Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 18,397 100 18,622 100 4,466 100 15.8 - 15 - 13.8 -
Less than 50 miles 3,885 21.1 6,060 32.5 91 2 17.3 3.4 24 4.7 18.1 0.5
50 - 99 miles 1,532 8.3 2,133 11.5 181 4 28.4 2.2 30.1 2.2 26.7 1.2
100 - 249 miles 3,673 20 6,421 34.5 1,532 34.3 19.4 2.5 27.4 6.8 29.2 6.8
250 - 499 miles 2,665 14.5 2,393 12.8 1,008 22.6 38.6 3.7 31.2 3.7 30 4.7
500 - 749 miles 1,347 7.3 919 4.9 727 16.3 6.7 2.5 12.6 2 13.2 3.5
750 - 999 miles S S 481 2.6 516 11.6 S S 20.5 0.6 21.1 2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 278 1.5 129 0.7 193 4.3 36.1 0.9 30.7 0.2 34.9 1.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 331 1.8 66 0.4 177 4 28.7 1 32.6 0.3 32.6 1.7

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 17,059 100 18,298 100 4,303 100 16.9 - 15 - 14.1 -
Less than 50 miles 3,631 21.3 5,979 32.7 89 2.1 18 3.8 24.1 4.9 18.4 0.6
50 - 99 miles 1,426 8.4 2,127 11.6 180 4.2 31.1 2.5 30.2 2.2 26.8 1.3
100 - 249 miles 3,460 20.3 6,351 34.7 1,514 35.2 19.9 2.5 27.2 6.7 29 7
250 - 499 miles 2,419 14.2 2,328 12.7 980 22.8 41.6 3.8 32.1 3.7 30.7 4.6
500 - 749 miles 1,144 6.7 844 4.6 660 15.3 9.6 2.2 11.2 2.1 11.8 3.7
750 - 999 miles S S 470 2.6 502 11.7 S S 20.9 0.6 21.6 2.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 234 1.4 123 0.7 184 4.3 43.7 1.2 31.9 0.3 36.4 1.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 173 1 58 0.3 151 3.5 30.3 0.7 39.6 0.3 40.2 1.8

Truck4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 12,487 100 16,560 100 3,456 100 15.7 - 15.7 - 15.2 -
Less than 50 miles 3,476 27.8 5,661 34.2 87 2.5 17.7 2.7 23.8 4.8 18.2 0.7
50 - 99 miles 1,425 11.4 2,127 12.8 180 5.2 31.2 2.5 30.2 2.4 26.8 1.6
100 - 249 miles 3,222 25.8 5,598 33.8 1,243 36 20.6 4 27.7 6.3 28.6 6.4
250 - 499 miles 2,301 18.4 2,023 12.2 823 23.8 43.4 3.7 35.2 3.6 34.6 4.5
500 - 749 miles 1,059 8.5 676 4.1 509 14.7 10.6 1.9 11.6 2.2 11.8 4
750 - 999 miles 634 5.1 337 2 345 10 15.8 1 18.9 0.5 18.8 1.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles 169 1.4 63 0.4 81 2.3 38 1 33 0.2 32.9 0.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles 37 0.3 S S S S 46.6 0.3 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 163 1.3 58 0.3 149 4.3 30 0.7 38.2 0.4 38.7 2.3

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 9,404 100 11,985 100 2,974 100 21.5 - 19.2 - 17.1 -
Less than 50 miles 2,001 21.3 2,856 23.8 43 1.4 30.1 4.1 33.4 5.3 30.5 0.7
50 - 99 miles 1,022 10.9 1,856 15.5 153 5.2 47.5 3.4 36.6 3.3 33.7 1.9
100 - 249 miles 2,458 26.1 4,379 36.5 987 33.2 24.8 4.1 31.5 6.9 32.8 6.4
250 - 499 miles S S 1,835 15.3 743 25 S S 40.1 4 39.6 4.8
500 - 749 miles 948 10.1 596 5 448 15.1 11.3 2.5 14 2.5 14.2 3.7
750 - 999 miles 625 6.6 325 2.7 333 11.2 16.1 1.7 19.4 0.9 19.2 2.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 160 1.7 62 0.5 79 2.7 35.3 1.6 32.9 0.3 32.7 1.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles 37 0.4 S S S S 46.6 0.4 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 163 1.7 58 0.5 149 5 30.3 1.3 38.3 0.6 38.8 2.9

