Table 8. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 8. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities5

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 19,126 100 22,941 100 3,654 100 910 16.7 - 21.5 - 38.1 - 15.9
Single modes 16,819 87.9 22,126 96.5 3,343 91.5 841 17.9 2.3 21.8 1.3 39.8 2.7 24.8
Truck6 14,359 75.1 21,122 92.1 3,103 84.9 830 19.6 3.8 23.8 4 43.5 6.1 26.1
For-hire truck 10,217 53.4 8,221 35.8 2,617 71.6 1,374 28.8 5.9 25.8 5.4 49.5 6.7 19.4
Private truck 4,142 21.7 12,902 56.2 486 13.3 35 17.3 5.9 26.4 6.3 40.2 6 9
Rail 1,487 7.8 955 4.2 199 5.4 213 35.1 6.8 35.7 11.3 31.8 15.3 8.2
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,404 S S S S S S 4.5
Multiple modes 1,962 10.3 67 0.3 102 2.8 1,290 16.7 2.4 35.5 0.1 48.2 2 6.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,706 8.9 27 0.1 26 0.7 1,286 12.9 2.3 20.6 - 22.9 0.6 6.3
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,115 S S S S S S 21
Truck and water 12 0.1 1 - S S 5,990 41.9 0.1 49.3 - S S 14
Other and unknown modes 345 1.8 S S S S 829 41.1 0.4 S S S S 24.3

SCTG2 01, Live animals and live fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 03, Other agricultural products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S 4 100 S S 20 S S 36.2 - S S 40.2
Single modes S S 3 98.5 S S 18 S S 44.8 3 S S 25.3
Truck6 S S 3 98.5 S S 18 S S 44.8 3 S S 25.3
Private truck S S 3 98.5 S S 18 S S 44.8 3 S S 25.3
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 04, Animal feed and products of animal origin, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S - 100 S S S S S 21.3 - S S S
Single modes S S - 99.7 S S S S S 21.6 0.3 S S S
Truck6 S S - 99.7 S S S S S 21.6 0.3 S S S
Private truck S S - 99.7 S S S S S 21.6 0.3 S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 05, Meat, fish, seafood, and their preparations

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 59 100 10 100 4 100 S 26.7 - 27.7 - 28.3 - S
Single modes 59 100 10 100 4 100 S 26.7 - 27.7 - 28.3 - S
Truck6 59 100 10 100 4 100 S 26.7 - 27.7 - 28.3 - S
For-hire truck 32 54.5 5 47.5 4 92.4 860 14.1 6.1 28.1 8.4 13.4 2.5 6.8
Private truck 27 45.5 5 52.5 S S S 29.5 13.1 29.1 12.4 S S S

SCTG2 06, Milled grain products and preparations and bakery products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 28 S S S S S S 25.1
Single modes S S S S S S 28 S S S S S S 25.1
Truck6 S S S S S S 28 S S S S S S 25.1
Private truck S S S S S S 28 S S S S S S 25.1

SCTG2 07, Other prepared foodstuffs and fats and oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 277 100 S S S S S 34.8 - S S S S S
Single modes 277 100 S S S S S 34.8 - S S S S S
Truck6 277 100 S S S S S 34.8 - S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S 31 55.8 305 S S S S 28.7 17.8 4.4
Private truck 245 88.2 S S S S 35 35.9 8.2 S S S S 12.8

SCTG2 08, Alcoholic beverages

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 157 100 128 100 1 100 12 16.4 - 16.5 - 23.1 - 20.3
Single modes 157 100 128 100 1 100 12 16.4 - 16.5 - 23.1 - 20.3
Truck6 157 100 128 100 1 100 12 16.4 - 16.5 - 23.1 - 20.3
Private truck 157 100 128 100 1 100 12 16.4 - 16.5 - 23.1 - 20.3

SCTG2 10, Calcareous monumental or building stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 19 100 S S S S S 42.7 - S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 11, Natural sands

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 43 100 3,584 100 S S S 27.3 - 32.3 - S S S
Single modes 40 92 3,273 91.3 S S S 26.2 2.8 31.5 6.1 S S S
Truck6 39 90.1 3,231 90.1 S S S 26.2 3 31.9 6.2 S S S
For-hire truck 23 52.8 1,571 43.8 S S S 36.2 14 31 13 S S S
Private truck S S 1,660 46.3 S S S S S 48.3 13.9 S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 1 2 S S S S 1,383 49.9 4.6 S S S S 40.5
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,265 S S S S S S 12.7

