Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 93,534 100 104,947 100 15,257 100 7.7 - 12.4 - 23 -
Less than 50 miles 31,930 34.1 80,894 77.1 1,434 9.4 11.7 2.1 13.2 3.4 13.1 1.9
50 - 99 miles 5,145 5.5 2,219 2.1 212 1.4 17.6 0.9 10.5 0.4 10.8 0.2
100 - 249 miles 12,326 13.2 6,166 5.9 1,367 9 16 1.9 19.6 0.8 18.6 1.1
250 - 499 miles 15,821 16.9 7,200 6.9 3,367 22.1 8.9 1.3 17.3 1.6 19.2 2.7
500 - 749 miles 10,853 11.6 5,018 4.8 4,428 29 14.8 1.1 42.9 1.2 47.5 5.1
750 - 999 miles 9,148 9.8 2,064 2 2,083 13.7 12.5 0.9 14 0.4 13.9 1.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,658 2.8 637 0.6 898 5.9 7.9 0.3 27.5 0.1 27.2 1.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 5,585 6 744 0.7 1,448 9.5 30 1.3 25.6 0.1 24.4 1.8
More than 2,000 miles 69 0.1 S S S S 42.7 - S S S S

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 74,247 100 99,277 100 13,843 100 9.4 - 11.9 - 25.3 -
Less than 50 miles 29,012 39.1 76,576 77.1 1,328 9.6 13.3 2.1 13 3.5 12.7 2.3
50 - 99 miles 4,606 6.2 2,186 2.2 209 1.5 19.2 1 11 0.4 11.3 0.3
100 - 249 miles 11,322 15.2 6,109 6.2 1,353 9.8 16.7 1.9 19.6 0.9 18.4 1.3
250 - 499 miles 11,709 15.8 6,663 6.7 3,045 22 11.1 1.2 17.9 1.5 20.2 2.7
500 - 749 miles 6,404 8.6 4,859 4.9 4,302 31.1 15.7 1.2 44.6 1.3 49.1 5.4
750 - 999 miles 5,409 7.3 1,788 1.8 1,786 12.9 17.5 0.8 17.1 0.3 17.4 2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,556 2.1 554 0.6 782 5.7 11.9 0.3 30.9 0.1 30.5 1.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles 4,207 5.7 541 0.5 1,034 7.5 37.9 2.4 35.8 0.1 34.3 1
More than 2,000 miles S S S S 3 - S S S S 45.1 -

Truck4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 67,204 100 93,427 100 10,183 100 9.8 - 11.1 - 13.6 -
Less than 50 miles 28,983 43.1 74,442 79.7 1,288 12.6 13.3 1.9 13.2 3.2 12.7 2.3
50 - 99 miles 4,606 6.9 2,186 2.3 209 2.1 19.2 1.1 11 0.4 11.3 0.3
100 - 249 miles 11,277 16.8 5,969 6.4 1,320 13 16.9 2 19.4 1 18.4 1.3
250 - 499 miles 10,404 15.5 6,305 6.7 2,811 27.6 12.9 1.4 16.6 1.6 17.4 2.5
500 - 749 miles 4,998 7.4 2,103 2.3 1,544 15.2 14.7 0.9 16.7 0.4 16.8 1.3
750 - 999 miles 3,951 5.9 1,429 1.5 1,397 13.7 14.7 0.7 18.7 0.3 18.4 1.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,368 2 527 0.6 742 7.3 13.1 0.3 32.7 0.1 32.4 1.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,606 2.4 464 0.5 872 8.6 12.2 0.4 43.2 0.2 42.3 1.7
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 39,275 100 37,120 100 8,035 100 9.3 - 17.2 - 16.2 -
Less than 50 miles 7,889 20.1 22,668 61.1 412 5.1 8.7 2.1 23.8 5.6 19 1.3
50 - 99 miles 2,903 7.4 1,052 2.8 92 1.1 32.7 1.9 25.4 0.6 27.1 0.2
100 - 249 miles 8,790 22.4 3,912 10.5 913 11.4 22.9 3.4 26.7 2 24 1.7
250 - 499 miles 8,838 22.5 5,383 14.5 2,433 30.3 14.6 2.3 18 2.8 19.2 3.2
500 - 749 miles 4,446 11.3 1,827 4.9 1,342 16.7 15 1.2 17.2 0.5 17.5 1.4
750 - 999 miles 3,700 9.4 1,320 3.6 1,280 15.9 15.7 1.3 21.1 1 21 2.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,137 2.9 498 1.3 698 8.7 14.5 0.5 32.9 0.4 32.5 2.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,561 4 459 1.2 863 10.7 12.8 0.9 43.7 0.4 42.8 2.2
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 27,929 100 56,307 100 2,149 100 14.9 - 17.8 - 16 -
Less than 50 miles 21,094 75.5 51,775 92 876 40.8 17.7 2.2 18.4 2.3 17.9 4.9
50 - 99 miles 1,703 6.1 1,133 2 117 5.4 19.6 1.1 14.9 0.7 15.4 1.1
100 - 249 miles 2,487 8.9 2,057 3.7 407 18.9 15.9 1.2 18.7 1.1 18.3 1.8
250 - 499 miles 1,566 5.6 922 1.6 378 17.6 12.6 0.9 23.1 0.6 22.7 3.2
500 - 749 miles 552 2 276 0.5 202 9.4 29 0.7 46.5 0.2 46.1 2.6
750 - 999 miles 251 0.9 110 0.2 116 5.4 23.1 0.2 32.2 0.1 35 1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 232 0.8 30 0.1 44 2 49.4 0.6 37.6 0.1 40 1.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 45 0.2 5 - 9 0.4 26.5 0.1 39 - 38.6 0.4
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 3,240 100 1,579 100 1,314 100 36 - 46.5 - 42.9 -
Less than 50 miles S S 89 5.6 7 0.5 S S 22.9 4.1 24.6 1.2
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S 139 8.8 34 2.6 S S 39.2 6.4 37.2 3.4
250 - 499 miles 400 12.3 S S S S 32.6 14.2 S S S S
500 - 749 miles 827 25.5 S S S S 30.4 5.3 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 1,344 41.5 356 22.5 387 29.4 38.8 7.5 37.5 9.6 36.4 7.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 495 15.3 65 4.1 143 10.8 38.4 12.2 29.4 6.9 29.4 11.3
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S 4,228 100 S S S S 39.5 - S S
Less than 50 miles S S 2,045 48.4 S S S S 26.1 18.3 S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S 4,228 100 S S S S 39.5 - S S
Less than 50 miles S S 2,045 48.4 S S S S 26.1 18.3 S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S 44 100 39 100 S S 42 - 41.5 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S 1 1.7 - 0.7 S S 45.2 0.6 34.8 0.1
250 - 499 miles 905 27.4 S S 9 22.9 29.2 11.4 S S 42 8
500 - 749 miles 80 2.4 2 5.6 2 4.6 25.6 2.2 40.4 2.5 39.3 3
750 - 999 miles 114 3.5 S S 3 7.4 27.8 6.5 S S 50 4.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 59 1.8 3 6.3 4 9.3 33.2 1.7 46.3 4.6 49.4 7.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 18,479 100 2,613 100 1,326 100 24.8 - 21.2 - 7.5 -
Less than 50 miles 2,501 13.5 1,367 52.3 83 6.3 43.8 2.1 40 13 41.2 2.6
50 - 99 miles 469 2.5 15 0.6 2 0.1 18.8 0.9 33.7 0.2 32.8 -
100 - 249 miles 956 5.2 53 2 13 1 15.7 1.1 31.9 0.5 40 0.4
250 - 499 miles 4,016 21.7 478 18.3 295 22.3 20.8 3.2 21.1 7.6 22 6
500 - 749 miles 4,395 23.8 154 5.9 123 9.3 40.9 2.8 18 2.1 17.8 1.5
750 - 999 miles 3,725 20.2 274 10.5 295 22.3 27.8 1.7 25.5 5 26 5
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,095 5.9 80 3 111 8.4 9.9 1.9 28.2 0.8 28.2 2.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,275 6.9 188 7.2 386 29.1 13.6 0.9 28.9 5 28.5 7.2
More than 2,000 miles 48 0.3 S S S S 47.6 0.2 S S S S

