Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities5

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 18,397 100 18,622 100 4,466 100 276 15.8 - 15 - 13.8 - 16.7
Single modes 17,059 92.7 18,298 98.3 4,303 96.3 148 16.9 2.5 15 0.4 14.1 1.4 20.9
Truck6 12,487 67.9 16,560 88.9 3,456 77.4 144 15.7 6.5 15.7 2.6 15.2 5 20.7
For-hire truck 9,404 51.1 11,985 64.4 2,974 66.6 376 21.5 7.6 19.2 5.9 17.1 6.1 13.7
Private truck 3,084 16.8 4,575 24.6 482 10.8 86 23.1 2.9 21.5 4.6 24.1 4.2 36.1
Rail 651 3.5 1,663 8.9 835 18.7 514 25 0.8 32.7 2.4 31.3 4.3 12.5
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Shallow draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Deep draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 3,878 21.1 8 - 10 0.2 1,305 49.1 11.3 48.2 - 47.7 0.1 22.8
Pipeline7 4 - 50 0.3 S S S 15 0.1 7.5 1.1 S S S
Multiple modes 1,174 6.4 213 1.1 152 3.4 665 21.5 2.4 32.7 0.3 37.9 1.3 18.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,040 5.7 30 0.2 15 0.3 664 25.8 2.6 34.6 0.1 28.6 0.1 18.4
Truck and rail 92 0.5 156 0.8 129 2.9 1,064 30.3 0.2 31.9 0.3 39.5 1.7 17.9
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 163 0.9 111 0.6 S S S 41.1 0.3 40.9 0.4 S S S

SCTG2 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S 104 100 16 100 S S S 49.8 - 30.8 - S
Single modes S S 104 100 16 100 S S S 49.8 - 30.8 - S
Truck6 S S 104 100 16 100 S S S 49.8 - 30.8 - S
For-hire truck 22 21 18 17.3 6 37.6 337 18.5 15.3 45.6 15.4 24.2 11.2 42.8
Private truck S S S S 10 62.4 S S S S S 37.5 11.2 S

SCTG2 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 885 100 995 100 394 100 233 29.5 - 41.1 - 44.4 - 23.2
Single modes 863 97.6 978 98.3 377 95.7 117 29.3 1 41 0.6 44.4 1.6 17.8
Truck6 798 90.2 870 87.4 327 83 115 27.9 2.8 40 3.6 43.6 4.7 17.7
For-hire truck 467 52.8 579 58.2 270 68.5 434 17 6.5 33.2 6.7 35.6 8.1 17.4
Private truck 331 37.4 291 29.2 S S 66 24.8 13.5 39.3 15.1 S S 13.4
Rail 65 7.4 108 10.9 50 12.7 496 24.9 4.3 34.8 4.9 20.8 3.6 17.9
Multiple modes S S S S S S 876 S S S S S S 35.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 10-14, Stones, nonmetallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S 412 100 S S S S S 29.8 - S S S
Single modes S S 410 99.4 S S S S S 30.2 11.4 S S S
Truck6 S S 260 63.1 S S 90 S S 32.5 14.9 S S 39.7
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S 227 55.1 S S 48 S S 40.3 18.4 S S 28.8
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Shallow draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 3,369 100 7,013 100 1,147 100 S 32.5 - 25.7 - 33.3 - S
Single modes 3,329 98.8 6,951 99.1 1,143 99.7 114 30.4 0.5 23.2 0.4 31.6 0.1 25.1
Truck6 3,172 94.2 6,286 89.6 873 76.1 109 32.7 4.7 25.2 6 30.7 8.9 25.3
For-hire truck 2,863 85 5,486 78.2 735 64 114 38.4 12.4 30.9 10.2 36.5 11.9 30.6
Private truck 309 9.2 S S S S S 46 10.6 S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 514 S S S S S S 16.4
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Shallow draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Deep draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S 61 0.9 4 0.3 S S S 43.3 1.9 47.7 0.4 S

