Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 87,301 100 34,639 100 6,303 100 9.1 - 10.9 - 19.5 -
Less than 50 miles 20,889 23.9 25,406 73.3 422 6.7 14.3 3.4 12.3 5.4 12.3 1.7
50 - 99 miles 14,004 16 3,047 8.8 330 5.2 14.8 2 19.4 2 19.9 1
100 - 249 miles 5,646 6.5 S S S S 15 0.9 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 4,536 5.2 736 2.1 312 4.9 28.1 0.9 31.4 0.9 29.8 1.2
500 - 749 miles 1,230 1.4 S S S S 23.6 0.3 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 1,089 1.2 S S S S 22.2 0.3 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 7,934 9.1 685 2 946 15 16.8 1 26.4 0.5 25.3 2.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 20,656 23.7 948 2.7 2,118 33.6 18 3.9 20.8 0.7 21.5 4.8
More than 2,000 miles 11,317 13 482 1.4 1,342 21.3 12 0.9 22.1 0.3 23.1 2.7

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 63,877 100 33,966 100 5,509 100 8.7 - 11.1 - 19.6 -
Less than 50 miles 18,840 29.5 25,279 74.4 421 7.6 15.1 4.6 12.3 5.3 12.4 2
50 - 99 miles 11,313 17.7 2,970 8.7 320 5.8 14.4 2.2 19.9 2.1 20.5 1.2
100 - 249 miles 3,500 5.5 S S S S 18.4 0.7 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 2,648 4.1 595 1.8 250 4.5 36 1 28.8 0.8 27.2 1.5
500 - 749 miles 615 1 S S S S 30.4 0.2 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 644 1 S S S S 29.3 0.3 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 5,341 8.4 640 1.9 877 15.9 15.7 0.9 26.9 0.5 25.6 3.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 15,579 24.4 872 2.6 1,945 35.3 25 5.3 22.1 0.7 23.1 5.1
More than 2,000 miles 5,398 8.5 323 1 895 16.2 12.7 0.9 23.6 0.1 24.1 1.9

Truck4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 52,483 100 31,102 100 3,622 100 7.6 - 9 - 17.5 -
Less than 50 miles 18,840 35.9 25,279 81.3 421 11.6 15.1 4.7 12.3 4.7 12.4 2.4
50 - 99 miles 10,247 19.5 2,913 9.4 312 8.6 13.8 2.7 19.2 2.1 19.5 1.2
100 - 249 miles 2,576 4.9 810 2.6 139 3.9 19.3 0.9 31.6 1 35.1 0.7
250 - 499 miles 1,921 3.7 534 1.7 218 6 25 0.9 28.5 0.8 26.5 1.7
500 - 749 miles 550 1 S S S S 34.2 0.4 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 381 0.7 S S S S 28.9 0.2 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 4,731 9 572 1.8 771 21.3 11.8 1.2 29 0.5 27.5 3.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 9,604 18.3 290 0.9 608 16.8 40.4 6.1 17.2 0.3 17.7 2.6
More than 2,000 miles 3,634 6.9 277 0.9 760 21 18.4 1 25.1 0.2 25.9 3.1

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 32,705 100 10,338 100 2,914 100 12.6 - 17.6 - 19.4 -
Less than 50 miles 5,375 16.4 6,559 63.4 114 3.9 30.3 3.7 26.3 6 22.8 1.9
50 - 99 miles 6,622 20.2 1,587 15.3 167 5.7 20 4 29.5 3.1 28.8 1.3
100 - 249 miles 1,319 4 384 3.7 S S 37.7 1.6 44.3 1.1 S S
250 - 499 miles 1,194 3.7 312 3 131 4.5 25.4 1.1 26.4 1.6 23.4 1.5
500 - 749 miles 545 1.7 S S S S 33.7 0.8 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 372 1.1 S S S S 29.1 0.5 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 4,234 12.9 511 4.9 687 23.6 11.9 2 29.3 1 28 3.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles 9,410 28.8 282 2.7 590 20.2 41.4 7.1 18.3 0.9 18.4 3.4
More than 2,000 miles 3,634 11.1 277 2.7 760 26.1 18.4 1.4 25.1 0.9 25.9 4

