Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 93,534 100 104,947 100 15,257 100 384 7.7 - 12.4 - 23.0 - 12.8
Less than 50 lbs 13,038 13.9 182 0.2 89 0.6 502 17.5 3.1 17.6 0.1 28.9 0.3 11.9
50 - 99 lbs 3,586 3.8 149 0.1 53 0.4 362 17.3 0.5 13.6 - 17.6 0.1 13.0
100 - 499 lbs 13,134 14.0 851 0.8 190 1.2 222 19.8 1.9 17.4 0.2 16.5 0.3 15.7
500 - 749 lbs 4,429 4.7 478 0.5 94 0.6 196 37.0 1.3 21.7 0.1 23.4 0.3 20.3
750 - 999 lbs S S 427 0.4 84 0.6 198 S S 22.9 0.1 20.8 0.2 16.1
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 20,415 21.8 7,908 7.5 1,660 10.9 186 14.7 2.9 26.7 2.6 23.6 3.0 21.0
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 30,769 32.9 53,425 50.9 8,212 53.8 152 13.5 3.1 12.2 1.7 15.8 3.8 11.5
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 3,361 3.6 32,883 31.3 1,212 7.9 35 38.9 1.3 17.2 3.5 31.6 2.8 32.4
More than 100,000 lbs 1,461 1.6 8,644 8.2 S S 435 41.7 0.7 49.7 2.7 S S 19.8

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 74,247 100 99,277 100 13,843 100 164 9.4 - 11.9 - 25.3 - 19.9
Less than 50 lbs 5,984 8.1 62 0.1 11 0.1 195 31.4 3.0 12.4 - 19.6 - 31.2
50 - 99 lbs 1,694 2.3 77 0.1 9 0.1 S 27.9 0.5 19.6 - 22.8 - S
100 - 499 lbs 8,220 11.1 728 0.7 119 0.9 153 18.5 1.4 19.4 0.2 15.0 0.3 20.9
500 - 749 lbs 2,602 3.5 444 0.4 80 0.6 178 17.7 0.7 24.1 0.1 28.0 0.3 22.8
750 - 999 lbs S S 415 0.4 80 0.6 194 S S 23.8 0.1 21.7 0.2 16.1
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 18,472 24.9 7,633 7.7 1,425 10.3 171 15.1 2.2 27.6 2.6 21.5 2.6 19.8
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 29,518 39.8 50,750 51.1 7,626 55.1 150 13.6 2.9 11.4 1.5 17.3 4.0 12.1
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 3,229 4.3 32,430 32.7 1,170 8.5 35 39.1 1.5 17.3 3.5 29.7 2.8 30.9
More than 100,000 lbs 1,345 1.8 S S S S 448 43.5 0.9 S S S S 22.7

Truck4

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 67,204 100 93,427 100 10,183 100 139 9.8 - 11.1 - 13.6 - 20.5
Less than 50 lbs 5,332 7.9 57 0.1 8 0.1 131 36.5 3.2 15.6 - 25.2 - 44.1
50 - 99 lbs 1,615 2.4 75 0.1 8 0.1 97 29.8 0.5 20.1 - 25.7 - 49.2
100 - 499 lbs 7,695 11.5 721 0.8 111 1.1 144 20.1 1.5 19.8 0.2 15.9 0.3 17.9
500 - 749 lbs 2,562 3.8 444 0.5 80 0.8 178 18.3 0.8 24.1 0.1 28.1 0.4 22.8
750 - 999 lbs 1,554 2.3 411 0.4 75 0.7 182 19.4 0.3 24.0 0.1 22.5 0.3 17.3
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 18,058 26.9 7,600 8.1 1,394 13.7 166 15.7 2.3 27.8 2.5 22.2 2.5 19.9
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 26,796 39.9 50,306 53.8 7,140 70.1 143 13.0 3.4 11.5 2.0 18.3 3.5 12.0
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 3,084 4.6 32,404 34.7 1,150 11.3 34 38.9 1.6 17.4 3.4 30.0 2.9 30.9
More than 100,000 lbs 507 0.8 1,410 1.5 218 2.1 S 36.1 0.4 49.7 0.6 43.7 1.6 S

