Table 8. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 8. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities5

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 93,534 100 104,947 100 15,257 100 384 7.7 - 12.4 - 23 - 12.8
Single modes 74,247 79.4 99,277 94.6 13,843 90.7 164 9.4 3.5 11.9 1.2 25.3 2 19.9
Truck6 67,204 71.9 93,427 89 10,183 66.7 139 9.8 4.3 11.1 2.9 13.6 4.4 20.5
For-hire truck 39,275 42 37,120 35.4 8,035 52.7 354 9.3 3.4 17.2 6.5 16.2 4.5 13.6
Private truck 27,929 29.9 56,307 53.7 2,149 14.1 55 14.9 3.1 17.8 6.6 16 3.1 15.6
Rail 3,240 3.5 1,579 1.5 1,314 8.6 973 36 1 46.5 0.4 42.9 1.7 11.5
Water S S 4,228 4 S S 237 S S 39.5 3.3 S S 43.5
Shallow draft S S 4,228 4 S S 237 S S 39.5 3.3 S S 43.5
Air (incl truck and air) S S 44 - 39 0.3 599 S S 42 - 41.5 0.2 21.8
Multiple modes 18,479 19.8 2,613 2.5 1,326 8.7 632 24.8 3.6 21.2 0.5 7.5 2 7.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 15,523 16.6 332 0.3 199 1.3 630 30.6 3.6 22.4 0.1 24.1 0.6 7.7
Truck and rail 2,885 3.1 995 0.9 1,020 6.7 1,079 36.2 1.4 12.4 0.4 9.1 1.8 8.3
Truck and water 20 - 1,281 1.2 87 0.6 449 27 - 38.7 0.5 36.9 0.3 49.1
Rail and water S S S S S S 1,477 S S S S S S 11.8
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 8,157 S S S S S S 1.1
Other and unknown modes 807 0.9 S S 88 0.6 289 28.6 0.3 S S 36.5 0.2 25

SCTG2 02, Cereal grains

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S 13 S S S S S S 16.7
Water S S S S 1,278 98.3 1,042 S S S S 48.5 0.9 0.1
Shallow draft S S S S 1,278 98.3 1,042 S S S S 48.5 0.9 0.1
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 03, Other agricultural products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 872 100 S S S S S 40.2 - S S S S S
Single modes 844 96.8 S S S S S 42.1 5.5 S S S S S
Truck6 514 58.9 563 36.2 S S S 33.3 13.3 42.8 19.6 S S S
For-hire truck 122 14 S S S S S 43.1 18.1 S S S S S
Private truck 392 44.9 S S S S S 35.5 19.3 S S S S S
Water S S S S S S 1,040 S S S S S S -
Shallow draft S S S S S S 1,040 S S S S S S -
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,254 S S S S S S 43.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,204 S S S S S S 48.5
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 04, Animal feed and products of animal origin, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S 1,065 100 S S S S S 43.4 - S S S
Single modes S S 1,046 98.2 S S S S S 43.9 4.7 S S S
Truck6 S S 963 90.4 S S S S S 45.1 5.8 S S S
For-hire truck S S 916 86 S S S S S 36.3 8.4 S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 4 0.8 S S S S 949 46.2 1.6 S S S S 38.9
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 05, Meat, fish, seafood, and their preparations

