Table 8. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 8. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities5

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 32,583 100 61,871 100 13,322 100 242 20.2 - 13.8 - 12 - 16.9
Single modes 31,031 95.2 60,351 97.5 12,237 91.9 135 22 2.7 14.3 1.1 13.9 4.2 12.2
Truck6 11,839 36.3 22,556 36.5 2,663 20 132 11.3 8.8 13 8 9.6 5.9 12.6
For-hire truck 7,037 21.6 9,573 15.5 1,871 14 380 11 5.9 20.3 5.2 10.5 4.4 15.4
Private truck 4,803 14.7 12,983 21 792 5.9 94 15.6 3.1 22.2 5.3 18.2 1.7 19.6
Rail 1,194 3.7 7,135 11.5 1,698 12.7 419 28.7 2.7 37.5 5 35.8 4.9 26.2
Water 1,664 5.1 6,224 10.1 4,460 33.5 826 20.1 3.1 21.3 3.8 24.9 8.3 9.5
Shallow draft 1,664 5.1 6,224 10.1 4,460 33.5 826 20.1 3.1 21.3 3.8 24.9 8.3 9.5
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 844 S S S S S S 22.9
Pipeline7 16,330 50.1 24,436 39.5 S S S 42.4 13.7 43.4 12.1 S S S
Multiple modes 1,456 4.5 1,466 2.4 S S 662 30.6 2.7 46.2 1.1 S S 7.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 688 2.1 18 - 11 0.1 664 18.1 1.2 14.6 - 16.4 - 8.3
Truck and rail 489 1.5 S S 384 2.9 486 40.4 1.1 S S 39 1.5 43.3
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,199 S S S S S S 8.6
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 96 0.3 53 0.1 34 0.3 S 23.6 0.1 43.7 - 45.5 0.1 S

SCTG2 01, Live animals and live fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 75 100 61 100 12 100 119 17.2 - 21.3 - 19.9 - 20.3
Single modes 75 100 61 100 12 100 119 17.2 - 21.3 - 19.9 - 20.3
Truck6 69 91.5 57 93.6 12 96.3 119 21.2 8.4 24.8 8 22.3 5.7 20.5
For-hire truck 40 53 33 54 8 68.6 275 31.1 15.6 21.4 14.6 18.7 12.9 6.2
Private truck 29 38.5 S S S S 67 44.4 15.9 S S S S 38.4
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 02, Cereal grains

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 370 100 2,477 100 S S S 36.4 - 35.6 - S S S
Single modes 370 100 2,477 100 S S S 36.4 - 35.6 - S S S
Truck6 146 39.5 1,008 40.7 S S 52 35.2 18.9 33.4 18.6 S S 16.4
For-hire truck S S S S S S 75 S S S S S S 37.9
Private truck S S S S S S 36 S S S S S S 18.6
Water S S S S 1,498 95.4 1,017 S S S S 17.2 4.5 2.3
Shallow draft S S S S 1,498 95.4 1,017 S S S S 17.2 4.5 2.3

SCTG2 03, Other agricultural products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S 1,187 100 S S S S S 46.6 - S S S
Single modes S S 1,115 93.9 S S S S S 49.2 9.9 S S S
Truck6 109 39 541 45.6 S S 37 31.7 19 27.5 17.4 S S 44.5
For-hire truck 50 17.7 278 23.4 23 3.4 84 35.8 16.7 36 15.5 50 20 18.2
Private truck 60 21.3 263 22.2 S S 23 42.3 19.7 45.1 19.8 S S 30.8
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Shallow draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,004 S S S S S S 0.9
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,004 S S S S S S 0.9

SCTG2 04, Animal feed and products of animal origin, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 76 100 141 100 27 100 S 31.7 - 48.8 - 33.1 - S
Single modes 51 66.9 S S 15 55.6 S 30.8 9.3 S S 43.2 12.8 S
Truck6 51 66.9 S S 15 55.6 S 30.8 9.3 S S 43.2 12.8 S
For-hire truck 10 13.6 S S 2 8 S 22 4.1 S S 29.4 2.3 S
Private truck 41 53.3 110 78 13 47.5 S 29.9 11.4 47.6 6.6 46.5 14.4 S
Multiple modes - - - - - - 291 42 - 46.3 - 19.2 - 29.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier - - - - - - 291 42 - 46.3 - 19.2 - 29.8
Other and unknown modes 25 33.1 10 6.7 12 44.4 1,281 15.8 7.7 20.9 13.4 29.8 12.8 16.3

