Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 18,397 100 18,622 100 4,466 100 276 15.8 - 15.0 - 13.8 - 16.7
Less than 50 lbs 1,079 5.9 27 0.1 6 0.1 322 24.1 2.7 30.1 0.1 23.5 - 27.1
50 - 99 lbs 196 1.1 18 0.1 2 0.1 121 27.9 0.4 23.6 0.1 20.0 - 37.6
100 - 499 lbs 858 4.7 133 0.7 31 0.7 210 27.9 0.9 24.4 0.2 26.5 0.2 40.1
500 - 749 lbs 241 1.3 58 0.3 12 0.3 207 32.6 0.5 26.4 0.1 22.5 0.1 15.4
750 - 999 lbs 165 0.9 51 0.3 S S 395 20.4 0.6 18.9 0.1 S S 26.0
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 2,024 11.0 1,241 6.7 320 7.2 247 15.8 2.0 13.7 0.9 19.6 2.2 14.2
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 7,080 38.5 9,937 53.4 2,417 54.1 242 25.9 6.1 20.3 5.3 18.4 5.8 11.8
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 5,757 31.3 4,253 22.8 512 11.5 118 36.0 7.8 27.2 4.8 29.7 2.3 20.5
More than 100,000 lbs 997 5.4 2,905 15.6 1,146 25.6 473 22.0 1.2 30.3 3.8 27.0 4.7 12.7

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 17,059 100 18,298 100 4,303 100 148 16.9 - 15.0 - 14.1 - 20.9
Less than 50 lbs 304 1.8 16 0.1 S S 88 46.9 0.6 34.0 0.1 S S 44.6
50 - 99 lbs 83 0.5 12 0.1 1 - 82 29.4 0.3 25.9 0.1 22.9 - 41.9
100 - 499 lbs 649 3.8 114 0.6 22 0.5 169 27.2 0.7 23.8 0.2 24.3 0.2 44.2
500 - 749 lbs 238 1.4 56 0.3 11 0.3 198 33.1 0.6 26.3 0.1 22.5 0.1 21.3
750 - 999 lbs 165 1.0 51 0.3 S S 395 20.4 0.7 19.0 0.1 S S 26.1
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 1,991 11.7 1,224 6.7 314 7.3 245 15.0 2.5 13.4 0.9 18.4 2.3 14.3
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 6,994 41.0 9,888 54.0 2,389 55.5 241 25.7 6.7 20.3 5.3 18.8 5.8 12.7
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 5,724 33.6 4,200 23.0 492 11.4 116 36.1 8.0 27.5 5.0 29.2 2.3 20.4
More than 100,000 lbs 911 5.3 2,737 15.0 1,051 24.4 460 23.4 1.3 31.6 3.9 28.1 4.8 13.9

Truck4

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 12,487 100 16,560 100 3,456 100 144 15.7 - 15.7 - 15.2 - 20.7
Less than 50 lbs 284 2.3 16 0.1 S S 81 48.1 0.9 34.2 0.1 S S 45.8
50 - 99 lbs 83 0.7 12 0.1 1 - 82 29.4 0.3 25.9 0.1 22.9 - 41.9
100 - 499 lbs 649 5.2 114 0.7 22 0.6 169 27.2 1.1 23.8 0.2 24.3 0.2 44.2
500 - 749 lbs 238 1.9 56 0.3 11 0.3 198 33.1 0.7 26.3 0.1 22.5 0.1 21.3
750 - 999 lbs 165 1.3 51 0.3 S S 395 20.4 0.7 19.0 0.1 S S 26.1
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 1,991 15.9 1,224 7.4 314 9.1 245 15.0 2.2 13.4 1.0 18.4 2.7 14.3
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 6,951 55.7 9,860 59.5 2,383 68.9 241 25.5 5.0 20.3 5.4 18.8 4.5 12.7
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 1,823 14.6 4,096 24.7 428 12.4 105 40.5 4.7 28.0 5.3 25.2 3.0 19.6
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S 298 S S S S S S 45.5

