Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 32,583 100 61,871 100 13,322 100 20.2 - 13.8 - 12 -
Less than 50 miles 11,459 35.2 28,910 46.7 579 4.3 25.9 3.1 14.9 4 25.2 1.1
50 - 99 miles 1,071 3.3 4,853 7.8 S S 22.5 1 45.8 3.6 S S
100 - 249 miles 11,662 35.8 18,194 29.4 4,400 33 32.7 5.2 30.3 5.4 29.7 8
250 - 499 miles 4,183 12.8 5,379 8.7 2,934 22 17.3 2.6 23.2 1.4 20.8 3.6
500 - 749 miles 2,049 6.3 3,819 6.2 3,846 28.9 23.1 3.7 36.9 3.2 37.5 8.8
750 - 999 miles 1,254 3.9 374 0.6 382 2.9 17.8 0.9 8.9 0.1 9 0.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 408 1.3 106 0.2 150 1.1 20.2 0.6 17.5 0.1 17.4 0.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 494 1.5 S S S S 31.6 1 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 31,031 100 60,351 100 12,237 100 22 - 14.3 - 13.9 -
Less than 50 miles 11,372 36.6 28,449 47.1 549 4.5 26.2 2.8 15.4 4.6 26.9 1.9
50 - 99 miles 1,058 3.4 4,852 8 S S 22.9 1.1 45.8 3.9 S S
100 - 249 miles 11,416 36.8 18,072 29.9 4,369 35.7 33.7 5.2 30.7 5.4 30.1 7.9
250 - 499 miles 3,945 12.7 5,211 8.6 2,859 23.4 18 3.1 24 1.3 21.2 4.2
500 - 749 miles 1,539 5 3,181 5.3 3,092 25.3 19 3.6 44.5 3.2 46.4 8.8
750 - 999 miles 1,027 3.3 307 0.5 309 2.5 22.9 0.7 11.6 0.2 10.6 1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 338 1.1 99 0.2 142 1.2 26.6 0.6 18.1 0.1 17.9 0.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 335 1.1 S S S S 37.8 0.9 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Truck4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 11,839 100 22,556 100 2,663 100 11.3 - 13 - 9.6 -
Less than 50 miles 3,805 32.1 15,056 66.7 335 12.6 11.2 1.7 20.3 5.1 26.3 2.6
50 - 99 miles 991 8.4 2,125 9.4 201 7.5 24.7 1.2 29.1 2.7 28.5 1.9
100 - 249 miles 2,499 21.1 2,943 13 631 23.7 16.1 1.3 15.3 2.4 14.4 2
250 - 499 miles 2,221 18.8 1,606 7.1 686 25.8 10.6 1.9 16 1.3 15.1 2.2
500 - 749 miles 796 6.7 423 1.9 323 12.1 11.1 0.6 13.9 0.3 15.1 1.2
750 - 999 miles 955 8.1 255 1.1 250 9.4 25.9 1.4 15.6 0.3 14.4 1.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles 336 2.8 98 0.4 140 5.2 26.8 0.8 18.7 0.1 18.3 1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 236 2 51 0.2 97 3.6 48.5 1 36.9 0.1 37.2 1
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 7,037 100 9,573 100 1,871 100 11 - 20.3 - 10.5 -
Less than 50 miles 1,135 16.1 5,143 53.7 102 5.4 20.7 3 38.2 6 12 1.2
50 - 99 miles 304 4.3 782 8.2 80 4.3 47.5 1.1 18 1.5 18.1 1.3
100 - 249 miles 1,460 20.8 1,586 16.6 362 19.3 17.5 1.5 15.8 2.9 15.3 1.5
250 - 499 miles 1,878 26.7 1,270 13.3 545 29.1 10.9 2.6 17.9 2.2 16.3 1.7
500 - 749 miles 742 10.5 397 4.1 304 16.2 11.5 1 14.8 1 16 2.5
750 - 999 miles 946 13.4 246 2.6 242 12.9 26.3 2.8 17.1 1 15.7 2.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 336 4.8 98 1 140 7.5 26.8 1.3 18.7 0.3 18.3 1.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 236 3.4 51 0.5 97 5.2 48.5 1.6 36.9 0.2 37.2 1.3
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 4,803 100 12,983 100 792 100 15.6 - 22.2 - 18.2 -
Less than 50 miles 2,670 55.6 9,912 76.3 234 29.5 13.6 3.6 29.1 5.6 38.7 6.3
50 - 99 miles 687 14.3 S S S S 31 2.4 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 1,039 21.6 1,357 10.5 270 34.1 22.2 1.5 27 2.6 25.7 4.6
250 - 499 miles 343 7.1 336 2.6 141 17.8 19.9 1.5 19.2 1.2 20.2 4.1
500 - 749 miles 54 1.1 26 0.2 19 2.4 30.6 0.5 30.6 0.1 30.1 1
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,194 100 7,135 100 1,698 100 28.7 - 37.5 - 35.8 -
Less than 50 miles 253 21.2 S S S S 26 7.8 S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 131 11 1,323 18.5 335 19.7 34.2 5.6 44.8 11.1 43.9 10.9
250 - 499 miles 263 22 601 8.4 296 17.4 37.2 10.2 26.1 11.8 28.4 13.8
500 - 749 miles 306 25.7 350 4.9 313 18.5 48.5 12.1 43 6.5 44.6 12.6
750 - 999 miles 71 6 53 0.7 60 3.5 32.3 8.3 33.1 3 31.5 5
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,664 100 6,224 100 4,460 100 20.1 - 21.3 - 24.9 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles 402 24.2 1,990 32 557 12.5 39.4 10.2 41.9 15.1 41.9 14.2
250 - 499 miles 825 49.6 S S S S 22.2 14.5 S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,664 100 6,224 100 4,460 100 20.1 - 21.3 - 24.9 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles 402 24.2 1,990 32 557 12.5 39.4 10.2 41.9 15.1 41.9 14.2
250 - 499 miles 825 49.6 S S S S 22.2 14.5 S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Pipeline5

