Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities5

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 32,583 100 61,871 100 13,322 100 242 20.2 - 13.8 - 12 - 16.9
Single modes 31,031 95.2 60,351 97.5 12,237 91.9 135 22 2.7 14.3 1.1 13.9 4.2 12.2
Truck6 11,839 36.3 22,556 36.5 2,663 20 132 11.3 8.8 13 8 9.6 5.9 12.6
For-hire truck 7,037 21.6 9,573 15.5 1,871 14 380 11 5.9 20.3 5.2 10.5 4.4 15.4
Private truck 4,803 14.7 12,983 21 792 5.9 94 15.6 3.1 22.2 5.3 18.2 1.7 19.6
Rail 1,194 3.7 7,135 11.5 1,698 12.7 419 28.7 2.7 37.5 5 35.8 4.9 26.2
Water 1,664 5.1 6,224 10.1 4,460 33.5 826 20.1 3.1 21.3 3.8 24.9 8.3 9.5
Shallow draft 1,664 5.1 6,224 10.1 4,460 33.5 826 20.1 3.1 21.3 3.8 24.9 8.3 9.5
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 844 S S S S S S 22.9
Pipeline7 16,330 50.1 24,436 39.5 S S S 42.4 13.7 43.4 12.1 S S S
Multiple modes 1,456 4.5 1,466 2.4 S S 662 30.6 2.7 46.2 1.1 S S 7.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 688 2.1 18 - 11 0.1 664 18.1 1.2 14.6 - 16.4 - 8.3
Truck and rail 489 1.5 S S 384 2.9 486 40.4 1.1 S S 39 1.5 43.3
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,199 S S S S S S 8.6
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 96 0.3 53 0.1 34 0.3 S 23.6 0.1 43.7 - 45.5 0.1 S

SCTG2 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,295 100 4,040 100 S S 105 25.7 - 32.7 - S S 17.3
Single modes 1,228 94.9 3,953 97.9 S S 103 27.1 4.9 33.2 2.2 S S 17.2
Truck6 827 63.8 1,899 47 S S 101 15 10.6 19.8 16.2 S S 17.7
For-hire truck 309 23.9 1,032 25.5 105 4.5 190 12.4 6.9 19.9 10.9 14.1 13.8 22.5
Private truck 518 40 866 21.4 77 3.3 87 26.9 9.5 32.7 10 30.7 11.5 23.2
Rail S S 11 0.3 1 0.1 S S S 32.6 0.7 31.9 0.7 S
Water S S S S 2,073 88.5 1,012 S S S S 39.9 9.2 2.4
Shallow draft S S S S 2,073 88.5 1,012 S S S S 39.9 9.2 2.4
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier - - - - - - 291 42 - 46.3 - 19.2 - 29.8
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,004 S S S S S S 0.9
Other and unknown modes 39 3 13 0.3 14 0.6 1,004 46.7 7.6 24.9 0.7 16.6 9.1 21.9

SCTG2 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 966 100 1,537 100 426 100 83 21.2 - 22.6 - 19.8 - 44.7
Single modes 959 99.3 1,529 99.5 416 97.7 S 21.2 0.5 22.7 0.5 20.1 1.4 S
Truck6 950 98.4 1,492 97.1 396 93 S 21.6 3.1 23.6 3.1 21 3.3 S
For-hire truck 414 42.9 644 41.9 291 68.4 449 22.9 7.2 18.8 7.7 24.3 10.1 15.2
Private truck 536 55.5 847 55.1 105 24.6 S 26.2 6.9 31.9 7.4 25 10.2 S
Rail 9 0.9 37 2.4 20 4.7 S 49.3 10.4 28.9 10.2 36.2 12 S
Multiple modes S S 8 0.5 S S 770 S S 41.3 1 S S 41.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 750 S S S S S S 19.3
Truck and rail 3 0.3 8 0.5 10 2.3 1,583 6.5 1.8 8.7 1.8 47.3 4.7 42.9
Other and unknown modes - - S S S S S 25.3 - S S S S S

