
Private truck 5 53.8 837 62.5 28 44.7 34 11.5 7.6 9.6 3.3 28 10 23.8

SCTG2 12, Gravel and crushed stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 306 100 53,438 100 S S 43 41.3 - 41.5 - S S 17.2
Single modes 305 99.8 53,283 99.7 S S 43 41.4 0.1 41.6 0.2 S S 17.4
Truck6 245 80.2 42,105 78.8 S S 35 41.3 8.5 41.7 9 S S 15.1
For-hire truck 232 75.9 39,272 73.5 S S 35 44 13.1 45.5 13.3 S S 15.7
Private truck S S S S S S 28 S S S S S S 6.5
Rail 60 19.6 11,178 20.9 S S 203 48.1 18.5 45.4 18.8 S S 10.6
Multiple modes S S S S 9 0.2 S S S S S 17 0.5 S
Truck and rail S S S S 9 0.2 S S S S S 17 0.5 S

SCTG2 13, Nonmetallic minerals nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 14, Metallic ores and concentrates

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 15, Nonagglomerated bituminous coal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 209 S S S S S S 41.2
Single modes S S S S S S 209 S S S S S S 41.2
Truck6 S S S S S S 209 S S S S S S 41.2
Private truck S S S S S S 209 S S S S S S 41.2

SCTG2 17, Gasoline and aviation turbine fuel

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S 379 100 26 S S S S 36.3 - 23.2
Single modes S S S S 379 100 26 S S S S 36.3 - 23.6
Truck6 S S S S 370 97.8 26 S S S S 36.3 1.3 23.7
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S 206 54.4 31 S S S S 45.1 15 21.7
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 18, Fuel oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 3,911 100 6,062 100 156 100 S 41.4 - 42.2 - 31.5 - S
Single modes 3,905 99.8 6,049 99.8 155 99.9 S 41.4 0.1 42.2 0.2 31.5 0.1 S
Truck6 3,905 99.8 6,049 99.8 155 99.9 S 41.4 0.1 42.2 0.2 31.5 0.1 S
For-hire truck S S S S 61 39 S S S S S 44.9 14.2 S
Private truck S S S S 95 60.9 S S S S S 41.9 12.5 S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 19, Coal and petroleum products, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,498 100 4,709 100 416 100 55 43.5 - 34.5 - 41.3 - 14.4
Single modes 1,458 97.3 4,678 99.3 410 98.6 56 42.5 3.3 34.6 0.6 41 1 14.2
Truck6 1,244 83 4,045 85.9 258 61.9 53 36.9 5.6 32.4 4.7 32.3 11.4 15
For-hire truck 336 22.4 3,224 68.5 199 47.8 S 39.5 11.4 39.9 13.3 36.8 12.1 S
Private truck 908 60.6 S S S S 49 43.9 8.4 S S S S 19
Rail S S 633 13.4 153 36.7 273 S S 13.2 14.9 8.4 19 20.7
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,004 S S S S S S 23.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier - - - - - - 1,200 31.4 - 19.1 - 32.7 - 18
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 34 S S S S S S 33.4

SCTG2 20, Basic chemicals

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S 79 S S S S S S 35.7
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 21, Pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 978 S S S S S S 17.3
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S 33 31.1 304 S S S S 47.8 16.4 34.9
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,043 S S S S S S 14.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,043 S S S S S S 14.3
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 22, Fertilizers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 23, Chemical products and preparations, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,237 100 359 100 S S 565 42.7 - 37.1 - S S 26.2
Single modes 1,042 84.3 350 97.5 S S 601 46.7 7.3 36.8 3.6 S S 24.9
Truck6 1,042 84.3 350 97.5 S S 601 46.7 7.3 36.8 3.6 S S 25
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,097 S S S S S S 14.3
Private truck 429 34.7 160 44.6 21 10.4 77 43.7 14.6 40 13 39.9 16.7 16.9
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 513 S S S S S S 47.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 513 S S S S S S 47.1
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 24, Plastics and rubber

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,438 100 399 100 94 100 128 12.7 - 13.7 - 24.8 - 28.8
Single modes 1,356 94.3 367 92 91 96.8 96 13.8 3.5 15.6 5.5 24.9 1 32.4
Truck6 1,355 94.2 367 92 91 96.6 96 13.8 3.5 15.7 5.5 24.9 1 32.4
For-hire truck 229 15.9 79 19.9 68 72.3 699 26.1 9.6 29 9.9 34 12.4 17.5
Private truck 1,126 78.3 287 72.1 23 24.3 66 19.7 9.1 23.2 10.1 21 14.4 10.7
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S 2 0.6 2 1.8 823 S S 30.4 0.3 32.5 0.8 18.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 2 0.6 2 1.8 823 S S 30.4 0.3 32.5 0.8 18.9
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 78 S S S S S S 36.4

