Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities5

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 46,656 100 64,169 100 13,174 100 244 14.4 - 20 - 16.1 - 14.7
Single modes 41,938 89.9 62,454 97.3 11,747 89.2 147 15.7 2.4 20.3 1.2 14.6 3.1 10
Truck6 36,664 78.6 49,595 77.3 7,134 54.2 138 14 3.1 23.5 6.6 11.1 9.9 9.8
For-hire truck 21,168 45.4 19,288 30.1 4,619 35.1 420 16.3 4.5 24.2 4.7 11.1 8 11.5
Private truck 15,496 33.2 30,306 47.2 2,515 19.1 57 21.7 3.7 29.1 6 28.1 5.1 8
Rail 2,283 4.9 7,489 11.7 4,585 34.8 576 29.6 2.4 30.9 7.9 27.4 9.1 24.4
Air (incl truck and air) 399 0.9 4 - S S 937 41.1 0.2 33.9 - S S 8.5
Pipeline7 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 2,707 5.8 1,316 2.1 1,138 8.6 416 17.1 1.1 42.5 1 44.4 2.4 25
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 2,319 5 54 0.1 33 0.3 414 16.1 0.9 19.3 - 21.5 0.1 25.1
Truck and rail S S S S S S 695 S S S S S S 22.5
Truck and water 205 0.4 S S S S 3,956 29.1 0.3 S S S S 23.4
Other and unknown modes 2,011 4.3 399 0.6 S S S 41 1.6 44.2 0.2 S S S

SCTG2 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 466 100 322 100 S S 44 37.8 - 49.3 - S S 37.5
Single modes 435 93.2 309 96.1 S S 41 37.2 2.8 49.6 1.6 S S 31.8
Truck6 435 93.2 309 96.1 S S 41 37.2 2.8 49.6 1.6 S S 31.8
For-hire truck 261 55.9 95 29.7 S S 97 48.7 15.2 43.3 19.8 S S 30.1
Private truck S S S S 9 68.8 34 S S S S 45.7 16.3 49.4
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 16 S S S S S S 39.1

SCTG2 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,363 100 1,623 100 282 100 38 18.6 - 26.6 - 28.9 - 42.7
Single modes 1,363 100 1,623 100 282 100 38 18.6 - 26.6 - 28.9 - 42.7
Truck6 1,363 100 1,623 100 282 100 38 18.6 - 26.6 - 28.9 - 42.7
For-hire truck 298 21.9 233 14.4 197 69.9 742 22.3 6.8 22 7.8 23.1 7.8 15.8
Private truck 1,065 78.1 1,390 85.6 85 30.1 S 16.4 6.1 27.2 5 29.7 16.9 S

SCTG2 10-14, Stones, nonmetallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 17,885 100 28,863 100 4,482 100 100 37 - 39 - 32.6 - 41.1
Single modes 17,853 99.8 28,837 99.9 4,473 99.8 99 37.2 1.6 39 1.8 32.8 1.2 42.4
Truck6 13,763 77 21,267 73.7 2,383 53.2 86 39.5 10.3 37.1 9.7 28.9 12.1 46.5
For-hire truck S S 9,188 31.8 923 20.6 S S S 49.6 8.8 39.8 14.1 S
Private truck 7,572 42.3 12,079 41.8 1,460 32.6 79 44.7 9.1 44.8 9.1 44.5 10.6 39.4
Rail 1,498 8.4 2,204 7.6 2,067 46.1 975 34.1 9.9 33.4 8.8 32.7 16.1 5
Pipeline7 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes - - - - - - 608 17.4 - 45.5 - 42.8 - 24.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier - - - - - - 608 17.4 - 45.5 - 42.8 - 24.7
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 325 S S S S S S 41.7

SCTG2 20-24, Basic chemicals, chemical, and pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 4,435 100 8,263 100 S S 259 34 - 49.6 - S S 32.7
Single modes 3,840 86.6 7,161 86.7 S S 240 38.9 3.8 49.7 3.2 S S 27.6
Truck6 3,300 74.4 2,845 34.4 936 21.8 228 43.8 6.1 34.3 16.9 34.1 19.4 29
For-hire truck S S 2,067 25 824 19.2 507 S S 42.4 12.5 36.5 16.3 10.9
Private truck 567 12.8 778 9.4 112 2.6 S 33.3 7.4 46.9 12.7 44.4 8.3 S
Rail 529 11.9 S S S S 509 46.8 10.6 S S S S 47.6
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,204 S S S S S S 25.7
Multiple modes 574 12.9 S S S S 330 30.9 3.7 S S S S 31.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 315 7.1 7 0.1 3 0.1 323 27.1 3.7 23 0.5 11.8 1.1 32.6
Truck and rail 153 3.5 S S S S 673 49.8 3.6 S S S S 20.5
Truck and water 106 2.4 S S S S 2,909 49 4.2 S S S S 49.8
Other and unknown modes 21 0.5 6 0.1 S S S 31.5 0.3 31.5 0.5 S S S

