Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities5

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 270,110 100 206,762 100 25,964 100 907 9.2 - 22.7 - 20 - 10
Single modes 184,883 68.4 185,799 89.9 21,234 81.8 185 7.4 2.1 24.3 3.9 24.1 3 9.3
Truck6 143,559 53.1 155,591 75.3 17,609 67.8 155 6.6 3.1 27.6 4.4 27.3 4.8 11.7
For-hire truck 74,508 27.6 46,626 22.6 11,962 46.1 704 9.4 3.9 12.8 6.4 18.8 4.1 11.5
Private truck 69,051 25.6 108,965 52.7 5,646 21.7 39 11.6 1.7 36.9 5.8 46.9 3.7 6.3
Rail 1,548 0.6 5,024 2.4 1,796 6.9 S 28 0.1 32.8 0.7 28 1.8 S
Water S S S S S S 1,867 S S S S S S 20
Shallow draft 442 0.2 S S S S 17 41.3 0.3 S S S S 35.3
Deep draft S S S S 71 0.3 2,435 S S S S 41 0.1 19.1
Air (incl truck and air) 24,372 9 177 0.1 284 1.1 1,472 22.8 1.7 23.3 - 26.7 0.4 7.5
Pipeline7 14,848 5.5 19,159 9.3 S S S 26.5 2.5 28.6 4 S S S
Multiple modes 77,198 28.6 S S 3,528 13.6 1,506 15.9 2.1 S S 16.9 3 7.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 66,955 24.8 800 0.4 971 3.7 1,506 15.5 1.9 18.9 0.1 20.4 0.8 7.3
Truck and rail 2,180 0.8 S S 1,978 7.6 1,808 26.4 0.2 S S 31.7 2.9 12.6
Truck and water S S S S 536 2.1 1,305 S S S S 41.1 0.8 18.8
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 8,029 3 6,376 3.1 1,201 4.6 S 15.9 0.4 44.3 1 20.3 1.1 S

SCTG2 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 7,849 100 3,248 100 962 100 S 17.5 - 15.7 - 40.3 - S
Single modes 7,413 94.4 3,214 99 919 95.5 S 16.7 1.6 15.7 0.4 42.6 4.9 S
Truck6 7,276 92.7 3,167 97.5 873 90.7 S 16.7 1.7 15.8 0.6 45.3 6.1 S
For-hire truck 1,341 17.1 917 28.2 425 44.2 549 12.7 4.3 24.2 8.2 21.7 10.9 18.2
Private truck 5,935 75.6 2,250 69.3 S S 44 20 5 21.1 7.9 S S 17.5
Rail 77 1 45 1.4 S S S 38.1 1.3 37.2 1.7 S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 60 0.8 S S S S 1,598 43.2 1.5 S S S S 23.3
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,204 S S S S S S 28.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S 3 0.3 1,173 S S S S 40 0.3 28.6
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,351 S S S S S S 19.4
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 28,902 100 18,380 100 7,670 100 287 9.3 - 22.3 - 18.7 - 24.6
Single modes 25,716 89 17,350 94.4 5,678 74 112 9.4 1.5 23.2 1.2 21.4 4.5 27
Truck6 25,334 87.7 17,063 92.8 5,308 69.2 110 9.4 1.5 23.5 1.2 21.9 4.8 27.5
For-hire truck 15,616 54 10,791 58.7 4,704 61.3 457 12.4 4.2 33.6 4.5 22.4 5 36.3
Private truck 9,718 33.6 6,272 34.1 604 7.9 41 13.5 3.2 12.1 3.8 26.3 1.4 21
Rail 297 1 253 1.4 308 4 1,586 11.9 0.1 22.5 0.4 27.7 0.9 19.3
Water 6 - S S S S 2,431 30.7 0.1 S S S S 2.5
Deep draft 6 - S S S S 2,431 30.7 0.1 S S S S 2.5
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,809 S S S S S S 14.7
Multiple modes 2,316 8 707 3.8 1,717 22.4 1,348 20.9 1.7 27.6 1.2 28.6 4.9 12.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 912 3.2 43 0.2 59 0.8 1,330 41.2 1.2 28.1 0.1 36.9 0.6 11.4
Truck and rail 1,247 4.3 524 2.8 1,354 17.7 2,622 31.6 1.4 31.7 1.1 35.2 5 4.4
Truck and water 157 0.5 141 0.8 S S 2,247 36.2 0.2 45.1 0.2 S S 25.4
Other and unknown modes 871 3 S S S S S 45.5 1.4 S S S S S

