Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 87,301 100 34,639 100 6,303 100 1,084 9.1 - 10.9 - 19.5 - 9.4
Less than 50 lbs 16,790 19.2 196 0.6 166 2.6 1,306 13.4 1.8 22.0 0.1 12.2 0.7 7.6
50 - 99 lbs 4,635 5.3 142 0.4 74 1.2 517 17.5 0.7 27.7 0.1 21.5 0.5 23.4
100 - 499 lbs 11,809 13.5 718 2.1 272 4.3 378 11.1 1.4 15.6 0.3 19.1 1.7 26.5
500 - 749 lbs 3,658 4.2 280 0.8 66 1.0 242 23.0 0.8 14.7 0.1 18.0 0.4 38.9
750 - 999 lbs 1,836 2.1 272 0.8 85 1.3 312 10.9 0.2 14.1 0.1 30.5 0.4 22.4
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 19,295 22.1 3,386 9.8 883 14.0 273 15.6 3.5 13.3 1.3 10.2 2.6 18.5
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 20,634 23.6 15,940 46.0 3,087 49.0 263 29.8 4.1 15.9 5.8 38.8 6.8 21.6
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 5,496 6.3 10,297 29.7 492 7.8 45 25.9 2.2 23.3 5.8 23.6 2.7 17.5
More than 100,000 lbs 3,148 3.6 S S 1,178 18.7 S 17.8 0.7 S S 38.1 5.7 S

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 63,877 100 33,966 100 5,509 100 236 8.7 - 11.1 - 19.6 - 21.0
Less than 50 lbs 3,658 5.7 74 0.2 10 0.2 335 18.3 1.1 39.1 0.1 18.8 0.1 31.2
50 - 99 lbs 1,342 2.1 94 0.3 9 0.2 98 23.2 0.4 39.4 0.1 21.2 0.1 30.3
100 - 499 lbs 7,813 12.2 577 1.7 95 1.7 149 11.1 1.4 16.6 0.2 17.8 0.8 42.2
500 - 749 lbs 3,207 5.0 262 0.8 53 1.0 211 25.8 1.0 15.4 0.1 19.7 0.5 45.6
750 - 999 lbs 1,695 2.7 254 0.7 71 1.3 282 11.7 0.3 15.5 0.1 26.4 0.4 20.9
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 18,814 29.5 3,326 9.8 811 14.7 250 16.0 4.4 13.5 1.3 9.8 3.5 20.7
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 19,320 30.2 15,735 46.3 2,828 51.3 244 27.0 4.7 15.6 6.0 36.6 6.8 20.7
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 5,475 8.6 10,270 30.2 458 8.3 41 25.9 3.1 23.4 5.9 25.3 2.6 19.6
More than 100,000 lbs 2,552 4.0 S S 1,173 21.3 S 5.8 0.5 S S 38.2 6.0 S

Truck4

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 52,483 100 31,102 100 3,622 100 146 7.6 - 9.0 - 17.5 - 26.9
Less than 50 lbs 2,132 4.1 71 0.2 6 0.2 137 16.6 0.7 40.4 0.1 19.5 - 42.3
50 - 99 lbs 1,159 2.2 93 0.3 8 0.2 79 25.9 0.4 39.9 0.1 27.0 0.1 31.5
100 - 499 lbs 6,615 12.6 571 1.8 86 2.4 134 14.4 1.3 16.8 0.2 19.7 0.9 47.1
500 - 749 lbs 2,914 5.6 260 0.8 52 1.4 205 29.3 1.6 15.5 0.1 19.9 0.5 46.3
750 - 999 lbs 1,586 3.0 245 0.8 53 1.5 224 12.8 0.5 16.0 0.1 23.3 0.4 19.9
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 18,460 35.2 3,309 10.6 781 21.6 238 16.4 4.2 13.5 1.3 9.7 3.3 22.2
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 13,841 26.4 13,747 44.2 2,089 57.7 197 13.1 2.4 13.3 6.2 29.6 5.8 24.1
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 5,466 10.4 10,261 33.0 439 12.1 40 25.9 3.4 23.4 6.3 25.0 3.6 19.0
More than 100,000 lbs 310 0.6 S S 109 3.0 S 30.8 0.2 S S 42.4 1.7 S