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 689 100 267 100 10 100 S 33.5 - 39.9 - 28 - S
Single modes 688 99.9 267 100 10 99.9 S 31.8 - 38.6 - 25.8 - S
Truck6 682 99 266 99.6 9 93.9 S 32.3 2.7 38.9 2.6 28.3 6.2 S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 655 95.1 261 97.6 7 76.9 28 34.4 11.1 40.1 10.9 38 12.5 47
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 06, Milled grain products and preparations and bakery products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,025 100 S S S S S 31.1 - S S S S S
Single modes 899 87.7 908 74.1 S S S 25.5 4.4 46.5 7.9 S S S
Truck6 788 76.9 603 49.2 141 34.1 S 20.6 8 22.5 15.8 43.8 19.7 S
For-hire truck 344 33.6 384 31.4 97 23.6 184 27.1 14.6 29 15.7 44.6 16.9 36.9
Private truck 444 43.3 219 17.9 S S S 36.4 13.6 31.5 16.1 S S S
Rail S S S S S S 762 S S S S S S 31.9
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail 22 2.1 29 2.4 S S S 44 16.7 23.6 10 S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 07, Other prepared foodstuffs and fats and oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,362 100 3,594 100 S S 227 24.4 - 36.9 - S S 49.2
Single modes 2,323 98.3 3,590 99.9 S S 145 24.9 1.6 37 0.3 S S 34.9
Truck6 2,321 98.3 3,588 99.8 S S 142 24.9 1.6 37 0.5 S S 39.3
For-hire truck 1,260 53.4 S S S S 374 38 12.1 S S S S 20.8
Private truck 1,061 44.9 1,479 41.1 S S S 37 12.6 46.3 13.8 S S S
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S 3 0.3 S S S S S 40.8 5.8 S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S 3 0.3 S S S S S 40.8 5.8 S
Other and unknown modes - - S S S S 16 4.9 - S S S S 8.8

SCTG2 08, Alcoholic beverages

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,503 100 2,920 100 S S 76 42.4 - 47.7 - S S 39.6
Single modes 2,413 96.4 2,720 93.1 S S 74 42.7 1.5 47.7 2 S S 40.4
Truck6 2,413 96.4 2,720 93.1 S S 74 42.7 1.5 47.7 2 S S 40.4
For-hire truck 1,697 67.8 2,395 82 817 84.5 355 43 13.1 36 15.2 35.3 8.8 15.8
Private truck 716 28.6 S S S S 39 30.9 19.2 S S S S 31.9
Multiple modes 90 3.6 201 6.9 135 14 676 22.8 4.3 9.7 1.7 8.7 1.8 4.5
Truck and rail 90 3.6 201 6.9 135 14 676 22.8 4.3 9.7 1.7 8.7 1.8 4.5

SCTG2 11, Natural sands

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 55 100 6,577 100 486 100 S 32.1 - 34 - 39.1 - S
Single modes 48 86.9 5,183 78.8 323 66.4 S 33.2 4.6 35.7 6.3 40.3 9.8 S
Truck6 33 60.3 S S S S S 36 11.7 S S S S S
For-hire truck 25 45.8 S S 106 21.7 S 40.2 12.4 S S 23.5 10.5 S
Private truck S S S S S S 26 S S S S S S 16.7
Rail 9 16.2 329 5 167 34.3 509 22.1 4.6 24.7 2 40.7 9.1 21.2
Water 6 10.5 2,045 31.1 33 6.8 16 29.6 4.5 26.1 13.2 40.5 2.4 29.2
Shallow draft 6 10.5 2,045 31.1 33 6.8 16 29.6 4.5 26.1 13.2 40.5 2.4 29.2
Multiple modes 7 13.1 1,395 21.2 163 33.6 302 34.7 6.6 11.4 6.1 21.7 8.2 28
Truck and rail S S 118 1.8 82 16.8 794 S S 7.2 1.1 10.7 7.4 14.7
Truck and water 3 5.7 1,277 19.4 82 16.8 64 8.8 1.3 9.6 5.3 9.4 1.8 -

SCTG2 12, Gravel and crushed stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 242 100 37,413 100 632 100 16 20.8 - 21.2 - 24.8 - 11.5
Single modes 238 98.4 36,456 97.4 620 98.2 16 21.4 1.9 21.7 2.3 25.3 1.8 11.3
Truck6 238 98.4 36,456 97.4 620 98.2 16 21.4 1.9 21.7 2.3 25.3 1.8 11.3
For-hire truck 83 34.2 12,520 33.5 195 30.9 15 22.3 9.9 20.7 10.3 16.4 9.6 24.1
Private truck 156 64.3 23,936 64 425 67.3 17 29.3 9.2 30.2 9.4 34 9.1 13.5
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 13, Nonmetallic minerals nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 18 100 3,453 100 80 100 20 50 - 45.8 - 32.7 - 18.3
Single modes 18 99.6 3,453 100 80 100 21 48.1 0.2 43.2 - 28.5 - 18.3
Truck6 18 99.6 3,453 100 80 100 21 48.1 0.2 43.2 - 28.5 - 18.3
For-hire truck S S S S 53 67.2 28 S S S S 19 18.9 4.1
Private truck S S S S S S 15 S S S S S S 27.6
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 14, Metallic ores and concentrates