SCTG2 10-14, Stones, nonmetallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,137 100 35,970 100 1,642 100 92 22.3 - 19.6 - 25.4 - 27.3
Single modes 1,005 88.4 29,248 81.3 1,399 85.2 85 24.3 4.8 21.6 6.4 26.1 5 24.5
Truck6 918 80.7 21,308 59.2 1,173 71.4 87 25.5 7.3 20.8 10.8 29.3 10.7 24.3
For-hire truck 659 58 12,277 34.1 832 50.7 S 34.4 8 32.9 8.3 40.4 10 S
Private truck 259 22.7 9,031 25.1 341 20.8 33 29.9 6.5 35.1 11.7 37.2 9.8 16.2
Rail 34 3 2,571 7.1 S S S 42.1 12.8 40.2 10.3 S S S
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Shallow draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 681 S S S S S S 46
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 92 8.1 S S S S S 24.3 10 S S S S S

SCTG2 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 36,378 100 55,186 100 3,474 100 63 28.3 - 26.3 - 21.4 - 22
Single modes 28,912 79.5 44,476 80.6 3,238 93.2 45 21.6 7.3 18.3 7 20.5 2.7 19.8
Truck6 12,772 35.1 23,162 42 939 27 40 24.4 12.8 20.2 11.6 12.9 10 22.6
For-hire truck 3,743 10.3 8,074 14.6 571 16.4 72 24.7 6.1 29.5 8.6 22.1 8.5 28.4
Private truck 9,029 24.8 15,088 27.3 369 10.6 30 30.9 8.2 30.6 6.7 28.4 3.2 10.4
Rail 836 2.3 1,702 3.1 911 26.2 S 49.9 0.6 42.5 0.5 41.1 8.8 S
Water S S S S 6 0.2 S S S S S 46.7 0.3 S
Shallow draft 389 1.1 S S 2 0.1 S 34 3.1 S S 7.9 0.3 S
Deep draft S S S S 4 0.1 S S S S S 47.9 0.3 S
Pipeline7 14,847 40.8 19,159 34.7 S S S 26.5 10.9 28.6 10.6 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 845 S S S S S S 33
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,046 S S S S S S 37.5
Truck and rail S S S S S S 844 S S S S S S 4.4
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 4 - S S S S 109 37.2 - S S S S 35.8

SCTG2 20-24, Basic chemicals, chemical, and pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 24,600 100 6,036 100 1,664 100 859 20.8 - 19.6 - 19 - 15.8
Single modes 17,257 70.2 5,812 96.3 1,395 83.8 169 29.3 6.5 20.8 4.7 24.7 9 32.3
Truck6 16,978 69 5,643 93.5 1,248 75 156 29.9 6.5 21.4 5.5 27.4 9.6 34.1
For-hire truck 13,503 54.9 3,237 53.6 1,079 64.8 680 37.9 8.4 26.6 8.6 29.8 8.3 13.3
Private truck 3,475 14.1 2,406 39.9 169 10.2 43 15 4.6 31.7 6.8 39.7 3.9 13.2
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Water S S S S S S 2,550 S S S S S S 2.5
Deep draft S S S S S S 2,550 S S S S S S 2.5
Air (incl truck and air) 191 0.8 S S S S 1,266 42.9 0.7 S S S S 23.9
Pipeline7 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 6,995 28.4 115 1.9 128 7.7 1,261 30.3 7 42.7 4.1 50 8.1 16.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 6,860 27.9 103 1.7 S S 1,261 30.5 6.8 49 4.1 S S 16.1
Truck and rail 8 - 3 - 5 0.3 2,144 21.8 - 14.5 0.1 12.3 0.6 5.7
Truck and water S S S S 5 0.3 S S S S S 45.6 0.5 S
Other and unknown modes 348 1.4 109 1.8 S S S 28.6 1.7 35.8 2.4 S S S

SCTG2 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 15,067 100 4,786 100 1,741 100 1,189 14.4 - 15.7 - 30.6 - 11.5
Single modes 10,629 70.5 4,506 94.2 1,523 87.5 367 16.5 5.1 16.9 2.3 34.3 5.7 30.9
Truck6 10,119 67.2 4,475 93.5 1,455 83.6 336 18 6.2 17 2.4 35.8 7.1 33.9
For-hire truck 5,856 38.9 1,576 32.9 1,210 69.5 1,370 28.4 6.3 29.4 7.2 44.5 8.8 15.2
Private truck 4,264 28.3 2,899 60.6 245 14 40 10.3 4.4 22.8 7.1 30.2 5.7 20.9
Rail 13 0.1 12 0.2 29 1.7 2,495 20.4 0.1 36.4 0.4 36.5 5.1 5.4
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 2,322 S S S S S S 6.2
Multiple modes 4,098 27.2 197 4.1 214 12.3 1,546 17.6 4.7 22.5 1.5 18.8 5.7 10.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 4,040 26.8 187 3.9 194 11.1 1,546 17.9 4.7 22.6 1.4 20 4.4 10.5
Truck and rail 11 0.1 S S 18 1 2,536 23.5 0.3 S S 45.2 6.6 7.9
Truck and water 46 0.3 S S 3 0.2 S 31.6 0.5 S S 44.5 0.6 S
Other and unknown modes S S S S 4 0.2 S S S S S 38.3 0.1 S

