Table 8. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 8. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

Excel | CSV

All Commodities5

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 70,579 100 92,073 100 19,678 100 492 8.5 - 15.2 - 12.1 - 10.8
Single modes 55,433 78.5 82,462 89.6 12,262 62.3 148 10.3 2.2 15.5 2.9 14.9 7.8 21.4
Truck6 53,616 76 80,214 87.1 10,559 53.7 132 10.5 2.3 15.7 2.6 14.8 6 19.3
For-hire truck 25,416 36 43,462 47.2 8,553 43.5 564 14.6 2.8 31.5 5.8 18.9 5.9 10.6
Private truck 28,201 40 36,751 39.9 2,005 10.2 48 11.7 3.4 11.3 5.4 9.1 2.3 11.3
Rail 460 0.7 2,212 2.4 1,671 8.5 993 23.9 0.2 23 0.5 38.4 3.5 17.5
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Deep draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 1,316 1.9 31 - 23 0.1 1,223 21.4 0.4 43.2 - 29.2 - 5.7
Pipeline7 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 13,783 19.5 9,352 10.2 7,349 37.3 946 12.3 2 27.8 2.8 31.5 7.8 5.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 11,827 16.8 228 0.2 169 0.9 946 15.1 2.1 21.3 0.1 19.1 0.3 5.2
Truck and rail 1,288 1.8 6,082 6.6 4,971 25.3 798 25.2 0.6 27.9 2 39.7 6.4 8.6
Truck and water 623 0.9 S S 1,826 9.3 1,163 44.6 0.3 S S 48 3.8 19.7
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 1,364 1.9 258 0.3 68 0.3 33 21.6 0.5 20.3 0.1 34.6 0.1 26.3

SCTG2 01, Live animals and live fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 45 100 6 100 5 100 S 37.4 - 27.5 - 40.1 - S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S 4 97.4 1,301 S S S S 23.4 1.4 17.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S 4 97.4 1,301 S S S S 23.4 1.4 17.3

SCTG2 02, Cereal grains

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 03, Other agricultural products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 3,400 100 2,837 100 383 100 S 45.2 - 46.7 - 45.3 - S
Single modes 3,400 100 2,837 100 382 100 S 45.2 - 46.7 - 45.3 0.2 S
Truck6 3,366 99 2,826 99.6 380 99.3 S 44.9 0.4 46.7 0.2 45 0.3 S
For-hire truck S S 389 13.7 S S 644 S S 48.6 11.7 S S 16.9
Private truck S S 2,437 85.9 96 25.1 S S S 48.6 11.6 48.4 13.3 S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 04, Animal feed and products of animal origin, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 163 S S S S S S 43.1
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S 154 S S S S S S 23.8
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S 156 S S S S S S 23.1
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 229 S S S S S S 8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 05, Meat, fish, seafood, and their preparations

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,373 100 335 100 186 100 S 19.9 - 23.7 - 22.1 - S
Single modes 1,365 99.4 334 99.8 185 99.7 S 19.9 0.2 23.8 0.1 22.2 0.2 S
Truck6 1,365 99.4 334 99.8 185 99.6 S 19.9 0.2 23.8 0.1 22.2 0.2 S
For-hire truck 879 64 234 70 180 96.7 920 18.6 7 28.3 7.7 22.2 0.9 9.7
Private truck 486 35.4 100 29.8 5 2.9 S 25.8 6 24.4 7.5 33 0.8 S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 2,061 S S S S S S 32.5
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,435 S S S S S S 8.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,435 S S S S S S 8.7
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 06, Milled grain products and preparations and bakery products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 400 100 535 100 74 100 205 34.6 - 24.7 - 38.7 - 21.1
Single modes 400 100 535 100 74 100 205 34.6 - 24.7 - 38.7 - 21.1
Truck6 400 100 535 100 74 100 205 34.6 - 24.7 - 38.7 - 21.1
For-hire truck 116 28.9 263 49.1 34 45.3 423 13.7 12.2 22 13.4 26.8 10.6 31
Private truck 284 71.1 272 50.9 41 54.7 171 45.6 10.5 43.6 13.5 47.8 11.5 18.8

