Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities5

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 87,301 100 34,639 100 6,303 100 1,084 9.1 - 10.9 - 19.5 - 9.4
Single modes 63,877 73.2 33,966 98.1 5,509 87.4 236 8.7 2.1 11.1 0.5 19.6 2.4 21
Truck6 52,483 60.1 31,102 89.8 3,622 57.5 146 7.6 4.2 9 3.4 17.5 5.5 26.9
For-hire truck 32,705 37.5 10,338 29.8 2,914 46.2 841 12.6 4.9 17.6 4.8 19.4 4.5 11.5
Private truck 19,778 22.7 20,764 59.9 708 11.2 35 11.1 2.5 12.2 5 12 1.8 5
Rail S S S S 1,420 22.5 S S S S S 11.3 11 S
Water 2,074 2.4 165 0.5 381 6 2,311 2.9 0.2 3.1 0.1 2.7 1.2 -
Shallow draft 2,074 2.4 165 0.5 381 6 2,311 2.9 0.2 3.1 0.1 2.7 1.2 -
Air (incl truck and air) 3,668 4.2 S S 85 1.4 1,801 25.4 1.4 S S 37.5 0.3 4.8
Multiple modes 22,442 25.7 444 1.3 675 10.7 1,515 14 2 16.3 0.3 25.7 2.2 4.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 20,517 23.5 313 0.9 397 6.3 1,513 12.8 1.8 15.3 0.3 14.8 2 4.7
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,072 S S S S S S 7.6
Truck and water S S 54 0.2 122 1.9 2,751 S S 33.6 0.1 41.4 0.9 20.1
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 981 1.1 229 0.7 120 1.9 188 16.2 0.2 31 0.2 31.2 0.4 43.5

SCTG2 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,620 100 1,342 100 245 100 S 27 - 21.8 - 22.7 - S
Single modes 2,573 98.2 1,334 99.4 230 93.8 S 26.6 1.1 21.7 0.2 21.5 2.3 S
Truck6 2,536 96.8 1,330 99.1 225 91.6 S 26.5 1.4 21.7 0.3 21.8 3.1 S
For-hire truck 460 17.6 251 18.7 148 60.4 1,373 35.1 6.8 41.7 4.9 31.1 6.7 16
Private truck 2,076 79.2 1,079 80.4 76 31.2 52 26 7.5 25.4 4.9 17.6 7.6 22.1
Air (incl truck and air) S S 4 0.3 S S 1,188 S S 35.2 0.4 S S 31.5
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,004 S S S S S S 22.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 19 0.7 2 0.1 3 1.2 1,899 37.8 2.3 36.3 0.3 38.1 1.7 6.6
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 3 0.1 S S S S 6 34.9 0.3 S S S S 8.5

SCTG2 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,783 100 2,420 100 645 100 557 14.2 - 21.9 - 32.7 - 34.8
Single modes 2,590 93.1 2,394 98.9 573 88.9 S 11.9 3.4 21.5 0.4 31.4 4.6 S
Truck6 2,590 93.1 2,394 98.9 573 88.9 S 11.9 3.4 21.5 0.4 31.4 4.6 S
For-hire truck 734 26.4 617 25.5 449 69.7 897 29.5 5.8 35.7 4.2 31.6 11 21.4
Private truck 1,856 66.7 1,777 73.4 124 19.2 40 13.9 6.5 18.1 4.5 38.2 9.9 20
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,015 S S S S S S 47.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 2,014 S S S S S S 18.5
Truck and water S S S S 64 10 2,866 S S S S 45.5 13.6 46.1
Other and unknown modes - - - - S S S 43.2 - 47.2 - S S S

SCTG2 10-14, Stones, nonmetallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 225 100 8,515 100 198 100 S 26.4 - 29.2 - 24.7 - S
Single modes 222 98.7 8,504 99.9 187 94.3 S 27 1.9 29.3 0.1 27.1 6.3 S
Truck6 222 98.7 8,504 99.9 187 94.3 S 27 1.9 29.3 0.1 27.1 6.3 S
For-hire truck 112 49.9 2,218 26 S S S 46.1 14.7 39.8 18.8 S S S
Private truck 110 48.8 6,286 73.8 99 50.1 S 39.5 15.1 36.4 13.5 30.5 16.7 S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 1 0.2 S S S S S 6.1 0.5 S S S S S

SCTG2 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 4,975 100 5,922 100 162 100 36 30.3 - 28.7 - 31.6 - 13
Single modes 4,971 99.9 5,921 100 162 99.9 31 30.3 6.2 28.7 1.8 31.7 1.8 9
Truck6 4,971 99.9 5,921 100 162 99.9 31 30.3 6.2 28.7 1.8 31.7 1.8 9
For-hire truck 1,902 38.2 2,216 37.4 75 46.5 S 32.3 6.9 32.2 8.3 30.8 7 S
Private truck 3,068 61.7 3,704 62.5 86 53.3 28 28.7 7.7 25.7 7.6 34.1 6.6 11.3
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S - - - - S S S 49.1 2.6 46.7 2.6 S
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 20-24, Basic chemicals, chemical, and pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 5,352 100 796 100 S S S 25.3 - 35.3 - S S S
Single modes 3,961 74 730 91.7 S S S 26.2 6.7 35.5 2.2 S S S
Truck6 3,770 70.4 718 90.2 S S S 26.7 6.7 35.9 2.1 S S S
For-hire truck 1,382 25.8 188 23.6 S S 1,230 26.5 8.1 47.8 8.1 S S 16.8
Private truck 2,388 44.6 530 66.6 S S S 35.3 8.6 42.6 9.2 S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 191 3.6 S S 16 4.9 1,556 42.5 1.7 S S 49.8 5.2 13.9
Multiple modes 1,296 24.2 S S S S 839 32.7 6.2 S S S S 22
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,267 23.7 S S 39 12.2 797 32.2 6.3 S S 41.2 6.4 22.6
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,853 S S S S S S 27.1
Other and unknown modes 96 1.8 S S S S S 45.9 0.9 S S S S S