SCTG2 10-14, Stones, nonmetallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 67 100 9,198 100 224 100 20 31.6 - 34.9 - 46.5 - 18.7
Single modes 65 97.3 8,760 95.2 195 86.8 17 30.3 1 35.3 2.5 48.8 5.5 21.9
Truck6 65 97.2 8,735 95 194 86.7 17 30.4 1.1 35.4 2.6 48.9 5.5 21.9
For-hire truck 26 38.7 S S 48 21.3 S 39.4 9.7 S S 29.3 13.3 S
Private truck 39 58.5 S S S S 19 40.7 9.6 S S S S 12.4
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 18,541 100 35,199 100 5,993 100 73 38.8 - 30.2 - 35.4 - 27.9
Single modes 18,537 100 35,150 99.9 5,948 99.2 74 38.8 0.2 30.3 0.2 35.8 1.3 24.3
Truck6 1,412 7.6 2,468 7 291 4.9 64 36 16.1 22 10.7 19.7 10.8 23.6
For-hire truck 223 1.2 810 2.3 154 2.6 223 32.3 4.7 21.5 3.6 20 4.2 20.1
Private truck 1,189 6.4 1,658 4.7 137 2.3 47 39.1 12.6 36.9 9.5 42.3 7.5 22.4
Rail 268 1.4 5,416 15.4 828 13.8 299 36.7 10.1 43 15.1 33.9 15.7 26
Water 525 2.8 2,829 8 1,412 23.6 428 21.2 1.9 19.3 5.6 17.8 9.1 45.6
Shallow draft 525 2.8 2,829 8 1,412 23.6 428 21.2 1.9 19.3 5.6 17.8 9.1 45.6
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Pipeline7 S S 24,436 69.4 S S S S S 43.4 18 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 610 S S S S S S 36.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 7 S S S S S S 30.2

SCTG2 20-24, Basic chemicals, chemical, and pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,416 100 2,768 100 1,030 100 S 16 - 36 - 23.9 - S
Single modes 2,059 85.2 2,602 94 836 81.1 S 17.5 4.2 38.5 4.2 27.4 6.1 S
Truck6 1,480 61.3 2,103 76 442 42.9 S 21.4 9.6 48.4 10.8 31.6 13.2 S
For-hire truck 883 36.6 S S 291 28.2 489 15.8 10.3 S S 38.9 13.1 10.8
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Rail 321 13.3 256 9.2 185 17.9 712 37.1 7.3 30.2 8.4 28 8.6 31.8
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Shallow draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 341 14.1 139 5 178 17.3 675 37.3 4 40.5 4.2 42.8 5.8 15.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 58 2.4 S S 1 0.1 610 34 1.6 S S 32.5 0.2 19.1
Truck and rail 283 11.7 137 5 178 17.2 1,435 41.5 4.3 39.5 4.6 41.6 6.2 10.1
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 885 100 843 100 123 100 479 16 - 19.8 - 20.6 - 26.4
Single modes 672 76 836 99.2 118 95.8 S 20.6 7.8 20 2.7 21.3 3.5 S
Truck6 671 75.9 836 99.2 118 95.8 S 20.6 7.8 20 2.7 21.3 3.5 S
For-hire truck 327 37 419 49.8 69 56.1 291 16.6 5.3 25.1 10.3 23.4 7.7 21.5
Private truck 344 38.9 416 49.4 49 39.6 S 33.2 9.1 34.2 10.4 36.8 9.4 S
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 186 21 5 0.6 5 4 933 30 6.6 25.8 1.6 30.6 3.8 10.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 185 20.9 5 0.6 5 3.9 933 30.1 6.6 25.9 1.6 29.9 3.8 10.6
Truck and rail S S - - S S S S S 8.9 0.2 S S S
Other and unknown modes S S 1 0.1 S S S S S 46.1 1.8 S S S