SCTG2 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 22,493 100 34,071 100 2,867 100 776 9 - 25.6 - 22.1 - 22.2
Single modes 16,633 73.9 33,141 97.3 2,235 78 125 10 3.9 25.6 0.7 22.5 5 45.4
Truck6 15,572 69.2 32,824 96.3 1,935 67.5 116 11.1 4.2 25.6 1.3 19.4 5.8 29
For-hire truck 7,572 33.7 6,669 19.6 1,305 45.5 540 13 3.4 15.5 8.9 18 5.5 12.4
Private truck 8,000 35.6 26,154 76.8 630 22 32 16.8 4.3 32.2 9.2 29.1 3.3 11.7
Rail 185 0.8 309 0.9 291 10.2 S 34.6 1.6 16.5 1.5 34.3 5.2 S
Air (incl truck and air) 876 3.9 8 - S S 830 34.1 1.9 25 - S S 23.3
Multiple modes 4,546 20.2 295 0.9 406 14.2 1,428 17.1 3.8 48.7 0.3 42.3 4.6 14.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 4,154 18.5 75 0.2 76 2.7 1,430 19 4 23 0.3 41.5 4.1 14.8
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,587 S S S S S S 31.1
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 1,314 5.8 635 1.9 226 7.9 96 34.7 1.5 31.1 0.6 35.6 1.8 23.9

SCTG2 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 115,375 100 3,115 100 2,256 100 1,404 15.6 - 25 - 30 - 6.7
Single modes 63,096 54.7 2,296 73.7 1,431 63.4 462 13.2 2.7 29.8 6.7 37.4 5.4 21.5
Truck6 40,574 35.2 2,222 71.3 1,340 59.4 343 14.6 4.5 30.8 7.6 40.4 7.2 27.7
For-hire truck 21,524 18.7 1,019 32.7 1,285 57 1,005 10.7 4 28 9.2 41.8 8 13.5
Private truck 19,051 16.5 S S 55 2.4 31 30.4 4.4 S S 38.6 2.8 23.3
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 22,520 19.5 74 2.4 91 4 1,444 25.7 3.1 25.2 2.9 23.1 3.4 8.1
Multiple modes 47,575 41.2 285 9.2 428 19 1,711 20.5 2.5 28 1.7 29.2 3.5 5.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 47,188 40.9 284 9.1 425 18.8 1,711 20.5 2.4 28.1 1.7 29.5 3.3 5.3
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,780 S S S S S S 17.7
Truck and water S S S S S S 504 S S S S S S 6
Other and unknown modes 4,704 4.1 S S S S S 27.2 1 S S S S S

SCTG2 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 18,256 100 S S S S 678 12.4 - S S S S 26.6
Single modes 14,193 77.7 S S S S 112 13.5 3 S S S S 34.5
Truck6 13,986 76.6 S S S S 101 13.8 3 S S S S 37
For-hire truck 4,671 25.6 S S 551 14.9 650 22.2 4.3 S S 23.9 13 17.7
Private truck 9,315 51 S S S S 42 17.1 6.2 S S S S 11.7
Rail 32 0.2 13 - 38 1 2,996 3.8 0.4 4.4 1.1 6.6 11.9 9
Water S S 14 - 36 1 2,562 S S 25.2 0.8 23.1 11 3.7
Deep draft S S 14 - 36 1 2,562 S S 25.2 0.8 23.1 11 3.7
Air (incl truck and air) 150 0.8 2 - 5 0.1 1,793 30.6 0.3 44.8 0.1 46.9 0.4 14.5
Multiple modes 3,740 20.5 147 0.3 217 5.9 1,205 16.3 2.8 22.2 1.7 39.4 7.8 18.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 3,442 18.9 103 0.2 96 2.6 1,204 19.7 3.2 23.9 1.1 29.5 5 19
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,545 S S S S S S 48.8
Truck and water 15 0.1 6 - 15 0.4 2,577 38.1 0.1 36.5 0.1 36.9 1.5 2.3
Other and unknown modes 324 1.8 S S S S S 37.5 0.7 S S S S S

SCTG2 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 52 100 5 100 - 100 S 43 - 30.7 - 34.7 - S
Single modes S S 3 63.8 S S S S S 38.6 17.3 S S S
Truck6 S S 3 63.8 S S S S S 38.6 17.3 S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S 70 S S S S S S 37.7
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
4 Coefficient of Variation.
5 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
6 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
7 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Dallas-Fort Worth, TX by Base metal and machinery (31-34) by Water has no data for any shipment characteristic therefore the entire row is not shown. Also, entire commodity groups are not present if there is no such data for that commodity group by area. For example, Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV (DC part) by Coal and petroleum products (15-19) has no data for any mode therefore the entire commodity group is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.