Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 145,420 100 139,088 100 29,853 100 12.1 - 11.8 - 16.7 -
Less than 50 miles 57,984 39.9 95,843 68.9 2,303 7.7 8 3.1 12.2 4.5 17.2 1.4
50 - 99 miles 8,013 5.5 17,819 12.8 1,880 6.3 16 1 34.6 3.5 37.5 1.5
100 - 249 miles 15,962 11 12,860 9.2 2,684 9 15.5 1.5 23.1 1.5 27.2 1.2
250 - 499 miles 3,806 2.6 1,346 1 552 1.8 15.2 0.4 27.3 0.3 22 0.8
500 - 749 miles 5,744 3.9 1,701 1.2 1,401 4.7 13 0.5 17.2 0.2 17.7 1.4
750 - 999 miles 4,705 3.2 1,227 0.9 1,385 4.6 7.9 0.4 9.1 0.1 9.7 0.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles 12,672 8.7 S S S S 41.3 1.7 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S 2,019 1.5 4,729 15.8 S S 13 0.3 13 3.6
More than 2,000 miles 14,897 10.2 2,493 1.8 9,436 31.6 16.3 1.6 28.7 0.7 41.5 6.3

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 109,344 100 117,868 100 20,459 100 15.1 - 11.7 - 19.5 -
Less than 50 miles 46,743 42.7 83,689 71 1,996 9.8 7.7 3.6 14.7 4.6 20.1 1.8
50 - 99 miles 6,539 6 12,020 10.2 1,200 5.9 15.4 1.2 24.4 3.6 24.2 1.9
100 - 249 miles 12,646 11.6 12,231 10.4 2,429 11.9 17.4 1.7 21.5 1.6 23.7 0.8
250 - 499 miles 2,568 2.3 1,291 1.1 517 2.5 19.2 0.5 28.3 0.4 23.7 1
500 - 749 miles 4,279 3.9 1,508 1.3 1,240 6.1 17.8 0.7 15.3 0.2 15.4 1.4
750 - 999 miles 2,746 2.5 1,009 0.9 1,147 5.6 8.7 0.4 9.3 0.1 8.9 0.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S 1,528 1.3 3,507 17.1 S S 16.5 0.3 16.9 3.9
More than 2,000 miles 6,634 6.1 1,312 1.1 3,857 18.9 29.5 1.7 39.9 0.3 40.8 3.8

Truck4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 83,941 100 106,159 100 13,441 100 6 - 14.3 - 19.9 -
Less than 50 miles 44,795 53.4 79,904 75.3 1,900 14.1 7.1 1.3 16.1 4.5 21.8 1.8
50 - 99 miles 5,762 6.9 10,825 10.2 1,121 8.3 9.4 0.8 27.5 3.6 26.5 2
100 - 249 miles 10,732 12.8 9,532 9 1,900 14.1 11.4 1.3 20.7 0.9 24.9 1
250 - 499 miles 2,377 2.8 978 0.9 421 3.1 20.8 0.5 26.3 0.2 23.8 0.7
500 - 749 miles 3,969 4.7 1,354 1.3 1,105 8.2 18.7 0.7 13.2 0.2 13.2 1.6
750 - 999 miles 2,449 2.9 840 0.8 933 6.9 9.8 0.3 14.2 0.1 14.3 1.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 3,004 3.6 775 0.7 1,000 7.4 9.7 0.4 12.7 0.1 12.3 1.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 5,301 6.3 910 0.9 2,010 15 19.2 1.3 23.4 0.2 24.2 2.8
More than 2,000 miles 5,552 6.6 1,041 1 S S 32.4 1.7 48.9 0.2 S S

