Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 19,126 100 22,941 100 3,654 100 910 16.7 - 21.5 - 38.1 - 15.9
Less than 50 lbs 2,989 15.6 40 0.2 27 0.7 1,139 19.3 3.5 23.6 0.1 24.1 0.4 14.1
50 - 99 lbs 433 2.3 24 0.1 6 0.2 S 13.3 0.4 19.9 - 30.1 0.1 S
100 - 499 lbs 1,587 8.3 118 0.5 28 0.8 246 15.6 1.5 17.2 0.1 19.8 0.5 33.0
500 - 749 lbs 426 2.2 52 0.2 11 0.3 213 21.7 0.6 12.9 0.1 21.9 0.1 35.3
750 - 999 lbs 189 1.0 43 0.2 8 0.2 192 17.7 0.2 24.8 0.1 22.1 0.2 33.4
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 2,749 14.4 955 4.2 164 4.5 186 14.6 2.5 21.0 1.8 21.2 2.9 12.4
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 5,218 27.3 13,527 59.0 1,179 32.3 86 24.0 5.2 24.0 5.1 21.4 8.5 33.5
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S 5,787 25.2 711 19.5 120 S S 37.0 6.8 44.6 5.9 24.8
More than 100,000 lbs 1,529 8.0 2,395 10.4 S S S 49.3 3.1 23.6 3.5 S S S

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 16,819 100 22,126 100 3,343 100 841 17.9 - 21.8 - 39.8 - 24.8
Less than 50 lbs 1,694 10.1 26 0.1 13 0.4 1,133 33.1 3.5 33.4 0.1 44.1 0.4 22.6
50 - 99 lbs 254 1.5 20 0.1 3 0.1 S 16.9 0.3 23.3 - 37.2 - S
100 - 499 lbs 1,287 7.7 105 0.5 19 0.6 175 17.5 1.8 18.7 0.1 23.1 0.2 44.3
500 - 749 lbs 366 2.2 46 0.2 9 0.3 196 21.6 0.7 14.7 0.1 29.2 0.1 37.5
750 - 999 lbs 176 1.0 42 0.2 8 0.2 185 19.0 0.2 26.0 0.1 22.1 0.2 35.1
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 2,587 15.4 925 4.2 149 4.5 166 13.8 3.5 22.1 1.8 21.5 3.1 10.1
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 4,973 29.6 13,419 60.6 1,025 30.7 71 23.1 5.3 24.0 5.3 20.3 9.6 40.9
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S 5,682 25.7 629 18.8 110 S S 37.3 6.9 44.6 6.1 25.0
More than 100,000 lbs 1,511 9.0 1,861 8.4 S S S 49.2 3.7 26.8 4.1 S S S

Truck4

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 14,359 100 21,122 100 3,103 100 830 19.6 - 23.8 - 43.5 - 26.1
Less than 50 lbs 1,113 7.8 25 0.1 11 0.4 1,125 35.4 2.5 34.5 0.1 46.8 0.5 25.7
50 - 99 lbs 242 1.7 20 0.1 2 0.1 S 18.1 0.4 23.9 0.1 40.4 - S
100 - 499 lbs 1,018 7.1 105 0.5 19 0.6 170 13.1 1.7 18.7 0.1 24.4 0.2 45.8
500 - 749 lbs 298 2.1 46 0.2 9 0.3 193 11.3 0.5 14.7 0.1 30.0 0.1 38.4
750 - 999 lbs 165 1.2 41 0.2 7 0.2 164 19.7 0.2 26.5 0.1 27.1 0.2 41.4
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 2,558 17.8 915 4.3 128 4.1 154 13.9 3.8 22.3 2.1 22.5 4.1 11.4
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 4,965 34.6 13,382 63.4 1,010 32.5 71 23.1 7.0 24.1 6.5 21.0 12.6 41.5
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S 5,679 26.9 627 20.2 110 S S 37.4 6.9 44.7 6.0 21.0
More than 100,000 lbs 35 0.2 910 4.3 S S S 20.0 0.2 46.3 1.2 S S S

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 10,217 100 8,221 100 2,617 100 1,374 28.8 - 25.8 - 49.5 - 19.4
Less than 50 lbs 623 6.1 9 0.1 11 0.4 1,464 42.2 2.9 35.1 0.1 49.8 0.5 17.4
50 - 99 lbs 44 0.4 2 - S S 961 42.6 0.4 36.9 - S S 28.7
100 - 499 lbs 577 5.6 16 0.2 15 0.6 930 15.8 3.3 28.1 0.1 31.7 0.2 13.1
500 - 749 lbs 132 1.3 5 0.1 8 0.3 1,481 20.0 0.8 20.8 - 32.8 0.1 14.5
750 - 999 lbs 97 0.9 9 0.1 6 0.2 641 28.9 0.3 43.9 0.1 31.2 0.3 37.5
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 1,591 15.6 112 1.4 104 4.0 964 20.4 4.7 23.7 0.6 26.5 4.2 11.6
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 3,820 37.4 4,648 56.5 711 27.2 159 32.5 8.3 20.7 9.2 20.9 13.8 30.2
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S 472 18.0 163 S S S S 46.9 5.2 38.5
More than 100,000 lbs 24 0.2 S S S S 2,015 29.1 0.8 S S S S 45.0