SCTG2 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,799 100 1,449 100 500 100 728 18.2 - 28.8 - 34.3 - 12.7
Single modes 1,523 84.7 1,416 97.7 492 98.3 248 23.4 12 29.3 7.5 35.2 10 34.6
Truck6 1,517 84.3 1,416 97.7 492 98.2 238 23.4 12 29.3 7.5 35.2 10 36.1
For-hire truck 1,039 57.8 685 47.3 405 81 589 29.9 12.6 38.7 10.8 39.7 16.4 17.3
Private truck 477 26.5 731 50.4 86 17.2 S 29.3 5.7 32.1 10.9 32.3 11.8 S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 986 S S S S S S 9.4
Multiple modes 249 13.8 13 0.9 8 1.6 934 29.4 12 44 7.6 38.3 10 12.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 249 13.8 13 0.9 8 1.6 934 29.4 12 44 7.6 38.3 10 12.3
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 15 S S S S S S 25.7

SCTG2 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 12,056 100 9,386 100 2,481 100 288 12.9 - 13.7 - 15.2 - 13.4
Single modes 11,173 92.7 9,157 97.6 2,364 95.3 200 12.6 1.6 13.7 1 16 1.6 9.2
Truck6 10,823 89.8 8,550 91.1 2,186 88.1 195 12.8 2.4 15.3 5.7 13.3 3.6 9.9
For-hire truck 6,863 56.9 2,878 30.7 1,720 69.3 516 14.5 2.6 16.4 5.8 15.5 4.1 11.9
Private truck 3,960 32.8 5,672 60.4 467 18.8 58 15 3.3 19.7 7.1 16.7 4.5 15.2
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S 2 - S S 1,029 S S 49.9 - S S 40.2
Multiple modes 549 4.6 S S 86 3.5 639 38.2 0.9 S S 40.8 1.6 10.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 473 3.9 14 0.1 8 0.3 634 45.2 0.9 32.5 0.1 36.6 0.2 10.5
Truck and rail 29 0.2 S S S S 742 39.6 0.3 S S S S 33.5
Truck and water 46 0.4 4 - S S 4,015 39.1 0.4 33 0.1 S S 40.8
Other and unknown modes 334 2.8 46 0.5 31 1.2 S 48.5 1.5 35.9 0.2 37.5 0.8 S

SCTG2 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 5,181 100 648 100 495 100 233 21.1 - 31.5 - 36.8 - 49.3
Single modes 2,879 55.6 365 56.3 245 49.4 255 13.9 7.2 22.3 11.6 27.1 13.4 31.5
Truck6 2,682 51.8 364 56.1 243 49.1 209 14.9 7.3 22.4 11.6 27.4 13.1 37.1
For-hire truck 1,755 33.9 244 37.7 221 44.7 656 21.6 6 30.6 10.7 30.9 10.7 10.6
Private truck 926 17.9 S S 22 4.4 97 31.8 7.2 S S 32.4 10.2 16.4
Air (incl truck and air) 197 3.8 1 0.2 S S 877 35.8 1.8 47.6 0.3 S S 8.5
Multiple modes 913 17.6 7 1.1 5 1 S 16.4 6.7 19.7 1.8 22.2 2.7 S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 912 17.6 7 1 4 0.8 S 16.4 6.7 20.1 1.8 21.3 2.8 S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 3,332 100 1,149 100 266 100 300 21.9 - 18.5 - 19 - 18.3
Single modes 2,732 82 1,118 97.3 251 94.1 183 24.5 4.5 18.9 1.3 19.6 1.6 28.2
Truck6 2,647 79.4 778 67.8 247 92.8 179 24.4 4.4 23.9 10.8 19.9 2 28.7
For-hire truck 1,975 59.3 318 27.6 206 77.4 723 27.1 7 24.2 12.1 24.8 7.8 5.9
Private truck 672 20.2 461 40.1 41 15.4 74 26.1 6.2 37.9 10.7 38.7 6.7 15.2
Rail 73 2.2 S S 3 1.2 10 16 4.7 S S 22.8 3.4 18.5
Air (incl truck and air) 13 0.4 S S S S 1,111 41.7 0.1 S S S S 5
Multiple modes 422 12.7 17 1.5 14 5.2 703 26 2.7 28.2 0.3 37.5 1.7 12.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 370 11.1 13 1.2 10 3.7 700 23.9 2.8 29.8 0.3 38.5 1.6 12.6
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S 2 0.7 S S S S S 48.1 0.9 S

SCTG2 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1 100 S S S S 120 46.5 - S S S S 18.2
Single modes 1 100 S S S S 120 46.5 - S S S S 18.2
Truck6 1 100 S S S S 120 46.5 - S S S S 18.2
Private truck 1 100 S S S S 120 46.5 - S S S S 18.2

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
4 Coefficient of Variation.
5 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
6 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
7 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Dallas-Fort Worth, TX by Base metal and machinery (31-34) by Water has no data for any shipment characteristic therefore the entire row is not shown. Also, entire commodity groups are not present if there is no such data for that commodity group by area. For example, Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV (DC part) by Coal and petroleum products (15-19) has no data for any mode therefore the entire commodity group is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.