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 32,705 100 10,338 100 2,914 100 841 12.6 - 17.6 - 19.4 - 11.5
Less than 50 lbs 708 2.2 3 - 3 0.1 1,278 17.9 0.7 15.8 - 19.5 - 9.6
50 - 99 lbs 328 1.0 S S 5 0.2 S 26.8 0.2 S S 21.9 0.1 S
100 - 499 lbs 2,399 7.3 73 0.7 70 2.4 945 26.2 1.7 23.9 0.4 25.0 1.1 17.1
500 - 749 lbs 1,568 4.8 61 0.6 42 1.5 724 32.3 1.8 45.6 0.3 24.3 0.6 42.0
750 - 999 lbs 799 2.4 30 0.3 43 1.5 1,440 14.0 0.6 19.6 0.1 26.4 0.5 12.1
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 13,227 40.4 920 8.9 655 22.5 940 25.5 5.7 34.2 2.4 11.4 4.3 12.1
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 10,920 33.4 5,117 49.5 1,748 60.0 433 15.1 3.8 21.1 5.3 32.4 7.0 21.0
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 2,631 8.0 4,035 39.0 298 10.2 67 24.9 3.3 28.7 5.5 28.2 3.7 38.3
More than 100,000 lbs S S 88 0.9 S S S S S 29.5 1.7 S S S

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 19,778 100 20,764 100 708 100 35 11.1 - 12.2 - 12.0 - 5.0
Less than 50 lbs 1,424 7.2 68 0.3 2 0.3 31 20.9 1.0 42.4 0.1 49.1 0.2 7.2
50 - 99 lbs 831 4.2 81 0.4 3 0.4 37 28.2 1.0 38.0 0.1 49.3 0.3 15.8
100 - 499 lbs 4,215 21.3 498 2.4 15 2.2 31 22.3 3.3 20.8 0.3 18.4 0.5 10.5
500 - 749 lbs 1,347 6.8 200 1.0 9 1.3 48 38.8 1.9 21.5 0.3 33.0 0.3 11.3
750 - 999 lbs 787 4.0 215 1.0 10 1.5 48 16.8 0.5 17.1 0.2 23.1 0.5 15.4
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 5,233 26.5 2,389 11.5 126 17.9 49 9.9 3.3 14.1 2.1 15.6 2.9 12.1
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 2,921 14.8 8,629 41.6 341 48.2 42 15.2 2.4 19.3 7.8 21.2 7.0 23.8
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 2,835 14.3 6,226 30.0 140 19.8 22 31.8 4.2 26.1 7.5 27.8 5.2 41.8
More than 100,000 lbs 186 0.9 S S S S S 40.7 0.4 S S S S S

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S 1,420 100 S S S S S 11.3 - S
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 86 1.5 3 0.1 7 0.5 2,228 7.1 10.9 11.5 0.2 20.3 0.2 -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs 145 2.6 S S S S S 46.7 13.6 S S S S S

Water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 2,074 100 165 100 381 100 2,311 2.9 - 3.1 - 2.7 - -
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs 2,074 100.0 165 100.0 381 100.0 2,311 2.9 - 3.1 - 2.7 - -