SCTG2 25, Logs and other wood in the rough

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 3 100 2 100 S S S 36.5 - 38.3 - S S S
Single modes 3 100 2 100 S S S 36.5 - 38.3 - S S S
Truck6 3 100 2 100 S S S 36.5 - 38.3 - S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 26, Wood products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 408 100 268 100 19 100 82 34.1 - 31.5 - 39.2 - 34.8
Single modes 399 97.8 267 99.6 19 99.8 53 34.8 1.4 31.7 1 39.2 0.9 14.7
Truck6 399 97.8 267 99.6 19 99.8 53 34.8 1.4 31.7 1 39.2 0.9 14.7
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 361 88.4 226 84.5 13 70 45 38.5 6.4 31 6.3 31.4 9.6 14.3
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,041 S S S S S S 37.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,041 S S S S S S 37.2
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 27, Pulp, newsprint, paper, and paperboard

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 263 100 208 100 39 100 S 15.6 - 17.4 - 30.3 - S
Single modes 259 98.5 206 98.9 38 98.1 S 11.2 0.6 13.9 0.9 29.5 3.8 S
Truck6 259 98.3 206 98.8 38 98 S 11.3 0.8 13.9 1 29.5 3.8 S
For-hire truck 113 43.1 119 57.1 34 86.2 557 29.5 13.4 32.1 14.2 35 13.7 21.7
Private truck 145 55.3 87 41.8 5 11.8 62 25.9 12.1 17.6 14.5 31.2 15.3 32.8
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 3 1 S S 1 1.4 873 41.4 11.7 S S 42.7 11.8 28.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 2 0.6 - 0.2 S S 929 47.7 15.3 49.1 15.4 S S 29.2
Truck and rail S S S S S S 153 S S S S S S 44.4
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 206 S S S S S S 41.6

SCTG2 28, Paper or paperboard articles

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 553 100 439 100 S S S 37.7 - 46.6 - S S S
Single modes 551 99.6 439 100 S S 97 37.9 0.8 46.6 - S S 14.2
Truck6 551 99.6 439 100 S S 95 37.9 0.8 46.6 - S S 12.5
For-hire truck 24 4.3 16 3.7 4 6.4 224 40.5 11.3 42.3 9 42.1 15.6 32.2
Private truck 527 95.3 423 96.3 S S 88 40 7.8 48.4 6.2 S S 15.3
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 961 S S S S S S 24.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 961 S S S S S S 24.5
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 29, Printed products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,105 100 298 100 129 100 1,392 25.6 - 44.1 - 35.6 - 16.7
Single modes 629 57 S S 47 36 S 36.6 12.2 S S 27.6 17.6 S
Truck6 621 56.2 S S 46 35.9 S 37 12.4 S S 28 17.7 S
For-hire truck 188 17 76 25.4 43 33.4 467 23.7 14.8 22.5 19.5 29.2 18.1 18.6
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,205 S S S S S S 4.7
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,413 S S S S S S 3.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,413 S S S S S S 3.3
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,166 S S S S S S 9

SCTG2 30, Textiles, leather, and articles of textiles or leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 778 100 59 100 39 100 1,096 18.7 - 23.2 - 26.4 - 13.4
Single modes 691 88.8 55 93.2 36 92.6 995 21.7 10.8 23.5 10 28.3 12.9 17.6
Truck6 689 88.5 55 93.2 36 92.5 993 21.7 10.8 23.5 10 28.3 13 17.9
For-hire truck 550 70.7 42 71.4 34 87.8 1,308 19.5 11.4 27.6 11.8 29.2 15.2 12.3
Private truck S S 13 21.8 2 4.8 134 S S 40.7 12.8 40 10.1 31.1
Air (incl truck and air) 2 0.3 - - - 0.1 1,454 22.3 3.2 34.9 0.8 8.6 5.6 26.9
Multiple modes S S 2 4 2 6.4 1,199 S S 31.6 10.2 47.9 13.1 10.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 2 4 2 6.4 1,199 S S 31.6 10.2 47.9 13.1 10.5
Other and unknown modes 7 0.9 S S S S S 25 3.1 S S S S S