SCTG2 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 5,210 100 1,010 100 209 100 1,412 23.4 - 22.4 - 21.8 - 12.6
Single modes 3,709 71.2 939 92.9 152 72.9 S 25.2 5.8 23.4 3.1 23.5 6.1 S
Truck6 3,611 69.3 936 92.6 145 69.7 S 26.3 6.3 23.5 3.2 25.3 7.3 S
For-hire truck 1,005 19.3 279 27.6 108 51.8 1,222 24 6.7 28 7.4 22.1 7.5 19.5
Private truck 2,607 50 657 65 S S 39 36.3 7.3 27.8 7.2 S S 40.7
Air (incl truck and air) 98 1.9 S S S S 2,340 47.4 2.7 S S S S 8.6
Multiple modes 1,260 24.2 36 3.5 45 21.3 1,559 37.1 5.7 32.7 1.8 37 4.9 9.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,249 24 35 3.4 43 20.7 1,559 37.3 5.7 32.7 1.8 38.1 5 9.1
Truck and rail 2 - 1 0.1 1 0.5 1,592 7.8 0.2 44.8 0.4 48 2.2 4.8
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 241 4.6 36 3.5 12 5.8 S 30.5 1.8 41 2.1 42.4 3.5 S

SCTG2 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 8,414 100 8,330 100 942 100 880 12.9 - 20 - 45.6 - 21.6
Single modes 6,210 73.8 8,136 97.7 836 88.7 271 13.6 5 19.8 0.8 48.4 5.9 30.5
Truck6 5,490 65.2 8,058 96.7 809 85.9 216 15.9 6.7 19.5 1 47.6 5.8 31
For-hire truck 3,346 39.8 2,828 33.9 S S 850 25.7 6.6 43.6 8.7 S S 16
Private truck 2,144 25.5 5,229 62.8 142 15.1 27 7 7.4 24.9 8.8 25.2 10.4 16.7
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,806 S S S S S S 11.8
Multiple modes 2,056 24.4 56 0.7 S S 1,565 34 5.3 49.6 0.8 S S 17.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,484 17.6 S S S S 1,565 18.7 2.5 S S S S 17.2
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 148 1.8 S S S S 111 36.2 0.9 S S S S 40.5

SCTG2 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 48,754 100 2,727 100 2,885 100 1,142 13.4 - 21.4 - 23.5 - 10.3
Single modes 34,973 71.7 2,527 92.7 2,570 89.1 384 14.7 3.6 22.7 2.9 25.2 4.6 45.8
Truck6 25,439 52.2 1,741 63.8 998 34.6 S 20.4 6.8 35 10.1 39.6 8.6 S
For-hire truck 22,027 45.2 1,520 55.7 949 32.9 638 21.2 6.6 40 10.3 37.9 8.2 40.1
Private truck 3,412 7 221 8.1 S S S 29.9 1.6 35.4 4.5 S S S
Rail S S 613 22.5 1,179 40.8 1,753 S S 34.2 19.6 31.7 15.9 10.1
Water 2,074 4.3 165 6.1 381 13.2 2,311 2.9 0.9 3.1 4.8 2.7 6 -
Shallow draft 2,074 4.3 165 6.1 381 13.2 2,311 2.9 0.9 3.1 4.8 2.7 6 -
Air (incl truck and air) 2,239 4.6 9 0.3 12 0.4 1,805 35.1 2.7 37.3 0.1 28.6 0.2 5.7
Multiple modes 13,393 27.5 185 6.8 299 10.3 1,439 15.4 3.6 35.2 3 41.8 4.7 6.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 12,242 25.1 110 4 131 4.5 1,438 13.3 3.7 49.3 2.5 43.1 4.2 6.3
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,421 S S S S S S 7.4
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 388 0.8 S S 17 0.6 S 25.8 0.3 S S 48.9 0.9 S

SCTG2 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 8,955 100 S S 696 100 1,392 12.3 - S S 43.3 - 7.2
Single modes 4,657 52 S S 543 78 427 15 4.2 S S 43.7 4.7 32
Truck6 3,843 42.9 1,497 41.9 282 40.6 S 13.2 5 38.2 15.6 14.8 11.9 S
For-hire truck 1,737 19.4 222 6.2 246 35.4 1,138 23.7 6.2 16.6 10.5 18.8 11.1 14.9
Private truck 2,106 23.5 1,274 35.7 36 5.2 41 24.1 4.8 45.6 12.3 23.2 3.5 15.5
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,770 S S S S S S 11
Multiple modes 4,194 46.8 79 2.2 115 16.5 1,616 15.7 4.1 19 2.6 29.6 5.2 7.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 4,082 45.6 71 2 105 15.2 1,616 15.9 3.9 20.2 2.6 31.3 4.3 7.6
Truck and rail S S 4 0.1 S S 1,910 S S 38.7 0.4 S S 24.2
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 771 S S S S S S 30

SCTG2 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 133 S S S S S S 34.4
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
4 Coefficient of Variation.
5 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
6 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
7 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Dallas-Fort Worth, TX by Base metal and machinery (31-34) by Water has no data for any shipment characteristic therefore the entire row is not shown. Also, entire commodity groups are not present if there is no such data for that commodity group by area. For example, Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV (DC part) by Coal and petroleum products (15-19) has no data for any mode therefore the entire commodity group is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.