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 19,778 100 20,764 100 708 100 11.1 - 12.2 - 12 -
Less than 50 miles 13,465 68.1 18,719 90.2 307 43.4 11.2 3.9 14.1 3.3 12.9 4.8
50 - 99 miles 3,625 18.3 1,326 6.4 145 20.4 22.2 2.2 14 1.9 15.4 4
100 - 249 miles 1,257 6.4 425 2 63 9 26.1 1.6 30.7 1.2 30.4 3
250 - 499 miles 727 3.7 222 1.1 88 12.4 42.6 1.3 41.4 0.5 40.4 3.6
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles 9 - S S S S 38.6 0.1 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 496 2.5 60 0.3 84 11.8 40.2 2.3 35.4 0.3 38.2 9
1,500 - 2,000 miles 194 1 S S S S 43 0.3 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S 1,420 100 S S S S 11.3 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S 54 2.1 28 2 S S 5.6 9.5 2.7 1.4
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S 65 2.5 101 7.1 S S 41.9 13 40.6 6.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S 939 66.1 S S S S 30.2 18.9
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 2,074 100 165 100 381 100 2.9 - 3.1 - 2.7 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,074 100 165 100 381 100 2.9 - 3.1 - 2.7 -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 2,074 100 165 100 381 100 2.9 - 3.1 - 2.7 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,074 100 165 100 381 100 2.9 - 3.1 - 2.7 -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 3,668 100 S S 85 100 25.4 - S S 37.5 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles 109 3 S S S S 46.6 1.3 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 493 13.4 S S S S 40.5 4.4 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 155 4.2 S S S S 40.7 1.5 S S S S
500 - 749 miles 65 1.8 - 0.2 - 0.2 44.3 0.8 47.2 1 43.6 0.5
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 224 6.1 3 2.9 6 7 28.2 5.2 42.8 5.4 45.8 5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,169 31.9 9 8.1 18 20.6 33 5.2 30 7.5 30.3 5.1
More than 2,000 miles 1,190 32.4 S S 31 36 31.4 5.6 S S 50 6.7

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 22,442 100 444 100 675 100 14 - 16.3 - 25.7 -
Less than 50 miles 1,727 7.7 31 7 S S 15.3 1.4 49.2 2.3 S S
50 - 99 miles 2,568 11.4 69 15.6 8 1.2 32.9 2.8 34.1 4.9 36.1 0.8
100 - 249 miles 2,081 9.3 15 3.3 3 0.5 23.4 2.5 17.5 0.9 15.8 0.2
250 - 499 miles 1,754 7.8 59 13.3 28 4.1 18 0.9 31 3.6 32 1.5
500 - 749 miles 613 2.7 10 2.4 8 1.2 26.4 0.5 26.4 0.9 25 0.8
750 - 999 miles 426 1.9 6 1.4 7 1 22.6 0.3 21.6 0.4 21.9 0.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,518 11.2 42 9.5 65 9.6 22.9 2.4 26.5 1.8 29.2 1.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles 5,007 22.3 71 16 162 23.9 26.7 2.7 18.8 2.7 19.1 5.5
More than 2,000 miles 5,747 25.6 140 31.5 394 58.4 16.3 2.8 33.1 5.4 35 6.3

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 20,517 100 313 100 397 100 12.8 - 15.3 - 14.8 -
Less than 50 miles 1,727 8.4 31 9.9 S S 15.3 1.3 49.2 2.4 S S
50 - 99 miles 1,909 9.3 39 12.4 4 1 23.6 1.8 36.6 2.6 35.9 0.3
100 - 249 miles 2,080 10.1 14 4.6 3 0.9 23.4 2.6 16.4 1.2 16.1 0.2
250 - 499 miles 1,752 8.5 58 18.4 27 6.7 18.1 1.1 32 3.7 33.1 1.9
500 - 749 miles 613 3 10 3.3 8 2 26.4 0.7 26.4 1 25 0.8
750 - 999 miles 426 2.1 6 2 7 1.8 22.6 0.4 21.6 0.6 21.9 0.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,238 10.9 27 8.6 39 9.7 21.1 2.3 11.6 1.9 11.5 1.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 4,698 22.9 51 16.2 106 26.7 28.4 2.7 17.6 1.7 18.3 2.3
More than 2,000 miles 5,073 24.7 77 24.5 203 51.1 12.6 2.8 21.3 3.3 21.5 3.8

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S 54 100 122 100 S S 33.6 - 41.4 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S 33 60.5 99 80.7 S S 48.5 16.1 47.8 8

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 981 100 229 100 120 100 16.2 - 31 - 31.2 -
Less than 50 miles 322 32.8 97 42.4 1 0.5 18.8 7.3 34.1 10 23.1 0.5
50 - 99 miles 122 12.5 8 3.5 S S 45 5.4 38.5 4.4 S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 134 13.7 S S S S 47.1 7.1 S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 74 7.5 3 1.2 4 3.2 49.8 5 38 0.9 37.3 5.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles 70 7.1 5 2.3 11 9.4 29.5 2.1 43.7 3.4 43.6 14.2
More than 2,000 miles 172 17.5 S S S S 39.1 8.6 S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any mileage group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the mileage group of "More than 2,000 miles" but does have data for the other mileage groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.