Shallow draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 2,074 100 165 100 381 100 2,311 2.9 - 3.1 - 2.7 - -
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs 2,074 100.0 165 100.0 381 100.0 2,311 2.9 - 3.1 - 2.7 - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 3,668 100 S S 85 100 1,801 25.4 - S S 37.5 - 4.8
Less than 50 lbs 1,526 41.6 2 2.1 5 5.3 1,822 30.9 8.6 26.6 4.4 36.4 4.6 6.6
50 - 99 lbs 183 5.0 1 0.9 2 2.1 1,765 43.3 1.7 36.4 1.9 35.0 2.1 6.2
100 - 499 lbs 1,198 32.7 6 5.3 9 10.8 1,517 36.7 7.2 46.7 7.0 44.9 6.2 8.6
500 - 749 lbs S S 1 1.0 2 1.8 1,360 S S 27.4 4.5 41.3 4.1 27.3
750 - 999 lbs 109 3.0 S S S S 2,006 32.6 8.8 S S S S 13.3
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 267 7.3 14 12.3 24 27.8 1,732 39.5 6.4 34.3 12.6 35.5 9.2 11.6
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 22,442 100 444 100 675 100 1,515 14.0 - 16.3 - 25.7 - 4.7
Less than 50 lbs 12,917 57.6 119 26.8 156 23.1 1,524 13.0 2.8 15.1 3.7 12.6 4.1 4.8
50 - 99 lbs 3,242 14.4 46 10.4 64 9.5 1,379 22.3 2.2 19.9 1.9 25.7 2.6 9.7
100 - 499 lbs 3,913 17.4 128 28.9 172 25.5 1,376 17.8 2.9 24.5 4.4 25.9 5.8 9.2
500 - 749 lbs 439 2.0 16 3.6 12 1.8 740 31.1 0.8 34.3 2.7 25.6 1.3 11.4
750 - 999 lbs 105 0.5 12 2.6 S S 1,108 24.8 0.2 47.0 1.7 S S 35.6
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 127 0.6 6 1.3 S S 3,501 49.1 0.5 47.7 0.4 S S 21.1
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,460 S S S S S S 14.9
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S 5 0.7 S S S S S 21.2 2.5 S

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 20,517 100 313 100 397 100 1,513 12.8 - 15.3 - 14.8 - 4.7
Less than 50 lbs 12,904 62.9 119 38.0 156 39.2 1,524 13.1 2.2 15.1 2.5 12.6 3.8 4.8
50 - 99 lbs 3,235 15.8 46 14.7 64 16.2 1,378 22.3 2.3 19.9 2.5 25.8 3.1 9.7
100 - 499 lbs 3,875 18.9 122 38.9 153 38.6 1,316 17.9 2.8 23.1 2.8 26.4 4.4 10.2
500 - 749 lbs 427 2.1 16 5.1 11 2.8 715 31.7 0.8 34.9 2.8 25.7 1.5 11.2
750 - 999 lbs 76 0.4 11 3.4 S S 1,131 33.1 0.2 48.2 2.3 S S 38.9
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S 2,072 S S S S S S 7.6
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 1,908 S S S S S S 22.4
50 - 99 lbs 5 0.4 - 0.1 - 0.1 2,434 48.3 3.9 31.8 5.7 31.4 5.4 3.3
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S 2,588 S S S S S S 3.0
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S 2,622 S S S S S S 8.3
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,233 S S S S S S 7.1
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,513 S S S S S S 9.5
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S 54 100 122 100 2,751 S S 33.6 - 41.4 - 20.1
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S 2,846 S S S S S S 12.5
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs S S S S - 0.3 S S S S S 30.3 0.6 S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 3,741 S S S S S S 26.3
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,201 S S S S S S 32.5
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 981 100 229 100 120 100 188 16.2 - 31.0 - 31.2 - 43.5
Less than 50 lbs 214 21.8 3 1.5 - 0.2 S 34.2 7.0 38.4 1.4 44.6 0.3 S
50 - 99 lbs 51 5.2 2 1.1 S S 301 27.5 2.1 38.2 1.0 S S 40.0
100 - 499 lbs 83 8.5 13 5.6 S S S 32.7 2.7 43.2 4.3 S S S
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S 158 S S S S S S 40.8
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 353 36.0 54 23.5 S S 952 25.8 8.9 31.4 11.7 S S 23.0
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 191 19.5 S S S S S 22.1 5.9 S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 ""Truck"" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any shipment weight group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the shipment weight groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the shipment size of "More than 100,000 lbs" but does have data for the other shipment weight groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.