SCTG2 07, Other prepared foodstuffs and fats and oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,625 100 4,711 100 1,181 100 S 14.4 - 17.1 - 17.7 - S
Single modes 2,619 99.8 4,710 100 1,180 99.9 S 14.4 0.1 17.1 - 17.7 0.1 S
Truck6 2,573 98 4,705 99.9 1,176 99.6 S 13.7 1.1 17.1 0.1 17.7 0.4 S
For-hire truck 1,296 49.4 2,510 53.3 946 80.1 478 16.6 7.5 24.5 6.9 18.4 8.2 32.6
Private truck 1,277 48.7 2,196 46.6 230 19.5 31 23.6 7.4 17.3 6.9 45.7 8.2 38
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Deep draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 5 0.2 1 - S S 100 29.1 0.8 27.6 0.1 S S 18.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 1 - - - 89 S S 16 0.1 35.8 - 38.3
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 08, Alcoholic beverages

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,952 100 866 100 S S 88 30.4 - 25.8 - S S 25.4
Single modes 1,952 100 866 100 S S 88 30.4 - 25.8 - S S 25.4
Truck6 1,952 100 866 100 S S 88 30.4 - 25.8 - S S 25.4
For-hire truck S S 55 6.3 S S S S S 49.9 5.3 S S S
Private truck 1,736 88.9 812 93.7 43 51.1 50 28.2 4.1 24.4 2.4 34 15.5 24.1

SCTG2 09, Tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,563 100 48 100 46 100 1,262 38.6 - 43.9 - 48.5 - 15.2
Single modes 1,407 90 45 94.3 S S 504 41.7 4.6 46.5 5 S S 33.4
Truck6 1,407 90 45 94.3 S S 504 41.7 4.6 46.5 5 S S 33.4
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,418 S S S S S S 4.6
Private truck 402 25.7 13 26.5 S S S 26.8 12.6 36.4 12 S S S
Multiple modes S S 3 5.7 3 6.4 1,376 S S 38.8 6.3 41.5 11.9 9.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 2 4.5 3 6 1,377 S S 46.4 6.4 45.5 12 9.4
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 10, Calcareous monumental or building stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 66 S S S S S S 26
Single modes S S S S S S 65 S S S S S S 25.7
Truck6 S S S S S S 65 S S S S S S 25.7
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S 31 S S S S S S 16.3
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 11, Natural sands

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2 100 S S S S 18 30.1 - S S S S 33.4
Single modes 2 95.7 S S S S 19 28.7 2.8 S S S S 45.8
Truck6 2 95.7 S S S S 19 28.7 2.8 S S S S 45.8
For-hire truck 2 87.7 S S S S S 15.3 5.7 S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 12, Gravel and crushed stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S 542 100 42 S S S S 38.8 - 11.3
Single modes S S S S 542 100 42 S S S S 38.8 - 11.3
Truck6 S S S S 542 100 42 S S S S 38.8 - 11.3
For-hire truck S S S S S S 41 S S S S S S 20.1
Private truck S S S S S S 44 S S S S S S 14.1

SCTG2 13, Nonmetallic minerals nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S 1,072 100 54 100 S S S 50 - 50 - S
Single modes S S S S S S 40 S S S S S S 12.6
Truck6 S S S S S S 40 S S S S S S 12.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 36 S S S S S S 29.2
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 14, Metallic ores and concentrates

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 126 100 2 100 3 100 708 29.5 - 28.9 - 31.6 - 29.2
Single modes 122 96.8 2 97.5 3 97.9 988 14.7 2.4 14.6 1.7 19.3 1.7 7.3
Truck6 119 94.8 2 95 3 96.8 965 14.2 3.6 13.3 3.3 19 2 6.6
For-hire truck 119 94.7 2 94.9 3 96.8 976 13.9 3.7 13.3 3.3 19 2 7.3
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S - 1 1,673 S S S S 8.6 0.6 36.1
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 17, Gasoline and aviation turbine fuel

