Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities5

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 19,126 100 22,941 100 3,654 100 910 16.7 - 21.5 - 38.1 - 15.9
Single modes 16,819 87.9 22,126 96.5 3,343 91.5 841 17.9 2.3 21.8 1.3 39.8 2.7 24.8
Truck6 14,359 75.1 21,122 92.1 3,103 84.9 830 19.6 3.8 23.8 4 43.5 6.1 26.1
For-hire truck 10,217 53.4 8,221 35.8 2,617 71.6 1,374 28.8 5.9 25.8 5.4 49.5 6.7 19.4
Private truck 4,142 21.7 12,902 56.2 486 13.3 35 17.3 5.9 26.4 6.3 40.2 6 9
Rail 1,487 7.8 955 4.2 199 5.4 213 35.1 6.8 35.7 11.3 31.8 15.3 8.2
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,404 S S S S S S 4.5
Multiple modes 1,962 10.3 67 0.3 102 2.8 1,290 16.7 2.4 35.5 0.1 48.2 2 6.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,706 8.9 27 0.1 26 0.7 1,286 12.9 2.3 20.6 - 22.9 0.6 6.3
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,115 S S S S S S 21
Truck and water 12 0.1 1 - S S 5,990 41.9 0.1 49.3 - S S 14
Other and unknown modes 345 1.8 S S S S 829 41.1 0.4 S S S S 24.3

SCTG2 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 103 100 14 100 6 100 1,376 33.5 - 25.2 - 46 - 32.8
Single modes 86 82.8 13 95.7 5 84.3 S 37.6 10.6 24.9 2.8 37.5 10.4 S
Truck6 86 82.8 13 95.7 5 84.3 S 37.6 10.6 24.9 2.8 37.5 10.4 S
For-hire truck 32 31 5 33.2 4 75.2 860 14.1 13.8 28.1 12.3 13.4 11.8 6.8
Private truck 54 51.8 9 62.5 S S 18 44.6 13.3 22.4 10.5 S S 46.3
Multiple modes S S - 1.2 S S 1,274 S S 34.4 11.8 S S 42.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S - 1.2 S S 1,274 S S 34.4 11.8 S S 42.2
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 435 100 420 100 S S 32 27.3 - 45.8 - S S 22.2
Single modes 435 100 420 100 S S 32 27.3 - 45.8 - S S 22.2
Truck6 435 100 420 100 S S 32 27.3 - 45.8 - S S 22.2
For-hire truck S S S S 31 54.4 305 S S S S 28.7 17.7 4.4
Private truck 402 92.5 319 76 S S 30 28.6 7.9 48.9 10.3 S S 13.3

SCTG2 10-14, Stones, nonmetallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,305 100 10,036 100 S S S 40.5 - 23.4 - S S S
Single modes 2,298 99.7 9,382 93.5 S S S 40.7 1.3 21.7 2.1 S S S
Truck6 1,103 47.8 8,566 85.4 S S S 40.6 13.3 25.3 5 S S S
For-hire truck 1,055 45.8 4,759 47.4 S S S 43.2 10.3 23.4 9.4 S S S
Private truck 48 2.1 3,807 37.9 61 2.6 S 44.6 11.3 39.1 8.6 33.3 5.4 S
Rail 1,194 51.8 774 7.7 S S 180 33.5 13.5 31.5 14.7 S S 8.4
Air (incl truck and air) 1 - S S 33 1.4 1,383 49.9 0.5 S S 45.9 11.1 40.5
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 7 0.3 654 6.5 189 7.9 1,038 49.3 3.6 49.4 3.4 43.5 8.9 28.6

SCTG2 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 857 100 1,614 100 51 100 17 11.8 - 15.7 - 24.4 - 26.7
Single modes 856 100 1,614 100 51 100 18 11.8 - 15.7 - 24.4 - 25.1
Truck6 856 100 1,614 100 51 100 18 11.8 - 15.7 - 24.4 - 25.1
For-hire truck 64 7.5 637 39.5 29 57.3 S 29.2 6.1 40.8 12.6 37.1 10.9 S
Private truck 792 92.4 977 60.5 22 42.7 18 14.6 4.8 14.1 11.6 20.1 12.7 22.2
Other and unknown modes - - - - S S S 24.7 0.2 28.9 - S S S