SCTG2 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 5,078 100 6,402 100 2,748 100 198 17.7 - 21.8 - 37.9 - 19.1
Single modes 4,569 90 5,662 88.4 2,053 74.7 156 14.9 3 18.8 3.8 35.7 7.2 17.6
Truck6 3,802 74.9 4,241 66.2 793 28.9 138 12.9 7.2 11.4 9.2 12.2 18.2 19.3
For-hire truck 3,201 63 2,390 37.3 689 25.1 394 14.8 5.2 14.9 4.7 12.8 15.3 6.6
Private truck 601 11.8 1,851 28.9 104 3.8 41 13.5 2.8 15.8 6.7 23.6 3.6 12
Rail 345 6.8 669 10.5 608 22.1 962 25.8 2.9 26.8 4.6 45.5 6.9 20.7
Water 420 8.3 752 11.8 653 23.7 876 19.7 8.5 17.3 7.7 19.9 8.8 10.4
Shallow draft 420 8.3 752 11.8 653 23.7 876 19.7 8.5 17.3 7.7 19.9 8.8 10.4
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,259 S S S S S S 27.7
Multiple modes S S S S S S 547 S S S S S S 17.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 84 1.7 2 - 1 - 524 26.6 0.3 19.3 - 24.2 - 18.4
Truck and rail 161 3.2 306 4.8 152 5.5 487 34.3 1.5 38.8 2.3 39.5 3.2 43.8
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,346 S S S S S S 8.2
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,161 100 190 100 104 100 325 23.5 - 29.2 - 37.3 - 26.1
Single modes 914 78.7 185 97.5 102 97.9 S 28.8 5.9 29.8 1.8 38 4.1 S
Truck6 873 75.2 168 88.5 74 71.4 S 28.3 5.4 27.7 2 34.3 5 S
For-hire truck 433 37.3 117 61.6 71 68.8 647 25.6 7.5 34.8 9.7 35 6.8 11
Private truck 440 37.9 51 26.9 3 2.7 S 45.1 8.1 35.5 10.2 43.2 6.3 S
Rail 41 3.5 17 9 27 26.5 1,562 43.4 2.7 43.4 3.8 46.4 9.8 8.3
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 244 21 4 2.3 2 2.1 614 25 6 25.5 1.6 24.3 4.1 12.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 243 20.9 4 2.2 2 2 614 25.3 6 27.1 1.6 27.6 3.3 12.2
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 3 0.2 - 0.2 S S S 31.7 0.6 37.9 0.8 S S S

SCTG2 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,174 100 1,687 100 332 100 270 21.8 - 27.7 - 43 - 17.7
Single modes 2,026 93.2 1,666 98.8 314 94.8 227 23.9 2.7 28.1 1.1 44.4 2.4 19.4
Truck6 1,759 80.9 608 36 172 51.9 228 27.5 8.8 45.5 15.4 30.3 12.7 19.4
For-hire truck 1,220 56.1 S S 152 45.9 572 34.4 10.5 S S 35.3 12.6 18.6
Private truck 539 24.8 176 10.4 20 6.1 189 26.5 7.1 26.6 6.8 27.7 11 18.1
Rail 179 8.3 S S S S S 27.1 18.6 S S S S S
Water 87 4 S S S S 320 23.3 11.7 S S S S -
Shallow draft 87 4 S S S S 320 23.3 11.7 S S S S -
Multiple modes 145 6.7 S S S S 472 29.2 2.7 S S S S 12.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 113 5.2 5 0.3 2 0.7 471 31.3 2.4 40.9 0.6 30.7 0.6 12.9
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
4 Coefficient of Variation.
5 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
6 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
7 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Dallas-Fort Worth, TX by Base metal and machinery (31-34) by Water has no data for any shipment characteristic therefore the entire row is not shown. Also, entire commodity groups are not present if there is no such data for that commodity group by area. For example, Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV (DC part) by Coal and petroleum products (15-19) has no data for any mode therefore the entire commodity group is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.