SCTG2 12, Gravel and crushed stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 67 100 4,406 100 S S 75 49.5 - 39.8 - S S 22.3
Single modes 67 100 4,406 100 S S 75 49.5 - 39.8 - S S 22.3
Truck6 67 100 4,406 100 S S 75 49.5 - 39.8 - S S 22.3
For-hire truck S S 2,389 54.2 S S 160 S S 43.8 9.1 S S 23.9
Private truck 16 24.5 2,017 45.8 29 6.6 12 42.7 11.2 42.7 9.9 34.1 14 19.5

SCTG2 13, Nonmetallic minerals nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 14, Metallic ores and concentrates

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,174 100 1,438 100 212 100 127 18.2 - 10.1 - 19.8 - 7.2
Single modes 2,174 100 1,438 100 212 100 127 18.2 - 10.1 - 19.8 - 7.2
Truck6 980 45.1 664 46.2 73 34.5 111 27.2 13.7 24.1 14.3 26.1 14.6 5.2
For-hire truck 980 45.1 664 46.2 73 34.5 111 27.2 13.7 24.1 14.3 26.1 14.6 5.2
Rail 1,194 54.9 774 53.8 139 65.5 180 33.5 13.7 31.5 14.3 35.1 14.6 8.4

SCTG2 17, Gasoline and aviation turbine fuel

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 570 100 706 100 12 100 17 14 - 14.4 - 24 - 33.2
Single modes 570 100 706 100 12 100 17 14 - 14.4 - 24 - 33.2
Truck6 570 100 706 100 12 100 17 14 - 14.4 - 24 - 33.2
For-hire truck 15 2.6 18 2.5 - 3.1 S 39.7 11 38.4 11.3 38 4.6 S
Private truck 556 97.4 689 97.5 12 96.9 16 15.2 3.3 15.6 3.3 22.3 1.6 40.2

SCTG2 18, Fuel oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 178 100 239 100 6 100 22 31.9 - 34 - 28.6 - 42.4
Single modes 178 100 239 100 6 100 22 31.9 - 34 - 28.6 - 42.4
Truck6 178 100 239 100 6 100 22 31.9 - 34 - 28.6 - 42.4
For-hire truck 8 4.6 10 4.3 S S S 41 11.6 39.3 11.1 S S S
Private truck 170 95.4 229 95.7 5 77.7 21 33.6 3.6 35.6 3.4 33 9.2 41.6

SCTG2 19, Coal and petroleum products, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 108 100 669 100 32 100 16 14.4 - 41.9 - 36.9 - 49.6
Single modes 107 99.7 669 100 32 100 17 14.8 0.3 41.9 - 36.9 - 46.8
Truck6 107 99.7 669 100 32 100 17 14.8 0.3 41.9 - 36.9 - 46.8
For-hire truck 42 38.6 609 91.1 27 84.2 S 19.8 17.1 38.3 5.5 34.9 8.9 S
Private truck 66 61.1 60 8.9 S S S 34.1 13.6 23.7 18.9 S S S
Other and unknown modes - 0.3 - - S S S 24.7 1.5 28.9 - S S S

SCTG2 20, Basic chemicals

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,435 S S S S S S 40.7
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,740 S S S S S S 41.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,740 S S S S S S 41.6
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 21, Pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 1,636 S S S S S S 11.7
Single modes S S S S S S 1,564 S S S S S S 47.3
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S - 0.4 1,149 S S S S 42.5 1.9 38.8
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,633 S S S S S S 11.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,633 S S S S S S 11.8
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 22, Fertilizers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 23, Chemical products and preparations, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 1,191 S S S S S S 26.4
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,585 S S S S S S 20.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,585 S S S S S S 20.8
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 24, Plastics and rubber