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 17, Gasoline and aviation turbine fuel

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,228 100 1,606 100 S S 20 46.7 - 46.3 - S S 13.6
Single modes 1,219 99.3 1,593 99.2 S S 21 46.3 0.5 46 0.5 S S 13.9
Truck6 1,219 99.3 1,593 99.2 S S 21 46.3 0.5 46 0.5 S S 13.9
Private truck 1,219 99.3 1,593 99.2 S S 21 46.3 0.5 46 0.5 S S 13.9
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 18, Fuel oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 24 S S S S S S 41.6
Single modes S S S S S S 24 S S S S S S 41.6
Truck6 S S S S S S 24 S S S S S S 41.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S 24 S S S S S S 43.2

SCTG2 19, Coal and petroleum products, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S 2,950 100 211 100 S S S 44.6 - 34.7 - S
Single modes S S 2,657 90.1 208 98.3 S S S 44.6 4.2 35 2.1 S
Truck6 S S 2,657 90.1 208 98.3 S S S 44.6 4.2 35 2.1 S
For-hire truck 579 24.6 S S 143 67.6 515 40.6 14.4 S S 41.1 12.6 40.4
Private truck S S S S S S 55 S S S S S S 18
Multiple modes S S S S S S 783 S S S S S S 21.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 783 S S S S S S 21.9
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 357 S S S S S S 42.2

SCTG2 20, Basic chemicals

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,763 100 S S 242 100 145 24.2 - S S 44.6 - 48.2
Single modes 1,467 83.2 S S 240 99 183 27 8 S S 44.8 2.8 27.3
Truck6 1,322 75 S S 239 98.8 S 29.2 10.5 S S 44.9 4.6 S
For-hire truck 805 45.7 S S S S 698 43.9 10 S S S S 14.6
Private truck 517 29.3 S S S S S 30 13.8 S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 131 7.4 S S - 0.2 S 40.5 5.3 S S 49.1 3.1 S
Multiple modes S S S S 2 1 S S S S S 35.8 4.1 S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S 2 0.7 S S S S S 42.8 4.2 S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 21, Pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 10,995 100 202 100 116 100 549 38 - 24.9 - 31.9 - 13.9
Single modes 9,294 84.5 185 91.9 102 87.2 348 41 5.5 24.2 2.5 31.1 5.8 30.1
Truck6 8,577 78 155 76.9 78 67.3 S 44.2 8.3 21.7 6.5 30.4 11.4 S
For-hire truck 7,952 72.3 101 50.1 76 65 S 46.4 10.1 29.3 12.6 31.6 12.3 S
Private truck 625 5.7 54 26.8 3 2.2 S 28.4 3 34.7 9.5 37.8 4.9 S
Air (incl truck and air) 717 6.5 S S S S 816 32 6 S S S S 5.6
Multiple modes 1,696 15.4 13 6.7 11 9.6 687 30.5 5.8 32.3 2.6 36 6.6 8.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,646 15 11 5.3 8 7.2 687 31.2 6 28 2.7 33.8 6.2 8.2
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 22, Fertilizers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 23, Chemical products and preparations, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 7,688 100 4,159 100 2,052 100 384 29.4 - 15.3 - 14 - 20.6
Single modes 7,338 95.4 3,885 93.4 1,670 81.4 243 31.2 2.6 15.8 2.4 19.9 8.8 21.6
Truck6 7,228 94 3,747 90.1 1,547 75.4 239 31.9 3.4 16.9 3 21.1 8.4 19.7
For-hire truck 6,599 85.8 3,311 79.6 1,392 67.8 457 34.8 7.9 20.8 8.3 24.5 10 9.3
Private truck 630 8.2 S S S S 109 39 6.5 S S S S 37.6
Rail S S S S S S 885 S S S S S S 43
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 326 4.2 262 6.3 381 18.6 686 22.4 2.6 34.5 2.5 36.3 8.8 19.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 113 1.5 10 0.2 S S 667 45.3 2.4 47.9 0.1 S S 21.5
Truck and rail 206 2.7 249 6 372 18.1 1,517 22.5 1.8 32.3 2.9 33.6 10.7 11.2
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 25 0.3 11 0.3 S S 347 27.4 0.1 47.6 0.2 S S 41.7

