Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities5

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 93,534 100 104,947 100 15,257 100 384 7.7 - 12.4 - 23 - 12.8
Single modes 74,247 79.4 99,277 94.6 13,843 90.7 164 9.4 3.5 11.9 1.2 25.3 2 19.9
Truck6 67,204 71.9 93,427 89 10,183 66.7 139 9.8 4.3 11.1 2.9 13.6 4.4 20.5
For-hire truck 39,275 42 37,120 35.4 8,035 52.7 354 9.3 3.4 17.2 6.5 16.2 4.5 13.6
Private truck 27,929 29.9 56,307 53.7 2,149 14.1 55 14.9 3.1 17.8 6.6 16 3.1 15.6
Rail 3,240 3.5 1,579 1.5 1,314 8.6 973 36 1 46.5 0.4 42.9 1.7 11.5
Water S S 4,228 4 S S 237 S S 39.5 3.3 S S 43.5
Shallow draft S S 4,228 4 S S 237 S S 39.5 3.3 S S 43.5
Air (incl truck and air) S S 44 - 39 0.3 599 S S 42 - 41.5 0.2 21.8
Multiple modes 18,479 19.8 2,613 2.5 1,326 8.7 632 24.8 3.6 21.2 0.5 7.5 2 7.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 15,523 16.6 332 0.3 199 1.3 630 30.6 3.6 22.4 0.1 24.1 0.6 7.7
Truck and rail 2,885 3.1 995 0.9 1,020 6.7 1,079 36.2 1.4 12.4 0.4 9.1 1.8 8.3
Truck and water 20 - 1,281 1.2 87 0.6 449 27 - 38.7 0.5 36.9 0.3 49.1
Rail and water S S S S S S 1,477 S S S S S S 11.8
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 8,157 S S S S S S 1.1
Other and unknown modes 807 0.9 S S 88 0.6 289 28.6 0.3 S S 36.5 0.2 25

SCTG2 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,425 100 S S S S S 30.2 - S S S S S
Single modes 2,392 98.6 S S S S S 30.8 3.7 S S S S S
Truck6 1,877 77.4 S S S S S 25.2 7 S S S S S
For-hire truck S S 1,071 18.7 S S S S S 43.4 13.3 S S S
Private truck 1,298 53.5 S S S S 20 26.9 11.2 S S S S 34.4
Rail 13 0.5 S S S S 757 48.8 1 S S S S 25.6
Water S S S S S S 1,041 S S S S S S 0.1
Shallow draft S S S S S S 1,041 S S S S S S 0.1
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,208 S S S S S S 19
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,193 S S S S S S 28.6
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water 5 0.2 S S S S 2,127 1.1 1.3 S S S S 35.6
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 5,890 100 7,740 100 2,363 100 137 17.7 - 25 - 33.4 - 35.8
Single modes 5,634 95.7 7,217 93.2 2,193 92.8 96 17.2 1.6 22.9 1.9 34.4 2.4 28.4
Truck6 5,523 93.8 6,911 89.3 1,953 82.7 94 17.4 2.9 20.7 3.4 28.6 4.7 28.5
For-hire truck 3,301 56 4,889 63.2 1,597 67.6 320 29.5 9 33 11.2 37.6 10.6 18
Private truck 2,222 37.7 2,022 26.1 356 15.1 S 25.1 10.3 36 13.1 46.7 13.7 S
Rail S S S S S S 703 S S S S S S 31.5
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 151 2.6 234 3 170 7.2 S 48.7 1.5 38.4 1.7 43.3 3.2 S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S 3 0.1 S S S S S 41 0.2 S
Truck and rail 112 1.9 230 3 167 7.1 862 29.9 2 23 2.4 31.4 4.1 24
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 10-14, Stones, nonmetallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 594 100 47,446 100 1,199 100 25 49.1 - 18.3 - 20.7 - 11
Single modes 581 97.7 45,095 95 1,025 85.5 24 50 1.9 18.8 2.5 19 4.6 10.2
Truck6 S S 42,721 90 825 68.8 23 S S 19.5 4.3 18.6 9.4 10.7
For-hire truck S S 16,361 34.5 356 29.7 34 S S 28.6 9.1 24.3 8.9 21.4
Private truck 176 29.6 26,360 55.6 469 39.1 17 27.2 12.2 29 9 31.2 10.1 12.1
Rail 9 1.5 329 0.7 167 13.9 509 22.1 2.8 24.7 0.5 40.7 7.6 21.2
Water 6 1 2,045 4.3 33 2.8 16 29.6 2.1 26.1 4.1 40.5 1.8 29.2
Shallow draft 6 1 2,045 4.3 33 2.8 16 29.6 2.1 26.1 4.1 40.5 1.8 29.2
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 10 1.7 1,395 2.9 163 13.6 424 26 2.1 27.3 1.7 32.6 6.2 28.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S 118 0.2 82 6.8 794 S S 7.2 0.4 10.7 6.4 14.7
Truck and water 3 0.5 1,277 2.7 82 6.8 64 8.8 0.9 9.6 1.8 9.4 2.6 -
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 11 S S S S S S 21