SCTG2 05, Meat, fish, seafood, and their preparations

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 492 100 175 100 49 100 S 24.7 - 35.9 - 26.1 - S
Single modes 474 96.3 169 97 46 95.5 S 27.3 9.1 37.9 8.7 28.8 7.5 S
Truck6 451 91.6 162 92.7 46 93.7 S 28.9 9.9 39.9 9.6 28.8 7.4 S
For-hire truck 113 23 34 19.4 22 44.9 473 32.6 9.3 36.3 11.1 31.3 12.7 29.5
Private truck 337 68.5 S S S S 117 36.5 14.1 S S S S 29.9
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 06, Milled grain products and preparations and bakery products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 331 100 799 100 223 100 352 15 - 23.5 - 24.7 - 15.7
Single modes 324 97.8 790 99 213 95.6 199 14.6 0.9 23.5 0.5 23.8 1.6 17.5
Truck6 316 95.2 753 94.4 193 86.6 197 15.4 3.2 24.6 3.2 23.9 3.8 17.8
For-hire truck 205 61.9 400 50.1 127 57.1 340 19.1 10.3 25.9 13.5 24.9 12.3 32
Private truck 110 33.3 353 44.3 66 29.5 109 25 10.7 39.6 12.7 34.8 12.7 39.8
Rail 9 2.6 37 4.6 20 9 S 49.3 10.3 28.9 9.6 36.2 10.5 S
Multiple modes S S 8 1 S S S S S 34.1 1.2 S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 752 S S S S S S 21.6
Truck and rail 3 0.9 8 1 10 4.4 1,583 6.5 1.6 8.7 1.6 47.3 4 42.9

SCTG2 07, Other prepared foodstuffs and fats and oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 410 100 612 100 201 100 S 29.1 - 35.7 - 37.4 - S
Single modes 410 100 612 100 201 100 S 29.1 - 35.7 - 37.4 - S
Truck6 410 100 612 100 201 100 S 29.1 - 35.7 - 37.4 - S
For-hire truck 209 50.8 244 39.9 164 81.7 668 38.7 14.4 34 19 33.8 8.7 9.7
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes - - S S S S 589 27.2 0.1 S S S S 48.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier - - S S S S 589 27.2 0.1 S S S S 48.6
Other and unknown modes - - S S S S S 25.3 - S S S S S

SCTG2 08, Alcoholic beverages

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 173 100 126 100 2 100 17 33.3 - 30.7 - 27.8 - 7.1
Single modes 173 100 126 100 2 100 17 33.3 - 30.7 - 27.8 - 7.1
Truck6 173 100 126 100 2 100 17 33.3 - 30.7 - 27.8 - 7.1
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 172 99.7 125 99.9 2 98.7 17 33.2 0.1 30.7 0.1 27.3 0.6 7.1

SCTG2 09, Tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 95 S S S S S S 12.2
Single modes S S S S S S 95 S S S S S S 12.2
Truck6 S S S S S S 95 S S S S S S 12.2
Private truck S S S S S S 95 S S S S S S 12.2

SCTG2 10, Calcareous monumental or building stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 25 S S S S S S 26.1
Single modes S S S S S S 25 S S S S S S 26.1
Truck6 S S S S S S 25 S S S S S S 26.1
Private truck S S S S S S 25 S S S S S S 26.1