SCTG2 31, Nonmetallic mineral products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,073 100 19,841 100 1,456 100 168 19.7 - 21.9 - 17.5 - 21.7
Single modes 1,969 95 19,561 98.6 1,353 92.9 75 21 2.2 22.3 0.6 18 2.8 14.4
Truck6 1,948 94 19,369 97.6 1,261 86.6 74 21.4 2.7 22.6 1.7 20.1 5.4 14.5
For-hire truck 854 41.2 6,200 31.2 733 50.3 S 30.7 8.3 28.8 9.9 27.6 9 S
Private truck 1,094 52.8 13,169 66.4 528 36.3 58 28 8.4 35 10.5 25.8 8.4 19.7
Rail 21 1 192 1 91 6.3 482 42.8 5.8 39.9 6.5 27.6 18.6 41.1
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 774 S S S S S S 19
Multiple modes 93 4.5 219 1.1 98 6.8 S 29.9 2.2 39.3 0.5 31 2.8 S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,015 S S S S S S 22.5
Truck and rail 32 1.5 212 1.1 64 4.4 403 19.6 1.4 34.8 0.6 33.7 1.6 46.9
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other multiple modes 39 1.9 6 - 34 2.3 5,550 30.9 1.7 32.2 0.1 32.7 3.3 -
Other and unknown modes 11 0.5 61 0.3 5 0.3 67 32.8 0.2 35.4 0.2 43.4 0.1 22.9

SCTG2 32, Base metal in prim. or semifin. forms & in finished basic shapes

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,518 100 1,742 100 349 100 116 31.3 - 33.2 - 36.9 - 16.2
Single modes 1,495 98.5 1,723 98.9 337 96.8 109 31.1 0.9 32.9 0.4 36.6 1.4 15.3
Truck6 1,462 96.3 1,649 94.7 312 89.6 108 31.6 1.7 33.4 2.5 35.5 3.6 15.2
For-hire truck 495 32.6 655 37.6 181 51.9 249 37.3 10.9 43 11.2 45.6 12.9 14.5
Private truck 967 63.7 994 57.1 131 37.7 93 40.2 11.6 39.4 12.4 37.5 15.1 17.9
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 3 0.2 - - - - 674 37.2 1.9 47 0.2 44.8 0.3 31
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 3 0.2 - - - - 674 37.2 1.9 47 0.2 44.8 0.3 31
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 33, Articles of base metal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,228 100 512 100 S S 247 27.2 - 43 - S S 40.7
Single modes 1,037 84.4 501 97.9 S S 82 26.3 4.1 43.8 1.9 S S 31.1
Truck6 1,034 84.2 501 97.9 S S 82 26.3 4 43.8 1.9 S S 31.3
For-hire truck 539 43.9 S S S S 533 48.1 8.6 S S S S 27.1
Private truck 494 40.3 179 35 19 12.8 49 22 10.3 15.5 13.1 25.6 14.9 17.9
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 170 13.8 S S S S 753 49.3 4.1 S S S S 19.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 170 13.8 S S S S 753 49.3 4.1 S S S S 19.2
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S - 0.1 S S S S S 49.1 0.1 S

SCTG2 34, Machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,258 100 511 100 S S 320 21.5 - 47.1 - S S 31.3
Single modes 1,983 87.8 500 97.9 S S 225 21.4 2.5 47.4 0.9 S S 40.4
Truck6 1,912 84.7 499 97.7 S S 203 22.6 3.8 47.5 0.9 S S 42.4
For-hire truck 1,287 57 S S S S 641 23.1 5.6 S S S S 12.3
Private truck 626 27.7 91 17.9 7 2.1 55 29.2 5.2 39.5 5.5 43.6 2.1 21.8
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,213 S S S S S S 19.9
Multiple modes 250 11.1 6 1.2 S S 554 37.1 2.4 46 0.7 S S 23.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 249 11 6 1.1 2 0.6 553 37.1 2.4 49.1 0.7 29.7 4.4 23.8
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 25 1.1 S S S S 35 44.7 0.8 S S S S 40.2

SCTG2 35, Electronic & other electrical equip & components & office equip

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,748 100 S S S S 1,399 43.5 - S S S S 19.7
Single modes 440 25.2 S S S S S 35.5 11.6 S S S S S
Truck6 439 25.1 S S S S S 35.5 11.6 S S S S S
For-hire truck 106 6.1 6 7 S S 646 47.7 9.1 49.6 14.3 S S 25.4
Private truck 333 19.1 S S S S 45 43.3 8.8 S S S S 48.1
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,430 S S S S S S 11.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,430 S S S S S S 11.4
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 36, Motorized and other vehicles (including parts)

