Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 70,579 100 92,073 100 19,678 100 8.5 - 15.2 - 12.1 -
Less than 50 miles 31,570 44.7 57,733 62.7 1,165 5.9 14.4 3.4 19.1 2.9 16.9 1.5
50 - 99 miles 8,206 11.6 11,863 12.9 1,068 5.4 13.2 0.9 23.3 2.2 22.8 1.7
100 - 249 miles 8,465 12 7,166 7.8 1,526 7.8 8.4 0.6 11.9 1 11.8 2
250 - 499 miles 3,243 4.6 2,926 3.2 1,564 7.9 10.2 0.6 18.3 0.8 19.2 2.2
500 - 749 miles 3,574 5.1 5,081 5.5 3,728 18.9 6.8 0.6 27.2 1.9 25 5.8
750 - 999 miles 7,429 10.5 3,431 3.7 4,009 20.4 13.5 1.2 20.6 1 21.8 3.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 5,126 7.3 2,746 3 3,718 18.9 17.7 1 48 1.7 45.7 5.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 801 1.1 S S S S 12.1 0.3 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 2,167 3.1 896 1 2,448 12.4 10.7 0.3 45.5 0.6 45.6 4.5

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 55,433 100 82,462 100 12,262 100 10.3 - 15.5 - 14.9 -
Less than 50 miles 29,563 53.3 56,696 68.8 1,143 9.3 15.6 3.2 18.2 2.4 16.4 1.9
50 - 99 miles 7,136 12.9 11,647 14.1 1,044 8.5 15 1.3 23.8 2.3 23.4 2.4
100 - 249 miles 6,091 11 6,478 7.9 1,344 11 10.3 0.9 12.3 1.2 11.6 3
250 - 499 miles 2,125 3.8 1,996 2.4 1,004 8.2 13.3 0.7 17.4 0.7 19.8 2.9
500 - 749 miles 1,839 3.3 1,374 1.7 1,087 8.9 9.3 0.4 24.1 0.5 25.3 1.1
750 - 999 miles 4,312 7.8 2,007 2.4 2,273 18.5 13.8 1.1 26.1 0.8 26.5 2.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,793 5 1,200 1.5 1,712 14 20.8 0.9 23.7 0.4 25.1 2.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 345 0.6 S S S S 16.4 0.2 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 1,229 2.2 842 1 2,218 18.1 14.1 0.4 46.1 0.6 45.9 5.4

Truck4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 53,616 100 80,214 100 10,559 100 10.5 - 15.7 - 14.8 -
Less than 50 miles 29,443 54.9 56,100 69.9 1,136 10.8 15.7 3.2 17.9 2.4 16.4 2.2
50 - 99 miles 7,136 13.3 11,647 14.5 1,044 9.9 15 1.3 23.8 2.4 23.4 2.7
100 - 249 miles 5,963 11.1 6,287 7.8 1,296 12.3 10.3 1 12.4 1.1 11.6 3
250 - 499 miles 1,824 3.4 1,327 1.7 636 6 16.7 0.8 16.6 0.7 15.9 2.7
500 - 749 miles 1,645 3.1 1,307 1.6 1,029 9.7 6.7 0.4 24.5 0.5 25.7 1.7
750 - 999 miles 3,872 7.2 1,820 2.3 2,020 19.1 14.4 1 25.3 0.8 25.5 3.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,449 4.6 840 1 1,085 10.3 21.4 0.9 24.3 0.3 23.5 1.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles 261 0.5 47 0.1 103 1 21.7 0.2 40.9 - 43.2 0.7
More than 2,000 miles 1,024 1.9 840 1 2,210 20.9 16.9 0.4 46.2 0.6 46 6.1

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 25,416 100 43,462 100 8,553 100 14.6 - 31.5 - 18.9 -
Less than 50 miles 9,178 36.1 28,032 64.5 528 6.2 31.2 4.7 40.5 5.1 31.1 2.3
50 - 99 miles 3,200 12.6 6,840 15.7 594 6.9 25.7 2 37.4 3.3 37.8 3
100 - 249 miles 2,510 9.9 2,914 6.7 639 7.5 15.5 1.5 14.1 1.8 13 3.2
250 - 499 miles 1,431 5.6 934 2.1 463 5.4 17.3 1.1 18.7 0.6 18.8 1.8
500 - 749 miles 1,597 6.3 1,262 2.9 996 11.6 7 1.2 25.7 1.7 27 1.9
750 - 999 miles 3,798 14.9 1,804 4.2 2,002 23.4 14.8 2.2 25.5 2.5 25.7 3.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,421 9.5 790 1.8 1,019 11.9 21.4 1.5 22.2 0.8 21.4 2.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 257 1 47 0.1 103 1.2 21.5 0.4 41 0.1 43.4 0.9
More than 2,000 miles 1,024 4 840 1.9 2,210 25.8 16.9 0.8 46.2 1.8 46 6.9