SCTG2 24, Plastics and rubber

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 3,405 100 S S S S 239 27.5 - S S S S 25.3
Single modes 3,005 88.2 S S S S 188 29 3.8 S S S S 34.7
Truck6 2,979 87.5 S S S S 187 29.2 3.8 S S S S 34.8
For-hire truck 1,547 45.4 S S S S 584 20.3 6.7 S S S S 10.9
Private truck 1,432 42.1 436 18.5 100 7.3 S 43.5 6.2 37.6 9 45.2 8.3 S
Rail S S 46 2 42 3.1 1,056 S S 22 4.8 34.4 9.2 22
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 376 11 87 3.7 78 5.7 422 31 3.9 33 3.5 34.3 6.4 14.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 311 9.1 37 1.6 15 1.1 420 34.6 3.5 47.1 3.1 47.3 3 14.7
Truck and rail 64 1.9 50 2.1 63 4.6 1,490 26.3 0.9 40.4 2.3 29.2 6.6 15.6
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 25 0.7 10 0.4 S S S 48.8 1.2 49.7 2.1 S S S

SCTG2 26, Wood products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 565 100 1,467 100 S S 139 24.5 - 45.3 - S S 34
Single modes 554 97.9 1,460 99.5 S S 138 24.3 1.7 45.4 1.6 S S 34.1
Truck6 554 97.9 1,460 99.5 S S 138 24.3 1.7 45.4 1.6 S S 34.1
For-hire truck 156 27.7 S S S S 247 45.5 11.9 S S S S 46
Private truck 397 70.2 583 39.8 S S 99 23.6 10.7 33.8 16.1 S S 39.7
Multiple modes S S S S S S 244 S S S S S S 41.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 244 S S S S S S 41.7
Other and unknown modes 10 1.8 7 0.5 S S 10 48 3.5 49.4 3.5 S S 41.2

SCTG2 27, Pulp, newsprint, paper, and paperboard

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 885 100 722 100 S S S 32.6 - 39.6 - S S S
Single modes 866 97.9 714 98.9 S S S 32.3 0.6 39.6 0.4 S S S
Truck6 866 97.9 714 98.9 S S S 32.3 0.6 39.6 0.4 S S S
For-hire truck 584 66 520 72 S S S 37.5 10 48.5 11.9 S S S
Private truck 282 31.8 194 26.9 6 7.8 25 22.4 12.1 22 15.9 32.2 16.6 42
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S - 0.2 S S S S S 31.1 0.1 S

