Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 70,579 100 92,073 100 19,678 100 492 8.5 - 15.2 - 12.1 - 10.8
Less than 50 lbs 11,563 16.4 200 0.2 92 0.5 650 13.2 2.0 20.7 0.1 19.9 0.2 10.2
50 - 99 lbs 2,651 3.8 130 0.1 34 0.2 267 18.4 0.6 18.8 - 23.2 0.1 11.3
100 - 499 lbs 6,906 9.8 854 0.9 164 0.8 207 10.1 1.1 13.5 0.2 13.1 0.2 14.3
500 - 749 lbs 1,637 2.3 406 0.4 62 0.3 153 10.7 0.4 18.0 0.1 11.9 0.1 15.9
750 - 999 lbs 1,199 1.7 308 0.3 44 0.2 142 6.9 0.2 17.0 0.1 22.1 0.1 26.1
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 13,558 19.2 5,778 6.3 996 5.1 163 15.0 1.6 25.8 1.4 25.5 2.2 16.4
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 20,472 29.0 40,948 44.5 5,484 27.9 136 13.4 2.0 12.8 2.5 14.6 3.4 10.2
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 9,823 13.9 23,632 25.7 4,241 21.6 155 21.6 2.6 12.3 3.0 33.8 5.7 30.9
More than 100,000 lbs 2,771 3.9 19,817 21.5 8,560 43.5 435 20.3 0.8 43.0 5.1 24.6 6.3 22.6

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 55,433 100 82,462 100 12,262 100 148 10.3 - 15.5 - 14.9 - 21.4
Less than 50 lbs 2,617 4.7 91 0.1 11 0.1 158 17.6 1.3 30.6 0.1 42.8 - 40.4
50 - 99 lbs 903 1.6 80 0.1 7 0.1 89 15.2 0.4 19.8 - 18.9 - 20.7
100 - 499 lbs 5,415 9.8 746 0.9 111 0.9 151 10.2 1.2 14.6 0.2 10.8 0.2 20.2
500 - 749 lbs 1,483 2.7 383 0.5 57 0.5 147 11.8 0.5 19.6 0.1 12.4 0.1 17.4
750 - 999 lbs 1,120 2.0 296 0.4 38 0.3 128 5.1 0.2 17.4 0.1 18.2 0.1 24.3
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 13,092 23.6 5,695 6.9 978 8.0 160 15.2 1.9 26.3 1.4 26.0 2.9 17.9
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 19,942 36.0 40,688 49.3 5,186 42.3 130 13.6 1.5 12.8 2.6 11.1 5.6 8.3
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 9,634 17.4 23,574 28.6 4,214 34.4 154 21.5 3.0 12.2 2.9 34.1 7.0 31.2
More than 100,000 lbs 1,228 2.2 S S 1,658 13.5 S 34.0 0.6 S S 37.6 3.8 S

Truck4

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 53,616 100 80,214 100 10,559 100 132 10.5 - 15.7 - 14.8 - 19.3
Less than 50 lbs 1,980 3.7 89 0.1 7 0.1 126 17.9 1.1 31.7 0.1 28.3 - 43.3
50 - 99 lbs 833 1.6 80 0.1 7 0.1 86 15.6 0.5 19.8 - 18.6 - 21.6
100 - 499 lbs 5,127 9.6 744 0.9 108 1.0 146 11.0 1.2 14.7 0.2 11.0 0.2 20.2
500 - 749 lbs 1,419 2.6 382 0.5 55 0.5 143 12.2 0.5 19.6 0.1 13.7 0.1 18.7
750 - 999 lbs 1,065 2.0 293 0.4 35 0.3 117 5.1 0.2 17.6 0.1 14.7 0.1 21.9
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 12,965 24.2 5,691 7.1 976 9.2 160 15.5 2.0 26.3 1.4 26.1 3.3 17.8
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 19,879 37.1 40,664 50.7 5,159 48.9 129 13.6 1.5 12.8 2.7 11.2 5.0 8.1
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 9,568 17.8 23,487 29.3 4,080 38.6 150 21.8 3.1 12.3 3.0 34.0 7.5 30.9
More than 100,000 lbs 780 1.5 S S 133 1.3 S 41.3 1.3 S S 27.8 0.9 S

