Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 270,110 100 206,762 100 25,964 100 9.2 - 22.7 - 20 -
Less than 50 miles 132,966 49.2 153,621 74.3 3,896 15 11.9 3 17.7 3.1 28.5 1.5
50 - 99 miles 16,671 6.2 S S S S 12.5 0.7 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 7,980 3 5,437 2.6 1,049 4 15.5 0.3 14.6 0.8 14.8 0.9
250 - 499 miles 26,535 9.8 7,933 3.8 3,231 12.4 19.1 1 22.6 0.6 19.9 2
500 - 749 miles 11,265 4.2 2,994 1.4 2,333 9 10.7 0.5 19.2 0.4 19.4 1.5
750 - 999 miles 3,253 1.2 709 0.3 899 3.5 12.5 0.1 19.1 0.1 20.7 0.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles 11,931 4.4 931 0.5 1,681 6.5 17.4 0.5 16.8 0.2 16.6 1.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 28,395 10.5 1,798 0.9 3,996 15.4 15.3 1.9 22.6 0.2 23.7 1.5
More than 2,000 miles 31,114 11.5 2,147 1 6,086 23.4 7.5 0.8 12.6 0.2 12.5 2.1

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 184,883 100 185,799 100 21,234 100 7.4 - 24.3 - 24.1 -
Less than 50 miles 106,106 57.4 135,574 73 3,556 16.7 11.4 3.5 18.7 3.4 31.4 1.8
50 - 99 miles 13,446 7.3 S S S S 12.6 0.8 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 5,346 2.9 5,360 2.9 1,033 4.9 9.4 0.2 14.9 0.8 15.1 1.4
250 - 499 miles 15,398 8.3 7,211 3.9 2,921 13.8 19.3 1.2 24.8 0.8 21.9 2.7
500 - 749 miles 5,596 3 2,472 1.3 1,914 9 8 0.3 17.1 0.3 17.5 1.1
750 - 999 miles 1,669 0.9 606 0.3 765 3.6 11.6 0.1 17.3 0.1 19.2 1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 6,219 3.4 742 0.4 1,326 6.2 18.2 0.7 22.3 0.2 22.4 1.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 17,357 9.4 1,450 0.8 3,154 14.9 22.7 2.4 27.5 0.2 28.3 2
More than 2,000 miles 13,745 7.4 1,359 0.7 3,797 17.9 10.9 0.8 18.5 0.2 18.9 2.4

Truck4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 143,559 100 155,591 100 17,609 100 6.6 - 27.6 - 27.3 -
Less than 50 miles 82,401 57.4 112,654 72.4 3,088 17.5 8.7 3.4 20.7 3.9 34.9 2.1
50 - 99 miles 11,864 8.3 S S S S 12.5 0.8 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 4,754 3.3 4,598 3 878 5 9 0.2 12.7 0.8 12.1 1.3
250 - 499 miles 11,135 7.8 4,564 2.9 1,850 10.5 17.6 1 30 0.5 28.4 0.6
500 - 749 miles 4,876 3.4 2,119 1.4 1,596 9.1 9 0.4 19.1 0.3 19.3 1.3
750 - 999 miles 1,484 1 463 0.3 558 3.2 13.5 0.1 16.1 0.1 16.6 0.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles 4,573 3.2 740 0.5 1,323 7.5 15.8 0.5 22.3 0.2 22.5 1.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 13,293 9.3 1,142 0.7 2,425 13.8 31.3 2.7 24.9 0.2 25.3 1.7
More than 2,000 miles 9,179 6.4 1,186 0.8 3,300 18.7 17.5 0.9 21.3 0.3 21.5 2.3