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 43,808 100 43,425 100 11,074 100 8.6 - 19.5 - 22.6 -
Less than 50 miles 13,621 31.1 25,573 58.9 683 6.2 15.8 2.7 20.6 4.6 29.1 0.7
50 - 99 miles 1,992 4.5 5,535 12.7 617 5.6 14 1 39.2 4.3 40.4 2.2
100 - 249 miles 6,139 14 6,665 15.3 1,366 12.3 14.7 1.8 29.7 1.5 35.1 1
250 - 499 miles 1,882 4.3 767 1.8 339 3.1 21.4 0.7 29.2 0.5 26.2 0.8
500 - 749 miles 3,898 8.9 1,335 3.1 1,090 9.8 17.7 1.1 13 0.5 13 2.2
750 - 999 miles 2,444 5.6 839 1.9 933 8.4 9.8 0.8 14.2 0.4 14.3 1.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,992 6.8 770 1.8 995 9 9.7 0.7 12.6 0.3 12.2 1.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 5,288 12.1 902 2.1 2,007 18.1 19.2 2.3 23.6 0.7 24.2 3.7
More than 2,000 miles 5,551 12.7 1,040 2.4 S S 32.4 3.2 49 0.4 S S

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 40,133 100 62,734 100 2,368 100 4.7 - 15.9 - 15.6 -
Less than 50 miles 31,174 77.7 54,331 86.6 1,218 51.4 5.9 2 17.8 3.8 22.1 6
50 - 99 miles 3,771 9.4 5,290 8.4 504 21.3 8.7 0.8 48.7 3.5 45.5 5.3
100 - 249 miles 4,593 11.4 2,867 4.6 534 22.5 11.3 1.2 15.8 1 15.6 3.3
250 - 499 miles 494 1.2 211 0.3 83 3.5 22.8 0.3 24.9 0.1 24.6 0.7
500 - 749 miles S S 19 - 15 0.7 S S 44.2 - 43.5 0.3
750 - 999 miles 4 - S S S S 47.7 - S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 12 - S S S S 34 - S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,170 100 2,540 100 2,325 100 28.2 - 31 - 22.7 -
Less than 50 miles 544 46.5 1,315 51.8 16 0.7 49.8 11.6 41.8 9.4 34.6 0.2
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles 41 3.5 154 6 134 5.7 30.3 3.7 41.1 4.2 39.2 4.6
750 - 999 miles 59 5.1 157 6.2 204 8.8 41.6 3.5 32.8 5.3 32.6 4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 96 8.2 143 5.6 264 11.3 22 4.7 23.5 5.5 23.6 6.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles 284 24.3 589 23.2 1,429 61.5 26.4 7.1 34.8 5.1 34.1 9.4
More than 2,000 miles 81 6.9 85 3.3 267 11.5 42 6.5 27.8 8.5 28.2 11.8

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles 11 0.7 10 0.3 8 0.2 30.1 1.5 45.3 3.5 40.6 1.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 12 0.7 S S S S 49.9 5 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S 180 5.1 S S S S 24.9 19.5 S S

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 60 100 S S S S 25.1 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles 60 100 S S S S 25.1 - S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Deep draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles 11 0.7 10 0.3 8 0.2 30.1 2 45.3 3.7 40.6 1.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 12 0.7 S S S S 49.9 10.1 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S 37 100 76 100 S S 41.3 - 37.4 -
Less than 50 miles 102 0.5 1 1.4 - 0.1 44.5 2.2 36.8 1.8 36.5 0.1
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles 270 1.4 1 2.9 1 1 47.5 2.2 28.7 2.1 28.3 0.8
750 - 999 miles 227 1.2 S S 2 3.2 30.2 3.9 S S 39.1 1.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S 16 21.7 S S S S 50 5.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 859 4.6 6 16.4 17 22.3 39.9 5.9 25.9 5.5 30.2 7.7
Total 3,704 100 5,604 100 S S 36.8 - 36.6 - S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 32,039 100 13,380 100 9,170 100 11.6 - 40.8 - 39.1 -
Less than 50 miles 8,161 25.5 S S S S 22.9 3.6 S S S S
50 - 99 miles 1,442 4.5 S S S S 29.3 1.2 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 3,105 9.7 S S S S 17 1.4 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 1,212 3.8 52 0.4 33 0.4 35.5 1.1 32.8 0.8 41.3 0.2
500 - 749 miles 1,382 4.3 186 1.4 156 1.7 18.2 1 46.4 2.5 49.9 1.6
750 - 999 miles 1,781 5.6 S S S S 15.3 1.4 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 3,054 9.5 491 3.7 906 9.9 14.4 1.5 22.6 4.4 23.3 3.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 3,827 11.9 480 3.6 1,195 13 16.1 2 21.6 4 21.2 5.6
More than 2,000 miles 8,074 25.2 1,164 8.7 S S 18.6 2.5 48.4 8.9 S S

