Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 29,575 100 26,087 100 5,368 100 9.8 - 11.5 - 18 -
Less than 50 miles 10,356 35 14,840 56.9 250 4.7 8.7 2.8 9.9 5.2 13.7 1
50 - 99 miles 3,233 10.9 4,295 16.5 S S 37 3 48.9 5.8 S S
100 - 249 miles 5,225 17.7 2,854 10.9 656 12.2 24.5 2.9 30.7 2.7 30.8 2.2
250 - 499 miles 3,439 11.6 1,659 6.4 831 15.5 11.4 1.2 20 1.6 18.8 3.7
500 - 749 miles 2,415 8.2 1,015 3.9 806 15 13.1 0.9 32.1 0.9 31 3
750 - 999 miles 1,314 4.4 577 2.2 591 11 16.1 0.7 42 0.7 41.5 2.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,326 4.5 369 1.4 530 9.9 15.5 0.5 24.4 0.2 23.8 1.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles 576 1.9 151 0.6 317 5.9 37.9 0.6 34.8 0.2 35 1.7
More than 2,000 miles 1,692 5.7 328 1.3 908 16.9 14.8 0.9 29.3 0.3 28.6 3.5

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 23,251 100 23,259 100 4,526 100 10.1 - 12.7 - 19.8 -
Less than 50 miles 9,320 40.1 14,445 62.1 236 5.2 8.9 2.6 11.1 4.4 15.7 0.9
50 - 99 miles 1,330 5.7 2,311 9.9 194 4.3 16.3 0.6 47.3 3.3 40.8 1.5
100 - 249 miles 4,259 18.3 2,792 12 634 14 28.8 3.4 31 2.6 31.4 2.2
250 - 499 miles 2,684 11.5 1,530 6.6 763 16.9 11.7 1.2 19.3 1.8 18.1 4.1
500 - 749 miles 1,909 8.2 949 4.1 752 16.6 13.4 1 33.4 0.9 32.3 3.1
750 - 999 miles 1,033 4.4 560 2.4 571 12.6 18.7 0.6 43.6 0.7 43.2 2.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,024 4.4 283 1.2 410 9.1 17.6 0.8 23.9 0.2 22.4 2.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 534 2.3 139 0.6 295 6.5 40.2 0.8 38.2 0.2 38.1 2.1
More than 2,000 miles 1,158 5 250 1.1 669 14.8 21.9 1.2 28.2 0.2 27.7 3.1

Truck4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 22,742 100 22,788 100 4,185 100 10.4 - 13.6 - 23 -
Less than 50 miles 9,309 40.9 14,429 63.3 236 5.6 8.9 3 11.2 4.7 15.8 1.3
50 - 99 miles 1,330 5.8 2,311 10.1 194 4.6 16.3 0.5 47.3 3.4 40.8 1.6
100 - 249 miles 4,190 18.4 2,791 12.2 634 15.2 29.6 3.5 31 2.6 31.4 2
250 - 499 miles 2,595 11.4 1,227 5.4 601 14.4 13.2 1.4 25.4 0.8 23.6 1.9
500 - 749 miles 1,874 8.2 826 3.6 637 15.2 13.6 1.1 38.7 0.8 38.2 2.5
750 - 999 miles 998 4.4 558 2.4 568 13.6 20.3 0.7 43.8 0.7 43.6 2.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 790 3.5 261 1.1 363 8.7 16.6 0.6 25.2 0.2 24.6 2.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles 510 2.2 137 0.6 291 7 38.3 0.8 37.8 0.2 37.7 2.1
More than 2,000 miles 1,146 5 247 1.1 661 15.8 22.3 1.2 28.1 0.2 27.6 3.1

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 12,273 100 8,421 100 3,519 100 12.8 - 22.6 - 24.2 -
Less than 50 miles 2,341 19.1 3,190 37.9 65 1.9 18.1 2.8 15.1 6.1 24.9 0.5
50 - 99 miles 429 3.5 439 5.2 44 1.3 28 0.6 32.4 1 33 0.2
100 - 249 miles 2,259 18.4 1,791 21.3 419 11.9 28.4 2.9 38.6 3 38.8 1.8
250 - 499 miles 2,036 16.6 983 11.7 483 13.7 18.9 2.4 32.1 2.4 29.5 2.7
500 - 749 miles 1,816 14.8 820 9.7 632 18 14.6 1.6 39 1.2 38.5 2.6
750 - 999 miles 979 8 556 6.6 566 16.1 20.5 1.1 44 1.4 43.9 2.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles 766 6.2 258 3.1 360 10.2 17.7 1.1 25.8 1 25.2 2.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 501 4.1 136 1.6 289 8.2 39.2 1.9 37.9 1.1 37.9 2.8
More than 2,000 miles 1,146 9.3 247 2.9 661 18.8 22.3 2.6 28.1 1.2 27.6 4.3