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 413 100 57 100 21 100 996 37.6 - 37.2 - 30.8 - 17.6
Single modes 336 81.3 55 97 19 87.3 476 45.5 9.7 38.4 2.6 33.9 6.3 35.5
Truck6 320 77.5 55 95.9 18 84 S 47.9 10.1 38.9 3.5 35.1 7.7 S
For-hire truck S S S S 17 79.3 S S S S S 36.7 6.8 S
Private truck 86 20.8 13 23.1 1 4.7 37 45.6 8.2 32.1 10.3 41 2.6 35.6
Air (incl truck and air) S S 1 1.2 1 3.3 1,349 S S 38.3 1 40.7 3.4 8.7
Multiple modes 77 18.7 2 2.9 3 12.7 1,577 31.3 9.7 30.4 2.5 44.1 6.3 9.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 77 18.5 1 2.2 2 7.3 1,576 32 9.8 35.6 2.5 45.9 6.5 9.9
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 26, Wood products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 151 100 76 100 10 100 710 21.4 - 36.3 - 38.7 - 25.3
Single modes 119 79.2 71 93.4 5 49.9 S 19.2 7.4 39.8 6.5 22.5 14.2 S
Truck6 119 79.2 71 93.4 5 49.9 S 19.2 7.4 39.8 6.5 22.5 14.2 S
For-hire truck 50 33 S S 3 30.3 530 20.5 17.5 S S 32.9 16.2 33.8
Private truck 70 46.2 63 83.3 2 19.6 30 39.7 15.4 46 14.9 41.8 17.8 30.8
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,306 S S S S S S 2.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,306 S S S S S S 2.3
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 27, Pulp, newsprint, paper, and paperboard

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 28, Paper or paperboard articles

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 35 100 14 100 S S 687 36.2 - 38.5 - S S 26.5
Single modes 32 90.6 14 98.2 3 90.6 531 33.9 3.4 39.6 1.1 48.1 7.4 30.4
Truck6 32 90.6 14 98.2 3 90.6 528 34 3.3 39.6 1.1 48.1 7.4 31.3
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,529 S S S S S S 31
Private truck 26 72.5 13 92.2 2 47.9 138 34.5 10 40.5 8.1 38.2 15.2 22.9
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 810 S S S S S S 12
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,419 S S S S S S 19.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,419 S S S S S S 19.4
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 29, Printed products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 215 100 65 100 4 100 S 32 - 49.4 - 29.4 - S
Single modes 193 89.5 64 98 2 55.7 S 35.7 11.7 49.8 11.3 36.1 13.3 S
Truck6 193 89.5 64 98 2 55.5 102 35.8 11.7 49.8 11.3 36.2 12.8 44.4
For-hire truck 11 5.2 1 1.7 S S 1,253 32.4 2.8 30.6 5.7 S S 28.5
Private truck 181 84.3 63 96.3 1 33.9 19 35.9 8 49.1 8.7 47.6 14.8 32.2
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 20 9.4 1 1.3 1 21.9 830 38.4 15.7 40 14.5 42 12.1 19.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 20 9.4 1 1.3 1 21.9 830 38.4 15.7 40 14.5 42 12.1 19.3
Other and unknown modes 2 1.1 S S S S S 49.1 1.1 S S S S S

SCTG2 30, Textiles, leather, and articles of textiles or leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 309 100 S S S S 1,784 35.1 - S S S S 17.1
Single modes 272 88.1 18 67.1 22 73.8 1,787 36.7 13.8 46.4 14.6 46.9 14.2 21.7
Truck6 270 87.5 18 67 22 73.7 1,788 36.7 13.9 46.4 14.6 47 14.4 24.1
For-hire truck 270 87.4 18 66.9 22 73.7 1,788 36.8 14.4 46.5 14.6 47 14.1 23.6
Private truck - - S S - - S 24.2 15.6 S S 37.3 2.7 S
Air (incl truck and air) 2 0.6 - 0.1 - 0.1 1,364 44.9 0.3 38.6 0.2 37.9 0.5 20
Multiple modes S S S S S S 967 S S S S S S 30.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 968 S S S S S S 30.1
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 31, Nonmetallic mineral products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 809 100 S S S S S 49.6 - S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S 53 S S S S S S 43.5
Truck6 S S S S S S 37 S S S S S S 26
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 549 67.8 S S S S 28 48 10.2 S S S S 24.9
Air (incl truck and air) 3 0.4 S S S S 1,934 18.9 0.4 S S S S 32.3
Multiple modes 32 4 - - - - 1,553 37.2 15.8 38.9 - 42.4 0.8 22.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 32 4 - - - - 1,553 37.2 15.8 38.9 - 42.4 0.8 22.3
Other and unknown modes S S 48 0.6 - 0.1 11 S S 38.6 6.3 4.6 1.5 29.5