SCTG2 11, Natural sands

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 11 100 S S S S S 39.2 - S S S S S
Single modes 11 100 S S S S S 39.2 - S S S S S
Truck6 11 100 S S S S S 39.2 - S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S 47 S S S S S S 27.3
Private truck 10 91 S S S S S 42.9 6.9 S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 12, Gravel and crushed stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 40 100 5,361 100 S S 15 41.4 - 41.4 - S S 20.5
Single modes 38 95.5 4,923 91.8 62 67.8 12 39.7 1.6 41 3.3 36 10.5 28.1
Truck6 38 95.5 4,923 91.8 62 67.8 12 39.7 1.6 41 3.3 36 10.5 28.1
For-hire truck S S S S 28 30.1 S S S S S 30.9 16.8 S
Private truck 19 47.4 2,221 41.4 35 37.7 15 47 13.2 45.2 15.8 48.1 16 11.5
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 13, Nonmetallic minerals nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 15 100 S S S S 74 39.6 - S S S S 25.2
Single modes 15 100 S S S S 68 39.6 - S S S S 25.7
Truck6 15 99.5 S S S S 68 38.3 0.2 S S S S 26.8
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 9 61.7 S S S S 39 42 15.8 S S S S 41
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 14, Metallic ores and concentrates

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 15, Nonagglomerated bituminous coal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 134 100 5,650 100 801 100 215 35.5 - 36.9 - 36.5 - 25.9
Single modes 133 99.1 5,603 99.2 756 94.4 173 35.1 0.4 36.5 0.4 33.9 2.7 9
Truck6 16 12.1 597 10.6 84 10.5 141 21.7 16.9 21 17 21.6 16.5 10.7
For-hire truck 16 12.1 597 10.6 84 10.5 141 21.7 16.9 21 17 21.6 16.5 10.7
Rail 117 87 5,006 88.6 672 83.9 244 35.3 6.3 36.1 5.6 31 2.2 20.4
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 17, Gasoline and aviation turbine fuel

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 9,527 100 13,991 100 S S 101 42.1 - 46.1 - S S 16.9
Single modes 9,527 100 13,991 100 S S 101 42.1 - 46.1 - S S 16.9
Truck6 S S S S 98 4.4 102 S S S S 47.4 18.8 20.7
For-hire truck S S S S S S 61 S S S S S S 18.4
Private truck S S S S 98 4.4 102 S S S S 47.6 18.1 20.7
Pipeline7 8,779 92.1 13,046 93.2 S S S 45.3 19.3 49.6 19.9 S S S

SCTG2 18, Fuel oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 7,029 100 10,462 100 S S 43 44.1 - 43.1 - S S 19.6
Single modes 7,029 100 10,462 100 S S 43 44.1 - 43.1 - S S 19.6
Truck6 S S S S S S 39 S S S S S S 23.2
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S 38 S S S S S S 22.3
Pipeline7 6,764 96.2 10,070 96.2 S S S 32.4 12.5 30.6 11.3 S S S

SCTG2 19, Coal and petroleum products, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,851 100 5,096 100 1,801 100 S 32.8 - 37.6 - 47.2 - S
Single modes 1,848 99.8 5,093 100 1,800 100 S 32.8 0.2 37.6 0.3 47.2 0.3 S
Truck6 382 20.7 S S S S S 30.9 18.9 S S S S S
For-hire truck 203 11 206 4.1 69 3.8 397 32.7 9.1 17 9.7 27.6 15.2 23.6
Private truck 179 9.7 S S S S 38 31.3 19.5 S S S S 31.1
Rail 152 8.2 410 8.1 S S 436 47.2 15.6 46.9 16 S S 25.1
Water S S 2,829 55.5 1,412 78.4 428 S S 19.3 16.1 17.8 8 45.6
Shallow draft S S 2,829 55.5 1,412 78.4 428 S S 19.3 16.1 17.8 8 45.6
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Pipeline7 788 42.5 1,319 25.9 S S S 38.4 17.4 21.4 18.7 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 256 S S S S S S 38.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 7 S S S S S S 30.2