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 11,922 100 17,383 100 587 100 34 27.4 - 27.9 - 27.2 - 18.6
Single modes 11,922 100 17,383 100 587 100 34 27.4 - 27.9 - 27.2 - 18.6
Truck6 11,922 100 17,383 100 587 100 34 27.4 - 27.9 - 27.2 - 18.6
For-hire truck 6,407 53.7 10,230 58.9 377 64.2 38 48.2 14.1 47.4 13.7 43.8 11.8 18.5
Private truck 5,515 46.3 7,153 41.1 210 35.8 S 46.8 14.6 46.5 14.8 30.3 13.8 S
Pipeline7 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 18, Fuel oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,341 100 3,859 100 143 100 33 22.1 - 23 - 33.5 - 14.5
Single modes 2,341 100 3,859 100 143 100 33 22.1 - 23 - 33.5 - 14.5
Truck6 2,341 100 3,859 100 143 100 33 22.1 - 23 - 33.5 - 14.5
For-hire truck 1,473 62.9 2,571 66.6 94 65.7 34 27.7 13 28.1 12.6 39.6 11.7 21.4
Private truck 868 37.1 1,289 33.4 49 34.3 33 31.2 17.6 34.8 18.2 42.6 16.8 39.7
Pipeline7 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 19, Coal and petroleum products, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,093 100 2,665 100 S S 75 37.5 - 30.8 - S S 38.6
Single modes 1,039 95.1 2,625 98.5 S S 70 36.3 3.2 30.8 2.1 S S 44.7
Truck6 1,039 95.1 2,625 98.5 S S 70 36.3 3.2 30.8 2.1 S S 44.7
For-hire truck S S 1,494 56.1 S S 343 S S 31.9 13.1 S S 28
Private truck 476 43.6 1,131 42.4 75 18.6 S 30.6 12.7 28.4 13.6 30.1 18.9 S
Multiple modes 1 0.1 - - S S S 28.1 10 21 4.1 S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1 0.1 - - S S S 28.1 10 21 4.1 S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 255 S S S S S S 45.1

SCTG2 20, Basic chemicals

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 387 100 2,386 100 3,122 100 S 36 - 41.7 - 41.6 - S
Single modes 367 95 2,183 91.5 2,848 91.2 S 34.9 2.2 38.5 3.2 40.9 3.6 S
Truck6 278 72 1,393 58.4 2,211 70.8 S 33.9 9 43.2 11.9 48.7 12.5 S
For-hire truck 192 49.7 1,194 50.1 2,199 70.4 1,448 32.3 12 33 13 43.3 11.8 28.2
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Rail 50 13 789 33.1 S S 1,029 34.6 8.5 35.8 16.7 S S 37.5
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Deep draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S - - S S 2,266 S S 34.3 7.9 S S 16.6
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 3 0.8 S S S S 181 34.1 6.9 S S S S 46.3
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 21, Pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,077 100 43 100 6 100 995 28.4 - 37.6 - 23.1 - 17.7
Single modes S S 36 83.8 3 42.6 S S S 45.3 13.7 21.3 12.6 S
Truck6 S S 36 83.8 3 42.6 S S S 45.3 13.7 21.3 12.6 S
For-hire truck S S S S 2 35.2 S S S S S 19.9 13.2 S
Private truck S S S S - 7.4 S S S S S 49.8 9 S
Multiple modes 1,141 54.9 S S 4 57.4 1,201 34.4 11.7 S S 39.3 12.2 14.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,140 54.9 S S 4 56.6 1,201 32.8 12.3 S S 38.8 12.7 15.7
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 22, Fertilizers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 3,092 100 14,215 100 9,140 100 523 22.1 - 27 - 24.3 - 15.3
Single modes 1,734 56.1 6,485 45.6 3,089 33.8 482 25.2 9.2 27.8 10 37.6 13.2 21.8
Truck6 1,461 47.2 5,568 39.2 2,329 25.5 459 29.9 9 33.5 8.6 41.4 9.8 23.1
For-hire truck 1,088 35.2 4,243 29.8 2,248 24.6 513 34.7 8.1 29.1 8.4 42.6 9.2 21.1
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Rail 274 8.8 917 6.5 760 8.3 1,286 29.9 11.4 27.7 11.4 36.6 16.9 24.8
Multiple modes 1,358 43.9 7,729 54.4 6,050 66.2 829 25.2 10.2 34.2 10.2 39.5 12.4 9.6
Truck and rail 1,152 37.3 5,012 35.3 4,234 46.3 829 22.8 9 30.8 8.7 45.9 12.2 11.7
Truck and water S S S S S S 707 S S S S S S 9.4
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 23, Chemical products and preparations, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S 211 100 61 100 S S S 43.6 - 45.8 - S
Single modes 513 43.5 153 72.7 54 87.4 S 40.1 15.4 34.8 8 48.5 5.3 S
Truck6 492 41.8 153 72.7 53 87.3 S 42 14.7 34.8 7.9 48.5 5.2 S
For-hire truck S S 104 49.1 S S 391 S S 46.4 13.7 S S 34.4
Private truck S S 50 23.5 S S S S S 32.1 15.7 S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,639 S S S S S S 18.9
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 34 S S S S S S 42

