Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities5

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 70,579 100 92,073 100 19,678 100 492 8.5 - 15.2 - 12.1 - 10.8
Single modes 55,433 78.5 82,462 89.6 12,262 62.3 148 10.3 2.2 15.5 2.9 14.9 7.8 21.4
Truck6 53,616 76 80,214 87.1 10,559 53.7 132 10.5 2.3 15.7 2.6 14.8 6 19.3
For-hire truck 25,416 36 43,462 47.2 8,553 43.5 564 14.6 2.8 31.5 5.8 18.9 5.9 10.6
Private truck 28,201 40 36,751 39.9 2,005 10.2 48 11.7 3.4 11.3 5.4 9.1 2.3 11.3
Rail 460 0.7 2,212 2.4 1,671 8.5 993 23.9 0.2 23 0.5 38.4 3.5 17.5
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Deep draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 1,316 1.9 31 - 23 0.1 1,223 21.4 0.4 43.2 - 29.2 - 5.7
Pipeline7 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 13,783 19.5 9,352 10.2 7,349 37.3 946 12.3 2 27.8 2.8 31.5 7.8 5.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 11,827 16.8 228 0.2 169 0.9 946 15.1 2.1 21.3 0.1 19.1 0.3 5.2
Truck and rail 1,288 1.8 6,082 6.6 4,971 25.3 798 25.2 0.6 27.9 2 39.7 6.4 8.6
Truck and water 623 0.9 S S 1,826 9.3 1,163 44.6 0.3 S S 48 3.8 19.7
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 1,364 1.9 258 0.3 68 0.3 33 21.6 0.5 20.3 0.1 34.6 0.1 26.3

SCTG2 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 5,381 100 4,582 100 905 100 S 31.9 - 38.3 - 33.3 - S
Single modes 5,311 98.7 4,424 96.5 782 86.4 S 32.3 2.2 38.4 2 30.7 4.7 S
Truck6 5,275 98 4,396 95.9 750 82.9 S 32.2 2.1 38.4 2 29.3 5.1 S
For-hire truck 2,128 39.6 957 20.9 529 58.4 606 40.9 9.1 38.2 10.7 32.1 8.9 16.6
Private truck 3,147 58.5 3,438 75 221 24.5 S 38.4 10.1 39.6 11.3 49 6.2 S
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 960 S S S S S S 20.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 39 0.7 6 0.1 6 0.6 963 24 2.8 31.3 2.3 28.2 2.3 20.2
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S - - - - 10 S S 8.6 0.1 28.1 - 33.8

SCTG2 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 6,540 100 6,160 100 1,386 100 330 10.7 - 13.8 - 15.2 - 43
Single modes 6,378 97.5 6,156 99.9 1,382 99.7 98 11.6 1.8 13.8 - 15.3 0.1 45.6
Truck6 6,332 96.8 6,151 99.9 1,378 99.4 97 11.7 1.8 13.8 0.1 15.3 0.3 45.9
For-hire truck 2,633 40.3 2,860 46.4 1,061 76.6 758 23.5 6 23.3 6.6 16.8 6.9 17.4
Private truck 3,699 56.6 3,292 53.4 317 22.9 48 16.7 6.9 13.6 6.5 32.8 7 12.6
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Deep draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S 4 0.1 3 0.2 1,350 S S 33.4 - 38.9 0.1 16.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 3 - 3 0.2 1,351 S S 33.3 - 45.2 0.1 16.5
Truck and water S S S S - - S S S S S 18.4 0.1 S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 10-14, Stones, nonmetallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 222 S S S S S S 38
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 129 21.6 S S S S 43 46.4 15.8 S S S S 12.1
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S - - 1,673 S S S S 8.6 1 36.1
Multiple modes S S S S S S 914 S S S S S S 48.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 3 S S S S S S 0.7

SCTG2 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 15,356 100 23,907 100 1,132 100 49 25.5 - 25.5 - 30.7 - 19.1
Single modes 15,302 99.6 23,867 99.8 1,112 98.2 47 25.6 0.3 25.5 0.1 29.9 0.7 18.4
Truck6 15,302 99.6 23,867 99.8 1,112 98.2 47 25.6 0.3 25.5 0.1 29.9 0.7 18.4
For-hire truck 8,443 55 14,294 59.8 778 68.7 67 41.1 11.5 37.8 10.1 43 11.4 23.2
Private truck 6,859 44.7 9,572 40 334 29.5 32 43.2 11.8 42.5 11 26.7 13 42.8
Pipeline7 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 1 - - - S S S 28.1 0.1 21 - S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1 - - - S S S 28.1 0.1 21 - S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 255 S S S S S S 45.1

