Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 19,126 100 22,941 100 3,654 100 16.7 - 21.5 - 38.1 -
Less than 50 miles 4,087 21.4 15,085 65.8 322 8.8 12.6 4.9 24.1 4.4 23.5 4.2
50 - 99 miles 2,214 11.6 3,444 15 366 10 23.6 2.4 26.7 3.7 24.6 3.2
100 - 249 miles S S 2,410 10.5 412 11.3 S S 34.8 3.2 31 5.6
250 - 499 miles 2,499 13.1 S S S S 25.6 3 S S S S
500 - 749 miles 467 2.4 S S 80 2.2 30.3 0.8 S S 44.5 1.3
750 - 999 miles 932 4.9 102 0.4 112 3.1 20.8 1.1 35.4 0.1 35.1 0.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,255 11.8 139 0.6 225 6.2 26.7 2.4 24 0.2 23.4 1.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,310 6.8 157 0.7 324 8.9 21.5 1.2 23.9 0.2 22.6 2.6
More than 2,000 miles 531 2.8 S S S S 17.3 0.7 S S S S

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 16,819 100 22,126 100 3,343 100 17.9 - 21.8 - 39.8 -
Less than 50 miles 3,757 22.3 14,474 65.4 308 9.2 13.3 6.2 24.7 4.5 24.5 4.8
50 - 99 miles 2,092 12.4 3,429 15.5 365 10.9 25.5 2.7 26.8 3.6 24.8 3.4
100 - 249 miles S S 2,404 10.9 411 12.3 S S 34.8 3.3 31 6.5
250 - 499 miles 2,175 12.9 S S S S 30.8 3.5 S S S S
500 - 749 miles 323 1.9 S S S S 39.9 0.8 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 650 3.9 65 0.3 71 2.1 24.3 0.9 23.8 0.1 24.3 0.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,952 11.6 97 0.4 155 4.6 29.8 2.8 32 0.2 30.7 2.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles 862 5.1 100 0.5 200 6 24.4 1.3 37.9 0.2 37 2.6
More than 2,000 miles 282 1.7 S S S S 23.9 0.6 S S S S

Truck4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 14,359 100 21,122 100 3,103 100 19.6 - 23.8 - 43.5 -
Less than 50 miles 3,754 26.1 14,474 68.5 308 9.9 13.3 5.8 24.7 3.9 24.5 5
50 - 99 miles 1,291 9 2,852 13.5 279 9 20.7 2 34.3 3.2 34.5 2.8
100 - 249 miles S S 2,040 9.7 313 10.1 S S 42.5 3 41.7 6.1
250 - 499 miles 1,543 10.7 S S S S 34.8 3 S S S S
500 - 749 miles 306 2.1 S S S S 42.8 0.8 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 567 4 56 0.3 61 2 25.2 1.2 29.6 0.1 29.9 0.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,789 12.5 95 0.4 152 4.9 29.8 4 32.6 0.3 31.3 3.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles 837 5.8 99 0.5 199 6.4 25.3 1.5 38 0.2 37.1 3.6
More than 2,000 miles 224 1.6 S S S S 33.5 0.7 S S S S

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 10,217 100 8,221 100 2,617 100 28.8 - 25.8 - 49.5 -
Less than 50 miles 532 5.2 3,754 45.7 126 4.8 16.9 3.1 26.5 7 28.1 4.2
50 - 99 miles 874 8.6 1,687 20.5 162 6.2 34.8 4.1 39.2 4.9 37.8 3.2
100 - 249 miles S S 1,148 14 176 6.7 S S 21.8 4.8 22.4 5.5
250 - 499 miles 1,433 14 S S S S 38.4 3.9 S S S S
500 - 749 miles 306 3 S S S S 42.8 1.7 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 567 5.6 56 0.7 61 2.3 25.2 1.9 29.6 0.4 29.9 1.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,788 17.5 95 1.2 151 5.8 29.8 5 32.7 1 31.5 4.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles 837 8.2 99 1.2 199 7.6 25.3 2.5 38.1 0.9 37.1 4.3
More than 2,000 miles 223 2.2 S S S S 33.8 1.3 S S S S

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 4,142 100 12,902 100 486 100 17.3 - 26.4 - 40.2 -
Less than 50 miles 3,222 77.8 10,720 83.1 183 37.5 16.4 4 27.2 5.5 28.2 11.8
50 - 99 miles 417 10.1 S S S S 22.4 1.9 S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 110 2.7 S S S S 36.6 1.3 S S S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,487 100 955 100 199 100 35.1 - 35.7 - 31.8 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles 801 53.9 577 60.4 86 43.1 29.4 13.2 33.4 9.7 33.5 6.8
100 - 249 miles 680 45.8 364 38.2 98 49.3 28.4 3.4 30.2 3.8 30.2 7.4
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles 2 0.1 8 0.9 9 4.6 32.7 0.4 36.4 3.5 36.1 16.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles 17 1.7 - 0.4 - 0.4 42.5 2.5 49.7 3.8 48.4 2.3
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 162 16.7 2 3.9 3 7.3 44.1 5.3 40.5 11.9 43 12.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles 25 2.5 - 1 1 2.1 21.3 5.1 36.6 5.7 35.5 7.1
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,962 100 67 100 102 100 16.7 - 35.5 - 48.2 -
Less than 50 miles 131 6.7 S S S S 36.5 1.4 S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 102 5.2 2 2.9 - 0.4 38.6 2.3 36.6 2.8 43.5 0.5
250 - 499 miles 287 14.6 5 7.5 3 2.6 28.1 3 26.4 5.3 29 3.4
500 - 749 miles 136 6.9 S S S S 13.4 2.8 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 280 14.3 S S S S 22.2 2.9 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 296 15.1 7 10.3 S S 19.8 1.8 49.7 3.2 S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 411 21 S S S S 35.8 3.1 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 240 12.2 S S 20 19.4 20.8 2.2 S S 47.4 6.9

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,706 100 27 100 26 100 12.9 - 20.6 - 22.9 -
Less than 50 miles 117 6.9 S S - 0.1 38.6 2.4 S S 41.7 0.1
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 102 6 2 7.2 - 1.6 38.6 2.3 36.6 3.6 43.5 1.8
250 - 499 miles 287 16.8 5 18.7 3 10.1 28.1 3 26.4 5.3 29 5.2
500 - 749 miles 135 7.9 3 10.3 2 9.1 12.9 2.7 28.4 2 27.7 3.2
750 - 999 miles 255 14.9 2 6.5 2 7 19.9 2.8 27 1.3 26.5 1.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 259 15.2 3 12.2 5 20.8 16.2 1.7 25.8 2.2 30.7 2.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 267 15.7 5 16.8 9 35.2 20.5 1.7 30.8 2.8 31.2 3.9
More than 2,000 miles 205 12 1 5.5 4 14.2 19.5 2.3 28.5 1.3 28.5 2.4

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 12 100 1 100 S S 41.9 - 49.3 - S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 345 100 S S S S 41.1 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles 199 57.7 S S S S 37.3 9.2 S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 3 0.8 S S S S 42.6 1.3 S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 37 10.7 39 5.2 78 37.5 46 6 39.9 5.5 39.1 8.3
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any mileage group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the mileage group of "More than 2,000 miles" but does have data for the other mileage groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.