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 15,523 100 332 100 199 100 30.6 - 22.4 - 24.1 -
Less than 50 miles 2,496 16.1 69 20.9 1 0.7 43.9 2.2 23.6 4.2 23.7 0.2
50 - 99 miles 468 3 15 4.6 2 0.8 18.8 1.2 33.7 1.2 32.8 0.2
100 - 249 miles 950 6.1 35 10.7 8 3.9 16 1.5 19.2 1.4 19.4 0.6
250 - 499 miles 3,454 22.3 75 22.6 33 16.7 24 3.3 30.6 2.4 29.8 2
500 - 749 miles S S 50 15.2 39 19.5 S S 29.1 1.4 29.7 1.4
750 - 999 miles 2,801 18 41 12.4 40 20.3 37.3 1.9 33.1 1.7 33.1 1.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 792 5.1 22 6.7 30 14.8 16.8 1.5 21.8 1 20.8 1.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,052 6.8 22 6.7 43 21.8 13.8 1.1 21.5 1.2 20.6 2.4
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 2,885 100 995 100 1,020 100 36.2 - 12.4 - 9.1 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S 404 40.6 262 25.7 S S 22.8 8.5 22.8 7.4
500 - 749 miles 870 30.2 98 9.8 76 7.5 23.3 7.5 23.5 2.9 24.2 2.4
750 - 999 miles S S 231 23.2 252 24.7 S S 31.3 6.6 31.6 6.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 303 10.5 58 5.8 82 8 24.7 4.3 30.6 2.6 29.8 5.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 223 7.7 166 16.7 342 33.6 18.8 6.3 30.1 7.5 29.5 9.3
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 20 100 1,281 100 87 100 27 - 38.7 - 36.9 -
Less than 50 miles S S 1,277 99.7 82 93.9 S S 9.6 0.2 9.4 2.9
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles 14 67.2 S S S S 29.2 16.6 S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles 3 9.2 S S S S 35 10 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 807 100 S S 88 100 28.6 - S S 36.5 -
Less than 50 miles 417 51.6 S S S S 33.8 9.7 S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S 1 0.7 S S S S 47.1 0.8
250 - 499 miles 96 11.9 S S S S 22.7 12.5 S S S S
500 - 749 miles 54 6.7 S S S S 42.7 4 S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S 1 - 1 1.6 S S 34.6 1.7 35.8 14.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any mileage group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the mileage group of "More than 2,000 miles" but does have data for the other mileage groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.