SCTG2 24, Plastics and rubber

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,577 100 356 100 127 100 463 10.7 - 30.4 - 30.9 - 15.8
Single modes 1,272 80.7 332 93.4 70 55 121 14.3 5.5 32.4 7.9 23.7 12.1 25.8
Truck6 1,228 77.9 332 93.4 70 54.9 102 15.2 6.2 32.5 8 23.7 12.1 31.2
For-hire truck 601 38.1 100 28 54 42.6 464 11.3 4.9 26.1 9.2 21.3 12.2 17.6
Private truck 627 39.8 232 65.3 S S 33 29.9 6 47.8 11.1 S S 40
Air (incl truck and air) S S - - - 0.1 1,519 S S 33.6 - 41.4 0.1 15.3
Multiple modes 281 17.8 S S S S 777 30.7 5.7 S S S S 15.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 266 16.9 8 2.1 5 4 775 31.7 5.6 15.7 1.1 26.2 1.8 16.1
Truck and water 15 0.9 S S S S 3,110 23.1 1 S S S S 40.4
Other and unknown modes 24 1.5 S S S S S 34.4 0.7 S S S S S

SCTG2 25, Logs and other wood in the rough

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 47 100 87 100 S S 21 28.6 - 21.1 - S S 17.8
Single modes 47 100 87 100 S S 21 28.6 - 21.1 - S S 17.8
Truck6 47 100 87 100 S S 21 28.6 - 21.1 - S S 17.8
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 38 79.8 82 94.4 S S 16 10.5 16.4 16.4 4.8 S S 1.2

SCTG2 26, Wood products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 493 100 557 100 39 100 374 19.4 - 25.6 - 22.4 - 47.9
Single modes 474 96.2 550 98.7 38 98.4 50 19.8 7.7 26.1 9.7 22.5 9.5 16.8
Truck6 474 96.2 550 98.7 38 98.4 50 19.8 7.7 26.1 9.7 22.5 9.5 16.8
For-hire truck 81 16.5 S S S S 122 22.4 19 S S S S 8.4
Private truck 393 79.7 490 88 29 73.9 42 24.3 10.8 31.6 13.9 34.3 14.1 18.9
Multiple modes S S - 0.1 S S 1,757 S S 49.8 0.1 S S 34.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S - 0.1 S S 1,757 S S 49.8 0.1 S S 34.1
Other and unknown modes 10 2 S S S S 39 45.9 16 S S S S 31.5

SCTG2 27, Pulp, newsprint, paper, and paperboard

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S 12 100 96 S S S S 38.6 - 35.4
Single modes S S S S 9 78.4 S S S S S 44 8.5 S
Truck6 S S S S 9 78.4 S S S S S 44 8.5 S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S 52 S S S S S S 23.3
Multiple modes S S - 0.1 - 0.8 234 S S 44.8 1 44.3 5.3 33.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S - 0.1 - 0.8 234 S S 44.8 1 44.3 5.3 33.3
Other and unknown modes 32 7.1 S S S S 134 33.6 19.6 S S S S 23.6

SCTG2 28, Paper or paperboard articles

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 659 100 307 100 44 100 S 27.3 - 21.5 - 17.1 - S
Single modes 640 97.1 304 99 43 97.2 S 28.5 2.5 21.8 1.3 17.9 1.6 S
Truck6 640 97.1 304 99 43 97.1 S 28.5 2.5 21.8 1.3 17.9 1.5 S
For-hire truck 256 38.8 175 57.2 36 82.2 442 19.4 9.6 22.4 6.6 18.6 2.9 30.6
Private truck 384 58.3 128 41.8 7 14.9 30 47.1 11 33.2 6.5 28.3 3.3 41.8
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 16 2.4 3 0.8 1 2.7 519 23.8 2.3 23.5 0.9 40.2 1.7 18.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 16 2.4 3 0.8 1 2.7 519 23.8 2.3 23.5 0.9 40.2 1.7 18.4
Other and unknown modes 4 0.6 1 0.2 - 0.1 86 41.1 2.1 31.3 1.3 38.6 0.2 41.2