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S 292 S S S S S S 27.6
Truck6 S S S S S S 292 S S S S S S 27.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,320 S S S S S S 29.1
Private truck S S S S S S 235 S S S S S S 37.2
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 37, Transportation equipment, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 553 100 S S S S 941 27.2 - S S S S 9.9
Single modes S S S S S S 1,104 S S S S S S 42.2
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S - 0.7 S S 14 S S 36.4 7.6 S S 36.3
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 518 93.7 1 45.7 1 47.2 923 27 3.3 30.8 18.7 34.1 19.3 9.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 518 93.7 1 45.7 1 47.2 923 27 3.3 30.8 18.7 34.1 19.3 9.4
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 38, Precision instruments and apparatus

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 406 100 4 100 S S 556 40.2 - 36.1 - S S 35.3
Single modes 122 30.1 3 61.9 S S S 34.4 19.4 43.2 19.2 S S S
Truck6 121 29.8 3 61.9 S S S 34.3 19.5 43.2 19.2 S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S 14 S S S S S S 14.7
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,128 S S S S S S 18
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,128 S S S S S S 18
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 3 S S S S S S 9.3

SCTG2 39, Furniture, mattresses & mattress supports, lamps, lighting

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 563 100 70 100 50 100 1,069 39.9 - 39.1 - 45 - 24.7
Single modes 443 78.6 52 74.6 28 55 S 44.3 8.8 41.9 9.8 44.3 15.2 S
Truck6 443 78.6 52 74.6 28 55 S 44.3 8.8 41.9 9.8 44.3 15.2 S
For-hire truck S S S S 24 46.9 1,245 S S S S 46.4 18 21.6
Private truck S S S S S S 83 S S S S S S 41.1
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,378 S S S S S S 14.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,378 S S S S S S 14.9
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 40, Miscellaneous manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,945 100 263 100 79 100 1,068 18.6 - 24.2 - 29.4 - 11.7
Single modes 745 38.3 228 86.6 37 46.2 242 20.3 10 28.6 7.6 36.6 10.8 38.9
Truck6 735 37.8 227 86.3 35 44.6 180 20.4 10.1 28.7 7.6 34.9 10.8 42.9
For-hire truck 340 17.5 68 25.7 27 34.1 721 22.5 6 37.7 8.3 45.9 8.5 20.1
Private truck 396 20.4 159 60.6 8 10.5 54 22.7 6.7 37 11.1 33 9.1 30
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,228 S S S S S S 23.2
Multiple modes 1,151 59.2 33 12.4 40 50.2 1,196 24.1 8.9 32.4 7.9 35.7 11.7 11.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,151 59.2 33 12.4 40 50.2 1,196 24.1 8.9 32.4 7.9 35.7 11.7 11.1
Other and unknown modes 49 2.5 S S S S 617 43.3 1.5 S S S S 34.9

SCTG2 41, Waste and scrap

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 166 S S S S S S 44.9
Single modes S S S S S S 166 S S S S S S 44.9
Truck6 S S S S S S 166 S S S S S S 44.9
For-hire truck 446 92.1 S S S S S 7.7 7.9 S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S 100 S S S S S S 41.5

SCTG2 43, Mixed freight

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 6,258 100 2,108 100 366 100 168 18.3 - 16.3 - 14.6 - 18.4
Single modes 5,818 93 1,961 93 359 98.2 137 17 3.4 15 3.9 14.9 1.2 18.5
Truck6 5,817 93 1,961 93 359 98.2 137 17 3.4 15 3.9 14.9 1.2 18.6
For-hire truck S S S S 191 52.1 546 S S S S 33.2 9.4 24
Private truck 3,750 59.9 1,262 59.9 169 46.1 86 24.2 11 18 10.6 19.1 9.1 18.5
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S 2 0.5 626 S S S S 45.3 0.3 29.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S 2 0.5 626 S S S S 45.3 0.3 29.1
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,881 S S S S S S 26.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,881 S S S S S S 26.4

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
4 Coefficient of Variation.
5 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
6 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
7 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Orlando-Deltona-Daytona Beach, FL by Alcoholic Beverages (08) by Air has no data for any cell therefore the entire row is not shown. Also, two-digit commodities are not present if there is no such data for an entire commodity by area. For example, Pittsburgh-New Castle, PA by Cereal Grains (02) has no data for any mode therefore the entire commodity is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.