Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 46,656 100 64,169 100 13,174 100 14.4 - 20 - 16.1 -
Less than 50 miles 18,138 38.9 37,410 58.3 717 5.4 25.8 4 30.6 6.4 30.9 1.7
50 - 99 miles 4,680 10 6,274 9.8 588 4.5 28.8 1.9 31.1 2.3 31.3 2.2
100 - 249 miles 6,581 14.1 8,574 13.4 1,806 13.7 13.2 1.2 16.1 2.2 15.1 2.4
250 - 499 miles 6,208 13.3 5,452 8.5 2,787 21.2 12.7 1.5 33.6 3.6 33.7 3.6
500 - 749 miles 4,718 10.1 3,120 4.9 2,567 19.5 17 1.9 34.3 1.9 34.9 3.4
750 - 999 miles 2,272 4.9 1,571 2.4 1,910 14.5 12.8 0.8 20.6 0.7 21.5 2.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles 3,618 7.8 1,656 2.6 2,566 19.5 12.5 1.3 23.7 0.8 25.1 4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 415 0.9 109 0.2 217 1.6 35.4 0.4 37.6 0.1 37.1 0.8
More than 2,000 miles 26 0.1 S S S S 46.8 - S S S S

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 41,938 100 62,454 100 11,747 100 15.7 - 20.3 - 14.6 -
Less than 50 miles 17,235 41.1 37,320 59.8 716 6.1 26.7 4.3 30.7 6.4 31 2.1
50 - 99 miles 4,486 10.7 6,262 10 587 5 30 2.1 31.2 2.3 31.3 2.3
100 - 249 miles 6,117 14.6 8,314 13.3 1,745 14.9 14.6 1.2 16 2.3 15 2.2
250 - 499 miles 5,388 12.8 4,887 7.8 2,386 20.3 14.6 1.7 32.3 3.5 31.5 3.7
500 - 749 miles 3,725 8.9 2,671 4.3 2,129 18.1 15.1 2 32.4 1.8 33.7 3.3
750 - 999 miles 1,896 4.5 1,324 2.1 1,552 13.2 15.3 0.8 25.3 0.7 26.2 3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,878 6.9 1,596 2.6 2,475 21.1 15.1 1.4 24.8 0.8 26.3 4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 202 0.5 79 0.1 158 1.3 27 0.1 32 0.1 31.8 0.9
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Truck4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 36,664 100 49,595 100 7,134 100 14 - 23.5 - 11.1 -
Less than 50 miles 14,192 38.7 30,721 61.9 678 9.5 22.9 3.8 32.2 5.3 32.1 2
50 - 99 miles 4,483 12.2 6,245 12.6 584 8.2 30.1 2 31.3 2 31.4 2.1
100 - 249 miles 5,912 16.1 7,199 14.5 1,457 20.4 15.2 1.5 17.1 2.9 14.1 2.3
250 - 499 miles 4,686 12.8 2,331 4.7 1,106 15.5 14.7 1.7 15.8 1.7 14.4 1.9
500 - 749 miles 3,275 8.9 1,312 2.6 1,013 14.2 14.1 1.9 15.9 0.8 16.1 1.6
750 - 999 miles 1,705 4.7 1,054 2.1 1,206 16.9 12.4 0.8 24.6 0.7 26 3.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,209 6 652 1.3 931 13.1 11.7 1.3 8.9 0.6 8.3 2.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles 197 0.5 79 0.2 158 2.2 28 0.2 31.9 0.1 31.8 0.8
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 21,168 100 19,288 100 4,619 100 16.3 - 24.2 - 11.1 -
Less than 50 miles 4,778 22.6 9,003 46.7 185 4 42.2 4.8 36.7 10.2 44.7 1.5
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 3,396 16 3,517 18.2 775 16.8 24.7 1.9 26.5 5.4 23.7 2.9
250 - 499 miles 4,278 20.2 2,042 10.6 965 20.9 16.2 2.3 17.8 3.4 16 2.2
500 - 749 miles 3,078 14.5 1,229 6.4 947 20.5 13.7 2.6 15.2 1.7 15.3 1.5
750 - 999 miles 1,285 6.1 460 2.4 498 10.8 14.6 1.2 16.7 1.3 17.6 1.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,073 9.8 623 3.2 894 19.4 12.3 2.5 8.6 1.8 8 2.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles 193 0.9 76 0.4 153 3.3 27.7 0.3 30.7 0.3 30.5 1.1
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 15,496 100 30,306 100 2,515 100 21.7 - 29.1 - 28.1 -
Less than 50 miles 9,414 60.8 21,718 71.7 493 19.6 23.7 3.6 34.7 4.3 33.1 3.4
50 - 99 miles 2,399 15.5 3,906 12.9 383 15.2 28.4 2.8 33.6 2.8 35.5 3.1
100 - 249 miles 2,516 16.2 3,683 12.2 682 27.1 21.6 1.6 26 2 24.7 4.6
250 - 499 miles 408 2.6 289 1 141 5.6 26 1.6 36.2 0.8 40.1 3.7
500 - 749 miles 197 1.3 84 0.3 66 2.6 38.2 0.8 40.4 0.2 41.9 2.8
750 - 999 miles 420 2.7 594 2 707 28.1 42.7 0.8 45.6 0.6 46.7 6.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 136 0.9 29 0.1 37 1.5 36.4 0.6 41 0.1 39.7 1.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 2,283 100 7,489 100 4,585 100 29.6 - 30.9 - 27.4 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S 14 0.3 S S S S 46.7 5.1
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 194 8.5 S S S S 35.3 4.3 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 530 23.2 S S 1,278 27.9 26 8.2 S S 48.3 7.9
500 - 749 miles 377 16.5 S S S S 30 13.7 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 181 7.9 270 3.6 346 7.6 26.2 4.4 28.5 7 27.7 6.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles 547 24 943 12.6 1,542 33.6 32.7 8.5 19.5 12.2 18.8 12.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 399 100 4 100 S S 41.1 - 33.9 - S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles 12 2.9 S S - 0.5 35.7 3.3 S S 49.8 0.8
250 - 499 miles S S 2 43.2 S S S S 49.3 10.5 S S
500 - 749 miles S S 1 18.6 S S S S 46.8 3.5 S S
750 - 999 miles 10 2.4 - 2.3 - 1.7 44 2.9 30.8 2.2 30.8 2.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles 122 30.7 1 27.8 1 29.2 40.4 10.5 23.2 10 24.1 10.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles 5 1.2 - 4 - 5.1 37.9 2.9 47.3 7.2 46.9 8.6
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Pipeline5