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 10,469 100 14,366 100 665 100 16.2 - 15.3 - 26.6 -
Less than 50 miles 6,968 66.6 11,239 78.2 170 25.6 11 4.7 13.8 4.9 18 7.8
50 - 99 miles 901 8.6 S S S S 16.8 0.8 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 1,931 18.4 1,001 7 215 32.4 44.7 4.4 43.3 2.9 46.3 6.4
250 - 499 miles 560 5.3 243 1.7 118 17.7 30.3 1.1 42.4 0.9 44.1 5.3
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles 18 0.2 2 - 2 0.3 49.9 0.4 47.9 - 48 1.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 74 100 S S 289 100 43.3 - S S 46.8 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Deep draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S - 0.2 S S S S 39.9 9.8
250 - 499 miles 42 9.8 1 2.8 - 0.7 44.8 13 32.3 13.7 38.8 12
500 - 749 miles 12 2.9 - 0.9 - 0.3 31.8 16.4 27.1 19.3 28.3 17.3
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 4,320 100 S S 528 100 27.7 - S S 50 -
Less than 50 miles 487 11.3 S S S S 34.4 5.4 S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 421 9.7 S S S S 25.7 2.2 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 463 10.7 19 0.8 10 1.9 18.7 2.6 27.9 4.4 28.1 2
500 - 749 miles 411 9.5 20 0.8 17 3.1 24.3 2.7 32.5 4.3 33.2 3.2
750 - 999 miles 279 6.5 13 0.5 14 2.6 21.9 4.2 20.1 1.8 18.7 1.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles 269 6.2 21 0.9 S S 19.3 1.2 47.5 4.2 S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 35 0.8 1 0.1 2 0.5 29.8 0.2 31.5 0.3 32.5 0.3
More than 2,000 miles 466 10.8 44 1.8 142 26.9 28.5 3.9 22.9 6.9 21.6 11.4

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 2,695 100 99 100 102 100 16.7 - 19 - 22.7 -
Less than 50 miles 299 11.1 7 7.3 - 0.1 44.4 2.9 31.3 2 43.4 0.1
50 - 99 miles S S 2 2.5 - 0.3 S S 23.3 1 29.1 0.2
100 - 249 miles 396 14.7 14 14 3 3.4 27.3 2.4 23.8 1.7 23.7 0.4
250 - 499 miles 463 17.2 19 19.6 10 9.8 18.7 2.1 27.9 3.1 28.1 2.3
500 - 749 miles 380 14.1 17 16.9 13 13.1 25.9 2.3 31 2.7 30.9 2.6
750 - 999 miles 278 10.3 12 11.7 12 11.7 22 4.3 20.6 3.3 21 3.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 268 10 12 11.9 16 16 19.4 1.9 26.4 1.6 25.7 1.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles 35 1.3 1 1.3 2 2.4 29.8 0.5 31.5 0.4 32.5 0.9
More than 2,000 miles 297 11 15 14.7 44 43.2 34.3 2.8 30.3 2.8 34.4 6.4

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 198 100 S S 126 100 34 - S S 31 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles S S S S 3 2.5 S S S S 22.6 20
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles 142 71.6 29 41.2 95 75.5 32.3 9.7 25.9 16.5 25.5 7.6

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Other multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 2,004 100 433 100 314 100 18.1 - 31.5 - 47.1 -
Less than 50 miles 549 27.4 126 29.1 1 0.2 25.6 10.7 31.1 13.4 27.1 3.6
50 - 99 miles 412 20.6 18 4.3 2 0.5 26 3.8 27.7 4.6 26.9 1.4
100 - 249 miles 545 27.2 19 4.4 6 1.8 25 4.4 45.4 2.2 47.9 6.7
250 - 499 miles 292 14.6 110 25.4 57 18.3 20.8 1.8 44.7 7 45.7 6.6
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 69 3.4 S S S S 43.5 1.4 S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any mileage group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the mileage group of "More than 2,000 miles" but does have data for the other mileage groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.