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 74,508 100 46,626 100 11,962 100 9.4 - 12.8 - 18.8 -
Less than 50 miles 24,880 33.4 29,549 63.4 796 6.7 7.9 3.4 16.9 4.9 14.4 1.5
50 - 99 miles 5,442 7.3 5,446 11.7 500 4.2 17.2 1.1 29.7 2.1 26.6 0.7
100 - 249 miles 2,500 3.4 2,511 5.4 464 3.9 12.1 0.4 21.7 1.1 19.9 0.9
250 - 499 miles 8,787 11.8 3,773 8.1 1,533 12.8 22.1 2.2 35.1 1.7 32.9 1.3
500 - 749 miles 4,721 6.3 2,028 4.3 1,527 12.8 6.8 0.7 19.5 0.6 19.7 1.5
750 - 999 miles 1,319 1.8 437 0.9 526 4.4 16.4 0.3 17.1 0.2 17.9 0.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 4,488 6 696 1.5 1,236 10.3 15.4 0.8 23.3 0.2 23.5 1.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 13,253 17.8 1,095 2.3 2,326 19.4 31.4 3.3 24.4 0.6 25 2.3
More than 2,000 miles 9,117 12.2 1,090 2.3 3,054 25.5 17.6 1.5 19.2 0.5 19.7 2.1

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 69,051 100 108,965 100 5,646 100 11.6 - 36.9 - 46.9 -
Less than 50 miles 57,521 83.3 83,104 76.3 2,292 40.6 12.4 1.4 28.4 4 45.1 5.6
50 - 99 miles 6,422 9.3 S S S S 17.3 1.2 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 2,254 3.3 2,087 1.9 414 7.3 13.4 0.5 16.5 0.6 16.3 3.3
250 - 499 miles 2,348 3.4 791 0.7 317 5.6 18.7 0.6 22.7 0.4 22.6 3.2
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S 26 - 32 0.6 S S 14 0.3 18.2 6.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,548 100 5,024 100 1,796 100 28 - 32.8 - 28 -
Less than 50 miles S S 2,851 56.8 69 3.9 S S 40.5 10.7 45.7 1.7
50 - 99 miles 55 3.6 S S S S 32 3.9 S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 45 2.9 100 2 51 2.8 35.3 0.8 27.1 2.7 26.6 2.7
500 - 749 miles 275 17.8 351 7 316 17.6 13.5 6.1 12.8 5.8 14.3 10.5
750 - 999 miles S S 141 2.8 205 11.4 S S 45.2 4.6 46.9 9
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles 126 8.1 S S S S 37.8 6.3 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 141 9.1 103 2 319 17.8 23.4 8.3 38.7 1 38.9 4

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles 504 90.5 S S S S 36.4 5.1 S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 442 100 S S S S 41.3 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles 442 100 S S S S 41.3 - S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Deep draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S 71 100 S S S S 41 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S 69 96.5 S S S S 25.9 2.5

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 24,372 100 177 100 284 100 22.8 - 23.3 - 26.7 -
Less than 50 miles 11,557 47.4 22 12.6 9 3.2 32.5 8.7 29.4 6.9 48.5 3.1
50 - 99 miles 72 0.3 - - - - 42.1 0.1 23.5 0.1 22.6 0.1
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 2,076 8.5 76 43.2 S S 19.1 2.4 46.1 12.1 S S
500 - 749 miles 445 1.8 2 1.4 2 0.6 42.6 1.5 38.5 1 38.6 0.9
750 - 999 miles 117 0.5 S S S S 36.5 0.4 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,647 6.8 2 1.4 3 1 45.9 2.9 42.8 1.6 36.1 2
1,500 - 2,000 miles 3,938 16.2 27 15.4 50 17.6 35.9 3.3 41.8 5.4 41 5.7
More than 2,000 miles 4,377 18 44 25 109 38.6 19.5 6.9 30.8 8.1 31 9.8