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 39,275 100 37,120 100 8,035 100 354 9.3 - 17.2 - 16.2 - 13.6
Less than 50 lbs 4,117 10.5 16 - 5 0.1 312 45.6 4.3 32.9 - 37.4 - 33.5
50 - 99 lbs 990 2.5 18 - 5 0.1 273 47.8 0.9 40.0 - 38.0 - 42.1
100 - 499 lbs 5,023 12.8 179 0.5 81 1.0 420 34.6 3.2 18.2 0.2 19.7 0.5 14.8
500 - 749 lbs 1,421 3.6 118 0.3 60 0.7 504 29.4 1.1 28.7 0.3 37.2 0.7 14.8
750 - 999 lbs 720 1.8 99 0.3 54 0.7 553 26.7 0.4 21.2 0.2 31.2 0.4 10.8
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 7,770 19.8 2,352 6.3 1,084 13.5 453 10.0 2.5 20.1 1.0 27.8 2.4 9.2
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 17,373 44.2 22,637 61.0 5,833 72.6 279 16.1 5.8 15.6 3.4 20.6 4.4 10.8
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 1,434 3.7 10,398 28.0 695 8.7 63 49.4 1.3 29.1 4.2 49.9 3.3 41.7
More than 100,000 lbs 427 1.1 S S 217 2.7 S 35.3 0.5 S S 42.3 2.4 S

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 27,929 100 56,307 100 2,149 100 55 14.9 - 17.8 - 16.0 - 15.6
Less than 50 lbs 1,216 4.4 41 0.1 3 0.1 62 23.0 1.2 20.0 0.1 25.0 - 46.2
50 - 99 lbs 624 2.2 57 0.1 2 0.1 44 22.3 0.4 26.6 0.1 31.1 0.1 23.7
100 - 499 lbs 2,672 9.6 542 1.0 30 1.4 55 22.2 2.0 26.9 0.7 28.4 0.7 14.8
500 - 749 lbs 1,141 4.1 326 0.6 20 0.9 62 24.6 0.8 33.2 0.3 29.7 0.4 19.1
750 - 999 lbs 834 3.0 312 0.6 20 1.0 65 22.9 0.4 31.3 0.2 28.6 0.5 28.0
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 10,289 36.8 5,247 9.3 311 14.5 59 27.4 4.6 38.7 3.7 25.0 6.3 30.0
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 9,423 33.7 27,670 49.1 1,306 60.8 46 11.5 2.7 15.4 3.2 20.0 5.3 16.5
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 1,649 5.9 22,006 39.1 455 21.2 21 37.0 2.7 28.2 5.4 28.7 4.0 12.4
More than 100,000 lbs 80 0.3 106 0.2 1 0.1 8 48.6 0.6 21.3 0.2 37.7 0.1 31.5

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 3,240 100 1,579 100 1,314 100 973 36.0 - 46.5 - 42.9 - 11.5
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 39 1.2 8 0.5 10 0.8 1,101 49.7 2.8 34.5 6.5 47.9 1.7 43.3
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 2,722 84.0 444 28.1 487 37.0 1,140 37.4 8.1 25.4 16.6 25.5 16.3 13.2
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 145 4.5 26 1.7 20 1.5 752 49.2 3.9 8.4 5.3 25.9 3.6 25.7
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S 733 S S S S S S 22.2

Water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S 4,228 100 S S 237 S S 39.5 - S S 43.5
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs S S 4,228 100.0 S S 237 S S 39.5 - S S 43.5

Shallow draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S 4,228 100 S S 237 S S 39.5 - S S 43.5
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs S S 4,228 100.0 S S 237 S S 39.5 - S S 43.5