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 24,797 100 396 100 435 100 13.8 - 10.9 - 16.2 -
Less than 50 miles 6,332 25.5 105 26.4 3 0.7 28.3 3.8 22.1 4.5 24.6 0.3
50 - 99 miles 1,177 4.7 24 6 3 0.6 27.8 1 36.8 1.8 39 0.4
100 - 249 miles 2,742 11.1 50 12.6 11 2.5 18.7 1.8 18.9 3.1 17.9 1.1
250 - 499 miles 1,180 4.8 14 3.6 6 1.5 37.1 1.3 31 0.9 28.5 0.4
500 - 749 miles 1,293 5.2 28 7.1 23 5.2 19.4 0.9 14.2 0.8 14.9 0.7
750 - 999 miles 1,591 6.4 25 6.4 29 6.6 17.1 1.5 22.8 1.3 23.3 1.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,118 8.5 24 6 33 7.5 20.8 1.2 21.8 1.1 23.7 0.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,754 11.1 51 12.9 112 25.8 16.2 1.9 23.4 2.6 23.3 2.5
More than 2,000 miles 5,610 22.6 75 18.9 216 49.6 18.8 3.2 18.2 2.9 18 3

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 2,585 100 720 100 1,190 100 36.6 - 23.4 - 22.5 -
Less than 50 miles 12 0.5 S S - - 35.9 1.4 S S 49.9 -
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S 62 8.6 110 9.2 S S 20.1 7.1 19.2 6.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles 536 20.7 222 30.9 527 44.2 27.4 7.7 24.4 3.8 23.4 3.8
More than 2,000 miles 1,468 56.8 95 13.3 286 24 45.5 11 19 4.6 19.1 4.6

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 2,576 100 2,592 100 S S 23.4 - 41 - S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles 13 0.5 12 0.5 3 - 25.4 0.9 45 0.5 40.5 0.1
750 - 999 miles 95 3.7 50 1.9 35 0.6 40 4 33.3 2.6 41 1.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 572 22.2 405 15.6 763 11.9 31.3 6.9 29.5 6.9 29.9 7.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles 507 19.7 198 7.6 494 7.7 41.7 7.1 24.6 5.1 23.4 6.9
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 24 100 S S S S 50 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles 1,637 79.6 S S S S 49.8 17.2 S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles 1 0.1 1 - - - 17.2 4.2 39.3 10.9 40 5.2
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 4,037 100 7,840 100 224 100 16.3 - 43.9 - 23.8 -
Less than 50 miles 3,080 76.3 7,470 95.3 35 15.5 24.3 8.7 46.5 6.8 32.5 6.2
50 - 99 miles 32 0.8 S S S S 23.1 0.2 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 211 5.2 90 1.1 17 7.7 39.8 3.4 22.1 2.1 25.9 6.2
250 - 499 miles S S 3 - S S S S 49.3 0.6 S S
500 - 749 miles 82 2 6 0.1 5 2.2 43.7 1.9 32.6 0.4 37.9 1.9
750 - 999 miles 177 4.4 S S S S 39.3 4.7 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 16 0.4 9 0.1 11 5 22.3 0.2 43.7 0.4 42.9 1.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S 11 0.1 27 11.9 S S 37.9 0.2 39.2 3.2
More than 2,000 miles S S 17 0.2 48 21.5 S S 42.6 0.2 43 6.6

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any mileage group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the mileage group of "More than 2,000 miles" but does have data for the other mileage groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.