Pipeline5

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 14,848 100 19,159 100 S S 26.5 - 28.6 - S S
Less than 50 miles 10,912 73.5 14,228 74.3 S S 31.4 8.5 33.5 8.7 S S
50 - 99 miles 1,455 9.8 1,992 10.4 S S 23.3 10.5 21.5 9.7 S S
100 - 249 miles 343 2.3 471 2.5 S S 22.4 1.4 16.5 1.4 S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 77,198 100 S S 3,528 100 15.9 - S S 16.9 -
Less than 50 miles 23,333 30.2 S S S S 30 3.9 S S S S
50 - 99 miles 2,812 3.6 84 0.6 10 0.3 45.7 1.3 33 1.3 41.7 0.1
100 - 249 miles 2,571 3.3 52 0.4 11 0.3 34 0.7 30.9 0.8 33.8 0.2
250 - 499 miles 10,190 13.2 148 1 70 2 32.2 2.1 23.2 1.9 24.7 0.3
500 - 749 miles 4,824 6.2 76 0.5 63 1.8 13.4 1.1 24 0.9 23.4 0.8
750 - 999 miles 1,454 1.9 S S S S 21.1 0.2 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 5,289 6.9 179 1.2 338 9.6 30.9 1 32 2.3 32 1.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles 10,585 13.7 296 2 734 20.8 13 1.9 23.4 2.6 23.9 2.7
More than 2,000 miles 16,139 20.9 662 4.5 1,929 54.7 9.1 2.3 18.9 9.4 19.1 6.1

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 66,955 100 800 100 971 100 15.5 - 18.9 - 20.4 -
Less than 50 miles 15,250 22.8 172 21.5 8 0.8 17.1 1.3 14.3 3.1 16.1 0.2
50 - 99 miles 2,798 4.2 57 7.1 6 0.6 45.9 1.5 21.2 1 20 0.1
100 - 249 miles 2,567 3.8 47 5.9 10 1 34.1 0.8 27.9 1 29.2 0.2
250 - 499 miles 10,113 15.1 102 12.7 44 4.5 32.4 2.1 24.9 1 25.1 0.5
500 - 749 miles 4,727 7.1 64 8 50 5.1 12.3 0.9 26.2 1.5 25.7 1.1
750 - 999 miles 1,414 2.1 18 2.3 22 2.3 22.4 0.2 29.9 0.5 29.7 0.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 5,128 7.7 57 7.1 102 10.5 32.2 1 41.3 1.3 42 2
1,500 - 2,000 miles 10,152 15.2 96 12 204 21 13.9 2.2 19.9 1.3 19.8 2.3
More than 2,000 miles 14,807 22.1 187 23.4 527 54.2 11 1.6 20 3 19.9 3.2

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 2,180 100 S S 1,978 100 26.4 - S S 31.7 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 4 0.2 S S S S 38.3 1.2 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 16 0.7 41 1.4 24 1.2 39.6 1.5 34.6 5.7 41.4 1.4
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 161 7.4 122 4.1 236 11.9 42.1 3.1 47 4.5 45.8 3.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 401 18.4 184 6.2 436 22 34.6 7 37.2 4.7 37.6 5.7
More than 2,000 miles 1,016 46.6 358 12.1 1,093 55.3 31.6 8.2 35.9 10.1 35.7 9.8

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S 536 100 S S S S 41.1 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles 10 0.2 S S S S 45.9 10.5 S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 316 5.9 S S 309 57.7 46 14.5 S S 30.8 10.9

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 8,029 100 6,376 100 1,201 100 15.9 - 44.3 - 20.3 -
Less than 50 miles 3,527 43.9 S S 37 3.1 20.2 6.5 S S 39.6 2.4
50 - 99 miles 413 5.1 S S 14 1.2 48 1.7 S S 33 1
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 946 11.8 574 9 239 19.9 25.5 2.3 38.5 9 36.3 8.5
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles 130 1.6 S S S S 40.9 2 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S 10 0.2 17 1.5 S S 39.2 0.4 39.9 0.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles 453 5.6 51 0.8 108 9 30.2 2.7 32.9 2.2 31.8 2.3
More than 2,000 miles 1,230 15.3 126 2 360 29.9 32 4 19.8 4.9 19.7 9.1

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any mileage group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the mileage group of "More than 2,000 miles" but does have data for the other mileage groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.