SCTG2 28, Paper or paperboard articles

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,155 100 542 100 92 100 702 30.3 - 32.7 - 21.4 - 21.6
Single modes 774 67 498 91.9 65 71.4 80 28 10.2 36.3 5.2 17 9.7 31.6
Truck6 774 67 498 91.9 65 71.4 80 28 10.2 36.3 5.2 17 9.7 31.6
For-hire truck 350 30.3 240 44.3 54 59.5 179 28 11.3 30.2 10.1 15.9 8.6 20.3
Private truck 424 36.7 258 47.6 11 11.9 36 31.2 9.5 42.6 9.4 41.6 5.4 20.9
Multiple modes S S S S S S 807 S S S S S S 16.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 807 S S S S S S 16.7
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 29, Printed products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,512 100 441 100 87 100 694 20.3 - 24.5 - 25.8 - 7.7
Single modes 1,634 65 389 88.2 53 61.1 412 22.2 7.5 27.6 10.3 26.7 7.4 23.3
Truck6 1,634 65 389 88.2 53 61.1 408 22.2 7.5 27.6 10.3 26.7 7.4 23.5
For-hire truck 1,198 47.7 311 70.5 46 53.3 S 27.5 11.3 32.7 13.4 31 9.7 S
Private truck 436 17.4 S S S S 396 44.4 15 S S S S 33.4
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 918 S S S S S S 8.8
Multiple modes 864 34.4 48 10.8 32 36.7 750 28.5 7.4 22.3 9.9 26.4 7.6 5.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 864 34.4 48 10.8 32 36.7 750 28.5 7.4 22.3 9.9 26.4 7.6 5.8
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 30, Textiles, leather, and articles of textiles or leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,017 100 401 100 98 100 693 27.5 - 46 - 25.4 - 12.7
Single modes 1,395 69.2 S S 60 60.8 375 29.6 6.4 S S 23.1 8.8 23.2
Truck6 1,348 66.8 S S 56 57.4 336 29.9 6.6 S S 23.9 9.6 25.4
For-hire truck 482 23.9 37 9.1 20 20.8 653 44 7.4 37.3 12.4 39.5 9.8 13.9
Private truck 866 42.9 S S 36 36.6 S 45.2 10.3 S S 37.5 12.8 S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 409 20.3 13 3.3 10 10.5 902 39.6 5.8 38.8 3 32.3 5.5 9.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 408 20.3 13 3.3 10 10.3 902 39.7 5.8 39 2.9 32.8 5.4 9.1
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 31, Nonmetallic mineral products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,223 100 12,982 100 319 100 71 20.4 - 22.2 - 20.7 - 20
Single modes 1,158 94.7 11,664 89.9 307 96.1 53 19.7 2.8 22.6 8 21.6 3.6 39.7
Truck6 1,158 94.7 11,664 89.9 307 96.1 53 19.7 2.8 22.6 8 21.6 3.6 39.7
For-hire truck 322 26.3 S S 72 22.7 S 25.3 5.9 S S 47.6 8.1 S
Private truck 837 68.4 10,163 78.3 234 73.4 45 23.1 6.4 27.1 10.4 25.7 9.4 26.2
Multiple modes S S S S S S 562 S S S S S S 17.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 9 0.8 1 - - 0.1 562 46.8 0.4 35.7 - 47.1 0.1 17.7
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 32, Base metal in prim. or semifin. forms & in finished basic shapes

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,255 100 1,684 100 455 100 145 22.7 - 36.5 - 44.8 - 36.3
Single modes 2,178 96.6 1,636 97.2 437 95.9 109 22.1 1 35.1 0.9 44.6 1.5 44.9
Truck6 2,033 90.2 1,551 92.1 349 76.6 102 20.9 3.7 36.6 3.6 40.5 7.5 42.4
For-hire truck 1,306 57.9 S S S S 176 31.7 10.5 S S S S 37.6
Private truck 727 32.2 418 24.8 S S S 20.5 11.1 31 14.8 S S S
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S - 0.1 485 S S S S 38.8 0.1 20.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S - 0.1 485 S S S S 38.8 0.1 20.1
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 33, Articles of base metal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,730 100 1,073 100 399 100 389 20.9 - 24.7 - 30.1 - 20
Single modes 2,443 89.5 1,048 97.6 386 96.7 271 22.1 3.7 25.6 2.4 31.4 7.6 28.5
Truck6 2,417 88.5 1,046 97.5 385 96.4 252 22.1 3.8 25.6 2.4 31.5 7.7 28.6
For-hire truck 1,725 63.2 730 68 351 88 564 28.2 9.7 27 8.4 30 7.4 14.3
Private truck 692 25.4 316 29.4 S S 35 28.2 8.7 35.9 8.2 S S 20.6
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 855 S S S S S S 43.6
Multiple modes 272 10 S S S S 552 45.9 3.7 S S S S 16.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 267 9.8 S S S S 551 46.8 3.7 S S S S 16.9
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 34, Machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 4,241 100 S S 361 100 287 18.1 - S S 34.2 - 31.3
Single modes 3,655 86.2 S S 325 89.9 S 19.5 3.8 S S 37.7 5.1 S
Truck6 3,516 82.9 S S 297 82.3 S 20 3.6 S S 40 6.2 S
For-hire truck 2,261 53.3 S S 248 68.7 660 28.6 7.1 S S 40.5 7.6 9.1
Private truck 1,255 29.6 246 27.7 49 13.7 S 28.6 7 44.4 7.9 42.2 5.2 S
Rail 129 3 13 1.5 27 7.5 2,073 35 2.4 31.6 3.4 35.2 9.3 8.6
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 794 S S S S S S 19.5
Multiple modes 565 13.3 39 4.4 35 9.7 377 26.5 3.6 31.8 3.5 35.9 5.1 19.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 388 9.2 17 2 7 2 375 24.2 3 30.4 1.2 37.7 2.1 19.3
Truck and rail 177 4.2 22 2.5 28 7.7 1,253 36.4 3.2 29.4 5.7 27.4 9.7 14.5
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 35, Electronic & other electrical equip & components & office equip