Air (incl truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S 44 100 39 100 599 S S 42.0 - 41.5 - 21.8
Less than 50 lbs 651 19.7 5 12.1 4 9.5 562 36.3 11.2 30.1 7.5 33.8 3.4 21.0
50 - 99 lbs 79 2.4 2 3.6 S S 727 35.9 1.6 42.0 2.5 S S 21.8
100 - 499 lbs S S 7 15.2 8 20.1 1,114 S S 36.0 8.9 43.4 10.3 33.8
500 - 749 lbs S S - 0.2 - 0.2 904 S S 30.8 2.6 29.2 2.1 12.8
750 - 999 lbs S S 4 9.6 S S 1,307 S S 47.7 12.6 S S 26.7
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 891 S S S S S S 23.1
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 18,479 100 2,613 100 1,326 100 632 24.8 - 21.2 - 7.5 - 7.6
Less than 50 lbs 6,963 37.7 115 4.4 75 5.7 633 13.7 5.2 27.5 2.5 34.8 1.5 8.8
50 - 99 lbs 1,854 10.0 69 2.6 44 3.3 643 13.7 1.9 21.0 0.9 21.9 0.5 4.2
100 - 499 lbs S S 107 4.1 63 4.8 587 S S 26.8 0.9 26.5 1.0 10.7
500 - 749 lbs S S 31 1.2 14 1.1 452 S S 35.5 0.7 35.5 0.4 31.6
750 - 999 lbs 149 0.8 10 0.4 4 0.3 373 39.7 0.3 46.1 0.4 38.8 0.2 27.1
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,063 S S S S S S 17.6
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 1,028 5.6 384 14.7 546 41.2 1,425 27.6 4.6 26.2 10.3 27.0 10.5 5.0
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs 92 0.5 1,646 63.0 336 25.3 460 45.2 0.8 25.4 8.7 15.1 11.1 17.6

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 15,523 100 332 100 199 100 630 30.6 - 22.4 - 24.1 - 7.7
Less than 50 lbs 6,963 44.9 115 34.5 75 37.8 633 13.6 6.0 27.5 3.9 34.8 5.0 8.8
50 - 99 lbs 1,854 11.9 69 20.7 44 21.9 643 13.7 2.5 21.0 0.8 21.9 1.1 4.2
100 - 499 lbs S S 107 32.3 62 31.3 583 S S 26.8 2.7 26.6 3.7 10.6
500 - 749 lbs S S 31 9.5 14 7.1 452 S S 35.5 2.0 35.5 2.7 31.6
750 - 999 lbs 148 1.0 10 3.0 4 1.8 364 40.0 0.5 46.4 1.2 39.1 0.9 28.4
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 2,885 100 995 100 1,020 100 1,079 36.2 - 12.4 - 9.1 - 8.3
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 2,443 S S S S S S -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs S S - - S S S S S 18.5 - S S S
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 997 S S S S S S 20.4
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 984 34.1 376 37.8 536 52.5 1,431 28.5 17.0 26.5 13.0 27.3 12.3 5.0
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs 89 3.1 370 37.2 254 24.9 675 47.9 4.9 22.8 11.8 20.2 11.8 9.6

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 20 100 1,281 100 87 100 449 27.0 - 38.7 - 36.9 - 49.1
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,066 S S S S S S 38.3
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,152 S S S S S S 9.6
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs S S 1,277 99.7 82 93.9 64 S S 9.6 0.2 9.4 2.9 -

Rail and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S 1,477 S S S S S S 11.8
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,477 S S S S S S 11.8
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S 8,157 S S S S S S 1.1
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 807 100 S S 88 100 289 28.6 - S S 36.5 - 25.0
Less than 50 lbs S S 5 0.2 S S 350 S S 45.5 0.8 S S 31.7
50 - 99 lbs S S 3 0.1 S S 272 S S 44.8 0.7 S S 31.3
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S 334 S S S S S S 37.8
500 - 749 lbs S S 3 0.1 - 0.2 S S S 49.4 1.6 40.2 14.0 S
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 132 16.4 81 2.7 S S 365 33.2 6.6 28.5 12.8 S S 29.8
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S 2 2.0 S S S S S 31.7 15.9 S
More than 100,000 lbs 24 3.0 S S 4 4.5 S 10.7 14.1 S S 45.3 18.1 S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 ""Truck"" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any shipment weight group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the shipment weight groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the shipment size of "More than 100,000 lbs" but does have data for the other shipment weight groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.