SCTG2 20, Basic chemicals

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Shallow draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 21, Pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 108 100 15 100 14 100 777 27.3 - 28.3 - 26.8 - 23.8
Single modes 97 89.9 13 89.3 12 84.9 734 25.9 4.6 27.8 5.1 27.2 7.7 24.5
Truck6 96 89 13 88.1 11 83.6 732 25.9 4.4 27.9 4.9 28.5 7.4 24.5
For-hire truck 96 88.9 13 88.1 11 83.6 882 7.4 4.7 12.6 5.2 13.9 8.3 7.3
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 11 10.1 2 10.7 2 15.1 1,276 19.2 7.8 9.2 9.6 16.3 15.9 5.9
Truck and rail 11 10.1 2 10.7 2 15.1 1,276 19.2 7.8 9.2 9.6 16.3 15.9 5.9

SCTG2 22, Fertilizers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 156 100 367 100 S S 139 47.7 - 39.9 - S S 32
Single modes 154 98.4 361 98.6 S S 141 48.5 1.2 40.4 1 S S 31.5
Truck6 S S 275 75.1 S S 128 S S 43.9 9.7 S S 29.4
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 98 62.9 186 50.8 S S 42 46.9 11.1 32.7 14.3 S S 44.3
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S - - 10 S S S S 24.8 1.6 39.1

SCTG2 23, Chemical products and preparations, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,060 100 918 100 516 100 443 31.3 - 48.1 - 39 - 21.3
Single modes 786 74.1 765 83.4 330 64 355 26.5 6.2 49.7 4.7 35.7 8.7 25.9
Truck6 494 46.7 S S S S 344 25.9 13.2 S S S S 26.3
For-hire truck 425 40.1 S S S S 523 23.1 13.9 S S S S 12.2
Private truck 69 6.6 S S S S 138 43.7 10.4 S S S S 45.6
Rail 291 27.5 150 16.4 123 23.8 779 18.5 11.1 10.7 16.8 28.3 13.7 19.5
Multiple modes 265 25 128 13.9 170 33 1,099 42.3 5.8 40.3 5.7 40.9 8.3 17.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1 0.1 S S S S 432 49.2 7.9 S S S S 35
Truck and rail 264 24.9 128 13.9 170 33 1,452 35 6.1 32.1 7.5 32.8 6.3 7
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 24, Plastics and rubber

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 440 100 124 100 67 100 429 25.7 - 33.1 - 38.3 - 22.5
Single modes 374 85 120 97.3 66 97.3 250 29.6 7.1 33.8 2.8 39.6 5.3 17
Truck6 374 84.8 120 97.3 66 97.1 249 29.6 7.1 33.8 2.8 39.7 5.3 17.1
For-hire truck 323 73.2 107 86.5 64 95.4 465 31.8 8.9 35.2 5.1 38.8 6.1 12.8
Private truck 51 11.6 13 10.7 1 1.7 46 35.6 9.6 35.6 9.6 38.9 10.4 20.9
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 60 13.7 2 1.8 2 2.6 618 30.5 9.7 29.7 3.4 32 6.8 21.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 57 13 1 1.1 1 1.2 618 32.8 9.9 32.9 3.6 33.6 7.1 21.7
Truck and rail S S 1 0.7 1 1.4 1,109 S S 37.1 1.8 37.1 4.8 -
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 25, Logs and other wood in the rough

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 26, Wood products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 238 100 544 100 67 100 61 29 - 23 - 27.5 - 16.8
Single modes 238 100 544 100 67 100 59 29 - 23 - 27.5 - 17.6
Truck6 238 100 544 100 67 100 59 29 - 23 - 27.5 - 17.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 211 88.9 383 70.5 42 62.9 46 31.5 10 33.2 12.6 38.3 13.6 18.4
Multiple modes S S S S S S 259 S S S S S S 15.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 259 S S S S S S 15.3
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 27, Pulp, newsprint, paper, and paperboard

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 432 S S S S S S 15.2
Single modes S S S S S S 321 S S S S S S 2.2
Truck6 S S S S S S 321 S S S S S S 2.2
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 2 53.5 S S S S 307 44.2 12.8 S S S S 2
Multiple modes S S S S S S 616 S S S S S S 19.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 616 S S S S S S 19.4