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 16,330 100 24,436 100 S S 42.4 - 43.4 - S S
Less than 50 miles 7,314 44.8 11,444 46.8 S S 27.7 11.5 29.8 11.7 S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles 8,382 51.3 11,816 48.4 S S 45.1 12.8 45 13.4 S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,456 100 1,466 100 S S 30.6 - 46.2 - S S
Less than 50 miles 55 3.8 S S S S 27.6 1.3 S S S S
50 - 99 miles 13 0.9 - - - - 35.5 0.5 35.3 0.6 40.5 0.3
100 - 249 miles 240 16.5 S S S S 29 5.9 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 214 14.7 155 10.6 69 6.6 22.5 2.3 41.7 7.7 39.8 7.2
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles 214 14.7 64 4.4 70 6.7 27.1 3.4 33.8 7.4 33.7 8.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 64 4.4 1 0.1 2 0.1 40.1 2.3 31.9 0.6 32.1 0.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles 151 10.4 48 3.3 99 9.4 40.7 2.9 42.9 1.5 43 3.1
More than 2,000 miles S S S S - - S S S S 33.1 -

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 688 100 18 100 11 100 18.1 - 14.6 - 16.4 -
Less than 50 miles 44 6.4 2 8.6 - 0.4 31.3 1.2 24.3 2.5 22.1 0.2
50 - 99 miles 13 1.9 - 2.7 - 0.4 35.5 0.5 35.3 1.5 40.5 0.5
100 - 249 miles 165 24 5 29.6 1 12.2 33.3 6 41 6.3 41.6 5.4
250 - 499 miles 154 22.4 4 20 2 15.5 14.9 2.2 11.7 2.8 12.2 2.6
500 - 749 miles 104 15.1 3 15.1 2 19.8 22.3 2.1 20.8 2.5 20.5 2.6
750 - 999 miles 95 13.8 3 14.3 3 23.8 37 2.8 28.4 3.1 28.9 3.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 63 9.2 1 5.2 1 12 41.3 4.6 36.1 1.7 36.6 3.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles 49 7.2 1 4.5 2 15.6 26.7 2.3 28.7 1.1 29.4 3.2
More than 2,000 miles S S S S - 0.4 S S S S 33.1 0.4

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 489 100 S S 384 100 40.4 - S S 39 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 59 12.1 127 14 51 13.2 48.7 10.1 44.8 16.8 44.4 15.8
500 - 749 miles 123 25.1 116 12.8 111 28.9 37.2 4.7 47.2 8.6 49.3 6.6
750 - 999 miles 117 24 62 6.8 67 17.5 34.2 11.9 32.7 13.9 33 11.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1 0.2 - - - 0.1 9.3 6.1 31.3 5.5 31.3 5.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 102 20.8 47 5.2 98 25.4 40.9 4.9 34.9 8.2 34.7 7.2
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 96 100 53 100 34 100 23.6 - 43.7 - 45.5 -
Less than 50 miles 32 33.7 14 26.8 - 0.6 38.6 8.9 44 13 49 4
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S 7 13.7 S S S S 47.2 10.7 S S
250 - 499 miles 24 24.6 S S S S 40.7 9.1 S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 6 6 S S 7 21.8 28.6 2.4 S S 44.9 1.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 8 8.3 8 15.2 16 46.6 19.3 6.3 33.5 11.6 38 10.5
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any mileage group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the mileage group of "More than 2,000 miles" but does have data for the other mileage groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.