SCTG2 29, Printed products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,612 100 S S S S 742 41.7 - S S S S 22
Single modes 833 51.7 S S S S S 41.4 12 S S S S S
Truck6 831 51.5 S S S S S 41.5 12 S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S 949 S S S S S S 24.3
Private truck 255 15.8 35 10.2 S S 43 40.4 12.5 34.1 15 S S 33.5
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,018 S S S S S S 36.4
Multiple modes S S S S S S 917 S S S S S S 13.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 917 S S S S S S 13.1
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 30, Textiles, leather, and articles of textiles or leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,059 100 82 100 45 100 732 30.9 - 40.6 - 42.7 - 15.7
Single modes S S S S S S 323 S S S S S S 43.7
Truck6 S S S S S S 309 S S S S S S 45.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,114 S S S S S S 24.5
Private truck 213 20.1 S S S S 63 48.1 7.7 S S S S 29.6
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 374 35.3 19 22.9 S S 908 36.4 14.4 36.2 16.7 S S 18.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 374 35.3 19 22.9 S S 908 36.4 14.4 36.2 16.7 S S 18.3
Other and unknown modes S S 6 6.8 - 0.2 15 S S 39.7 5.4 48.5 0.5 24.1

SCTG2 31, Nonmetallic mineral products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,621 100 12,167 100 1,071 100 55 13.1 - 19.8 - 27 - 41.2
Single modes 1,540 95 11,541 94.9 819 76.5 50 13.3 1.7 21.2 2.4 24.9 6.5 35.9
Truck6 1,505 92.8 11,257 92.5 719 67.2 50 13.2 2.3 22.1 3.5 21.2 8.6 34.6
For-hire truck 389 24 2,629 21.6 397 37.1 S 25.7 6.1 22 6.5 36.9 6.8 S
Private truck 1,116 68.8 8,628 70.9 321 30 44 18.1 8 32.5 9.1 20 12.8 24.9
Rail 35 2.2 283 2.3 100 9.4 359 13.1 3.8 7.4 5 33.1 5 26.2
Multiple modes 71 4.4 602 5 249 23.3 683 34.6 2.4 38.6 3.3 36.4 7.6 16.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 775 S S S S S S 32.9
Truck and rail 65 4 602 4.9 249 23.2 414 19.4 4.2 16.5 5.6 9.3 8.2 14.9
Other and unknown modes 11 0.7 24 0.2 S S S 35.5 0.6 32 0.2 S S S

SCTG2 32, Base metal in prim. or semifin. forms & in finished basic shapes

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,760 100 1,015 100 S S 201 28.1 - 33.2 - S S 38.7
Single modes 1,540 87.5 790 77.8 S S 104 26.1 3.4 27.1 8.2 S S 30.8
Truck6 1,516 86.1 790 77.8 S S 101 26.6 3.2 27.1 8.2 S S 31.8
For-hire truck 392 22.3 123 12.1 S S 463 32.8 4.7 33.7 3.9 S S 19.8
Private truck 1,124 63.9 667 65.7 52 16.3 58 25.3 4.3 26.1 8.2 24.6 17 22
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,657 S S S S S S 20
Multiple modes S S S S S S 744 S S S S S S 35.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 58 3.3 S S S S 732 40.6 3.4 S S S S 42.8
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 33, Articles of base metal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,579 100 654 100 95 100 269 27.7 - 36.9 - 22 - 26.1
Single modes 2,121 82.2 616 94.3 89 93.6 94 29.3 6.9 36.8 3.3 22.7 2.4 44.2
Truck6 2,120 82.2 616 94.3 89 93.6 94 29.3 6.9 36.8 3.3 22.7 2.4 44.1
For-hire truck 1,172 45.4 S S 60 63.5 298 39 6.3 S S 25.3 7 42.7
Private truck 948 36.8 301 46.1 29 30.1 40 27.4 7.2 31.7 8.9 36.3 7.1 33
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 361 14 13 1.9 5 5.8 552 36.2 6.4 31.4 0.5 32.7 2 15.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 355 13.8 11 1.6 4 4.4 551 37.1 6.4 32.6 0.5 35.9 1.6 15.5
Truck and water 6 0.2 S S S S 765 25.3 1 S S S S 40.2
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 34, Machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,501 100 218 100 65 100 317 20.7 - 20.3 - 35 - 35.3
Single modes 1,406 56.2 140 63.9 38 58 108 18.4 8.7 22.9 10.1 39.6 12.4 44
Truck6 1,355 54.2 137 62.9 35 53.9 98 18.1 8.8 23.2 10.2 36.4 12.6 42.5
For-hire truck 602 24.1 53 24.4 31 48.3 536 28.2 6.2 31.7 9.4 39.4 10.8 28.7
Private truck 753 30.1 84 38.5 4 5.6 31 19.5 8 36.5 9.6 35 6.2 23.8
Air (incl truck and air) 50 2 S S S S 990 43.5 1.1 S S S S 31.8
Multiple modes 859 34.3 S S S S 612 32.3 7.8 S S S S 25.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 773 30.9 14 6.6 S S 612 34 6.5 30.3 4.2 S S 25.4
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 35, Electronic & other electrical equip & components & office equip