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 5,434 100 370 100 205 100 476 22.1 - 37.1 - 40.2 - 13
Single modes 3,312 61 335 90.5 182 88.5 262 24.7 8 38 2.1 41 4.2 39.4
Truck6 3,258 60 334 90.5 181 88.4 248 25 7.6 38.1 2 41.1 4.1 42
For-hire truck 2,468 45.4 276 74.8 180 87.6 860 29 8.6 41.1 9.9 41.4 4.7 7.2
Private truck 790 14.5 58 15.6 1 0.7 25 19.5 4.6 32 10.7 21.6 2.2 29.2
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 926 S S S S S S 22.8
Multiple modes 2,081 38.3 32 8.6 23 11 692 35.6 8.2 34.5 2.1 38.4 4.2 11
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 2,081 38.3 32 8.6 23 11 692 35.6 8.2 34.5 2.1 38.4 4.2 11
Other and unknown modes 41 0.7 3 0.8 S S 283 41.5 1.1 44.1 1 S S 35.3

SCTG2 36, Motorized and other vehicles (including parts)

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 10,095 100 1,222 100 733 100 599 33.4 - 33.1 - 21.6 - 10.5
Single modes 7,120 70.5 928 75.9 470 64.1 176 45.7 10.7 44.2 10.7 30.9 11.3 41.4
Truck6 S S S S 119 16.3 S S S S S 23.3 13.1 S
For-hire truck 1,845 18.3 214 17.5 89 12.1 277 25.3 6.4 22.8 7.5 27.6 6.9 24.5
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Rail 2,643 26.2 307 25.1 350 47.8 1,145 27.1 13.4 26.2 15.9 26.1 18.1 18.5
Air (incl truck and air) S S - - S S S S S 34.3 - S S S
Multiple modes 2,790 27.6 258 21.1 257 35.1 831 36.1 9.5 42.2 9.8 40.9 11 6.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 512 5.1 10 0.8 9 1.2 811 40.7 3.2 37.4 0.8 39.6 3.1 11.7
Truck and rail 2,260 22.4 246 20.1 235 32 1,011 45.1 11.1 43.6 10.9 43.5 12.1 24.3
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 37, Transportation equipment, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 913 S S S S S S 16.2
Single modes S S S S S S 1,018 S S S S S S 25.1
Truck6 S S S S S S 969 S S S S S S 28.5
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,148 S S S S S S 17.9
Private truck 285 3 S S S S 310 22 19.3 S S S S 41.4
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,366 S S S S S S 11.5
Multiple modes S S S S S S 877 S S S S S S 14.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 877 S S S S S S 14.4
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 38, Precision instruments and apparatus

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,399 100 19 100 13 100 380 41.6 - 44.1 - 46.6 - 25.5
Single modes 906 64.8 14 73.9 12 88.7 S 33.2 8.1 44.2 8.4 47 5.6 S
Truck6 871 62.2 14 71.4 10 77.2 S 31.3 8.3 43.9 7.6 49.7 6.7 S
For-hire truck 676 48.3 S S 10 75.8 1,024 27.5 8.7 S S 49.1 7.8 15.1
Private truck 195 13.9 3 15.3 S S S 48.4 13.2 47.9 16 S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 35 2.5 S S S S 1,599 28.9 5.1 S S S S 24.9
Multiple modes S S S S 1 11.3 510 S S S S 49.1 10.6 14.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S 1 11.3 510 S S S S 49.1 10.6 14.2
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 39, Furniture, mattresses & mattress supports, lamps, lighting