SCTG2 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S 324 100 S S S S S 38.5 - S
Single modes S S S S 320 98.9 S S S S S 38.9 0.6 S
Truck6 S S S S 320 98.9 S S S S S 38.9 0.6 S
For-hire truck 583 9.2 S S 143 44.1 501 40.2 18.5 S S 41 14.5 41.7
Private truck S S S S S S 38 S S S S S S 18.3
Multiple modes S S S S S S 783 S S S S S S 21.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 783 S S S S S S 21.9
Other and unknown modes 26 0.4 S S S S 318 43.3 1.4 S S S S 40.6

SCTG2 20-24, Basic chemicals, chemical, and pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 24,048 100 9,698 100 3,859 100 325 14.4 - 18.1 - 18.6 - 19.5
Single modes 21,299 88.6 9,302 95.9 3,378 87.6 229 15.7 2.8 18.7 1.4 23.1 5.6 23.1
Truck6 20,285 84.4 9,042 93.2 3,150 81.6 179 16.9 4.1 19.2 1.8 24.2 5.4 22.1
For-hire truck 16,923 70.4 5,495 56.7 2,785 72.2 420 22.1 8.2 21.6 9.7 29 8.7 12.8
Private truck 3,362 14 S S 364 9.4 65 20.8 5.3 S S 49 5.6 36.2
Rail S S S S S S 925 S S S S S S 31.8
Air (incl truck and air) 850 3.5 S S S S 508 28.6 1.5 S S S S 26.7
Multiple modes 2,694 11.2 372 3.8 473 12.3 454 23.9 2.8 24.1 1.3 28.6 5.6 18.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 2,362 9.8 67 0.7 30 0.8 451 26.1 2.8 36.8 0.3 29.4 0.2 18.7
Truck and rail 292 1.2 299 3.1 436 11.3 1,512 24.7 0.3 27.4 1.3 30.5 5.5 8.2
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,052 S S S S S S 26.2
Rail and water S S S S S S 1,477 S S S S S S 11.8
Other and unknown modes 55 0.2 24 0.2 S S 331 21.9 0.1 27.6 0.1 S S 37.1

SCTG2 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 7,134 100 3,573 100 656 100 653 12.5 - 24.3 - 28.3 - 10.3
Single modes 5,222 73.2 3,428 96 557 84.9 236 13.4 4.1 25.6 1.6 35.1 5.8 19.4
Truck6 5,175 72.5 3,426 95.9 554 84.4 220 13 4.1 25.7 1.6 35.3 5.8 19.9
For-hire truck 2,770 38.8 1,984 55.5 440 67.1 321 18.9 4.6 32.5 6.6 42.9 8 16.6
Private truck 2,405 33.7 1,442 40.4 113 17.3 149 19.7 6.1 19.7 5.8 14.1 4.2 27.9
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 937 S S S S S S 20.9
Multiple modes 1,663 23.3 105 2.9 68 10.4 804 22.8 4.2 26.1 1.4 31.9 4.3 7.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,663 23.3 105 2.9 68 10.4 804 22.8 4.2 26.1 1.4 31.8 4.3 7.9
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S 39 1.1 S S 522 S S 43.5 1.1 S S 30