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 25,416 100 43,462 100 8,553 100 564 14.6 - 31.5 - 18.9 - 10.6
Less than 50 lbs 252 1.0 5 - 4 - 1,024 39.4 0.5 31.4 - 44.5 - 13.9
50 - 99 lbs 70 0.3 5 - 3 - 629 27.4 0.1 23.5 - 24.2 - 27.0
100 - 499 lbs 2,262 8.9 112 0.3 76 0.9 696 20.7 2.1 21.0 0.1 16.7 0.4 15.3
500 - 749 lbs 462 1.8 52 0.1 35 0.4 696 14.8 0.5 21.5 0.1 21.2 0.2 18.6
750 - 999 lbs 431 1.7 41 0.1 22 0.3 530 16.2 0.4 13.5 - 19.9 0.1 13.5
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 6,068 23.9 1,456 3.3 705 8.2 558 18.7 2.6 30.9 1.3 31.7 3.8 12.0
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 10,763 42.3 22,950 52.8 4,101 47.9 193 21.9 3.6 26.0 4.1 15.1 5.6 23.6
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 4,672 18.4 11,363 26.1 3,536 41.3 S 25.3 3.2 19.9 4.8 39.5 9.0 S
More than 100,000 lbs 435 1.7 S S 72 0.8 S 49.4 1.3 S S 41.4 1.4 S

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 28,201 100 36,751 100 2,005 100 48 11.7 - 11.3 - 9.1 - 11.3
Less than 50 lbs 1,728 6.1 85 0.2 3 0.2 41 20.8 2.0 33.1 0.1 24.5 0.1 13.4
50 - 99 lbs 763 2.7 74 0.2 4 0.2 47 16.8 0.8 20.9 0.1 26.5 - 19.1
100 - 499 lbs 2,864 10.2 632 1.7 33 1.6 48 12.9 1.5 18.6 0.3 17.6 0.3 12.3
500 - 749 lbs 957 3.4 330 0.9 20 1.0 59 18.2 0.7 23.2 0.2 20.6 0.2 17.4
750 - 999 lbs 635 2.2 252 0.7 13 0.6 51 13.8 0.3 21.9 0.1 21.0 0.1 21.1
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 6,897 24.5 4,235 11.5 271 13.5 64 22.2 3.6 28.4 3.3 25.0 2.5 12.8
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 9,116 32.3 17,714 48.2 1,058 52.7 59 12.6 1.9 15.6 4.1 12.5 5.3 17.0
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 4,896 17.4 12,124 33.0 544 27.1 45 41.0 4.5 17.4 3.3 17.2 3.3 25.7
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 460 100 2,212 100 1,671 100 993 23.9 - 23.0 - 38.4 - 17.5
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs 448 97.5 2,126 96.1 1,526 91.3 850 25.0 3.5 23.3 2.3 41.7 5.4 19.0

Water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Deep draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,316 100 31 100 23 100 1,223 21.4 - 43.2 - 29.2 - 5.7
Less than 50 lbs 635 48.3 S S S S 1,208 32.0 7.4 S S S S 6.8
50 - 99 lbs 67 5.1 - 0.7 - 1.2 1,194 37.6 5.0 37.7 4.9 38.6 5.5 8.7
100 - 499 lbs 285 21.7 2 6.1 3 12.4 1,586 27.8 6.3 28.6 7.9 26.1 4.9 10.5
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S 1,920 S S S S S S 14.3
750 - 999 lbs 55 4.2 S S S S 1,386 33.5 10.9 S S S S 24.1
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S 4 12.3 2 10.2 S S S 46.6 8.9 29.1 8.3 S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Pipeline5