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 911 100 199 100 52 100 391 31.1 - 27.8 - 26.5 - 28.6
Single modes 879 96.5 198 99.6 52 98.6 347 31.5 1.4 27.9 0.4 27 5.1 31
Truck6 877 96.3 198 99.6 52 98.4 345 31.6 1.4 27.9 0.6 27.3 5 31.1
For-hire truck 236 25.8 61 30.5 43 81.4 802 32.4 9.9 24.3 8.5 23.3 6.2 9.8
Private truck 642 70.4 137 69.1 9 17.1 S 34.6 8.6 29.8 8.3 44.9 10.4 S
Air (incl truck and air) S S - - - 0.2 979 S S 43.4 0.9 37.1 0.8 5.1
Multiple modes S S 1 0.4 1 1.4 503 S S 35.6 0.5 46.8 5.6 26
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 1 0.4 1 1.4 503 S S 35.6 0.5 46.8 5.6 26
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 40, Miscellaneous manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,734 100 265 100 152 100 675 23.9 - 30.5 - 26 - 5.4
Single modes 1,187 43.4 230 86.7 126 82.5 539 22 5.7 33.3 5.4 28.7 4.6 21.8
Truck6 1,141 41.7 226 85.5 123 80.5 403 22.3 5.6 33.3 5.5 28.6 5 30.5
For-hire truck 829 30.3 157 59.4 95 62.5 658 18.9 5.3 35.3 5.6 30 6.1 8.9
Private truck 312 11.4 69 26.1 27 17.9 S 38.5 3.1 37.1 7.2 41.8 6.8 S
Air (incl truck and air) 46 1.7 3 1.3 3 2.1 994 35.7 1.5 33.8 1.5 37.3 1.8 10.7
Multiple modes 1,544 56.5 34 12.9 26 17.2 693 29.1 5.8 24.6 5.4 24 4.7 4.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,537 56.2 33 12.3 23 15.4 693 29.3 5.7 24.8 4.8 23.5 3.8 4.2
Truck and rail S S 2 0.6 S S S S S 49 4.4 S S S
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S 1 0.4 S S 187 S S 39.8 0.3 S S 43.9

SCTG2 41, Waste and scrap

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 651 S S S S S S 45.6
Single modes S S S S S S 650 S S S S S S 45.6
Truck6 S S S S S S 646 S S S S S S 45.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 707 S S S S S S 44.2
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 43, Mixed freight

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 6,339 100 2,472 100 413 100 S 14.2 - 20.2 - 22.8 - S
Single modes 5,950 93.9 2,447 99 382 92.5 59 15.4 3.8 20.6 1.4 23.4 4.8 41.2
Truck6 5,884 92.8 2,447 99 382 92.5 55 15.2 3.9 20.6 1.4 23.4 4.8 39.2
For-hire truck 1,562 24.6 692 28 266 64.5 S 20.5 4.1 18 6.9 30.8 9.9 S
Private truck 4,322 68.2 1,755 71 116 28 41 19.2 6.4 27.1 7.8 42.8 10.1 39.7
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 380 6 24 1 S S 325 41.8 3.7 50 1.2 S S 45.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 364 5.7 12 0.5 S S 325 44.5 3.8 46.4 1.1 S S 44.1
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 9 0.1 S S S S S 48.7 0.3 S S S S S

SCTG2 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 8 100 S S 1 100 201 24.9 - S S 48.5 - 41.5
Single modes 8 95 S S S S S 26.5 13.7 S S S S S
Truck6 8 95 S S S S S 26.5 13.7 S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
4 Coefficient of Variation.
5 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
6 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
7 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Orlando-Deltona-Daytona Beach, FL by Alcoholic Beverages (08) by Air has no data for any cell therefore the entire row is not shown. Also, two-digit commodities are not present if there is no such data for an entire commodity by area. For example, Pittsburgh-New Castle, PA by Cereal Grains (02) has no data for any mode therefore the entire commodity is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.