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 2,707 100 1,316 100 1,138 100 17.1 - 42.5 - 44.4 -
Less than 50 miles 500 18.5 15 1.2 1 - 30.2 4.1 26.9 3.9 37.7 0.5
50 - 99 miles 136 5 4 0.3 - - 32.8 1 32 1.6 31.1 0.2
100 - 249 miles 343 12.7 S S S S 17.9 1.3 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 599 22.1 S S S S 22.1 3.1 S S S S
500 - 749 miles 341 12.6 S S S S 27.3 1.5 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 268 9.9 S S S S 26 2.1 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 440 16.3 9 0.7 13 1.2 19.6 2.1 22.8 4.1 27.8 8.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles 62 2.3 1 0.1 S S 39.9 1.7 49.6 0.3 S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 2,319 100 54 100 33 100 16.1 - 19.3 - 21.5 -
Less than 50 miles 499 21.5 10 18.8 - 0.8 30.2 4.4 23.7 3.4 23.4 0.2
50 - 99 miles 136 5.9 4 8.2 - 1.3 32.8 1.2 32 2.1 31.1 0.5
100 - 249 miles 314 13.6 8 14.3 2 4.9 18.5 1.5 20.1 1.8 19.9 1.3
250 - 499 miles 424 18.3 9 16 4 13.1 23.8 3.1 28.1 2.6 26.2 2.3
500 - 749 miles 266 11.5 9 16.1 7 20.4 19.9 1.1 30.2 2.1 29.8 1.4
750 - 999 miles 185 8 5 10 6 17.6 17.9 1.1 31.5 1.5 26.6 2.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 427 18.4 8 14 11 33 19.8 2.4 20 2.9 19.6 4.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 62 2.7 1 2.6 S S 39.9 1.9 49.6 0.9 S S
More than 2,000 miles 5 0.2 - - - 0.1 40.6 0.2 28.1 0.1 46.2 0.2

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S - - S S S S 33.5 5.9
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 88 48 470 49.4 S S 34.7 17.9 45.1 17.5 S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles 32 17.6 77 8.1 86 13.8 38.2 4.8 42.1 9.4 29.4 18.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 205 100 S S S S 29.1 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 2,011 100 399 100 S S 41 - 44.2 - S S
Less than 50 miles 403 20 75 18.7 1 0.4 41.4 9.2 36.6 11.4 46.3 1.1
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 122 6.1 42 10.4 10 3.5 32.4 4.8 35.7 8 36.1 10.2
250 - 499 miles 221 11 S S S S 45.4 3.1 S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 299 14.9 S S S S 43.4 4.8 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any mileage group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the mileage group of "More than 2,000 miles" but does have data for the other mileage groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.