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 6,437 100 334 100 S S 682 21.3 - 27.7 - S S 16.3
Single modes 3,018 46.9 246 73.6 80 34.3 S 22.6 4.5 32.8 7 27.8 11.8 S
Truck6 2,372 36.8 245 73.1 78 33.4 S 22.4 2.9 32.9 7 28.3 11.5 S
For-hire truck 1,394 21.7 89 26.7 65 27.5 896 27.9 3.8 26.3 8.6 26.5 10.7 12.7
Private truck 978 15.2 155 46.4 S S 37 29.4 4 43.1 11.7 S S 21.8
Air (incl truck and air) 647 10 1 0.4 2 0.9 1,343 35.1 2.7 26.2 0.3 28.4 0.6 11.7
Multiple modes 3,208 49.8 S S S S 1,085 26.5 4.6 S S S S 5.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 3,139 48.8 39 11.6 35 14.9 1,084 27.6 5.2 33.8 5.1 39.1 7.8 5.3
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 211 3.3 6 1.9 - 0.2 S 44 0.8 39 1.4 49.3 0.1 S

SCTG2 36, Motorized and other vehicles (including parts)

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,565 100 1,362 100 199 100 91 24 - 44.3 - 40 - 30.5
Single modes 2,163 84.3 1,313 96.4 186 93.3 72 25.9 4.5 45.1 2.9 42.9 7.6 23.5
Truck6 2,109 82.2 1,304 95.7 180 90.2 72 26 5 45.2 2.9 42.8 7.3 23.5
For-hire truck 717 28 89 6.5 S S 641 26.6 9.6 33.4 11.2 S S 21.9
Private truck 1,392 54.2 1,215 89.2 123 61.6 65 37.6 7.5 48 12.9 49.6 11.5 26.9
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 77 3 S S S S 386 48 4.6 S S S S 20.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 77 3 S S S S 386 48 4.6 S S S S 20.4
Other and unknown modes 325 12.7 46 3.4 S S 12 49.1 7.7 43.9 5.5 S S 20.1

SCTG2 37, Transportation equipment, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 450 100 9 100 7 100 702 34.9 - 23.8 - 35.1 - 27.9
Single modes S S 6 71 5 74.1 655 S S 26.6 11.3 34.3 10.1 40.2
Truck6 296 65.7 6 69 5 67.6 648 50 13.9 25.3 11.4 30.9 11.2 39.5
For-hire truck 211 46.9 5 57.4 4 61.6 728 45.1 14.1 21.5 14.2 22.1 13.4 46.9
Private truck S S S S S S 357 S S S S S S 22.9
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,143 S S S S S S 21.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,144 S S S S S S 19.5
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,040 S S S S S S 35.1

SCTG2 38, Precision instruments and apparatus

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 4,399 100 S S 44 100 1,015 22 - S S 43.7 - 9.7
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S 720 S S S S S S 37
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 983 S S S S S S 36.2
Multiple modes 2,827 64.3 16 36.4 18 40.4 1,027 22.6 10.6 39.1 14.2 36.6 14.5 9.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 2,827 64.3 16 36.4 18 40.4 1,027 22.6 10.6 39.1 14.2 36.6 14.5 9.7
Other and unknown modes 10 0.2 S S S S S 48.4 0.7 S S S S S