SCTG2 20-24, Basic chemicals, chemical, and pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 8,310 100 17,210 100 12,457 100 620 11.8 - 23.3 - 22.3 - 17.6
Single modes 4,822 58 9,190 53.4 6,063 48.7 142 10.7 6.5 25.9 10.2 37.8 12.8 39.5
Truck6 4,395 52.9 7,483 43.5 4,666 37.5 128 11 6.6 30 9 42.2 10.9 44.2
For-hire truck 2,528 30.4 5,652 32.8 4,537 36.4 537 16.9 5.4 29.8 6.9 42.9 9.7 19.2
Private truck 1,867 22.5 S S 129 1 31 25.1 5.3 S S 40.2 3.7 45.6
Rail 324 3.9 1,707 9.9 1,392 11.2 1,116 26.5 2.4 19.5 8.6 41.1 13.9 24.5
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Deep draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 95 1.1 - - - - 1,552 40.2 0.7 35.3 - 33.7 - 6.3
Multiple modes 3,315 39.9 7,997 46.5 6,384 51.2 871 20.9 6.1 32.9 10.2 36.7 12.8 15.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,925 23.2 S S 15 0.1 871 29.3 5.4 S S 33.7 - 15.7
Truck and rail 1,169 14.1 5,215 30.3 4,508 36.2 864 22.5 3.6 29 6.8 42 11.5 9.1
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,854 S S S S S S 23.5
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 4,324 100 1,653 100 S S 589 17.9 - 19.3 - S S 17
Single modes 3,042 70.4 1,567 94.8 S S S 17.5 7.5 20.2 1.5 S S S
Truck6 3,039 70.3 1,567 94.8 S S S 17.5 7.5 20.2 1.5 S S S
For-hire truck 1,359 31.4 549 33.2 S S 650 31.4 7.9 40.4 8.2 S S 18.2
Private truck 1,680 38.8 1,018 61.6 58 12.4 40 20.8 5.9 25.5 7.2 15.7 7.1 16.4
Air (incl truck and air) S S - - S S S S S 44.7 - S S S
Multiple modes S S 45 2.7 S S 907 S S 44 1 S S 13.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 45 2.7 S S 907 S S 44 1 S S 13.4
Other and unknown modes 135 3.1 41 2.5 S S S 26.9 1.5 30.4 1.1 S S S

SCTG2 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 8,462 100 14,054 100 1,548 100 224 9.6 - 16.3 - 21.2 - 30.4
Single modes 6,606 78.1 13,086 93.1 1,040 67.2 80 10.7 2.9 18.3 2.7 22.8 8.4 25.2
Truck6 6,497 76.8 12,801 91.1 937 60.5 77 11 2.9 19 3.1 19.8 9 25.1
For-hire truck 2,556 30.2 3,120 22.2 532 34.3 350 20.6 4.7 19.5 6.1 32.2 5.9 22.5
Private truck 3,941 46.6 9,680 68.9 405 26.2 42 12.5 4 28.7 8 16.1 9.2 21
Rail 35 0.4 283 2 100 6.5 359 13.1 0.9 7.4 4.1 33.1 5.3 26.2
Air (incl truck and air) 74 0.9 S S S S 1,036 38.3 0.5 S S S S 28.6
Multiple modes 1,499 17.7 893 6.4 490 31.7 593 16.8 2.8 31.5 2.7 40.6 8.1 17.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,192 14.1 28 0.2 15 0.9 592 21.6 2.7 17.8 0.1 29.5 0.4 17.3
Truck and rail 65 0.8 602 4.3 249 16.1 414 19.4 1.4 16.5 5 9.3 9.8 14.9
Truck and water S S S S S S 824 S S S S S S 26.2
Other and unknown modes 356 4.2 75 0.5 S S S 45.8 1.5 33.9 0.3 S S S

SCTG2 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 13,851 100 1,750 100 484 100 636 14.9 - 36.3 - 31 - 10.7
Single modes 7,063 51 1,592 91 297 61.4 126 15.5 3.9 39.2 5 29.7 7.7 23.7
Truck6 6,052 43.7 1,578 90.2 285 58.8 104 15.8 3.4 39.4 5.3 30.6 7.3 28.3
For-hire truck 3,500 25.3 206 11.8 148 30.5 812 23.2 5 25.3 8.5 29.3 8.4 12.3
Private truck 2,552 18.4 1,372 78.4 137 28.2 53 25.1 3 44.6 13 48.8 8.8 22.2
Air (incl truck and air) 1,011 7.3 S S 13 2.6 1,160 26.4 1.7 S S 48.9 1.2 7.5
Multiple modes 6,243 45.1 103 5.9 S S 1,044 19.8 3.7 40.5 4.5 S S 4.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 6,055 43.7 57 3.3 54 11.1 1,044 21.2 4.4 23 3.2 24.4 6.1 4.3
Truck and water 188 1.4 S S S S 2,717 43.8 3.2 S S S S 49
Other and unknown modes 546 3.9 54 3.1 S S S 45.9 1.4 48 1.1 S S S

SCTG2 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 7,756 100 3,526 100 691 100 627 11.8 - 29.9 - 23.9 - 13.7
Single modes 6,354 81.9 3,362 95.4 557 80.5 382 13.5 3.7 31.2 1.7 23.4 4.8 21
Truck6 6,171 79.6 3,155 89.5 403 58.4 336 14.1 4.3 33.5 5.3 22.2 8.7 22.4
For-hire truck 1,846 23.8 S S 207 29.9 1,014 23.3 4.2 S S 32.3 7.6 14.7
Private truck 4,325 55.8 2,167 61.5 197 28.4 64 18.3 5.8 43.2 9 40.5 8 11.5
Rail 100 1.3 S S S S 732 46.8 1.3 S S S S 8.4
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,273 S S S S S S 15.3
Multiple modes 1,304 16.8 151 4.3 134 19.4 1,062 26.4 3.8 39.1 1.8 36.3 4.8 7.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,279 16.5 33 0.9 36 5.3 1,062 27.2 3.9 38.2 0.9 44.1 3.3 7.7
Truck and rail 25 0.3 118 3.3 98 14.1 825 41.4 0.3 42.9 3.3 41.8 7.3 15.1
Other and unknown modes 98 1.3 S S S S 23 45.4 1 S S S S 37

SCTG2 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 3 100 S S - 100 1,029 41 - S S 35.4 - 46.1
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
4 Coefficient of Variation.
5 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
6 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
7 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Dallas-Fort Worth, TX by Base metal and machinery (31-34) by Water has no data for any shipment characteristic therefore the entire row is not shown. Also, entire commodity groups are not present if there is no such data for that commodity group by area. For example, Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV (DC part) by Coal and petroleum products (15-19) has no data for any mode therefore the entire commodity group is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.