SCTG2 32, Base metal in prim. or semifin. forms & in finished basic shapes

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 1,968 83.7 S S S S S 49.7 9.8 S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S 903 S S S S S S 18
Private truck 26 1.1 S S - - S 39.3 16.2 S S 39.1 3.1 S
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,701 S S S S S S 33.8
Multiple modes 49 2.1 S S S S 1,704 42 19.9 S S S S 17.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 49 2.1 S S S S 1,704 42 19.9 S S S S 17.4
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 33, Articles of base metal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 289 100 S S S S 434 25.5 - S S S S 48.8
Single modes 274 95.1 S S S S S 26.7 4.2 S S S S S
Truck6 254 87.8 S S S S S 28.5 5.2 S S S S S
For-hire truck 211 73 S S S S 577 25.2 5.9 S S S S 32.2
Private truck S S S S S S 34 S S S S S S 21.2
Air (incl truck and air) S S - 0.2 - 1.3 1,509 S S 27 1.4 40.4 4.2 12.1
Multiple modes 11 3.9 - 0.2 - 0.4 674 39.4 3.2 39 1.3 34 2.9 28.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 11 3.9 - 0.2 - 0.4 674 39.4 3.2 39 1.3 34 2.9 28.5
Other and unknown modes 3 1 S S S S S 25.3 3 S S S S S

SCTG2 34, Machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 899 100 96 100 131 100 509 24.9 - 27.8 - 37.8 - 48.6
Single modes 570 63.4 59 61.4 72 54.5 S 19.9 9 24.2 10.4 35.4 12 S
Truck6 534 59.4 58 60.2 70 53.3 S 21.2 8.6 24.9 10.3 36.3 12.3 S
For-hire truck 502 55.9 54 56.5 70 53.2 S 24.2 9.5 28.2 11.4 36.4 12.1 S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 34 3.7 S S S S 1,414 30.8 2.3 S S S S 12.4
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,579 S S S S S S 14.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 37 4.1 S S S S 1,418 40.3 2.4 S S S S 14.8
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water 6 0.7 1 1.2 S S 6,345 26.5 4.2 5.6 14.9 S S -
Other and unknown modes S S S S 1 0.7 S S S S S 42.8 6.5 S

SCTG2 35, Electronic & other electrical equip & components & office equip

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 3,043 100 121 100 38 100 430 29.2 - 29.1 - 26.4 - 37.8
Single modes 2,303 75.7 107 88.9 30 80.2 S 33.5 8.1 30.6 5.5 30.2 8.8 S
Truck6 1,627 53.5 106 88 29 76.2 S 29.8 7.9 30.6 5.5 30.4 8.6 S
For-hire truck 1,031 33.9 24 19.9 26 69 S 32.8 7.1 30.6 9.2 30.7 9.2 S
Private truck 596 19.6 82 68.1 3 7.2 60 37.1 10 33.3 10.1 40.9 9.9 25.2
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,165 S S S S S S 14
Multiple modes 663 21.8 10 8 6 17.1 1,144 22.6 8.2 33.5 5.5 44.6 8.9 12.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 658 21.6 10 7.9 6 15.1 1,143 22.7 8.2 34.3 5.5 46.9 9.1 12.5
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 77 2.5 4 3.1 S S S 19.6 0.9 32.7 1.2 S S S

SCTG2 36, Motorized and other vehicles (including parts)

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 317 100 25 100 S S S 30.8 - 41.8 - S S S
Single modes 249 78.7 S S S S S 42.1 14.8 S S S S S
Truck6 249 78.7 S S S S S 42.1 14.8 S S S S S
For-hire truck 169 53.3 S S S S S 40.7 11.1 S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 805 S S S S S S 10.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 805 S S S S S S 10.9
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 33 S S S S S S 11.2

SCTG2 37, Transportation equipment, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 149 100 - 100 - 100 1,474 36.1 - 32.7 - 33.2 - 12.7
Single modes 48 31.9 - 47.8 - 26.9 781 46 12.2 42.6 11.6 49.7 13.6 24.9
Truck6 37 24.6 - 46.2 - 25.1 676 41.3 12.9 33.9 12.8 46.2 13.7 23.7
For-hire truck 36 24 - 45.9 - 25 703 33 14.9 23.5 11.5 40.2 16.7 20.6
Private truck S S S S - - S S S S S 23.2 3.4 S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,235 S S S S S S 21.9
Multiple modes 102 68.1 - 52.2 - 73.1 1,678 45.8 12.2 37.6 11.6 40.9 13.6 17.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 102 68.1 - 52.2 - 73.1 1,678 45.8 12.2 37.6 11.6 40.9 13.6 17.2