SCTG2 39, Furniture, mattresses & mattress supports, lamps, lighting

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,409 100 136 100 47 100 411 27.5 - 33.6 - 32.8 - 41.3
Single modes 1,194 84.7 133 97.3 46 98.2 383 32.5 8.3 34.3 2.2 33 6.2 43
Truck6 1,194 84.7 133 97.3 46 98.2 383 32.5 8.3 34.3 2.2 33 6.2 43
For-hire truck 459 32.6 54 39.8 43 90.8 1,252 26.3 11.8 23.1 13.3 30.7 6.2 28.9
Private truck 735 52.2 S S 3 7.4 45 46.7 11.8 S S 49.2 11 30.3
Multiple modes S S 1 0.4 1 1.5 1,218 S S 47.8 4.5 39.4 13.2 31.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 1 0.4 1 1.5 1,218 S S 47.8 4.5 39.4 13.2 31.4
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 28 S S S S S S 47.7

SCTG2 40, Miscellaneous manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,337 100 S S 129 100 1,029 23.5 - S S 36.6 - 9
Single modes 1,352 57.9 S S 98 76 726 25.7 5.7 S S 45.2 7.6 24.7
Truck6 1,271 54.4 S S 95 73.3 588 27 6.6 S S 47.1 8.3 31.7
For-hire truck 759 32.5 S S S S 1,015 41.1 6.2 S S S S 24.7
Private truck 512 21.9 186 21.2 23 18 75 21 6.5 24 12.6 22.5 5.5 22.2
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,280 S S S S S S 6.1
Multiple modes 982 42 25 2.9 31 23.9 1,162 33.2 5.8 42.8 5.9 48.6 7.6 4.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 982 42 25 2.9 31 23.9 1,162 33.2 5.8 42.8 5.9 48.6 7.6 4.3
Other and unknown modes 3 0.1 S S S S S 45.4 0.4 S S S S S

SCTG2 41, Waste and scrap

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 539 100 S S 356 100 S 30 - S S 46.2 - S
Single modes 514 95.4 S S 258 72.5 S 30.6 4.4 S S 46.4 8.8 S
Truck6 415 77 S S 109 30.5 S 32 6.6 S S 45.5 13 S
For-hire truck 367 68.1 214 18.2 63 17.7 367 30.9 7.3 33.6 16.4 36.3 14.9 28.8
Private truck S S S S S S 71 S S S S S S 33.8
Rail 100 18.5 S S S S 732 46.8 8.3 S S S S 8.4
Multiple modes 25 4.6 118 10 98 27.5 825 41.4 6.2 42.9 17.1 41.8 14.1 15.1
Truck and rail 25 4.6 118 10 98 27.5 825 41.4 6.2 42.9 17.1 41.8 14.1 15.1
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 43, Mixed freight

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 3,472 100 1,334 100 160 100 278 21.3 - 24.7 - 26 - 26.5
Single modes 3,293 94.9 1,318 98.8 155 96.8 253 22.8 2.2 25.2 1.8 27.2 3.4 27.9
Truck6 3,292 94.8 1,317 98.7 154 96.5 252 22.8 2.2 25.2 1.8 27.4 3.4 28.1
For-hire truck 261 7.5 53 4 30 18.9 959 39.9 3.8 27 2.8 20.9 7.3 21.5
Private truck 3,031 87.3 1,264 94.7 124 77.7 65 25.1 5 26 3.9 32.6 9.4 17
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 841 S S S S S S 10.8
Multiple modes 114 3.3 7 0.6 S S 592 37.5 2.1 43.4 1.7 S S 27.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 114 3.3 7 0.6 S S 592 37.5 2.1 43.4 1.7 S S 27.8
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 3 100 S S - 100 1,029 41 - S S 35.4 - 46.1
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
4 Coefficient of Variation.
5 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
6 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
7 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Orlando-Deltona-Daytona Beach, FL by Alcoholic Beverages (08) by Air has no data for any cell therefore the entire row is not shown. Also, two-digit commodities are not present if there is no such data for an entire commodity by area. For example, Pittsburgh-New Castle, PA by Cereal Grains (02) has no data for any mode therefore the entire commodity is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.