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 9,404 100 11,985 100 2,974 100 376 21.5 - 19.2 - 17.1 - 13.7
Less than 50 lbs S S S S - - S S S S S 28.0 - S
50 - 99 lbs 11 0.1 1 - - - 336 47.1 0.1 34.4 - 40.9 - 29.8
100 - 499 lbs 161 1.7 14 0.1 11 0.4 708 28.8 0.5 21.8 - 35.7 0.1 21.6
500 - 749 lbs 124 1.3 13 0.1 8 0.3 619 43.2 0.8 27.7 0.1 24.4 0.2 23.5
750 - 999 lbs 71 0.8 20 0.2 S S 874 23.5 0.5 40.4 0.1 S S 14.8
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 1,272 13.5 599 5.0 239 8.1 437 17.2 2.4 25.6 0.8 19.0 2.4 14.6
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 5,892 62.7 7,009 58.5 2,097 70.5 301 31.2 5.3 25.5 6.3 20.9 4.7 14.9
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 1,609 17.1 3,348 27.9 338 11.4 101 44.3 5.3 31.9 6.3 22.8 2.6 23.3
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 3,084 100 4,575 100 482 100 86 23.1 - 21.5 - 24.1 - 36.1
Less than 50 lbs S S 15 0.3 S S 79 S S 36.8 0.2 S S 46.4
50 - 99 lbs 72 2.3 11 0.2 1 0.1 S 35.4 0.9 27.6 0.2 32.5 0.1 S
100 - 499 lbs 488 15.8 100 2.2 10 2.2 103 37.2 1.7 28.2 0.7 40.0 1.0 37.8
500 - 749 lbs 114 3.7 43 0.9 3 0.7 77 31.8 0.8 32.1 0.3 36.4 0.2 13.5
750 - 999 lbs 94 3.0 30 0.7 3 0.6 93 40.4 1.5 30.1 0.3 37.0 0.2 23.2
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 719 23.3 625 13.7 74 15.4 101 19.4 4.5 19.2 3.5 28.9 5.7 19.1
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 1,059 34.3 2,851 62.3 286 59.3 99 22.4 3.6 23.3 4.6 21.7 6.5 31.9
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 214 6.9 748 16.4 S S 122 30.9 2.6 35.2 4.9 S S 24.4
More than 100,000 lbs 61 2.0 S S S S S 48.9 1.3 S S S S S

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 651 100 1,663 100 835 100 514 25.0 - 32.7 - 31.3 - 12.5
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S 13 0.8 5 0.6 350 S S 30.4 12.8 38.3 11.8 9.0
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 43 6.6 S S S S 570 15.5 11.5 S S S S 12.0
More than 100,000 lbs 595 91.3 1,555 93.5 776 92.9 508 25.7 3.4 34.3 4.4 32.4 3.9 13.1

Water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Shallow draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Deep draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 3,878 100 8 100 10 100 1,305 49.1 - 48.2 - 47.7 - 22.8
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 1,307 S S S S S S 32.9
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 3,858 99.5 8 99.2 9 99.0 1,175 23.3 0.3 22.5 0.6 17.5 0.7 35.1
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Pipeline5

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 4 100 50 100 S S S 15.0 - 7.5 - S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs 4 100.0 50 100.0 S S S 15.0 - 7.5 - S S S

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,174 100 213 100 152 100 665 21.5 - 32.7 - 37.9 - 18.3
Less than 50 lbs 746 63.5 9 4.3 4 2.9 687 29.3 8.4 36.8 6.2 22.8 6.1 17.3
50 - 99 lbs 97 8.2 3 1.5 1 0.8 378 42.1 1.9 45.3 2.2 34.7 2.2 49.6
100 - 499 lbs 197 16.8 16 7.4 9 5.9 546 46.0 5.3 41.0 7.4 38.0 8.4 28.3
500 - 749 lbs 1 0.1 2 0.8 1 0.5 511 32.2 0.2 45.0 4.6 46.4 4.2 8.1
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs 75 6.4 154 72.4 94 62.0 665 24.3 11.1 29.1 6.2 28.8 7.3 7.5

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,040 100 30 100 15 100 664 25.8 - 34.6 - 28.6 - 18.4
Less than 50 lbs 746 71.7 9 30.7 4 28.5 687 29.3 6.8 36.8 5.8 22.8 7.9 17.3
50 - 99 lbs 97 9.3 3 10.7 1 7.6 378 42.1 2.0 45.3 2.6 34.7 3.4 49.6
100 - 499 lbs 197 18.9 16 53.2 9 58.6 546 46.0 5.4 41.0 8.9 38.0 10.3 28.3
500 - 749 lbs 1 0.1 2 5.4 1 5.3 511 32.2 0.3 45.0 16.3 46.4 13.5 8.1
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 92 100 156 100 129 100 1,064 30.3 - 31.9 - 39.5 - 17.9
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,505 S S S S S S 48.1
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs 68 74.6 133 84.8 90 69.7 673 21.9 10.3 26.7 6.8 28.1 11.6 8.1

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 163 100 111 100 S S S 41.1 - 40.9 - S S S
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 34 S S S S S S 29.7
50 - 99 lbs S S S S - 0.2 8 S S S S 47.7 7.8 28.4
100 - 499 lbs S S S S - 0.2 9 S S S S 44.0 12.6 35.7
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S 15 S S S S S S 12.6
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 362 S S S S S S 38.7
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 49 S S S S S S 43.4
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 108 S S S S S S 37.0
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 ""Truck"" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any shipment weight group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the shipment weight groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the shipment size of "More than 100,000 lbs" but does have data for the other shipment weight groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.