SCTG2 28, Paper or paperboard articles

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 212 100 262 100 43 100 179 15.2 - 15.6 - 15.3 - 11.6
Single modes 212 99.6 262 99.9 42 99.5 149 15.2 0.1 15.6 0.1 15.3 0.3 11.7
Truck6 212 99.6 262 99.9 42 99.5 149 15.2 0.1 15.6 0.1 15.3 0.3 11.7
For-hire truck 195 91.8 248 94.5 38 89.8 148 16.8 5.4 16.9 4.4 16.6 6.1 9.5
Private truck S S S S S S 156 S S S S S S 39.5
Multiple modes 1 0.4 S S S S 533 29.2 0.2 S S S S 22.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1 0.3 - - S S 527 37.3 0.2 44.3 - S S 24.4
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 29, Printed products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 158 100 S S 5 100 S 44.3 - S S 47.7 - S
Single modes 122 77.1 S S S S 36 44.3 16.9 S S S S 25.7
Truck6 122 77.1 S S S S 36 44.3 16.9 S S S S 25.7
For-hire truck 16 10.2 4 18.6 S S 488 21.1 18.8 12.4 15.5 S S 34.3
Private truck 106 66.9 S S S S 33 48.7 15.4 S S S S 24.1
Multiple modes S S S S S S 634 S S S S S S 15.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 634 S S S S S S 15.5
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 30, Textiles, leather, and articles of textiles or leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 272 100 11 100 8 100 942 38.9 - 31.1 - 32.5 - 17.7
Single modes 97 35.6 7 60.3 4 47.7 424 38.7 11.9 27.7 9.1 32.3 12.7 28.6
Truck6 96 35.3 7 58.6 4 46.8 425 39.2 12 33.1 8.9 33 12.3 28.5
For-hire truck 88 32.4 6 53.6 4 45.6 584 40.8 9.7 28.6 8.7 45.6 11 21.6
Private truck 8 2.9 1 5 - 1.2 S 34.9 12.4 40.6 11.8 33 13.1 S
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 161 59.1 4 35.5 4 50.8 978 31.1 3.5 32.4 7.9 34.4 10.3 14.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 160 58.9 4 34.5 4 50.2 978 31.3 3.5 34.8 8.9 35.3 11.3 14.2
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 31, Nonmetallic mineral products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 132 100 1,493 100 41 100 33 28.2 - 23.6 - 39.6 - 17.2
Single modes 129 97.7 1,489 99.7 41 99.7 26 27.3 0.8 23.6 0.1 39.5 0.1 13.5
Truck6 129 97.7 1,489 99.7 41 99.7 26 27.3 0.8 23.6 0.1 39.5 0.1 13.5
For-hire truck S S S S S S 92 S S S S S S 45.5
Private truck 97 73.4 1,295 86.7 24 58.3 23 21.2 8.4 20.8 5 23.7 12.5 11.9
Multiple modes - 0.2 - - - 0.1 759 21.5 1.3 33.4 - 34.5 0.2 45.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier - 0.2 - - - 0.1 759 21.5 1.3 33.4 - 34.5 0.2 45.9
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 20 S S S S S S 24.5

SCTG2 32, Base metal in prim. or semifin. forms & in finished basic shapes

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 3,668 100 4,535 100 2,555 100 312 25 - 29.5 - 40.4 - 13.3
Single modes 3,241 88.4 3,802 83.8 1,861 72.8 286 22.1 4.3 26.4 4.6 38.9 7.5 13.5
Truck6 2,478 67.6 2,381 52.5 602 23.6 221 21.4 8.6 17.5 11.9 15.5 19.3 12.1
For-hire truck 2,203 60.1 1,940 42.8 527 20.6 281 20.5 6.9 16 9.3 11.6 17 10.2
Private truck 275 7.5 441 9.7 75 2.9 105 23.2 7.2 29.2 9.2 35.1 10.7 19.9
Rail 343 9.3 669 14.7 607 23.7 961 9.4 4.3 10.2 5.2 39.4 6.8 25.9
Water 420 11.5 752 16.6 653 25.5 876 19.7 10.3 17.3 7.6 19.9 8.8 10.4
Shallow draft 420 11.5 752 16.6 653 25.5 876 19.7 10.3 17.3 7.6 19.9 8.8 10.4
Air (incl truck and air) S S - - - - 463 S S 17.9 - 11.3 - 12.6
Multiple modes S S S S S S 621 S S S S S S 17.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S - - - - 395 S S 43.5 1.5 36.2 0.3 26.8
Truck and rail 161 4.4 306 6.7 152 5.9 487 34.3 1.9 38.8 2.8 39.5 3.6 43.8
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,346 S S S S S S 8.2
Other and unknown modes 4 0.1 5 0.1 S S S 40.8 0.4 43.6 0.5 S S S