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 4,142 100 12,902 100 486 100 35 17.3 - 26.4 - 40.2 - 9.0
Less than 50 lbs S S 16 0.1 S S 40 S S 43.4 0.1 S S 19.4
50 - 99 lbs 198 4.8 18 0.1 - 0.1 S 23.4 1.2 27.2 0.1 19.5 0.2 S
100 - 499 lbs 441 10.6 89 0.7 4 0.7 38 18.6 1.7 22.5 0.3 25.1 0.7 22.0
500 - 749 lbs 167 4.0 41 0.3 1 0.2 25 23.0 1.3 16.0 0.2 25.2 0.2 21.2
750 - 999 lbs 69 1.7 33 0.3 1 0.2 29 22.1 0.4 24.1 0.2 23.2 0.1 28.0
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 967 23.4 803 6.2 24 4.9 32 17.9 4.1 22.4 4.0 30.1 4.9 22.6
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 1,145 27.6 8,734 67.7 S S 30 40.4 5.8 36.0 8.4 S S 34.8
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 655 15.8 S S S S 55 22.9 4.1 S S S S 25.0
More than 100,000 lbs 11 0.3 S S 2 0.4 S 28.0 0.7 S S 33.1 1.5 S

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,487 100 955 100 199 100 213 35.1 - 35.7 - 31.8 - 8.2
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs 1,477 99.3 951 99.5 198 99.4 212 34.9 0.4 35.5 0.3 31.6 0.4 8.4

Air (incl truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S 1,404 S S S S S S 4.5
Less than 50 lbs S S 1 2.3 2 4.0 1,426 S S 34.6 9.0 37.1 8.5 5.0
50 - 99 lbs 12 1.3 S S S S 1,143 39.4 4.6 S S S S 34.8
100 - 499 lbs 269 27.6 1 1.5 1 1.7 904 41.6 10.2 29.9 9.6 31.8 9.1 16.2
500 - 749 lbs S S - 0.2 - 0.4 1,292 S S 28.9 5.7 35.0 5.7 19.7
750 - 999 lbs 11 1.1 S S S S 2,104 33.4 4.8 S S S S 13.3
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 26 2.7 S S S S 1,947 47.6 7.3 S S S S 18.3
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,962 100 67 100 102 100 1,290 16.7 - 35.5 - 48.2 - 6.3
Less than 50 lbs 1,219 62.1 10 15.6 12 12.2 1,311 17.6 5.5 39.4 8.5 43.2 9.8 6.1
50 - 99 lbs 170 8.7 3 4.4 3 3.1 1,045 18.3 1.4 25.8 2.7 28.5 2.4 11.8
100 - 499 lbs 260 13.2 9 12.8 9 8.4 1,072 20.4 2.7 30.8 6.4 36.4 7.2 16.2
500 - 749 lbs 51 2.6 S S 2 1.9 S 44.6 1.6 S S 45.0 4.0 S
750 - 999 lbs 6 0.3 1 0.8 1 0.5 S 31.4 1.1 22.5 3.9 44.0 9.1 S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 11 0.6 S S S S 5,259 38.3 1.1 S S S S 20.0
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,364 S S S S S S 21.7
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,706 100 27 100 26 100 1,286 12.9 - 20.6 - 22.9 - 6.3
Less than 50 lbs 1,219 71.5 10 38.7 12 47.0 1,311 17.6 3.9 39.4 7.7 43.2 7.7 6.1
50 - 99 lbs 170 10.0 3 11.0 3 11.9 1,045 18.3 1.8 25.8 2.5 28.5 2.7 11.8
100 - 499 lbs 260 15.2 9 31.9 9 32.2 1,070 20.4 2.7 30.9 5.8 36.4 6.5 16.3
500 - 749 lbs 51 3.0 S S 2 6.8 S 44.9 1.6 S S 48.1 8.4 S
750 - 999 lbs 6 0.4 1 2.0 1 2.1 S 31.4 1.2 22.5 6.5 44.0 8.0 S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S 2,115 S S S S S S 21.0
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,364 S S S S S S 21.7
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 12 100 1 100 S S 5,990 41.9 - 49.3 - S S 14.0
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 11 97.3 1 97.7 8 98.7 6,306 20.7 1.9 34.2 1.6 36.1 0.9 5.0
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 345 100 S S S S 829 41.1 - S S S S 24.3
Less than 50 lbs 76 22.0 S S S S 876 44.3 7.1 S S S S 30.2
50 - 99 lbs S S 1 0.1 S S 64 S S 33.0 3.3 S S 29.0
100 - 499 lbs 40 11.6 3 0.5 - 0.1 S 48.1 15.4 39.7 14.6 41.0 14.7 S
500 - 749 lbs 9 2.5 2 0.2 S S S 37.2 7.1 47.1 6.3 S S S
750 - 999 lbs S S 1 0.1 - - S S S 18.1 1.2 33.8 2.0 S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S 29 3.8 6 3.1 S S S 49.9 11.7 33.4 14.3 S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 34 9.7 87 11.6 S S 1,007 43.5 8.6 46.5 4.3 S S 31.9
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 738 S S S S S S 43.5
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 ""Truck"" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any shipment weight group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the shipment weight groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the shipment size of "More than 100,000 lbs" but does have data for the other shipment weight groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.