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 13,783 100 9,352 100 7,349 100 946 12.3 - 27.8 - 31.5 - 5.2
Less than 50 lbs 8,681 63.0 96 1.0 81 1.1 971 14.2 2.8 18.3 0.7 18.6 1.2 4.9
50 - 99 lbs 1,691 12.3 42 0.5 27 0.4 638 23.9 1.4 24.1 0.3 26.3 0.3 11.0
100 - 499 lbs 1,335 9.7 77 0.8 52 0.7 702 18.4 1.3 28.1 0.4 21.2 0.5 14.6
500 - 749 lbs 96 0.7 9 0.1 5 0.1 568 27.7 0.2 32.9 0.1 29.1 0.1 36.2
750 - 999 lbs 31 0.2 5 0.1 S S 1,039 32.9 0.3 39.5 0.3 S S 23.5
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 25 0.2 1 - 1 - 521 49.7 0.1 36.8 - 33.1 - 49.3
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,680 S S S S S S 31.5
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 152 1.1 S S S S 375 47.6 1.6 S S S S 13.9
More than 100,000 lbs 1,543 11.2 8,908 95.2 6,902 93.9 801 22.3 3.1 28.7 2.0 33.4 3.2 8.4

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 11,827 100 228 100 169 100 946 15.1 - 21.3 - 19.1 - 5.2
Less than 50 lbs 8,680 73.4 96 42.1 81 48.0 971 14.2 1.5 18.3 3.3 18.6 3.1 4.9
50 - 99 lbs 1,691 14.3 42 18.5 27 15.8 638 23.9 1.4 24.1 1.2 26.3 1.4 11.0
100 - 499 lbs 1,335 11.3 77 34.0 52 30.8 702 18.4 1.4 28.1 2.7 21.2 3.3 14.6
500 - 749 lbs 90 0.8 7 3.3 4 2.2 S 29.9 0.3 36.9 2.0 38.4 0.9 S
750 - 999 lbs 31 0.3 5 2.2 S S 1,039 32.9 0.3 39.5 2.9 S S 23.5
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,288 100 6,082 100 4,971 100 798 25.2 - 27.9 - 39.7 - 8.6
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs 1,288 100.0 6,082 100.0 4,971 100.0 798 25.2 - 27.9 - 39.7 - 8.6

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 623 100 S S 1,826 100 1,163 44.6 - S S 48.0 - 19.7
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs 7 1.1 S S S S 829 40.8 19.6 S S S S 35.4
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 25 4.0 1 0.1 1 - 521 49.7 14.7 36.8 0.6 33.1 0.4 49.3
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,680 S S S S S S 31.5
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 375 S S S S S S 13.9
More than 100,000 lbs 211 33.8 S S S S 985 44.1 11.8 S S S S 7.8

Other multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,364 100 258 100 68 100 33 21.6 - 20.3 - 34.6 - 26.3
Less than 50 lbs 265 19.4 12 4.8 - 0.5 25 22.6 7.8 28.5 3.5 29.5 2.2 28.0
50 - 99 lbs 57 4.2 8 2.9 - 0.4 S 28.2 0.9 27.2 1.2 48.0 0.4 S
100 - 499 lbs 156 11.4 31 11.9 1 1.1 22 28.7 4.0 30.4 4.1 33.6 3.4 31.6
500 - 749 lbs S S 14 5.4 S S 29 S S 43.6 1.7 S S 22.6
750 - 999 lbs S S S S - 0.4 S S S S S 46.7 2.1 S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 442 32.4 82 31.6 18 25.9 264 35.4 6.0 29.4 5.0 45.8 12.8 39.2
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 301 22.1 96 37.1 S S S 41.9 11.5 38.1 11.0 S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 ""Truck"" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any shipment weight group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the shipment weight groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the shipment size of "More than 100,000 lbs" but does have data for the other shipment weight groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.