SCTG2 38, Precision instruments and apparatus

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 698 100 2 100 1 100 1,111 22.1 - 36.3 - 41.9 - 8.2
Single modes 275 39.3 S S S S 680 38.9 10.9 S S S S 18.5
Truck6 192 27.5 S S S S 537 47.5 9 S S S S 26
For-hire truck 160 22.9 S S S S 933 45.8 8.5 S S S S 19.4
Private truck 32 4.6 S S S S S 49 3.9 S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S - 3.6 - 4.8 1,096 S S 39.3 8.9 43.1 10.4 11
Multiple modes 382 54.7 - 22.2 - 31.5 1,348 28.7 10.9 28 13.7 27 12.7 8.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 382 54.7 - 22.2 - 31.5 1,348 28.7 10.9 28 13.7 27 12.7 8.3
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 39, Furniture, mattresses & mattress supports, lamps, lighting

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 370 100 S S 5 100 471 42.9 - S S 41.4 - 33.6
Single modes 356 96.4 S S 4 85.8 289 44.9 4.3 S S 49.7 8.7 39.4
Truck6 356 96.4 S S 4 85.8 289 44.9 4.3 S S 49.7 8.7 39.4
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,164 S S S S S S 36.9
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 13 3.6 - 0.9 S S 1,641 31.1 16.1 11.2 18.6 S S 3.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 13 3.6 - 0.9 S S 1,641 31.1 16.1 11.2 18.6 S S 3.4

SCTG2 40, Miscellaneous manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S 36 100 21 100 1,258 S S 29.8 - 32.3 - 6.8
Single modes S S 32 89.2 16 75.5 470 S S 31.3 3.5 37 11.9 27.8
Truck6 S S 32 88.5 16 73.8 426 S S 31.4 3.6 38.1 11.9 30.9
For-hire truck S S 19 51.9 15 72.2 1,426 S S 36.5 9.2 36.1 11.6 12.5
Private truck 97 2.4 13 36.6 - 1.6 20 36.2 8.8 35 8.2 40.6 1.5 30.5
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,677 S S S S S S 34.9
Multiple modes 134 3.3 4 10.3 5 22.9 1,362 31.5 9.4 33.1 3.6 31.4 12.4 4.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 134 3.3 4 10.2 5 22.5 1,361 31.4 9.4 32.7 3.6 30.4 12.4 4.4
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,096 S S S S S S 31.5

SCTG2 41, Waste and scrap

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 19 100 30 100 26 100 594 20.8 - 24.4 - 36.7 - 13
Single modes 18 94.3 26 86.3 22 82.1 563 16.3 4.2 22.3 10.9 39.1 13.8 10.2
Truck6 15 80.5 S S S S 432 23.1 10.9 S S S S 15.7
For-hire truck 15 80.5 S S S S 432 23.1 10.9 S S S S 15.7
Rail 3 13.8 S S S S 1,155 40.7 17.2 S S S S 0.7
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 43, Mixed freight

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 515 100 137 100 S S S 37.7 - 48.3 - S S S
Single modes 454 88.2 S S 19 79 S 40.9 6.9 S S 47.8 10.5 S
Truck6 389 75.6 S S 19 78.7 S 43.8 7.7 S S 47.9 10.5 S
For-hire truck 193 37.4 32 23.5 S S 548 30.8 8.3 35.7 9.8 S S 40.9
Private truck S S S S S S 25 S S S S S S 22.9
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,340 S S S S S S 24.4
Multiple modes S S S S S S 717 S S S S S S 36.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 7 1.4 S S S S 717 49.6 7.5 S S S S 36.8
Truck and rail 17 3.2 S S S S 898 19.2 14.7 S S S S 30.1
Other and unknown modes 37 7.2 S S - 1.4 359 42.3 4.9 S S 43 8.8 44.7

SCTG2 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 3 100 S S S S S 42.7 - S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
4 Coefficient of Variation.
5 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
6 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
7 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Orlando-Deltona-Daytona Beach, FL by Alcoholic Beverages (08) by Air has no data for any cell therefore the entire row is not shown. Also, two-digit commodities are not present if there is no such data for an entire commodity by area. For example, Pittsburgh-New Castle, PA by Cereal Grains (02) has no data for any mode therefore the entire commodity is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.