SCTG2 33, Articles of base metal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,044 100 345 100 146 100 336 19.1 - 30.2 - 22.9 - 22
Single modes 995 95.2 344 99.6 146 99.5 253 20.3 4 30.3 0.5 23 1.8 28.5
Truck6 990 94.8 343 99.4 145 98.8 249 20.4 4 30.4 0.8 23.4 2.2 29.3
For-hire truck 890 85.2 250 72.4 141 96.5 561 22.1 9.1 30.9 10.3 23.4 7.9 9.8
Private truck 100 9.6 S S 3 2.3 34 36 8 S S 30.7 6.2 49.1
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 2 0.2 - - S S 1,647 48.8 0.9 28.7 0.1 S S 24.2
Multiple modes 50 4.8 1 0.4 1 0.5 630 31.4 4 28.7 0.5 30.6 1.8 14.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 50 4.8 1 0.4 1 0.5 630 31.4 4 28.7 0.5 30.6 1.8 14.5
Other and unknown modes - - S S S S S 45.1 - S S S S S

SCTG2 34, Machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 233 100 28 100 6 100 S 22.6 - 26.1 - 32.4 - S
Single modes 204 87.6 27 98.4 6 98.3 S 24.7 5.1 26.4 1.2 33 1.4 S
Truck6 204 87.6 27 98.4 6 98.3 S 24.7 5.1 26.4 1.2 33 1.4 S
For-hire truck 76 32.5 6 20.2 3 55.9 519 41.5 10.3 34.6 12.5 41.9 12.3 15
Private truck 128 55.1 22 78.2 S S 43 26.9 9.5 34.7 11 S S 23.5
Multiple modes 28 12.1 - 1.4 - 1.7 277 46.8 6.2 32.8 1.4 33 1.8 18.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 28 12.1 - 1.4 - 1.7 277 46.8 6.2 32.8 1.4 33 1.8 18.5
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 14 S S S S S S 22.4

SCTG2 35, Electronic & other electrical equip & components & office equip

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 377 100 27 100 9 100 473 34.9 - 30.3 - 33.8 - 18.2
Single modes 285 75.7 24 88.8 7 79.6 S 43 12 32.3 11.5 36.9 11.5 S
Truck6 285 75.5 24 88.7 7 79.5 S 43.1 12 32.4 11.5 36.9 11.5 S
For-hire truck 129 34.3 11 40.2 6 69.8 633 25.8 11.2 22 8.2 27 3.7 13.2
Private truck S S 13 48.5 S S S S S 41.6 10.5 S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 90 23.8 3 10.2 2 20.4 759 20.8 12.1 28.1 11.7 27.6 11.5 7.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 88 23.4 3 9.8 2 18.9 759 21.7 12.3 30.7 11.7 31.7 11.9 8.1
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 2 0.5 - 1 - - 15 29.1 1.2 46.1 1.9 47.9 0.1 16.5

SCTG2 36, Motorized and other vehicles (including parts)

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S 947 S S S S S S 4.2
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 8 S S S S S S 8.4

SCTG2 37, Transportation equipment, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 343 100 121 100 91 100 771 34.4 - 34 - 35.1 - 18.4
Single modes 325 94.8 121 100 91 99.9 719 34.1 2.6 34 6.2 35.2 13.5 18.4
Truck6 284 82.8 104 85.8 63 69.6 649 33.7 4.8 32.9 5.8 32.6 12.5 18.1
For-hire truck 283 82.7 104 85.8 63 69.6 683 29.9 5.1 28.8 4.8 28.4 10.4 9.8
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Rail 41 12 17 14.1 27 30.3 1,562 43.4 5.7 43.4 5.5 46.4 11.2 8.3
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,414 S S S S S S 37.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,414 S S S S S S 37.5
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 38, Precision instruments and apparatus