SCTG2 20-24, Basic chemicals, chemical, and pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,140 100 S S S S 866 42.4 - S S S S 20.9
Single modes 962 84.5 S S S S S 43.6 3.9 S S S S S
Truck6 937 82.2 S S S S S 44.1 4.5 S S S S S
For-hire truck 313 27.5 119 7.8 S S S 38.5 9.6 50 16.2 S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 25 2.2 1 0.1 S S 1,406 41.6 2.3 36.6 1.7 S S 8.8
Multiple modes 168 14.7 4 0.3 6 2.8 1,586 41.3 3.2 49.3 1.6 46.5 3.1 7.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 167 14.6 S S S S 1,586 41.6 3.3 S S S S 8.6
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 719 100 184 100 50 100 1,679 18 - 33.2 - 47.2 - 19.1
Single modes 625 86.9 169 91.6 35 70.2 1,702 20.1 6.2 34.5 2.9 42.9 6.3 24.1
Truck6 623 86.6 169 91.5 35 70.1 1,703 20.1 6.3 34.5 2.9 42.9 6.3 25
For-hire truck 345 47.9 29 15.8 30 60.1 1,776 33 10.3 45.9 7.8 49.6 10.5 18.3
Private truck 278 38.7 140 75.7 5 10 41 32.4 8.1 40.9 8.6 30 11.4 27.1
Air (incl truck and air) 2 0.3 - - - 0.1 1,328 48.8 0.2 40.5 - 41.2 0.2 15
Multiple modes 89 12.4 S S S S 1,064 40.7 6.1 S S S S 15.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 66 9.2 S S S S 1,064 33.8 6.2 S S S S 15.6
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 5 0.7 S S S S S 28.2 0.9 S S S S S

SCTG2 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 4,349 100 S S 769 100 281 30.1 - S S 34.6 - 45.7
Single modes 3,889 89.4 S S 695 90.3 204 30.3 5.3 S S 36.9 9.1 48.2
Truck6 3,524 81 S S 646 84 S 27.3 5.8 S S 39.1 9.9 S
For-hire truck 2,874 66.1 S S 431 56 S 35 8.3 S S 30.7 10 S
Private truck 650 14.9 S S S S 27 39.6 7.6 S S S S 22.2
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 75 1.7 S S 4 0.5 1,472 20.8 0.9 S S 47.3 0.3 11.1
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,301 S S S S S S 11.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 130 3 2 - S S 1,225 24.2 2.4 46.1 0.2 S S 11
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water 6 0.1 1 - 7 0.9 6,345 26.5 1.6 5.6 0.5 5.5 8.5 -
Other and unknown modes S S 68 0.8 S S S S S 49 4.9 S S S

SCTG2 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 4,207 100 148 100 57 100 380 21.9 - 25.3 - 27.2 - 45.1
Single modes 2,874 68.3 127 86.3 47 82.8 S 27.7 7.8 26.9 4.7 33.2 11.2 S
Truck6 2,105 50 126 85.6 45 80 S 26.6 7 26.9 4.8 34.3 11.1 S
For-hire truck 1,396 33.2 39 26.3 42 75 S 26.3 6 31.6 10.5 36 12.2 S
Private truck 709 16.9 88 59.3 3 5 48 37.9 3.9 31.5 10.5 39.7 2.2 20.4
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,153 S S S S S S 11.7
Multiple modes 1,184 28.1 12 8.2 8 15 1,126 13 8.3 29.8 4.4 32.3 11.5 10.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,179 28 12 8.1 8 13.7 1,126 13 8.3 30.4 4.4 33.3 11.8 10.7
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 149 3.5 S S S S S 28.1 1.5 S S S S S

SCTG2 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S 245 100 76 100 680 S S 27.1 - 27.5 - 16.6
Single modes S S 217 88.8 60 79.5 187 S S 29.4 3.5 27 5.7 45.4
Truck6 S S 204 83.3 45 59 179 S S 32.7 6.8 29.7 8.2 46.8
For-hire truck S S 69 28.2 41 53.9 849 S S 23.7 5.7 32 8.6 22.7
Private truck 583 11.6 135 55.1 4 5.1 32 31.7 10.2 41.8 8.8 44 4.2 34.4
Rail 3 0.1 S S S S 1,155 40.7 4.3 S S S S 0.7
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S - 0.6 1,654 S S S S 48.6 0.6 33.6
Multiple modes 172 3.4 S S 15 19.6 1,310 32.4 4.1 S S 48.1 5.2 5.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 154 3.1 4 1.8 6 7.5 1,310 31.6 4 31.7 0.8 29.7 5.3 5.8
Truck and rail 18 0.4 9 3.9 9 12 945 43.5 1.4 38 6.1 37.7 7.7 19
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,234 S S S S S S 29.9

SCTG2 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 3 100 S S S S S 42.7 - S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
4 Coefficient of Variation.
5 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
6 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
7 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Dallas-Fort Worth, TX by Base metal and machinery (31-34) by Water has no data for any shipment characteristic therefore the entire row is not shown. Also, entire commodity groups are not present if there is no such data for that commodity group by area. For example, Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV (DC part) by Coal and petroleum products (15-19) has no data for any mode therefore the entire commodity group is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.