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 28,201 100 36,751 100 2,005 100 11.7 - 11.3 - 9.1 -
Less than 50 miles 20,265 71.9 28,067 76.4 608 30.3 14.4 2.9 15.4 4.2 16.5 3.7
50 - 99 miles 3,936 14 4,807 13.1 450 22.4 12 1.2 18.8 2.4 18.4 2.7
100 - 249 miles 3,453 12.2 3,373 9.2 657 32.8 12.1 1.8 13.5 2.3 12.7 3.2
250 - 499 miles 392 1.4 394 1.1 S S 24 0.6 49.6 0.9 S S
500 - 749 miles 48 0.2 S S S S 43.1 0.2 S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S 17 - 18 0.9 S S 39.6 - 38.4 0.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 28 0.1 S S S S 39.1 - S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 4 - S S S S 6.9 0.1 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 460 100 2,212 100 1,671 100 23.9 - 23 - 38.4 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S 7 0.4 S S S S 31.6 14
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S 658 29.7 360 21.6 S S 42.8 16.9 44.3 18.3
500 - 749 miles S S 67 3 57 3.4 S S 25.8 6.6 19.6 6.1
750 - 999 miles 39 8.5 181 8.2 S S 15.7 13 24.7 18.6 S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 119 25.8 357 16.1 622 37.2 44.8 16.2 37.4 18.8 37.7 18.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles 4 0.8 S S S S 49.4 2 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Deep draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,316 100 31 100 23 100 21.4 - 43.2 - 29.2 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles 108 8.2 S S S S 43.3 3.7 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 172 13.1 S S S S 35.6 5.8 S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles 401 30.5 S S S S 42.3 6.7 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 225 17.1 S S S S 34.6 8.9 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 80 6.1 S S S S 43.4 2.6 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 199 15.1 2 5.2 4 16.7 34 3.8 30 5.9 28.2 7

Pipeline5

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 13,783 100 9,352 100 7,349 100 12.3 - 27.8 - 31.5 -
Less than 50 miles 1,185 8.6 S S S S 26.7 1.6 S S S S
50 - 99 miles 877 6.4 S S S S 22.5 1 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 2,239 16.2 653 7 173 2.4 15.2 2.1 28 6.5 27.2 3.1
250 - 499 miles 1,009 7.3 926 9.9 557 7.6 11.1 1.2 31.2 7.9 31.2 6.5
500 - 749 miles 1,703 12.4 3,702 39.6 2,637 35.9 12.2 1.4 39.5 9.4 37.7 10.8
750 - 999 miles 3,096 22.5 1,412 15.1 1,720 23.4 17.1 1.5 31.3 5.1 31.7 7.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,299 16.7 S S S S 19.2 1.3 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 456 3.3 7 0.1 16 0.2 13.5 0.7 36.4 0.1 37 0.2
More than 2,000 miles 918 6.7 S S S S 13.5 1.3 S S S S

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 11,827 100 228 100 169 100 15.1 - 21.3 - 19.1 -
Less than 50 miles 1,005 8.5 38 16.8 1 0.6 22.8 1.6 34.5 3.6 35.7 0.2
50 - 99 miles 811 6.9 16 6.9 2 0.9 24.9 1 32.1 1.1 32.8 0.3
100 - 249 miles 1,833 15.5 53 23.2 13 7.5 20 2.1 39.3 3.3 39.3 2.5
250 - 499 miles 750 6.3 12 5.3 6 3.7 15.6 0.9 17.1 0.8 17.3 0.6
500 - 749 miles 1,176 9.9 15 6.6 12 7.1 14.9 0.8 25 1.2 26.2 0.8
750 - 999 miles 2,822 23.9 44 19.2 47 27.7 20.6 1.8 33.5 3.2 33.2 3.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,100 17.8 32 14 43 25.2 16.9 0.7 18.1 2.5 18.3 2.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 456 3.9 7 3.2 16 9.6 13.5 0.9 36.4 0.6 37 1.5
More than 2,000 miles 874 7.4 11 4.7 30 17.6 12.8 1.4 25.5 1.1 25.2 2.5

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,288 100 6,082 100 4,971 100 25.2 - 27.9 - 39.7 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 83 6.4 461 7.6 106 2.1 45.6 15.1 14.1 18.2 16.6 9.5
250 - 499 miles 181 14 711 11.7 365 7.3 48 16.8 35.8 18.1 32.9 17.9
500 - 749 miles 326 25.3 1,030 16.9 843 17 39 7.3 33.2 7.2 34.8 12.1
750 - 999 miles 270 20.9 1,368 22.5 1,673 33.7 46.9 6.4 28.4 6.1 28.7 9.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 623 100 S S 1,826 100 44.6 - S S 48 -
Less than 50 miles S S - - - - S S 14.4 0.6 21.8 -
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 323 51.8 S S S S 45.4 12.1 S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Other multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,364 100 258 100 68 100 21.6 - 20.3 - 34.6 -
Less than 50 miles 822 60.3 151 58.5 3 3.8 19.3 8.4 23.7 7.9 24.3 5.2
50 - 99 miles S S 35 13.4 S S S S 49.6 3.8 S S
100 - 249 miles 134 9.8 S S S S 44.1 4.3 S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles 32 2.3 5 2.1 4 5.6 48.4 6.2 49.2 7.8 48.8 14.4
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 34 2.5 10 3.9 16 23.1 31.4 5.4 34.8 3.2 37.9 16.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any mileage group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the mileage group of "More than 2,000 miles" but does have data for the other mileage groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.