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 215 100 S S 1 100 423 29.8 - S S 49.2 - 22.8
Single modes S S S S 1 76.1 62 S S S S 49.6 17.8 24.7
Truck6 S S S S 1 76.1 62 S S S S 49.6 17.8 24.7
Private truck S S S S 1 76.1 62 S S S S 49.6 17.8 24.7
Multiple modes 133 61.7 S S S S 468 44.6 14.5 S S S S 22
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 133 61.7 S S S S 468 44.6 14.5 S S S S 22

SCTG2 39, Furniture, mattresses & mattress supports, lamps, lighting

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 20 100 3 100 - 100 S 45.8 - 27 - 35.9 - S
Single modes 19 98 3 98.4 - 88.1 S 47.2 4.6 28 3 38.9 6.7 S
Truck6 19 98 3 98.4 - 88.1 S 47.2 4.6 28 3 38.9 6.7 S
For-hire truck 2 11 S S - 65.9 586 16.9 19.6 S S 33.7 17.6 19.8
Private truck S S 3 87.8 S S 40 S S 33.8 13.4 S S 48.8
Multiple modes S S S S S S 676 S S S S S S 18.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 676 S S S S S S 18.5
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 40, Miscellaneous manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 654 100 141 100 107 100 655 36.7 - 31.4 - 47 - 11.8
Single modes 616 94.2 139 99 106 99.2 520 37.9 4.7 31.6 1.3 47.3 2 20.6
Truck6 616 94.2 139 99 106 99.2 520 37.9 4.7 31.6 1.3 47.3 2 20.6
For-hire truck 588 89.8 122 86.9 105 98.5 734 38 6.2 33.5 7.9 46.7 5.2 14.8
Private truck 29 4.4 S S S S S 35.8 7 S S S S S
Multiple modes S S 1 0.9 1 0.8 756 S S 49.6 0.9 49.2 2 8.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 1 0.9 1 0.8 756 S S 49.6 0.9 49.2 2 8.4
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 19 S S S S S S 28.7

SCTG2 41, Waste and scrap

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 366 100 1,124 100 S S S 38.8 - 39.8 - S S S
Single modes 355 96.9 1,117 99.4 S S S 38.8 3.7 40.1 3.6 S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S 158 S S S S S S 28.3
For-hire truck S S S S S S 190 S S S S S S 32.1
Private truck S S 22 2 S S S S S 29.9 18.8 S S S
Rail S S 702 62.4 S S S S S 9.4 18.6 S S S
Water 87 23.9 S S 114 68.9 320 23.3 15.1 S S 23.2 2.6 -
Shallow draft 87 23.9 S S 114 68.9 320 23.3 15.1 S S 23.2 2.6 -
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 43, Mixed freight

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,134 100 S S 59 100 242 44.4 - S S 43.5 - 13
Single modes 1,036 91.4 S S 55 93.2 218 49.2 6.7 S S 47.4 8 14.5
Truck6 1,036 91.3 S S 55 93.1 218 49.2 6.8 S S 47.5 8.2 14.5
For-hire truck S S S S S S 525 S S S S S S 24.3
Private truck 466 41.1 134 31.9 16 27.1 191 32.5 10.7 36.9 14.1 33.9 12.4 19.1
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 96 8.5 S S S S 385 30 7 S S S S 12.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 75 6.6 S S 1 2.2 385 33.5 6.5 S S 37.7 4.5 12.6
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
4 Coefficient of Variation.
5 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
6 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
7 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Orlando-Deltona-Daytona Beach, FL by Alcoholic Beverages (08) by Air has no data for any cell therefore the entire row is not shown. Also, two-digit commodities are not present if there is no such data for an entire commodity by area. For example, Pittsburgh-New Castle, PA by Cereal Grains (02) has no data for any mode therefore the entire commodity is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.