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 3,084 100 4,575 100 482 100 23.1 - 21.5 - 24.1 -
Less than 50 miles 1,475 47.8 2,805 61.3 44 9.2 19.8 4.8 21.6 6.1 16.7 4.5
50 - 99 miles 403 13.1 271 5.9 27 5.6 37.9 2.6 34.5 2 36.7 2.6
100 - 249 miles 764 24.8 1,219 26.6 256 53.2 36.4 4.9 41.5 5.7 40 9.3
250 - 499 miles 311 10.1 188 4.1 80 16.6 49.9 5 30.6 1.3 32.7 6.8
500 - 749 miles 111 3.6 79 1.7 61 12.6 34.4 1.6 30.3 2 31.1 6.7
750 - 999 miles 10 0.3 12 0.3 12 2.5 30.7 0.4 48.4 0.5 48.3 3.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 651 100 1,663 100 835 100 25 - 32.7 - 31.3 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles 230 35.2 S S S S 47 18.7 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 117 17.9 305 18.3 156 18.7 28.4 18.7 40.3 19.5 44.2 18.2
500 - 749 miles 84 12.9 169 10.1 151 18.1 34.8 8.2 26.6 6.8 26.7 7
750 - 999 miles S S 126 7.6 151 18.1 S S 44.8 4 44.8 5.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S 60 3.6 103 12.4 S S 22.4 8.5 28.2 14.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Deep draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 3,878 100 8 100 10 100 49.1 - 48.2 - 47.7 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1 - S S S S 9.5 6.6 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Pipeline5

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 4 100 50 100 S S 15 - 7.5 - S S
Less than 50 miles 4 100 50 100 S S 15 - 7.5 - S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,174 100 213 100 152 100 21.5 - 32.7 - 37.9 -
Less than 50 miles 136 11.6 S S S S 40 4.6 S S S S
50 - 99 miles 105 9 3 1.4 - 0.2 42.8 2.6 49.8 4.2 49.9 1.7
100 - 249 miles 204 17.4 S S S S 49.9 4.5 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 216 18.4 S S S S 37.1 4 S S S S
500 - 749 miles 201 17.1 S S S S 23.1 5.8 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 96 8.2 S S S S 22.6 2 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 44 3.8 S S S S 33.1 1 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 14 1.2 - 0.1 - 0.2 23.9 0.8 25.5 0.3 25.9 0.7
More than 2,000 miles 159 13.5 S S S S 44.6 4 S S S S

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,040 100 30 100 15 100 25.8 - 34.6 - 28.6 -
Less than 50 miles 136 13 S S S S 40 4.8 S S S S
50 - 99 miles 105 10.1 3 10 - 1.7 42.8 2.9 49.8 4 49.9 1.6
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 163 15.7 6 21.2 3 19.4 47 3.2 40.5 7.7 42 6.5
500 - 749 miles 160 15.4 4 12.2 3 17.5 32 3.7 37.3 3.4 36.2 2.7
750 - 999 miles 92 8.9 S S S S 21.6 2.8 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 43 4.1 - 1.3 1 3.5 35.2 1.6 32.1 2.3 34 3.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 14 1.3 - 0.4 - 1.8 23.9 4 25.5 0.6 25.9 1.9
More than 2,000 miles 155 14.9 S S S S 46.3 4.4 S S S S

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 92 100 156 100 129 100 30.3 - 31.9 - 39.5 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S 24 15.3 9 6.6 S S 27.1 16.8 29.6 11.9
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles 41 44.7 71 45.7 64 49.3 48 14.8 48.4 13.6 47.9 11.9
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 163 100 111 100 S S 41.1 - 40.9 - S S
Less than 50 miles 119 72.6 S S S S 48.9 12.2 S S S S
50 - 99 miles 1 0.4 S S S S 35.5 0.5 S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any mileage group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the mileage group of "More than 2,000 miles" but does have data for the other mileage groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.