SCTG2 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 10,449 100 16,627 100 1,534 100 257 7.9 - 18.2 - 17.7 - 18.4
Single modes 9,434 90.3 15,194 91.4 1,454 94.7 153 8.5 1.9 19.1 7.1 18.3 2.1 32.8
Truck6 9,124 87.3 15,094 90.8 1,338 87.2 145 8.1 2 18.9 7 16.5 3.2 31.3
For-hire truck 5,614 53.7 3,952 23.8 911 59.4 437 13.8 5.8 29.3 7.3 18.5 6.1 12.5
Private truck 3,511 33.6 11,142 67 427 27.8 45 15.3 5.9 25.2 8.2 19 6.1 22.9
Rail 271 2.6 S S S S 1,589 43.7 1.6 S S S S 15.4
Air (incl truck and air) S S 1 - S S 812 S S 46.1 - S S 17.3
Multiple modes 902 8.6 74 0.4 54 3.5 439 21.4 1.7 27.3 0.2 31.8 1.7 14.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 712 6.8 44 0.3 21 1.3 438 20.2 1.5 27.4 0.2 33.7 0.8 14.6
Truck and rail 186 1.8 30 0.2 33 2.1 1,118 32.7 1 24.6 0.3 22.8 1.9 6.2
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 114 1.1 S S S S S 48.2 0.7 S S S S S

SCTG2 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 26,297 100 1,848 100 1,082 100 535 21.7 - 22.6 - 17.2 - 8.4
Single modes 14,992 57 1,494 80.8 779 72 294 21.6 7.3 29.8 8.2 25.7 9.2 25.5
Truck6 10,121 38.5 1,184 64.1 422 39.1 266 23.4 5.9 30 7.9 26.1 9.7 27.4
For-hire truck 6,219 23.6 681 36.8 377 34.8 767 17 4.8 29.6 7 28 7.4 9.9
Private truck S S S S 46 4.2 S S S S S 37.6 5.8 S
Rail 2,643 10 307 16.6 350 32.4 1,145 27.1 9.3 26.2 10.4 26.1 15 18.5
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,174 S S S S S S 17.3
Multiple modes 11,073 42.1 312 16.9 294 27.2 733 37.4 7.1 33.7 8.1 34.6 9.2 6.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 8,796 33.4 64 3.5 46 4.2 726 49.1 6.3 34.3 1.4 36.9 1.9 6.9
Truck and rail 2,260 8.6 246 13.3 235 21.7 1,011 45.1 6.4 43.6 9.3 43.5 10.5 24.3
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S 8 0.8 256 S S S S 48.4 1 32.1

SCTG2 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 10,318 100 4,198 100 S S 418 12.1 - 28.5 - S S 17.8
Single modes 8,344 80.9 4,091 97.4 S S S 13.8 4.2 28.3 1.2 S S S
Truck6 8,199 79.5 3,861 92 S S S 13.7 4 25 2.2 S S S
For-hire truck 2,908 28.2 1,837 43.8 S S S 13.4 4.1 49.2 6.4 S S S
Private truck 5,291 51.3 2,024 48.2 152 10.1 S 19.7 5.1 23.9 8.3 36.5 6.4 S
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S 4 0.1 3 0.2 827 S S 36.4 - 39.7 0.2 6.2
Multiple modes 1,963 19 105 2.5 92 6.1 585 20.4 4.1 42.7 1 42.1 3 11.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,932 18.7 46 1.1 31 2 585 20.5 4.1 17.4 1 17.8 1.8 11.1
Truck and rail 30 0.3 S S S S 1,109 46.7 0.4 S S S S 30.6
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 11 0.1 2 0.1 S S S 39.6 0.1 36 0.3 S S S

SCTG2 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 8 100 S S 1 100 201 24.9 - S S 48.5 - 41.5
Single modes 8 95 S S S S S 26.5 13.7 S S S S S
Truck6 8 95 S S S S S 26.5 13.7 S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
4 Coefficient of Variation.
5 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
6 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
7 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Dallas-Fort Worth, TX by Base metal and machinery (31-34) by Water has no data for any shipment characteristic therefore the entire row is not shown. Also, entire commodity groups are not present if there is no such data for that commodity group by area. For example, Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV (DC part) by Coal and petroleum products (15-19) has no data for any mode therefore the entire commodity group is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.