SCTG2 20-24, Basic chemicals, chemical, and pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,057 100 1,548 100 641 100 S 28.4 - 25 - 31.9 - S
Single modes 1,767 85.9 1,502 97 627 97.9 S 28 2.9 25.5 2.7 32.6 3 S
Truck6 1,605 78 1,304 84.2 503 78.5 S 27 4 25.4 3.4 29.8 5.2 S
For-hire truck 1,359 66 921 59.5 462 72.2 466 29.6 4.3 28.5 8.4 32.8 8.2 22.2
Private truck 246 12 383 24.7 S S S 32.8 5.2 45.2 8.4 S S S
Rail 159 7.7 148 9.6 124 19.3 604 48.1 4.4 15.5 4.3 32.4 5.9 16.9
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Pipeline7 4 0.2 50 3.2 S S S 15 0.6 7.5 3.3 S S S
Multiple modes 287 13.9 37 2.4 13 2.1 S 39.5 2.9 30.2 2.7 36.2 3 S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 227 11 7 0.5 1 0.2 S 42.2 2.7 43.6 0.2 34.6 0.4 S
Truck and rail 24 1.2 24 1.5 9 1.3 355 24.9 3.4 27.1 7.3 29.6 7.3 -
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 3 0.2 S S 1 0.1 S 43.2 0.2 S S 49.4 - S

SCTG2 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,977 100 2,487 100 884 100 539 35.9 - 33.6 - 31.5 - 21.6
Single modes 1,730 87.5 2,373 95.4 779 88.1 361 34.8 3.8 33.9 2.5 29.9 3.6 19.8
Truck6 1,459 73.8 1,794 72.1 502 56.8 356 34.8 6.4 31.4 4.7 26 6.9 21.6
For-hire truck 1,172 59.3 1,325 53.3 438 49.6 546 37.1 6.3 31 5.1 29.7 6.7 16.4
Private truck 287 14.5 469 18.9 S S 41 33.4 4.7 38.7 4.9 S S 32.6
Rail 269 13.6 578 23.3 277 31.3 454 45.4 3.9 44.6 3.3 46.3 4.5 31.4
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S 114 4.6 105 11.9 1,308 S S 46 2.6 48 3.6 15.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,310 S S S S S S 21.6
Truck and rail 51 2.6 112 4.5 102 11.5 1,180 41.8 3.8 43 3.6 46.1 4.4 13.7
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,153 100 3,231 100 535 100 152 23.6 - 20.7 - 27.7 - 29.7
Single modes 2,009 93.3 3,189 98.7 527 98.4 76 24.1 2.5 20.8 0.9 27.7 0.4 39.2
Truck6 2,008 93.3 3,188 98.7 527 98.4 76 24.1 2.5 20.8 0.9 27.7 0.4 39.2
For-hire truck 852 39.6 1,257 38.9 417 77.8 383 18.8 8.1 32.6 8.1 31.9 9.3 7.4
Private truck 1,157 53.7 1,930 59.7 110 20.6 59 37.3 8.1 28 8.3 27.8 9.3 26.1
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Shallow draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 312 S S S S S S 33.8
Multiple modes 134 6.2 S S S S 467 39.5 2.5 S S S S 16.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 127 5.9 S S S S 467 42.6 2.5 S S S S 16.6
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 5,275 100 199 100 90 100 440 38.9 - 39.6 - 36.8 - 33.1
Single modes 4,703 89.2 166 83.6 80 88.1 S 44.7 12.5 37.7 9.1 33.5 11 S
Truck6 828 15.7 158 79.5 70 77.6 211 30.3 12.5 39.4 11.5 38.1 13.2 28.5
For-hire truck 363 6.9 43 21.7 41 45.7 839 26 8.8 26.2 15.4 32.4 15.7 12.5
Private truck 465 8.8 S S S S 179 38.6 7.8 S S S S 32.2
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,430 S S S S S S 20.3
Multiple modes 465 8.8 S S S S 861 31.5 12.2 S S S S 16.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 465 8.8 S S S S 861 31.5 12.2 S S S S 16.9
Other and unknown modes 108 2 S S S S 33 28.7 6.2 S S S S 48.7

SCTG2 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 276 S S S S S S 16.7
Single modes S S S S S S 206 S S S S S S 16.8
Truck6 S S S S S S 206 S S S S S S 16.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S 303 S S S S S S 18.8
Private truck 195 7.9 274 10.4 20 3.2 45 25.7 14.3 47.8 16 49.6 11.4 26.2
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 21 0.8 S S S S 553 46 2.8 S S S S 38.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 20 0.8 S S S S 553 47.8 2.8 S S S S 38.2
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 6 S S S S S S 12.9
Single modes S S S S S S 6 S S S S S S 15.3
Truck6 S S S S S S 6 S S S S S S 15.3
Private truck S S S S S S 6 S S S S S S 15.3
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
4 Coefficient of Variation.
5 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
6 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
7 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Dallas-Fort Worth, TX by Base metal and machinery (31-34) by Water has no data for any shipment characteristic therefore the entire row is not shown. Also, entire commodity groups are not present if there is no such data for that commodity group by area. For example, Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV (DC part) by Coal and petroleum products (15-19) has no data for any mode therefore the entire commodity group is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.